40 results match your criteria rubella tick-borne


Risk of Vaccine-Preventable Infections in Swiss Adults with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Digestion 2021 May 10:1-9. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Geneva University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a higher risk of infection and are frequently not up to date with their immunizations.

Objectives: This study aims to review vaccination status and evaluate whether age, disease type, or treatment regimen could predict the absence of seroprotection against selected vaccine-preventable infection in adults with IBD.

Methods: Cross-sectional study using questionnaire, immunization records review, and assessment of tetanus-specific, varicella-specific, and measles-specific immunoglobulin G concentrations. Read More

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Rubella and tick-borne encephalitis vaccination rates among staff and students at Austrian University of Applied Sciences.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2021 Mar;29(1):18-22

University of Applied Sciences Wiener Neustadt, Wiener Neustadt, Austria.

Objectives: Rubella and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) are infectious diseases caused by viruses. Rubella is an air-borne infection. TBE, on the other hand, is transmitted by virus-infected ticks. Read More

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Are all vaccines safe for the pregnant traveller? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Travel Med 2020 03;27(2)

Department of Internal Medicine B, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Pregnant travellers and their offspring are vulnerable to severe outcomes following a wide range of infections. Vaccine-preventable diseases can have a particularly severe course in pregnant women, but little is known about the safety of travel vaccines in pregnant women. We performed a systematic review of all published literature concerning the safety of vaccines frequently given to travellers such as yellow fever, MMR (mumps, measles and rubella), influenza, Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), meningococcus, hepatitis A and B, rabies, polio, typhoid fever, tick-borne encephalitis and Japanese encephalitis vaccines. Read More

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[Update of the 2019 Swiss immunization schedule 7 new recommendations and review of practical implications for health professionals].

Rev Med Suisse 2019 Aug;15(660):1521-1525

Ufficio del medico cantonale, 6500 Bellinzona.

The Swiss 2019 immunization schedule published includes 7 news clauses: 1) DTPa-IPV-Hib-HBV vaccination in newborns with the simplified dosing schedule "2+1"; 2) recommendation for vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella administered at 9 and 12 months of age; 3) pneumococcal immunization in children under 5 years of age as a basic recommendation; 4) replacement of the monovalent capsular group C meningococcal conjugate vaccine by the quadrivalent ACWY conjugate vaccine (Menveo); 5) extension of vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis virus to the entire Swiss territory - with the exception of the cantons of Geneva and Tessin - in people with risk factors for contagion; 6) replacement of Gardasil® with Gardasil 9® since January 2019; 7) recommendation for vaccination against hepatitis B in newborns. Read More

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Meningitis and epididymitis caused by Toscana virus infection imported to Switzerland diagnosed by metagenomic sequencing: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Jul 8;19(1):591. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Institute of Medical Virology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: We report a rare case of Toscana virus infection imported into Switzerland in a 23-year old man who travelled to Imperia (Italy) 10 days before onset of symptoms. Symptoms included both meningitis and as well epididymitis. This is only the fourth case of Toscana virus reported in Switzerland. Read More

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The rash with maculopapules and fever in adults.

Clin Dermatol 2019 Mar - Apr;37(2):109-118. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Dermatology Department, University of CT Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, USA. Electronic address:

There is a broad differential diagnosis for the presentation of fever and maculopapular rash in an adult. Although some causative conditions are benign, others are medical emergencies that require prompt diagnosis. We describe various conditions that result in a fever and maculopapular rash in adults. Read More

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September 2019

Community-acquired acute meningitis and encephalitis: a narrative review.

Authors:
Miles H Beaman

Med J Aust 2018 11 15;209(10):449-454. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Western Diagnostic Pathology, Perth, WA

Meningitis and encephalitis are medical emergencies. Patients need prompt evaluation and immediate empiric therapy to reduce the likelihood of fatal outcomes and chronic neurological sequelae. Conjugate bacterial vaccines have significantly reduced the incidence of bacterial meningitis, especially in children. Read More

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November 2018

What mother know about vaccine preventable diseases?

Przegl Epidemiol 2017;71(4):595-602

Chair of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow

Introduction And Objective: The improving epidemiological situation of the most of communicable diseases causes, that the real and potential risks attributable to them have been forgotten. The aim of study was to determine the mothers knowledge about vaccine preventable diseases

Materials And Methods: A survey was conducted among 177 randomly selected mothers. The interviews with mothers hospitalized after childbearing in two hospitals in Krakow and Myslenice were conducted at the end of 2014 and in 2015

Results: The assessment of risk to develop an infectious diseases in unvaccinated children significantly varied among mothers. Read More

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Etiology and prognosis of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in Chinese children: a multicentre prospective study.

BMC Infect Dis 2017 07 14;17(1):494. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, Key Laboratory of Major Diseases in Children, Ministry of Education, Respiratory Department, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, 100045, China.

Background: In China, there were few studies about the pathogens of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in children in recent years. The aims of this study were to characterize the etiology and prognosis of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in Chinese children.

Methods: This was a multicentre prospective study. Read More

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Vaccinations in early life are not associated with development of islet autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes high-risk children: Results from prospective cohort data.

Vaccine 2017 03 3;35(14):1735-1741. Epub 2017 Mar 3.

Institute of Diabetes Research, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Munich, Germany; Forschergruppe Diabetes der Technischen Universität München, Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

Aims/hypothesis: Vaccinations in early childhood potentially stimulate the immune system and may thus be relevant for the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes (T1D). We determined the association of vaccination burden with T1D-associated islet autoimmunity in children with high familial risk followed prospectively from birth.

Methods: A total of 20,570 certified vaccination records from 1918 children were correlated with time to onset of T1D-associated islet autoimmunity using Cox regression, considering multiple time periods up until age two years and vaccination types, and adjusting for HLA genotype, sex, delivery mode, season of birth, preterm delivery and maternal T1D status. Read More

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Common Skin Conditions in Children: Skin Infections.

FP Essent 2017 Feb;453:26-32

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill School of Medicine Dermatology Residency Program, 410 Market St. Suite 400 CB#7715, Chapel Hill, NC 27516.

Skin infections account for a significant subset of dermatologic conditions of childhood. Common cutaneous viral infections in children include warts, molluscum contagiosum, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, and herpes simplex. Although viral infections are self-limited and often only mildly symptomatic, they can cause anxiety, embarrassment, and health care use. Read More

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February 2017

[The child immunisation programme--effective but insufficient. Experiences from the Astrid Lindgren pediatric hospital, 2008–2013].

Lakartidningen 2017 01 16;114. Epub 2017 Jan 16.

Astrid Lindgrens Barnsjukhus - Stockholm, Sweden Karolinska Institut - Pediatrics Stockholm, Sweden.

The national Swedish immunisation programme includes vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, polio, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae type B, Pneumococcus as well as measles, mumps and rubella. Data were collected on hospital admissions for children 0- 17 years of age of vaccine-preventable diseases during 2008-2013 at Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Stockholm. Patients were identified by discharge diagnosis codes as well as from the clinical microbiology laboratory. Read More

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January 2017

[Vaccination for international travelers].

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2016 May 23;34(5):315-23. Epub 2016 Feb 23.

Unidad de Referencia Nacional para Enfermedades Tropicales, Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España. Electronic address:

Traveler's vaccination is one of the key strategies for the prevention of infectious diseases during international travel. The risk of acquiring an infectious disease is determined in each case by the characteristics of the traveler and the travel, so the pre-departure medical advice of the traveler must be individualized. The World Health Organization classifies travelerś vaccines into three groups. Read More

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Vaccinations and childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of observational studies.

Diabetologia 2016 Feb 12;59(2):237-43. Epub 2015 Nov 12.

UKCRC Centre of Excellence for Public Health NI, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK.

Aims/hypothesis: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between routine vaccinations and the risk of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus by systematically reviewing the published literature and performing meta-analyses where possible.

Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed of MEDLINE and EMBASE to identify all studies that compared vaccination rates in children who subsequently developed type 1 diabetes mellitus and in control children. ORs and 95% CIs were obtained from published reports or derived from individual patient data and then combined using a random effects meta-analysis. Read More

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February 2016

Immunogenicity and safety of currently available Japanese encephalitis vaccines: a systematic review.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2014 ;10(12):3579-93

a Department of Epidemiology; School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine ; Southern Medical University ; Guangzhou , China.

A number of Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccines have been used for preventing Japanese encephalitis around the world. We here reviewed the immunogenicity and safety of the currently available Japanese encephalitis vaccines. We searched Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library and other online databases up to March 25, 2014 for studies focusing on currently used JE vaccines in any language. Read More

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October 2015

Vaccination in elite athletes.

Sports Med 2014 Oct;44(10):1361-76

Institute for Microbiology and Hygiene, Saarland University, Faculty of Medicine and Medical Center, Building 43, 66421, Homburg/Saar, Germany,

Public health vaccination guidelines cannot be easily transferred to elite athletes. An enhanced benefit from preventing even mild diseases is obvious but stronger interference from otherwise minor side effects has to be considered as well. Thus, special vaccination guidelines for adult elite athletes are required. Read More

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October 2014

Early-life determinants of asthma from birth to age 20 years: a German birth cohort study.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2014 Apr 22;133(4):979-88. Epub 2014 Jan 22.

Institute of Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany; Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Background: The lack of longitudinal data analyses from birth to adulthood is hampering long-term asthma prevention strategies.

Objective: We aimed to determine early-life predictors of asthma incidence up to age 20 years in a birth cohort study by applying time-to-event analysis.

Methods: In 1990, the Multicenter Allergy Study included 1314 newborns in 5 German cities. Read More

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Infectious diseases in Poland in 2011.

Przegl Epidemiol 2013 ;67(2):171-9, 301-5

Department of Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health -National Institute of Hygiene.

Unlabelled: The aim of the study was assessment of the epidemiological situation of infectious and parasitic diseases in Poland in 2011 MATERIALS AND METHODS: The main source of data to develop the statistical overview was the annual bulletin "Infectious diseases in Poland in 2011," and "Vaccinations in Poland in 2011,"/NIPH-NIH, CSI, 2011 and information contained in the articles of epidemiological journal in which authors depth discussion of the epidemiological situation of 27 diseases or groups of diseases. Data on deaths are based on the statements of the Department of the Central Statistical Office of Demographic Studies.

Results: Upper respiratory tract infection classified as "influenza and influenza-like illness" in 2011, were reported in a total number of 1,156,357 cases, which was an 108. Read More

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November 2013

Serologic vaccination response after solid organ transplantation: a systematic review.

PLoS One 2013 22;8(2):e56974. Epub 2013 Feb 22.

Section of Clinical Tropical Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Infectious diseases after solid organ transplantation (SOT) are one of the major complications in transplantation medicine. Vaccination-based prevention is desirable, but data on the response to active vaccination after SOT are conflicting.

Methods: In this systematic review, we identify the serologic response rate of SOT recipients to post-transplantation vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria, polio, hepatitis A and B, influenza, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitides, tick-borne encephalitis, rabies, varicella, mumps, measles, and rubella. Read More

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September 2013

Acute viral infections of the central nervous system in immunocompetent adults: diagnosis and management.

Drugs 2013 Feb;73(2):131-58

Department of Infectious Diseases, Institute of Biomedicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Patients with viral infections of the central nervous system (CNS) may present with a variety of neurological symptoms, most commonly dominated by either encephalitis or meningitis. The aetiological panorama varies in different parts of the world as well as over time. Thus, virological first-line diagnostics must be adapted to the current epidemiological situation and to the individual patient history, including recent travels. Read More

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February 2013

Vaccination of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients: report from the international consensus conference on clinical practice in chronic GVHD.

Vaccine 2011 Apr 20;29(16):2825-33. Epub 2011 Feb 20.

Department of Haematology, Oncology and Palliative Care, University of Rostock, Ernst-Heydemann-Str. 6, 18055 Rostock, Germany.

Patients lose protective immunity to vaccine-preventable diseases after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Therefore, revaccination of HSCT recipients represents an important strategy for reducing morbidity and mortality associated with these infections. Since there is little consensus on vaccine recommendations and practices for allogeneic HSCT recipients with active chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) the German-Austrian-Swiss-Consensus Conference on Clinical Practice in Chronic GVHD developed an immunization schedule with the aim to provide optimal patient care. Read More

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Antibody dynamics after tick-borne encephalitis and measles-mumps-rubella vaccination in children post early thymectomy.

Vaccine 2010 Nov 16;28(51):8053-60. Epub 2010 Oct 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Pediatrics I, Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

Thymectomized patients (TP) showed a delayed humoral immune response to tick-borne-encephalitis-virus (TBEV) vaccination, which served as a neo-antigen. From the previously published cohort, the TBEV-specific IgG concentrations and avidities were analyzed in 17 TP compared to 30 non-thymectomized healthy controls (HC) 220 weeks after the first TBE vaccination to identify patients with waning antibodies. Only in HC, increase of avidity was significant between 8 and 220 weeks (p<0. Read More

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November 2010

National immunization program in Finland.

Authors:
Satu Rapola

Int J Circumpolar Health 2007 Dec;66(5):382-9

National Public Health Institute, Department of Vaccines/Clinical Unit, Helsinki, Finland.

In the national immunization program, all Finnish children are vaccinated against 9 infectious diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, severe infections due to Haemophilus influenzae type b, measles, mumps, rubella and influenza. In addition, vaccination against tuberculosis, hepatitis A- and B-, influenza or tick-borne encephalitis are given to those at risk of contracting the diseases. More than 95% of children are vaccinated according the optimal schedule. Read More

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December 2007

How do physicians immunize their own children? Differences among pediatricians and nonpediatricians.

Pediatrics 2005 Nov;116(5):e623-33

Centre for Vaccinology and Neonatal Immunology, Department of Pathology-Immunology, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

Context: Immunization has an essential impact on public health worldwide. Numerous studies have shown the efficacy of different vaccines to protect individuals from various diseases. However, some parents choose not to vaccinate their children for reasons such as, among others, doubts regarding their usefulness, concerns over safety or efficacy, etc. Read More

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November 2005

North Atlantic weather oscillation and human infectious diseases in the Czech Republic, 1951-2003.

Authors:
Zdenek Hubálek

Eur J Epidemiol 2005 ;20(3):263-70

Medical Zoology Laboratory, Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic.

Longitudinal correlation between the North Atlantic Oscillation large-scale weather system (NAO) and the annual incidence rate of 14 viral, bacterial and protozoan national notifiable human diseases in the Czech Republic was examined. In simple correlation, cases of salmonellosis, erysipelas, infectious mononucleosis and toxoplasmosis were positively correlated with the winter NAO index, while hepatitis A and shigellosis were negatively correlated, and the other diseases tested (rubella, mumps, chickenpox, tick-borne encephalitis, Lyme borreliosis, leptospirosis, tularemia and scarlet fever) were uncorrelated with NAO. However, 8 of the 14 diseases also revealed a significant time trend, either increasing (infectious mononucleosis, salmonellosis, erysipelas, toxoplasmosis) or decreasing (hepatitis A, scarlet fever, leptospirosis, shigellosis) during the period. Read More

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Cutaneous adverse reactions following anti-infective vaccinations.

Am J Clin Dermatol 2005 ;6(2):79-87

Department of Dermatopathology, University Hospital of Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Although widely administered, anti-infective vaccinations are rarely responsible for cutaneous adverse effects. In this context, hepatitis B and bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccines are the most frequently incriminated products. Cutaneous adverse effects are less frequently encountered following administration of vaccines against varicella, diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis (primary and booster doses), measles, poliomyelitis, rubella, pneumococcus, tick-borne encephalitis, smallpox, Meningococcus and influenza. Read More

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[Vaccinations for overseas travelers--new evidence and recommendations].

Ther Umsch 2001 Jun;58(6):362-6

Institut für Sozial- und Präventivmedizin, Universität Zürich.

Vaccinations are an easy and highly effective way to keep travellers healthy. There are few problems with compliance, as all vaccinations are administered pretravel and many vaccines offer protection rates > 95% after a single dose (e.g. Read More

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Endemic stability--a veterinary idea applied to human public health.

Lancet 2001 Apr;357(9264):1284-6

Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, EH25 9RG, Roslin, UK.

Endemic stability is an epidemiological state of a population, in which clinical disease is scarce despite high level of infection. The notion was developed to describe patterns of tick-borne disease in cattle. However, we propose a general model of endemic stability that is applicable to a broader range of diseases that are important in public health, including malaria, rubella, and mumps. Read More

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[Vaccinations of the traveller].

Ann Med Interne (Paris) 1998 Oct;149(6):332-9

Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Hôpital Purpan, Toulouse.

Travelers' immunization has 2 aims: for the traveler, to prevent the risk of contracting an endemic disease during his stay abroad; for the community to prevent the risk of importing an infectious agent yet unknown in the country. Travelling offers an opportunity to update routine immunizations: tetanus, diphtheria, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B; for young people: measles and rubella; for elderly people: influenza. Two vaccinations are compulsory: yellow fever for travelers to tropical Africa and Amazonian forest; meningococcus A + C for Mecca pilgrims. Read More

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October 1998

Etiology of acute encephalitis in childhood in Slovenia.

Authors:
M Cizman J Jazbec

Pediatr Infect Dis J 1993 Nov;12(11):903-8

University Medical Centre, Department of Infectious Diseases, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

The etiology of acute encephalitis was evaluated in a retrospective study of 170 children (98 boys and 72 girls) ages 1 month to 15 years, who were hospitalized during a 13-year period from 1979 to 1991. The etiology was confirmed or considered very probable in 68% of cases. The identified etiologic agents included Central European tick-borne encephalitis virus (28. Read More

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November 1993