8,328 results match your criteria routinely measured


Comparison of Bioimpedance Versus Pulse Contour Analysis for Intraoperative Cardiac Index Monitoring in Patients Undergoing Kidney Transplantation.

Anesth Pain Med 2021 Oct 31;11(5):e117918. Epub 2021 Oct 31.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Cardiac index (CI; cardiac output indexed to body surface area) is routinely measured during kidney transplant surgery. Bioimpedance cardiometry is a transthoracic impedance as the non-invasive alternative for hemodynamic monitoring, using semi-invasive uncalibrated pulse wave or contour (UPC) analysis.

Objectives: We performed a cross-sectional observational study on 50 kidney transplant patients to compare the CI measurement agreement, concordance rate, and trending ability between bioimpedance and UPC analysis. Read More

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October 2021

Exploring the association of fibrinogen and CRP with the clinical spectrum of CAD and periprocedural outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions.

Ann Card Anaesth 2022 Jan-Mar;25(1):34-40

Department of Cardiology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: The pathophysiology of an atherosclerotic plaque is mediated by the mechanisms involving thrombus formation and systemic inflammation. While C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are useful in predicting a cardiovascular event in intermediate risk population, the usefulness of routinely measuring fibrinogen in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is debatable. Also, data on the association of these markers with periprocedural outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is scarce. Read More

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January 2022

Performance of noninvasive tests of fibrosis among Asians, Hispanic and non-Hispanic Whites in the STELLAR trials.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Jan 21. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Saiseikai Suita Hospital, Suita City, Osaka, Japan.

Background & Aims: The effect of race on routinely available noninvasive tests of fibrosis is incompletely understood. This study evaluated the performance of noninvasive tests among White and Asian patients in the STELLAR trials (NCT03053050 and NCT03053063), which evaluated selonsertib in patients with advanced (F3-F4) fibrosis due to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

Methods: Baseline liver biopsies were centrally read using the NASH Clinical Research Network system, and four noninvasive tests (Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score [NFS], Fibrosis-4 index [FIB-4], Enhanced Liver Fibrosis test [ELF] and liver stiffness [LS] by vibration-controlled transient elastography) were measured. Read More

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January 2022

Anatomic resection improved the long-term outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma patients with microvascular invasion: A prospective cohort study.

World J Gastrointest Oncol 2021 Dec;13(12):2190-2202

Hepatic Surgery Center, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei Province, China.

Background: The long-term effect of anatomic resection (AR) is better than that of non-anatomic resection (NAR). At present, there is no study on microvascular invasion (MVI) and liver resection types.

Aim: To explore whether AR improves long-term survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by removing the peritumoral MVI. Read More

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December 2021

Comparison of efficacy of extracorporeal magnetic innervation and Kegel exercises for stress urinary incontinence in adult women: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Prz Menopauzalny 2021 Dec 1;20(4):193-200. Epub 2021 Nov 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is defined as a complaint of inadvertent loss of urine occurring as a result of an increase in intraabdominal pressure. Strong evidence supports the use of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) as the first-line conservative treatment for SUI. Extracorporeal magnetic stimulation (EMS) is a non-invasive, effective, acceptable, and safe therapeutic modality for SUI. Read More

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December 2021

ITPA and NUDT15 are Good Predictors of Clinical Outcomes in Thiopurine-Treated Chinese Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Ther Drug Monit 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Medication, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China Nanjing Medical Center for Clinical Pharmacy, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China Department of Gastroenterology, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Although the relationship between NUDT15 and thiopurine-induced leukopenia has been proven in previous studies, no prominent factors explaining inter-individual variations in its active metabolite, 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN), and clinical efficacy have been identified. In the present study, the correlation between genotypes (TPMT, NUDT15, and ITPA polymorphisms), 6-TGN concentrations, and clinical outcomes (efficacy and side effects) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) were investigated.

Methods: In total, 160 patients with IBD were included, and the three genotyped genes and 6-TGN levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Read More

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January 2022

Predictive scoring systems to differentiate between simple and complex appendicitis in children (PRE-APP study).

Surgery 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam University Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam & Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Several clinical prediction rules have been developed for preoperative differentiation between simple and complex appendicitis in children, as potential treatment strategies differ. This study aimed to externally validate applicable clinical prediction rules that could be used to differentiate between simple and complex appendicitis in children.

Methods: Potential clinical prediction rules were identified by a scoping review of the literature. Read More

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January 2022

Success of infrazygomatic crest bone screws: patient age, insertion angle, sinus penetration, and terminal insertion torque.

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2022 Jan 19. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Indiana University and Purdue University, Indianapolis, Ind; and Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, Calif; and Saint Louis University, St Louis, Mo.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the 6-month survival (success) rate for infrazygomatic crest (IZC) bone screws relative to patient age, insertion angle, sinus penetration, and terminal insertion torque.

Methods: One hundred consecutive patients (27 males, 73 females; mean age 25.8 years; age range, 11. Read More

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January 2022

The occurrence and risk factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder among discharged COVID-19 patients in Tianjin, China.

Brain Behav 2022 Jan 22:e2492. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

Nutritional Epidemiology Institute and School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, No.22 Qixiangtai Road, Heping District, Tianjin, 300070, China.

Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious mental health condition that is triggered by a terrifying event. We aimed to investigate the occurrence and risk factors of PTSD among discharged COVID-19 patients.

Methods: This study included 144 discharged COVID-19 patients. Read More

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January 2022

The Prognostic Utility of Mean Platelet Volume in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analyses.

Angiology 2022 Jan 21:33197211070908. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Keele Cardiovascular Research Group Keele University, UK.

Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a hematological index that is routinely measured in clinical settings. Although many studies have been conducted to investigate the prognostic significance of MPV in acute coronary syndromes (ACS), the findings have been inconsistent. The goal of this study was to systematically review all current evidence on the association between admission MPV and clinical outcomes after ACS. Read More

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January 2022

Multicenter analysis of laparoscopic versus open umbilical hernia repair with mesh: outcomes and quality of life (QoL).

Surg Endosc 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Gastrointestinal and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC, USA.

Introduction: Umbilical hernia repair (UHR) is a common operation with varying surgical approaches. Laparoscopic (LUHR) and open (OUHR) operations are routinely performed, but their impact on quality of life (QoL) is not well described. Our aim was to evaluate perioperative outcomes and QoL of LUHR versus OUHR. Read More

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January 2022

Red Blood Cell Distribution Width: a severity indicator in patients with COVID-19.

J Med Virol 2022 Jan 19. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Guangdong Provincial Geriatrics Institute, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, 510080, China.

Background: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) was frequently assessed in COVID-19 infection and reported to be associated with adverse outcomes. However, there was no consensus regarding the optimal cutoff value for RDW.

Methods: Records of 98 patients with COVID-19 from the First People's Hospital of Jingzhou were reviewed. Read More

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January 2022

Increasing the reliability of real-time electrocochleography during cochlear implantation: a standardized guideline.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse 18, 3010, Bern, Switzerland.

Purpose: Electrocochleography (ECochG) measures electrical potentials generated by the inner ear in response to acoustic stimulation. Real-time (rt) recordings are increasingly used during cochlear implant (CI) surgeries to monitor the inner ear function. However, the performance of rt-ECochG is a delicate measurement procedure involving several pitfalls, which lead to inaccurate or invalid signal recordings in up to 20%. Read More

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January 2022

Kidney Function and Risk of Physical and Cognitive Impairment in Older Persons with Type 2 Diabetes at an Outpatient Clinic with Geriatric Assessment Implementation.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2022 10;15:79-91. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Center for Geriatrics & Gerontology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, 40705, Taiwan.

Purpose: Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of cognitive and physical functional decline that may impede disease self-management. By incorporating cognitive and physical function assessment, this study aimed to evaluate prevalence and factors associated with cognitive and physical dysfunction in older diabetic people.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was performed from August 1, 2017 to November 30, 2018. Read More

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January 2022

Scale dependence of tortuosity and diffusion: Finite-size scaling analysis.

J Contam Hydrol 2022 Jan 5;245:103953. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Porous Media Research Lab, Department of Geology, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, KS, USA. Electronic address:

Physical and hydraulic properties of porous media are routinely measured/simulated at smaller scales e.g., pore and core. Read More

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January 2022

A Mixed-Methods Study of the Effect of Abdominal Binders on Opioid Use and Postoperative Pain After Cesarean Birth.

Nurs Womens Health 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Objective: To compare levels of postoperative oxycodone use and incisional pain between two randomized groups-an intervention and a control.

Design: Mixed-methods design; quantitative data achieved via a randomized controlled trial, with qualitative data collected on binder use. The primary variable was oxycodone (in milligrams) required during the first 48 hours after birth, and the secondary variable was incisional pain levels measured on Postoperative Days 1 and 2. Read More

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January 2022

Expression of glutamate carboxypeptidase II in the glial tumor recurrence evaluated in vivo using radionuclide imaging.

Sci Rep 2022 Jan 13;12(1):652. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Nuclear Medicine Department, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCP), also known as prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has been found to be expressed in glioma vasculature in in-vitro studies. GCP expression can be traced with the use of [Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT used routinely for prostate cancer imaging. The aim of this paper was to analyze GCP expression in the recurrent glial tumors in vivo. Read More

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January 2022

Routinely measured cardiac troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide as predictors of mortality in haemodialysis patients.

ESC Heart Fail 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Fukuoka Renal Clinic, Fukuoka, Japan.

Aims: Cardiac troponin (cTn) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) are elevated in haemodialysis (HD) patients, and this elevation is associated with HD-induced myocardial stunning/myocardial strain. However, studies using data from the international Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) have shown that these cardiac biomarkers are measured in <2% of HD patients in real-world practice. This study aimed to examine whether routinely measured N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) and cTnI (contemporary assay) are more appropriate than clinical models for reclassifying the risk of HD patients who have the highest risk of death. Read More

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January 2022

"Fix and Click" for Assay of Sphingolipid Signaling in Single Primary Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells.

Anal Chem 2022 Jan 12;94(3):1594-1600. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98105, United States.

Capillary electrophoresis with fluorescence detection (CE-F) is a powerful method to measure enzyme activation in single cells. However, cellular enzymatic assays used in CE-F routinely utilize reporter substrates that possess a bulky fluorophore that may impact enzyme kinetics. To address these challenges, we describe a "fix and click" method utilizing an alkyne-terminated enzyme activation reporter, aldehyde-based fixation, and a click chemistry reaction to attach a fluorophore prior to analysis by single-cell CE-F. Read More

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January 2022

A novel laparoscopic near-infrared fluorescence spectrum system with indocyanine green fluorescence overcomes limitations of near-infrared fluorescence image-guided surgery.

J Minim Access Surg 2022 Jan-Mar;18(1):125-128

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery II, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

Background: Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence image-guided surgery (FIGS) introduces a revolutionary new approach to address this basic challenge in minimally invasive surgery. However, current FIGS systems have some limitations - the infrared rays cannot detect and visualise thick tissues with low concentrations of the fluorescent agent. We established a novel laparoscopic fluorescence spectrum (LFS) system using indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence to overcome these limitations. Read More

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January 2022

Evaluation of the Value of Waist Circumference and Metabolomics in the Estimation of Visceral Adipose Tissue.

Am J Epidemiol 2022 Jan 6. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is a strong prognostic factor for cardiovascular disease and a potential target for cardiovascular risk stratification. Because VAT is difficult to measure in clinical practice, we estimated prediction models with predictors routinely measured in general practice and VAT as outcome using ridge regression in 2,501 middle-aged participants from the Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity study, 2008-2012. Adding waist circumference and other anthropometric measurements on top of the routinely measured variables improved the optimism-adjusted R2 from 0. Read More

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January 2022

Mechanisms of Ohmic Contact Formation of Ti/Al-Based Metal Stacks on p-Doped 4H-SiC.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Dec 22;15(1). Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Systems and Device Technology (IISB), Schottkystrasse 10, 91058 Erlangen, Germany.

Ohmic contacts on p-doped 4H-SiC are essential for the fabrication of a wide range of power electron devices. Despite the fact that Ti/Al based ohmic contacts are routinely used for ohmic contacts on p-doped 4H-SiC, the underlying contact formation mechanisms are still not fully understood. TLM structures were fabricated, measured and analyzed to get a better understanding of the formation mechanism. Read More

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December 2021

Are the levels of uric acid associated with biometeorological conditions?

Sci Total Environ 2021 Dec 7:152020. Epub 2021 Dec 7.

Department of Water Management and Climatology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland.

Hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for renal and cardiovascular diseases and is closely associated with gout episodes. It is caused, inter alia, by nutritional habits and genetic factors, and also displays seasonal variability conditioned by meteorological factors. The impact of meteorological factors, including both cold and heat stress, on the human physiology is presented based on the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) - a biometeorological index derived from an analysis of human thermal balance. Read More

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December 2021

Intravenous dexmedetomidine, morphine, or a combination can result in gallbladder wall thickening; with no significant association with plasma histamine concentrations.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2022 Jan 10. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Department of Molecular Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, NC State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

The gallbladder is routinely evaluated during ultrasonographic examinations in dogs. However, published studies describing the effects of sedative agents on gallbladder wall thickness are currently lacking. The aims of this prospective, blinded, randomized crossover pilot study were to test hypotheses that IV morphine would result in gallbladder wall thickening, that morphine administration would increase plasma histamine concentrations, and that combining IV morphine with dexmedetomidine would potentiate gallbladder wall thickening. Read More

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January 2022

Ascorbic Acid Significantly Decreases Creatine Kinase Plasma Levels in an Animal Model of Statin/Fibrate-Induced Myopathy.

Adv Pharmacol Pharm Sci 2021 29;2021:5539595. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Infectious Diseases Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Background: Myopathy is one of the side effects of lipid-lowering drugs, especially statins and particularly when combined with a fibrate. To diagnose myopathy and determine its severity, the plasma levels of three enzymes, creatine kinase (CK), aldolase, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), are routinely measured. Physical exercise can aggravate the statin-associated muscular disease. Read More

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December 2021

Analgesic efficacy of posterior and anterior psoas compartment block: Lumbar plexus versus three -in-one nerve block after lower limb orthopedic surgery under spinal anesthesia: A prospective cohort study.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jan 6;73:103160. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Postoperative pain is the most common complaint in patients who underwent orthopedic surgery. Regarding with the severity of pain, orthopedic patients suffered more than non-orthopedic patients in the immediate post-operative period. Therefore, pain management is crucial for better patient outcome. Read More

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January 2022

Significance of PSA Screening in Niigata, Japan: Survey of Actual Status of New Cases of Prostate Cancer.

Res Rep Urol 2021 24;13:859-866. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Department of Renal and Urinary Pathology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan.

Purpose: This study aims to investigate the utility of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening by conducting an all-case survey of newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients at Niigata Prefecture, Japan.

Patients And Methods: Depending on whether patients were subjected to screening, information was prospectively collected on all prostate cancer patients newly diagnosed between October 1, 2019, and September 30, 2020, at all institutions in Niigata Prefecture where urologists performing prostate biopsy routinely work and differences in clinical parameters were investigated.

Results: PSA was measured in 478 out of 1332 patients (35. Read More

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December 2021

The utility of echocardiography and pulmonary function testing in the preoperative evaluation of pectus excavatum.

J Pediatr Surg 2021 Dec 17. Epub 2021 Dec 17.

Harvey E. Beardmore Division of Pediatric Surgery, The Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University Health Centre; Chest Wall Anomaly Centre, Shriners Hospitals for Children-Canada, Montreal, QC, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: Echocardiography (ECHO) and pulmonary function testing (PFT) are routinely performed during the preoperative evaluation of pectus excavatum (PE). We hypothesized that these investigations may be performed selectively based on patient symptoms and pectus severity.

Methods: A retrospective review of all PE patients who underwent a Nuss procedure during a 15-year period (2004-2018) was conducted. Read More

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December 2021

Association between implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and survival in patients awaiting heart transplantation: A meta-analysis and systematic review.

Heart Rhythm O2 2021 Dec 17;2(6Part B):710-718. Epub 2021 Dec 17.

Division of Cardiology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California.

Background: Patients with end-stage heart failure are at high risk for sudden cardiac death. However, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is not routinely implanted given the high competing risk of pump failure. A unique population worth separate consideration are patients with end-stage heart failure awaiting heart transplantation, as prolonged survival improves the chances of receiving transplant. Read More

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December 2021

Multidisciplinary Consensus on the Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis and Fragility Fractures in Patients with Prostate Cancer Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy.

World J Mens Health 2022 Jan;40(1):74-86

Department of Urology, Vall d'Hebron Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.

Patients with prostate cancer (PCa) on androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) are at high risk of osteoporosis and fragility fractures. We aimed to provide some practical insights into the delivery of optimal bone health care for PCa patients, particularly those on ADT. An interdisciplinary group of experts, including urologists and rheumatologists developed recommendations based on their expertise, current evidence and guidelines. Read More

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January 2022