95 results match your criteria rosa multiflora

An R2R3-MYB Transcription Factor Responds to Chilling Stress of and Conferred Cold Tolerance of .

Front Plant Sci 2021 27;12:696919. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China.

A sudden cooling in the early spring or late autumn negatively impacts the plant growth and development. Although a number of studies have characterized the role of the transcription factors (TFs) of plant R2R3-myeloblastosis (R2R3-MYB) in response to biotic and abiotic stress, plant growth, and primary and specific metabolisms, much less is known about their role in under chilling stress. In the present study, , which encodes a nuclear-localized R2R3-MYB TF with a self-activation activity, was identified based on the earlier published RNA-seq data of plants exposed to short-term low-temperature stress and also on the results of prediction of the gene function referring . Read More

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Nonglandular prickle formation is associated with development and secondary metabolism-related genes in Rosa multiflora.

Physiol Plant 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Key Laboratory of horticultural Plant Biology (Ministry of Education), College of Horticulture and Forestry Sciences, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Roses are among the most economically important ornamental plants worldwide. But prickles on the stem and leaves cause difficulties for cultivation or inconveniences during harvest and transportation, thus are an undesirable horticultural character. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of prickle development. Read More

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Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Phenolic Compounds in Fruit of the Genus L.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Apr 1;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Pharmacognosy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukilėlių av. 13, LT-50162 Kaunas, Lithuania.

We investigated the qualitative and quantitative composition of phenolic compounds in the fruit of L. cultivars grown in Lithuania. The highest total content of phenolic compounds (50. Read More

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[Study on protective effect of total flavonoids from Rosa multiflora on HUVEC induced by ox-LDL].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 Mar;46(5):1211-1216

Henan Provincial Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Zhengzhou 450004,China.

The aim of this paper was to study the protective effect of total flavonoids from Rosa multiflora(TF-RM) on the injury of HUVEC induced by oxidized low density lipoprotein(ox-LDL). SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, simvastatin group(1.8 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) and TF-RM group(2. Read More

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The identification of the Rosa S-locus and implications on the evolution of the Rosaceae gametophytic self-incompatibility systems.

Sci Rep 2021 Feb 12;11(1):3710. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular (IBMC), Rua Alfredo Allen, 208, 4200-135, Porto, Portugal.

In Rosaceae species, two gametophytic self-incompatibility (GSI) mechanisms are described, the Prunus self-recognition system and the Maleae (Malus/Pyrus/Sorbus) non-self- recognition system. In both systems the pistil component is a S-RNase gene, but from two distinct phylogenetic lineages. The pollen component, always a F-box gene(s), in the case of Prunus is a single gene, and in Maleae there are multiple genes. Read More

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February 2021

First report of Rose leaf rosette-associated virus infecting rose (Rosa spp.) in California, USA.

Plant Dis 2021 Jan 20. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

University of California, Dept. of Plant Pathology, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California, United States, 95616;

Rose leaf rosette-associated virus (RLRaV) is a member of genus Closterovirus, family Closteroviridae. The virus was first discovered in China in 2015 from a mixed infected wild rose (Rosa multiflora Thunb.) showing small leaf rosettes on branches, dieback and severe decline symptoms (He et al. Read More

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January 2021

The complete chloroplast genome sequence of a rambler rose, (Rosaceae).

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2019 Dec 12;5(1):252-253. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

CAS Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, China.

The rambler Crép. is an important founder species during modern rose domestication. However, the chloroplast genome (plastome) of this wild species remains unavailable. Read More

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December 2019

Active ingredients and mechanisms of Phellinus linteus (grown on Rosa multiflora) for alleviation of Type 2 diabetes mellitus through network pharmacology.

Gene 2021 Feb 26;768:145320. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Department of Bio-Health Convergence, College of Biomedical Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, South Korea. Electronic address:

Phellinus linteus (mushroom) grown on Rosa multiflora ([email protected]), exposed beneficial effect and safety on Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from Korean folk remedies. However, its active chemical constituents and mechanism(s) against T2DM have not been confirmed. Hence, we deciphered the active compounds and mechanism(s) of [email protected] against T2DM through network pharmacology. Read More

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February 2021

Evolution of SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP) genes in Rosaceae: Implications of lineage-specific gene duplication events and function diversifications with respect to their roles in processes other than bud dormancy.

Plant Genome 2020 11 17;13(3):e20053. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210095, China.

MADS-box genes that are homologous to Arabidopsis SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP) have been shown to play key roles in the regulation of bud dormancy in perennial species, particularly in the deciduous fruit trees of Rosaceae. However, their evolutionary profiles in Rosaceae have not yet been analyzed systematically. Here, The SVP genes were found to be significantly expanded in Rosaceae when compared with annual species from Brassicaceae. Read More

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November 2020

CLA178-Induced Systemic Resistance of Against Crown Gall Disease.

Front Microbiol 2020 22;11:587667. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbial Resources Collection and Preservation, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs) are able to activate induced systemic resistance (ISR) of the plants against phytopathogens. However, whether and how ISR can be activated by PGPRs in plants of the genus is unclear. The effects of PGPR CLA178 and the pathogen C58 on the growth, plant defense-related genes, hormones, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the rose plants were compared. Read More

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October 2020

Long-term trends indicate that invasive plants are pervasive and increasing in eastern national parks.

Ecol Appl 2021 03 15;31(2):e02239. Epub 2020 Nov 15.

National Park Service, National Capital Region Network, Washington, D.C., 20007, USA.

While invasive plant distributions are relatively well known in the eastern United States, temporal changes in species distributions and interactions among species have received little attention. Managers are therefore left to make management decisions without knowing which species pose the greatest threats based on their ability to spread, persist and outcompete other invasive species. To fill this gap, we used the U. Read More

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Reduced Root Secretion of Valine in -Microbe Interaction Contributes to the Decreased Colonization of Pathogenic .

Plant Dis 2021 Mar 8;105(3):599-606. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbial Resources Collection and Preservation, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, People's Republic of China.

Root exudates play a critical role in root-microbe interactions. causes crown gall disease in multiple plant species, but rose root exudate-mediated inhibition of in the rhizosphere is poorly understood. In this study, the influence of preinoculation with beneficial bacteria or pathogens on root exudates and subsequent colonization by was investigated in a split-root system. Read More

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Assessing the current and potential future distribution of four invasive forest plants in Minnesota, U.S.A., using mixed sources of data.

Sci Rep 2020 07 29;10(1):12738. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Invasive plants are an ongoing subject of interest in North American forests, owing to their impacts on forest structure and regeneration, biodiversity, and ecosystem services. An important component of studying and managing forest invaders involves knowing where the species are, or could be, geographically located. Temporal and environmental context, in conjunction with spatially-explicit species occurrence information, can be used to address this need. Read More

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Thunb Flower Extract Attenuates Ultraviolet-Induced Photoaging in Skin Cells and Hairless Mice.

J Med Food 2020 Sep 27;23(9):988-997. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Institute on Aging, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Ethanol extract (RET) of Thunb flowers and its subfractions in ethylacetate (REA) or -butanol subfractions (RBT) were reported to have potent antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, we investigated if those flower (RMF) extracts prevent ultraviolet (UV)-induced biochemical damages leading to photoaging. In keratinocyte or dermal fibroblasts, RET, REA, and RBT treatments with UV irradiation significantly decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 levels through suppression of nuclear factor kappa B and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Read More

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September 2020

An herbal formula inhibits STAT3 signaling and attenuates bone erosion in collagen-induced arthritis rats.

Phytomedicine 2020 May 30;76:153254. Epub 2020 May 30.

Research and Development Centre for Natural Health Products, HKBU Shenzhen Research Institute and Continuing Education, Shenzhen, China; Centre for Cancer and Inflammation Research, School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China; Consun Chinese Medicines Research Centre for Renal Diseases, School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China; JaneClare Transdermal TCM Therapy Laboratory, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address:

Background: Receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) facilitates differentiation of osteoclast precursors into osteoclasts, resulting in bone erosion in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) are the main cells for producing RANKL. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling is activated in FLS of RA patients (RA-FLS), which has been linked to RANKL production. Read More

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Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Stem Secondary Growth of Grafted 'Rosea' Scion and 'Innermis' Rootstock.

Genes (Basel) 2020 02 21;11(2). Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Experimental Center of Forestry in North China, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 102300, China.

Grafted plant is a chimeric organism formed by the connection of scion and rootstock through stems, so stem growth and development become one of the important factors to affect grafted plant state. However, information regarding the molecular responses of stems secondary growth after grafting is limited. A grafted plant, with 'Rosea' as the scion (Rr_scion) grafted onto 'Innermis' as the stock (Rm_stock), has been shown to significantly improve stem thickness. Read More

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February 2020

Intraspecific differences in seed dispersal caused by differences in social rank and mediated by food availability.

Sci Rep 2020 01 30;10(1):1532. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

School of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, The University of Nottingham Malaysia, Jalan Broga, Semenyih, Selangor, 43500, Malaysia.

We use individual-based information on the behavior of wild female Japanese macaques in two consecutive years with different food availability (nut-rich vs. nut-poor) to test effects of dominance rank and nut fruiting on seed dispersal parameters. We predicted that social rank would affect dispersal (1) quantity, (2) quality, (3) species richness, and (4) percentage of berries in the diet in the nut-poor year, while these differences would disappear in the nut-rich year. Read More

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January 2020

Establishing the chromatographic fingerprints of flavan-3-ols and proanthocyanidins from rose hip (Rosa sp.) species.

J Sep Sci 2020 Apr 19;43(8):1431-1439. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

The profile of flavan-3-ols and proanthocyanidins in five different Rosa species (R. canina, R. glutinosa, R. Read More

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A two-herb formula inhibits osteoclastogenesis and suppresses NF-kB and MAPK pathways.

J Ethnopharmacol 2020 Apr 25;252:112625. Epub 2020 Jan 25.

Research and Development Centre for Natural Health Products, HKBU Shenzhen Research Institute and Continuing Education, Shenzhen, China; Centre for Cancer and Inflammation Research, School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

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Flavonol glycosides of Rosa multiflora regulates intestinal barrier function through inhibiting claudin expression in differentiated Caco-2 cells.

Nutr Res 2019 12 4;72:92-104. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

Laboratory of Biochemistry, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Gifu 501-1196, Japan.

Eijitsu, the fruits of Rosa multiflora Thunberg, is a traditional Japanese natural medicine and used as purgatives. The active constituents were identified as flavonol glycosides, multiflorin A (MF), and multinoside A (MSA), but mechanism of the purgative action is still unknown. We hypothesized that the flavonol glycosides 1 and 2 may exhibit the purgative actions through modulating intestinal epithelial barrier function. Read More

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December 2019

Identification of a polymorphism within the Rosa multiflora muRdr1A gene linked to resistance to multiple races of Diplocarpon rosae W. in tetraploid garden roses (Rosa × hybrida).

Theor Appl Genet 2020 Jan 28;133(1):103-117. Epub 2019 Sep 28.

Vineland Research and Innovation Centre, 4890 Victoria Avenue North, Box 4000, Vineland Station, ON, L0R 2E0, Canada.

Key Message: A QTL for resistance to several races of black spot co-located with the known Rrd1 locus in Rosa. A polymorphism in muRdr1A linked to black spot resistance was identified and molecular markers were designed. Black spot, caused by Diplocarpon rosae, is one of the most serious foliar diseases of landscape roses that reduces the marketability and weakens the plants against winter survival. Read More

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January 2020

Phytochemical characterization of Rosa multiflora Thunb. (Rosaceae) in Japan and South Korea, with a focus on the bioactive flavonol glycoside 'multiflorin A'.

J Nat Med 2019 Jun 4;73(3):555-565. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Natural Products Research, Osaka University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 4-20-1 Nasahara, Takatsuki, 569-1094, Osaka, Japan.

Dried achene or anthocarpous accessory fruits of Rosa multiflora Thunb., Rosae fructus ("Eijitsu" in Japanese), have been used in clinical practice to improve constipation within traditional Japanese medicine. Recently, it has been claimed that the efficacy of this crude drug is decreasing, and multiflorin A, the purgative component, was not detected within the tested samples. Read More

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The Stimulatory Effects of Medicinal Plants on β2-adrenoceptors of Tracheal Smooth Muscle.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2019 Feb;18(1):12-26

Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran AND Neurogenic Inflammation Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Medicinal plants have been identified and used as primary sources in prevention and treatment of pulmonary diseases (mainly obstructive pulmonary diseases) from ancient times due to various pharmacological activities. In this review, the stimulatory effects of extracts, some fractions and constituents of medicinal plants on β2-adrenoceptors which could be used as possible therapeutic agents in the future were reviewed. Various databases including; Medline, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched using stimulatory effect, β2-adrenoceptors, possible mechanism, tracheal smooth muscle (TSM), medicinal plants and their constituents as keywords from 1985 to 2017. Read More

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February 2019

Preventive effects of a novel herbal mixture on atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in BALB/C mice.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2019 Jan 18;19(1):25. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Laboratory of Veterinary Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics (LVPP), College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, 41566, 80 Daehakro, Bukgu, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: A combination of parts of Cornus officinalis, Rosa multiflora, Lespedeza bicolor, Platycladus orientalis, and Castanea crenata is commonly used for alleviating inflammatory skin disorders. Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo preventive effects of a novel herbal formula made from the five plants (C2RLP) against atopic dermatitis in BALB/C mice.

Methods: Mice were allocated into five groups (n = 8) including, control (Normal, petrolatum, and betamethasone treated) and treatment groups (treated with 2. Read More

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January 2019

Comparative Analysis of the Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequences of Three Closely Related East-Asian Wild Roses ( sect. ; Rosaceae).

Genes (Basel) 2019 01 3;10(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Biological Sciences, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Korea.

Species belonging to section (Rosaceae) are mainly distributed in East Asia, and represent recently diverged lineages within the genus. Over decades, inferring phylogenetic relationships within section have been exceptional challenges, due to short branch lengths and low support values. Of approximately 36 species in the section , , and are widely distributed in the Sino-Japanese floristic region. Read More

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January 2019

Ursane-type triterpenoids from the roots of with their anti-inflammatory activity.

J Asian Nat Prod Res 2020 Feb 10;22(2):131-137. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Key Laboratory of Chinese Materia Medica (Ministry of Education), Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Ministry of Education, Harbin 150040, China.

Nine ursane-type triterpenoids including three new ones 2, 19dihydroxyurs-3acetyltormentic acid (), 1, 2, 3, 20-tetrahydroxyurs -13(18)-en-28-oic acid (), and 2, 3, 20, 24-tetrahydroxyurs-13(18)-en-28-oic acid () were isolated from the roots of . Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, including NMR, MS, and IR spectroscopic analyses data. All the isolates were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activity and the results showed that compounds - displayed moderate inhibitory activity with IC values ranging from 24. Read More

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February 2020

Fungal Endophytic Communities of Two Wild Varieties With Different Powdery Mildew Susceptibilities.

Front Microbiol 2018 16;9:2462. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Medical School of Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China.

Powdery mildew (PM) is one of the most devastating and wide spread fungal diseases of rose, which seriously decrease its productivity and commercial value. In the present study, the endophytic fungal communities of two wild varieties ( Thunb and var. Redouté and Thory) with different PM susceptibilities were studied through Illumina MiSeq sequencer. Read More

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October 2018

Phytochemistry, Traditional Uses and Pharmacological Profile of Rose Hip: A Review.

Curr Pharm Des 2018 ;24(35):4101-4124

Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: The fruit of genus Rosa, known as "rose hip", is frequently used in different traditional medicines. Rose hips have long been used to treat kidney stones, gastroenteric ailments, hypertension and respiratory problems such as bronchitis, cough and cold.

Aim: This review is focused on the ethnopharmacological uses of rose hip as well as phytochemical and pharmacological aspects. Read More

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December 2019

Potential of near infrared spectroscopy and pattern recognition for rapid discrimination and quantification of Gleditsia sinensis thorn powder with adulterants.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Oct 20;160:64-72. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Shenzhen Institute for Drug Control, Shenzhen 518057, China; School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China; Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Drug Quality Standard Research, Shenzhen 518057, China. Electronic address:

The Gleditsia sinensis Lam thorn (GST) is a classical traditional Chinese medical herb, which is of high medical and economic value. GST could be easily adulterated with branch of Rosa multiflora thunb (BRM) and Rosa rugosa thumb (BRR), because of their similar appearances and much lower cost for these adulterants. In this study Fourier transform near-infrared spectroscopy (FT-NIR) combined with chemical pattern recognition techniques was explored for the first time to discriminate and quantify of cheaper materials (BRM and BRR) in GST. Read More

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October 2018

Multiflora rose invasion amplifies prevalence of Lyme disease pathogen, but not necessarily Lyme disease risk.

Parasit Vectors 2018 01 23;11(1):54. Epub 2018 Jan 23.

Department of Entomology and Wildlife Ecology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA.

Background: Forests in urban landscapes differ from their rural counterparts in ways that may alter vector-borne disease dynamics. In urban forest fragments, tick-borne pathogen prevalence is not well characterized; mitigating disease risk in densely-populated urban landscapes requires understanding ecological factors that affect pathogen prevalence. We trapped blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) nymphs in urban forest fragments on the East Coast of the United States and used multiplex real-time PCR assays to quantify the prevalence of four zoonotic, tick-borne pathogens. Read More

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January 2018