47,611 results match your criteria routine imaging


Light Chain Deposition Disease presenting as an Atrial Mass: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Cardiovasc Pathol 2021 Jul 26:107368. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Pathology, Fairfield Medical Center, Lancaster, Ohio. Electronic address:

Light chain deposition disease (LCDD) also known as Non-Amyloidotic Immunoglobulin Deposition Disease (NIDD) is a rare systemic disorder due to the abnormal deposition of immunoglobulin in multiple organs caused by the clonal proliferation of B lymphocytes and plasma cells. Renal involvement is the most common with cardiac manifestations being the most common extra renal presentation of the disease. Renal involvement is not always associated with LCDD. Read More

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Evaluation of Indocyanine Green Fluorescence Imaging for Intraoperative Identification of Liver Malignancy.

Surg Technol Int 2021 Jul 29;39. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Introduction: There is early evidence that indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging has the ability to detect metastatic and primary malignancies in the liver that are too small to be identified by other methods. However, the rate of false positives and false negatives remains unknown.

Materials And Methods: This is a single institution prospective single-arm study. Read More

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Disrupted Topological Organization in White Matter Networks in Unilateral Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Front Neurosci 2021 12;15:666651. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Radiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is a sudden-onset hearing impairment that rapidly develops within 72 h and is mostly unilateral. Only a few patients can be identified with a defined cause by routine clinical examinations. Recently, some studies have shown that unilateral SSNHL is associated with alterations in the central nervous system. Read More

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High Rates of Incisional Hernia After Laparoscopic Right Colectomy With Midline Extraction Site.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Surgery Department of Imaging, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Hospital, Petach Tikva Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Laparoscopic surgery aims at reducing wound complications and improving cosmetics, among other advantages. High rates of postoperative ventral hernia (POVH) are observed after laparoscopic-assisted colectomies.

Materials And Methods: In a 2011 to 2016 retrospective study of all patients at Rabin Medical Center, we examined POVH prevalence after right hemicolectomy for neoplasia and correlation to specimen extraction site. Read More

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Image-enhanced endoscopy for detection of second primary esophageal neoplasms in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer: prevalence, risk factors, and characteristics.

J Chin Med Assoc 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC School of Medicine, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Endoscopy Center for Diagnosis and Treatment, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: Esophageal second primary neoplasms (ESPNs) are common in hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC) patients and are associated with poor prognoses. The effectiveness of image-enhanced endoscopy (IEE) has not been well established.

Methods: We reviewed the patients between April 2016 and April 2018 with HPSCC receiving ESPNs screening via white-light imaging, narrow-band imaging, and Lugol chromoendoscopy. Read More

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Right Ventricular Fatty Infiltration With an Abnormal ECG.

JACC Case Rep 2021 Feb 13;3(2):314-318. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Two middle-aged women had evidence suggesting right ventricular hypertrophy on routine electrocardiograms. Their echocardiograms showed right ventricular thickening and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed right ventricular fatty infiltration. Neither patient fulfilled the criteria for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, and both had a benign clinical course. Read More

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February 2021

"Double-Parachute" Mitral Valve.

JACC Case Rep 2020 Feb 8;2(2):261-265. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

Service of Cardiology, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.

A 38-year-old asymptomatic man was referred by his general practitioner for a 3/6 systolic heart murmur, which was detected during a routine consultation. Echocardiography revealed a parachute mitral valve associated with a parachute-like membrane, causing significant subaortic obstruction that was eventually surgically resected with an excellent postoperative outcome. (). Read More

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February 2020

Methods and utility of quantitative brainstem measurements in progressive supranuclear palsy versus Parkinson's disease in a routine clinical setting.

Clin Park Relat Disord 2020 14;3:100033. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Cleveland Clinic Imaging Institute, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44195, United States of America.

Background And Purpose: The clinical diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy can be challenging, as the clinical presentation overlaps with that of Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy. We sought to examine the practical utility of radiologic markers of progressive supranuclear palsy by investigating whether these markers could distinguish between patients with progressive supranuclear palsy-Richardson syndrome (PSP-RS) and those with Parkinson's disease based on imaging obtained in a typical clinical setting, not in a prospective research environment.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study included 13 patients with PSP-RS and 13 patients with Parkinson's disease who were followed for either condition at our institution at the time of the study and who had MRI records available. Read More

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January 2020

Development of a narrow-band imaging classification to reduce the need for routine biopsies of gastric polyps.

Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) 2021 Jun 27;9(3):219-225. Epub 2020 Dec 27.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: Most incidental gastric polyps identified during upper endoscopy are considered low-risk. However, current guidelines recommend sampling all gastric polyps for histopathologic analysis. We aimed to devise a simple narrow-band imaging (NBI) classification to reduce the need for routine biopsies of low-risk gastric polyps. Read More

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Persistent Idiopathic Prolactin Elevation Merits Macroprolactin Estimation: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

J Hum Reprod Sci 2021 Apr-Jun;14(2):206-210. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Endocrinology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

The prevalence of hyperprolactinemia ranges from about 0.4% in an unselected adult population to as high as 9%-17% in women with reproductive disorders. It may cause infertility in about 11% of the oligospermic males. Read More

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Diffusion-Weighted Imaging: An Exciting and Problem-Solving Tool in Patients with Hepatic Metastases.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2021 Jan 23;31(1):86-90. Epub 2021 May 23.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

 The diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is based on the random Brownian motion of water molecules that influences image contrast depending on different pathological conditions.  The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of various magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences including diffusion-weighted and gadobenate-enhanced MRI in the detection and characterization of liver lesions in a patient of known primary malignancy and to compare MRI with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) and ultrasonography (USG) in the detection of liver metastases.  All patients underwent a multiphase MRI. Read More

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January 2021

Role of Transperineal Ultrasound (TPUS) in Children with Ambiguous Genitalia.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2021 Jan 17;31(1):49-56. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Radiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

 Accurate delineation of anatomy in children with ambiguous genitalia early in life is important. This commonly involves conventional fluoroscopic genitogram (traumatic to the child) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination (involves sedation). In this study, our objectives were twofold: (1) to describe the findings on transperineal ultrasound (TPUS) in normal children and (2) to describe the findings on TPUS in children with ambiguous genitalia and correlate them with conventional genitogram. Read More

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January 2021

Clinical Radiology Case Presentation: Do's and Don'ts.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2021 Jan 25;31(1):24-29. Epub 2021 May 25.

Division of Clinical Radiology, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Clinical case presentation is part of daily routine for doctors to communicate with each other to facilitate learning, and ultimately patient management. Hence, the art of good clinical case presentation is a skill that needs to be mastered. Case presentations are a part of most undergraduate and postgraduate training programs aimed at nurturing oratory and presentation design skills. Read More

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January 2021

Quantitative multiparametric MRI as a non-invasive stratification tool in children and adolescents with autoimmune liver disease.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 27;11(1):15261. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Nutritional Disorders and Pediatrics, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland.

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC) are two very closely related autoimmune liver diseases with overlapping clinical features and similar management strategies. The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of quantitative imaging markers to distinguish ASC from AIH in paediatrics. 66 participants (N = 52 AIH, N = 14 ASC) aged 14. Read More

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Performance of the Hull Salford Cambridge Decision Rule (HSC DR) for early discharge of patients with findings on CT scan of the brain: a CENTER-TBI validation study.

Emerg Med J 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Centre for Urgent and Emergency Care Research (CURE), School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR). Emergency Department, Salford Royal Hospital, University of Sheffield and Salford Royal Hospital, Sheffield, UK.

Background: There is international variation in hospital admission practices for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and injuries on CT scan. Only a small proportion of patients require neurosurgical intervention, while many guidelines recommend routine admission of all patients. We aim to validate the Hull Salford Cambridge Decision Rule (HSC DR) and the Brain Injury Guidelines (BIG) criteria to select low-risk patients for discharge from the emergency department. Read More

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A comparison of Hyperspectral imaging with routine vascular noninvasive techniques to assess the healing prognosis in patients with diabetic foot ulcers.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Diabetic Foot Unit, Clínica Universitaria de Podología, Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: To compare the potential healing prognosis of the different routine noninvasive techniques implemented in the International Working Group Diabetic Foot Guidelines with the novel use of hyperspectral imaging (HSI) in patients with diabetic foot ulcers.

Methods: Twenty-one patients with active diabetic foot ulcers participated in this 1-year prospective study in a specialized diabetic foot unit between December 2018 and January 2020. HSI was performed at baseline to quantify tissue oxygenation and should be presented on an anatomical map by analyzing the following parameters: (1) oxygen saturation of the hemoglobin (StO) (%), (2) tissue hemoglobin index, (3) the near-infrared perfusion index and (4) finally, tissue water index. Read More

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Incidence of malignant transformation in the oviductal fimbria in laying hens, a preclinical model of spontaneous ovarian cancer.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(7):e0255007. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Cell and Molecular Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America.

Ovarian high grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) is a lethal form of ovarian cancer (OVCA). In most cases it is detected at late stages as the symptoms are non-specific during early stages. Emerging information suggests that the oviductal fimbria is a site of origin of ovarian HGSC. Read More

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Three-dimensional ultrasound for knee osteophyte depiction: a comparative study to computed tomography.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, H3A 0G4, Canada.

Purpose: Osteophytes are common radiographic markers of osteoarthritis. However, they are not accurately depicted using conventional imaging, thus hampering surgical interventions that rely on pre-operative images. Studies have shown that ultrasound (US) is promising at detecting osteophytes and monitoring the progression of osteoarthritis. Read More

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Early space-occupying cerebellar oedema requiring decompressive craniectomy following a clinically minor stroke.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 26;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Neurosciences, Eastern Health, Box Hill, Victoria, Australia.

We describe a patient presented with clinically a small cerebellar ischaemic stroke but required emergency decompression within 24 hours of symptoms onset after incidental finding of severe mass effect on imaging without any change in her mild clinical symptoms. Her initial multimodal acute stroke imaging, non-contrast CT of the brain and CT angiography from aortic arch to vertex were normal. CT perfusion showed a very small deficit only. Read More

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Three artificial intelligence data challenges based on CT and ultrasound.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Unité Fonctionnelle d'Imagerie Cardiovasculaire Non Invasive, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, AP-HP, 75015 Paris, France.

Purpose: The 2020 edition of these Data Challenges was organized by the French Society of Radiology (SFR), from September 28 to September 30, 2020. The goals were to propose innovative artificial intelligence solutions for the current relevant problems in radiology and to build a large database of multimodal medical images of ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) on these subjects from several French radiology centers.

Materials And Methods: This year the attempt was to create data challenge objectives in line with the clinical routine of radiologists, with less preprocessing of data and annotation, leaving a large part of the preprocessing task to the participating teams. Read More

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Association between coronary artery calcifications and 6-month mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2021 Jul 13. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Université de Paris, Faculté de Médecine, 75006 Paris, France; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, PARCC, UMR970, 75015 Paris, France; Department of Cardiology, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, 75015 Paris, France.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between coronary artery calcium (CAC) visual score and 6-month mortality in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Material And Methods: A single-center prospective observational cohort was conducted in 169 COVID-19 consecutive hospitalized patients between March 13 and April 1, 2020, and follow-up for 6-months. A four-level visual CAC scoring was assessed by analyzing images obtained after the first routine non-ECG-gated CT performed to detect COVID-19 pneumonia. Read More

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Emerging Technologies for Non-invasive Monitoring of Treatment Response to Immunotherapy for Brain Tumors.

Neuromolecular Med 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

Glioblastoma is the most common primary malignant brain tumor and one of the most aggressive tumors across all cancer types with remarkable resistance to any treatment. While immunotherapy has shown a robust clinical benefit in systemic cancers, its benefit is still under investigation in brain cancers. The broader use of immunotherapy in clinical trials for glioblastoma has highlighted the challenges of traditional methods of monitoring progression via imaging. Read More

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Progressive cortical and sub-cortical alterations in patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis.

J Neurol 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, 218 Jixi Road, Hefei, Anhui Province, China.

Background: Advanced structural analyses are increasingly being highly valued to uncover pathophysiological understanding of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. Therefore, we aimed to explore whether and how antibody-mediated NMDAR dysfunction affected cortical and sub-cortical brain morphology and their relationship with clinical symptoms.

Methods: We performed surface-based morphometry analyses, hippocampal segmentation, and correlational analyses in 24 patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis after acute disease stage and 30 normal controls (NC) in this case-control study. Read More

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The effect that pathologic and radiologic interpretation of invasive and non-invasive areas in lung adenocarcinoma has on T-stage and treatment.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2021 Jul 20;54:151799. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Rhode Island Hospital, The Warren Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University, United States of America. Electronic address:

Lung adenocarcinoma is currently staged based on invasive tumor size, excluding areas of lepidic (in situ) growth. Invasive tumor size may be determined by pathologic assessment of a surgical specimen or radiographic assessment on computerized tomography (CT) scan. When invasive tumor size is the primary stage determinate, radiographic-pathologic discordance or discordant interpretation among pathologists may alter tumor stage and treatment. Read More

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Investigation of single-shot beam quality measurements using state of the art solid-state dosimeters for routine quality assurance applications in mammography.

Phys Med 2021 Jul 23;88:242-249. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Medical Imaging Research Center, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; Department of Radiology, UZ Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess if single shot acquisitions with solid-state dosimeters as well as Robson's method could replace ionization chambers for tube output and HVL measurements, saving medical physicists time.

Material And Methods: The energy responses of 4 solid-state dosimeters with automatic calculation of HVL were compared to ionization chamber measurements. Five anode/filter combinations were tested: Mo/Mo, Mo/Rh, Rh/Rh, W/Rh and W/Ag, from 24kVp to 35kVp. Read More

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A review in radiomics: Making personalized medicine a reality via routine imaging.

Med Res Rev 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Radiomics (Oncoradiomics SA), Liège, Belgium.

Radiomics is the quantitative analysis of standard-of-care medical imaging; the information obtained can be applied within clinical decision support systems to create diagnostic, prognostic, and/or predictive models. Radiomics analysis can be performed by extracting hand-crafted radiomics features or via deep learning algorithms. Radiomics has evolved tremendously in the last decade, becoming a bridge between imaging and precision medicine. Read More

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SuperDTI: Ultrafast DTI and fiber tractography with deep learning.

Magn Reson Med 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Electrical Engineering, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, USA.

Purpose: To develop a deep learning-based reconstruction framework for ultrafast and robust diffusion tensor imaging and fiber tractography.

Methods: SuperDTI was developed to learn the nonlinear relationship between DWIs and the corresponding diffusion tensor parameter maps. It bypasses the tensor fitting procedure, which is highly susceptible to noises and motions in DWIs. Read More

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Correlation Between the Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS) and Patient Reported Outcomes.

Global Spine J 2021 Jul 26:21925682211033591. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Research Department, AO Spine International, Davos, Switzerland.

Study Design: International multicenter prospective observational cohort study on patients undergoing radiation +/- surgical intervention for the treatment of symptomatic spinal metastases.

Objectives: To investigate the association between the total Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS), individual SINS components and PROs.

Methods: Data regarding patient demographics, diagnostics, treatment, and PROs (SF-36, SOSGOQ, EQ-5D) was collected at baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks post-treatment. Read More

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Advances in medical imaging to evaluate acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Chin J Acad Radiol 2021 Jul 17:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Radiology, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular and Functional Imaging, School of Medicine, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, 87 Ding Jia Qiao Road, Nanjing, 210009 Jiangsu China.

Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a refractory respiratory syndrome with a high prevalence in the Intensive Care Unit. Though much improvement has been achieved over the last 50 decades, the disease continues to be under-recognized and under-treated, and its mortality remains high. Since the first report, the radiologic examination has been an essential part in evaluating this disease. Read More

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Patient position verification in magnetic-resonance imaging only radiotherapy of anal and rectal cancers.

Phys Imaging Radiat Oncol 2021 Jul 18;19:72-77. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Leeds Cancer Centre, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK.

Background And Purpose: Magnetic resonance (MR)-only treatment pathways require either the MR-simulation or synthetic-computed tomography (sCT) as an alternative reference image for cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) patient position verification. This study assessed whether using T2 MR or sCT as CBCT reference images introduces systematic registration errors as compared to CT for anal and rectal cancers.

Materials And Methods: A total of 32 patients (18 rectum,14 anus) received pre-treatment CT- and T2 MR- simulation. Read More

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