214,498 results match your criteria rural


Factors Associated With Children Diagnosed With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and 30-Day Follow-up Care With Practitioners Among Medicaid Recipients in Georgia.

Qual Manag Health Care 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Departments of Market Quality (Drs Yin and Ibe), Quality and Performance Outcomes (Dr Parr), and Behavioral Health (Ms Thompson), CareSource Inc, Atlanta, Georgia; and CareSource Inc, Atlanta, Georgia (Dr Csukas and Mr Jones).

Background And Objectives: It is important that children prescribed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication get timely follow-up care. In 2018, only 44% of US Medicaid recipients attended a follow-up visit within 30 days of their first ADHD prescription. The objective of this study was to identify the member and practitioner-related predictors that were associated with children who were diagnosed with ADHD and had a follow-up visit within 30 days (initiation phase) of their first prescription of ADHD medication (Index Prescription Start Date, or IPSD). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Compatibility of six reduced-risk insecticides with Orius strigicollis (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) predators for controlling Thrips hawaiiensis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) pests.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Sep 24;226:112812. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Fujian Key Laboratory for Monitoring and Integrated Management of Crop Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fuzhou 350013, PR China; Fuzhou Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Crop Pests of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Fujian 350013, PR China. Electronic address:

Contact toxicity assessments of six reduced risk insecticides were carried out to compare their selectivity and sensitivity toward the minute pirate bug Orius strigicollis and its prey Thrips hawaiiensis. Additionally, and their potential exposure risk were evaluated for O. strigicollis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Professional Internet Presence Amongst Endocrine Surgeons in the United States.

J Surg Res 2021 Sep 24;269:171-177. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Surgery, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Background: There is a wide range of social media adoption within medical specialties. The use of social media by endocrine surgeons has not been investigated. We undertook this study to describe the use of social media and other platforms by endocrine surgeons. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Building knowledge of university campus population dynamics to enhance near-to-source sewage surveillance for SARS-CoV-2 detection.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Sep 20;806(Pt 1):150406. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Joint Biosecurity Centre, Department of Health and Social Care, Windsor House, Victoria Street, London SW1H 0TL, United Kingdom; School of Engineering, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne NE1 7RU, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Wastewater surveillance has been widely implemented for monitoring of SARS-CoV-2 during the global COVID-19 pandemic, and near-to-source monitoring is of particular interest for outbreak management in discrete populations. However, variation in population size poses a challenge to the triggering of public health interventions using wastewater SARS-CoV-2 concentrations. This is especially important for near-to-source sites that are subject to significant daily variability in upstream populations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Transcriptome analysis of differentially expressed genes in the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Microbiology & Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 325035, China. Electronic address:

As an important economic species in China, aquaculture of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii has suffered huge losses due to infection by pathogenic bacteria, mainly by Aeromonas hydrophila, which leads to high mortality and huge economic loss. To better understand the immune response of crayfish against bacterial infection, we compared and analyzed transcriptome data of hepatopancreatic tissue from P. clarkii that were either challenged with A. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Snake Antivenom production in Ecuador: poor implementation, and an unplanned cessation leads to a call for a renaissance.

Toxicon 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

OneHealth Global Research Group, Universidad de las Américas, Quito, Ecuador.

Snakebite envenomation is a global health problem. This health problem asymmetrically affects rural populations in developing countries to such an extent that it recently has been listed as a priority neglected tropical disease (NTD). It is estimated that 5. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Home Care Services Among Community-Dwelling Adults With Dementia.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

ICES, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To examine how the COVID-19 pandemic impacted use of home care services for individuals with dementia across service types and sociodemographic strata.

Design: Population-based time series analysis.

Setting And Participants: Community-dwelling adults with dementia in Ontario, Canada, from January 2019 to September 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Regulatory roles of three miRNAs on allergen mRNA expression in Tyrophagus putrescentiae.

Allergy 2021 Sep 27. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Affiliated Wuxi People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, 214023, China.

Background: Tyrophagus putresecentiae is an important mite species in rural and urban environments, causing sensitization and allergic disease. While evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) may regulate the expression of allergen-encoding genes, no study has directly investigated this possibility. Here, this gap was addressed by profiling miRNAs and elucidating their target allergen messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in this mite species. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Current anthelmintic and antibiotic use in UK organic farming systems.

Vet Rec 2021 Sep 27:e947. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Scotland's Rural College, Easter Bush, UK.

Introduction: The use of anthelmintic and antibiotic medicines is imperative to prevent the suffering of diseased stock in organic farming. However, their use must be minimised to comply with low input ideals and prevent the spread of resistance. Reducing such inputs first requires determining their current use, but information is lacking. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Learning curve for the laparoscopy-guided kidney biopsy procedure in small corpses of dogs and pigs.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(9):e0257653. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Graduate Program in Veterinary Science (PPGCV) / College of Veterinary Medicine (FAMEV), Federal University of Uberlândia (UFU), Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

The use of renal biopsy through laparoscopy is increasingly present both in human and veterinary medicine. However, both techniques require skill and training to make the operator capable to do it. The learning curve allows the quantitative and qualitative assessment of the number of attempts and minimum time for the surgical procedure. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A dengue outbreak in a rural community in Northern Coastal Ecuador: An analysis using unmanned aerial vehicle mapping.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Sep 27;15(9):e0009679. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America.

Dengue is recognized as a major health issue in large urban tropical cities but is also observed in rural areas. In these environments, physical characteristics of the landscape and sociodemographic factors may influence vector populations at small geographic scales, while prior immunity to the four dengue virus serotypes affects incidence. In 2019, a rural northwestern Ecuadorian community, only accessible by river, experienced a dengue outbreak. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Relationship between socio-demographics, body composition, emotional state, and social support on metabolic syndrome risk among adults in rural Mongolia.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(9):e0254141. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, South Korea.

Background: In Mongolia, where there is a large regional gap in the quality of healthcare services, metabolic syndrome (MetS) is steadily increasing. However, there are few studies on the risk level of MetS and affecting factors among adults living in rural Mongolia. This study aims to explore the relationship between socio-demographics, clinical characteristics, emotional state, and social support on the risk level of MetS prevalence among adults living in rural Mongolia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Behaviour and animal welfare indicators of broiler chickens housed in an enriched environment.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(9):e0256963. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Rural Engineering, School of Agronomic Science (FCA), São Paulo State University "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

The present study aimed to assess the influence of adding straw bales, step platforms, and laser projectors as environmental enrichment resources on the behaviour and welfare indicators of broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). A sample of 4,000 day-old male Cobb® 500 birds was used. The experimental treatments consisted of No Environmental Enrichment (NEE)-similar to a conventional environment; and Environmental Enrichment (EE)-environment enriched with straw bales, step platforms, and laser projectors, with four replicates per treatment of 500 animals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

National characteristics of non-transported children by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in the United States.

Prehosp Emerg Care 2021 Sep 27:1-15. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's National Hospital, Washington DC, United States.

Most 911 calls result in ambulance transport to an emergency department. In some cases, transport is refused or deemed unnecessary. The frequency of pediatric non-transport is unknown. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Remote mental health clients prefer face-to-face consultations to telehealth during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.

Australas Psychiatry 2021 Sep 27:10398562211043509. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Director, Public Health and Research, Royal Flying Doctor Service, Federation, Canberra, ACT.

Objective: To guide the efficient and effective provision of mental health services to clients in Central West and Far North Queensland, we surveyed preferences for face-to-face or in-person contact.

Methods: A clinician-designed survey of contact preferences was offered to 248 clients of mental health services in Far North and Central West Queensland in mid-2020. With the onset of COVID-19, the survey was modified to measure the impact of the pandemic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Exploration of the longitudinal trend of DUI crashes in Pennsylvania, USA (2008 to 2019).

Authors:
Chenhui Liu

Traffic Inj Prev 2021 Sep 27:1-6. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

College of Civil Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, China.

Objective: This study aims to explore the longitudinal trends of DUI crashes in Pennsylvania, USA to provide insights for making the long-term DUI countermeasures.

Methods: Crash data of Pennsylvania from 2008 to 2019 are collected from the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. DUI crashes are divided into alcohol-impaired, drug-impaired, and alcohol-drug-impaired ones in the analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Neutralization of bauxite residue with high calcium content in abating pH rebound by using ferrous sulfate.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 27. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Waste Resource Recycle, School of Ecology and Environment, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot, 010021, China.

The high alkalinity of bauxite residue and its sustained release impose major limitation on its reuse and ecological disposal. It has been confirmed from sustained rehabilitation that gypsum can effectively reduce the alkalinity of bauxite residue by continuously releasing Ca to react with carbonate and hydroxide. However, the combined bauxite residue with high calcium content exhibits stubborn alkalinity for most alkaline reduction methods employing cations to consume carbonate. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A capillary-based SERS sensor for ultrasensitive and selective detection of Hg by amalgamation with [email protected]@Ag core-shell nanoparticles.

Mikrochim Acta 2021 Sep 27;188(10):354. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Key Laboratory of Medicinal and Edible Plants Resources Development of Sichuan Education Department, Sichuan Industrial Institute of Antibiotics, Chengdu University, Chengdu, 610106, China.

A capillary-based SERS sensor was fabricated for ultrasensitive and selective detection of Hg in water. [email protected] core-shell NPs embedded with 4-mercaptobenzoic acid (4-MBA) ([email protected]@Ag) were prepared by a seed growth method and fixed on the inner wall of the glass capillary to obtain the sensor. Owing to the amalgamation between Ag and Hg, the capillary-based SERS sensor can specifically recognize the reduced Hg without any recognition element, and the resulted Ag/Hg amalgam can weaken the SERS activity of Ag shell; thus, the SERS intensity of the embedded 4-MBA at 1075 cm gradually decreased with the increase of Hg concentration. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Success Rates for the Objectives of US State Cancer Control Plans: A First Look.

Cancer Control 2021 Jan-Dec;28:10732748211041504

Department of Population Health, School of Medicine & Health Sciences, 3579University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, USA.

Background: A well-designed cancer control plan is an important tool for a nation, state, or community to address the burden of cancer. Furthermore, it provides the opportunity to devise and implement measurable objectives. However, there has been little to no assessment of the success rates of such objectives. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A Type III Hybrid Effectiveness-Implementation Pilot Trial Testing Dissemination and Implementation Strategies for a Pediatric Weight Management Intervention: The Nebraska Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration Project.

Child Obes 2021 Sep;17(S1):S70-S78

Department of Health Promotion, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Several family-based efficacious pediatric weight management interventions (PWMIs) have been developed to reduce child weight status. These programs are typically based in larger cities delivered by an interdisciplinary team in a hospital or medical center. The degree to which these efficacious PWMIs have been translated to, and are feasible in, rural or micropolitan areas is unclear. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Packaging of a Pediatric Weight Management Intervention and Implementation Blueprint for Rural and Micropolitan Communities: The Nebraska CORD 3.0 Project.

Child Obes 2021 Sep;17(S1):S62-S69

Department of Epidemiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Pediatric weight management interventions (PWMIs) have resulted in positive changes among family members and, if widely disseminated, could have an impact on pediatric weight management in rural communities. The purpose of this article is to describe a backward design approach taken to create an online packaged program and implementation blueprint for building healthy families (BHF), an effective PWMI for implementation in rural communities. The backward design process included the identification of end users: primary (facilitators to be trained through the packaged program and implementation blueprint), secondary (researchers and evaluators), terminal (caregivers and children impacted by PWMI participation), tertiary (community support organizations, funding agency promoting widespread PWMI, and payors), as well as, key outcomes for respective end user groups based on the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Translating Family-Based Behavioral Treatment for Childhood Obesity into a User-Friendly Digital Package for Delivery to Low-Income Families through Primary Care Partnerships: The MO-CORD Study.

Child Obes 2021 Sep;17(S1):S30-S38

Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Significant gaps exist in access to evidence-based pediatric weight management interventions, especially for low-income families. As a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project 3.0 (CORD), the Missouri CORD (MO-CORD) team aims to increase access to and dissemination of an efficacious pediatric obesity treatment, family-based behavioral treatment (FBT), among low-income families. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Implementation of a Scalable Family-Based Behavioral Treatment for Childhood Obesity Delivered through Primary Care Clinics: Description of the Missouri Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration Study Protocol.

Child Obes 2021 Sep;17(S1):S39-S47

Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

Significant gaps exist in access to evidence-based pediatric weight management interventions, especially for low-income families who are disproportionately affected by obesity. As a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project (CORD 3.0), the Missouri team (MO-CORD) aims to increase access to and dissemination of an efficacious pediatric obesity treatment, specifically family-based behavioral treatment (FBT), for low-income families. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

m6A methylation promotes white-to-beige fat transition by facilitating Hif1a translation.

EMBO Rep 2021 Sep 27:e52348. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Obesity mainly results from a chronic energy imbalance. Promoting browning of white adipocytes is a promising strategy to enhance energy expenditure and combat obesity. N6-methyladenosine (m6A), the most abundant mRNA modification in eukaryotes, plays an important role in regulating adipogenesis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Pathogen effectors: What do they do at plasmodesmata?

Mol Plant Pathol 2021 Sep 27. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 Four Program), Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Republic of Korea.

Plants perceive an assortment of external cues during their life cycle, including abiotic and biotic stressors. Biotic stress from a variety of pathogens, including viruses, oomycetes, fungi, and bacteria, is considered to be a substantial factor hindering plant growth and development. To hijack the host cell's defence machinery, plant pathogens have evolved sophisticated attack strategies mediated by numerous effector proteins. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Lysosome-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis induced by tea polysaccharides promotes colon cancer cell death.

Food Funct 2021 Sep 27. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, China-Canada Joint Lab of Food Science and Technology (Nanchang), Nanchang University, 235 Nanjing East Road, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330047, China.

The release of lysosomal hydrolase into the cytoplasm is accompanied by several systems of apoptosis signal transduction, and the imbalance between cell viability and apoptosis induces tumorigenesis. Tea polysaccharides (TPs) are the main bioactive components in green tea with hopeful anti-tumor efficacy, while their mechanism is still unclear. Here, TPs significantly promoted the death of colon cancer cell line CT26. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Remote Patient Management for Emerging Geographical Areas.

Contrib Nephrol 2019 8;197:143-153. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

The increase in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide is of great concern for many countries and has become a worldwide public health problem, which puts a burden on medical healthcare resources. The geographic variation of ESRD has been observed both locally and globally. Greater distance care facilities may impede timely delivery of good quality care and consequently increase the risk of mortality as well as decreased health-related quality of life. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Construction and Characterization of a Novel Bacmid AcBac-Syn Based on a Synthesized Baculovirus Genome.

Virol Sin 2021 Sep 27. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.

Baculoviruses are large DNA viruses which have been widely used as expression vectors and biological insecticides. Homologous recombination and Bac-to-Bac system have been the main methods for manipulating the baculovirus genome. Recently, we generated a synthetic baculovirus AcMNPV-WIV-Syn1 which fully resembled its parental virus Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

National and subnational trends of birthweight in Peru: Pooled analysis of 2,927,761 births between 2012 and 2019 from the national birth registry.

Lancet Reg Health Am 2021 Sep;1:None

Centro de Investigación en Salud Materna e Infantil and Centro de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral y Sostenible, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.

Background: National and subnational characterization of birthweight profiles lacks in low- and middle-income countries, yet these are needed for monitoring the progress of national and global nutritional targets. We aimed to describe birthweight indicators at the national and subnational levels in Peru (2012-2019), and by selected correlates.

Methods: We studied mean birthweight (g), low birthweight (<2,500 g) and small for gestational age (according to international growth curves) prevalences. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Distribution of Genomic Testing Resources by Oncology Practice and Rurality: A Nationally Representative Study.

JCO Precis Oncol 2021 22;5. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Healthcare Delivery Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD.

Purpose: Oncologists are increasingly using molecular profiling to inform personalized patient treatment decisions. Despite its promising utility, the integration of genomic testing into diverse clinical health care settings across geographic settings has been understudied.

Methods: We used data from the National Survey of Precision Medicine in Cancer Treatment, a nationally representative sample of practicing US oncologists, to assess the availability of six genomic testing resources, including on-site pathology, contracts with outside laboratories, on-site genetic counselors, internal policies or protocols for using genomic and biomarker testing, electronic medical record alerts, and genomic or molecular tumor boards. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF