11,964 results match your criteria root extract


Translocation factor of heavy metals by elephant grass grown with varying concentrations of landfill leachate.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Center of Agrarian Sciences, Federal University of Ceará, Av. Mister Hull s/n Antônio Bezerra, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

The aim of this study is to obtain the translocation factor by application of landfill leachate (LL) diluted in public irrigation water (IW). Pennisetum purpureum Schum (elephant grass) was cultivated for 83 days in an experimental water reuse unit. The present work was developed at the Experimental Water Reuse Unit (UERA), on the UFERSA campus in Mossoró, RN, Brazil. Read More

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Biological control of spp. in glasshouse-grown chrysanthemum.

J Nematol 2020 9;52. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Wageningen University & Research BU Greenhouse Horticulture & Flower Bulbs.

Root-knot nematodes ( spp.) are a major problem in soil-based glasshouse-grown chrysanthemums. To combat root-knot nematodes in the glasshouse, the soil is typically steamed every 5-6 production cycles. Read More

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January 2021

Characterizing the cytotoxic effects and several antimicrobial phytocompounds of Argemone mexicana.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(4):e0249704. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Biology, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN, United States of America.

Commonly called the Mexican prickly poppy, Argemone mexicana is a stress-resistant member of the Papaveraceae family of plants that has been used in traditional medicine for centuries by indigenous communities in Mexico and Western parts of the United States. This plant has been exploited to treat a wide variety of ailments, with reported antimicrobial and antioxidant properties, as well as cytotoxic effects against some human cancer cell lines. Due to its various therapeutic uses and its abundance of secondary metabolites, A. Read More

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Efficacy of methanol-water extract of Inula helenium root against oxidative DNA damage.

Authors:
Aybast Er Nder

J Tradit Chin Med 2021 04;41(2):293-300

Bursa Uludag University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Department of Chemistry, Bursa 16059, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of methanol-water extract of Inula helenium root against oxidative DNA damage.

Methods: Antioxidant properties of methanol-water extract of Inula helenium root were revealed by 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-suphonic acid) di-ammonium salt (ABTS), Folin-Ciocalteu and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods. The effect against oxidative DNA base damage was determined analyzing oxidative DNA base damage products by GC-MS/MS. Read More

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Anti-neuroinflammatory responses in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV2 microglial cells upon treatment with methanol extract of Panax ginseng root.

J Tradit Chin Med 2021 04;41(2):185-193

Department of Agrotechnology and Biosciences, Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, Kajang 43000, Selangor, Malaysia.

Objective: To investigate the anti-neuroinflammatory properties of Panax ginseng (P. ginseng) root by measuring the levels of nitric oxide (NO), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV2 microglia cells.

Methods: Maximal non-toxic dose (MNTD) of methanol extract of P. Read More

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Pharmacological Evaluation of Antipyretic and Antioxidant Activities of 80% Methanol Root Extract and Derived Solvent Fraction of M. (Asteraceae) in Mice Model.

Biomed Res Int 2021 15;2021:6670984. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Toxicity and untoward effects are very ostensible in most standard drugs including antipyretic agents. Searching for conceivable antipyretic drugs with minimal toxicities and side effects from traditional plants is a growing concern to date. M. Read More

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Root Extract Attenuates Tumor Progression in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Inhibition of ERK/STAT3 Pathways.

Anticancer Res 2021 Apr;41(4):1883-1893

The Catholic University Liver Research Center, Department of Biomedicine & Health Sciences, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea;

Background/aim: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly prevalent disease and treatment is limited. Therefore, development of new therapeutic agents is urgent. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro and in vivo anti-cancer effects of Nardostachys jatamansi root extract (NJRE) against HCC and underlying mechanisms involved in such effects. Read More

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Phenolic Compounds and Bioactive Properties of L. (Asparagaceae): The Pharmacological Potential of an Underexploited Subshrub.

Molecules 2021 Mar 26;26(7). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Centro de Investigação de Montanha (CIMO), Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal.

L. is a subshrub used in traditional medicine in different parts of the world, namely in Europe and the Iberian Peninsula. According to reported folk knowledge, the aerial parts are mainly used as diuretics and the underground organs are used for the treatment of disorders of the urinary system and as a laxative. Read More

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Analytical Characterization of an Inulin-Type Fructooligosaccharide from Root-Tubers of L.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 Mar 19;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Istituto Pasteur-Fondazione Cenci Bolognetti, Dipartimento di Chimica e Tecnologie del Farmaco, "Sapienza" Università di Roma, p.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy.

Plant-based systems continue to play a pivotal role in healthcare, and their use has been extensively documented. L. is a genus comprising various herbaceous species, known by the trivial name Asphodelus. Read More

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The Tolerance of to Soil Contamination with Arsenic.

Plants (Basel) 2021 Mar 25;10(4). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

GeoBioTec, Departamento de Ciências da Terra, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Campus da Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal.

The contamination of abandoned mining areas is a problem worldwide that needs urgent attention. Phytoremediation emerges as a successful method to extract different contaminants from the soil. In this context, plants growing in soils artificial contaminated with arsenic (As) were used to access its phytoremediation capabilities. Read More

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Coarse-to-Fine Image Matching-Based Footprint Camera Calibration of the GF-7 Satellite.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Mar 25;21(7). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

The School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China.

The GF-7 satellite is China's first high-resolution stereo mapping satellite that reaches sub-meter resolution, equipped with new-type payloads, such as an area array footprint camera that can achieve synchronization acquisition of laser spots. When the satellite is in space, the variation of camera parameters may occur due to launch vibration and environmental changes, and on-orbit geometric calibration thereby must be made. Coupled with the data from the GF-7 satellite, this paper constructs a geometric imaging model of the area array footprint camera based on the two-dimensional direction angle, and proposes a coarse-to-fine "LPM-SIFT + Phase correlation" matching strategy for the automatic extraction of calibration control points. Read More

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Allelopathic Effect of Quercetin, a Flavonoid from Roots in the Radicle Growth of : Quercetin Natural and Semisynthetic Analogues Were Used for a Structure-Activity Relationship Investigation.

Plants (Basel) 2021 Mar 13;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Complesso Univ. Monte Sant'Angelo, Via Cintia, 80126 Napoli, Italy.

Allelopathic potential of buckwheat roots on the radicle growth of the broomrape weed species and was studied. Buckwheat root exudates induced a significant growth inhibition in radicles but radicles of were not affected. Among the metabolites present in the root organic extract we identified the flavonol quercetin and the stilbene -coumaric acid methyl ester with only quercetin showing inhibitory effect on . Read More

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Protective Effects of L. (Dandelion) Root Extract in Experimental Acute on Chronic Liver Failure.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Mar 24;10(4). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, 400012 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Background: (TO) or dandelion has been frequently used to prevent or treat different liver diseases because of its rich composition in phytochemicals with demonstrated effect against hepatic injuries. This study aimed to investigate the possible preventing effect of ethanolic TO root extract (TOERE) on a rat experimental acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) model.

Methods: Chronic liver failure (CLF) was induced by human serum albumin, and ACLF was induced in CLF by D-galactosamine and lipopolysaccharide (D-Gal-LPS). Read More

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Zein Nanoparticles Improve the Oral Bioavailability of Curcumin in Wistar Rats.

Pharmaceutics 2021 Mar 9;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Plantas Medicinales y Complementos Alimenticios, S.A. (PLAMECA), 08780 Palleja, Spain.

Curcumin is a natural compound obtained from turmeric root with high antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, clinical application of curcumin has been limited due to its low solubility and bioavailability and rapid metabolism and degradation. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of curcumin incorporation in zein nanoparticles on the pharmacokinetic parameters of systemic curcumin in plasma. Read More

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Antioxidant Effect and Sensory Evaluation of Yogurt Supplemented with Hydroponic Ginseng Root Extract.

Foods 2021 Mar 17;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea.

Hydroponic ginseng (HG) is cultivated using only nutrients and water under constant environmental conditions and is more beneficial than soil-cultured ginseng (SG). This study aimed to determine the physicochemical properties, antioxidant activity, and sensory properties of HG-supplemented yogurt to develop high-value yogurt. HG (0. Read More

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Laboratory and Field Evaluation of the Phytotoxic Activity of Gaertn Pulp Extract and Identification of a Phytotoxic Substance.

Molecules 2021 Mar 2;26(5). Epub 2021 Mar 2.

SFA Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science and Technology, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, No. 8 Futong Dongdajie, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100102, China.

Interest in finding plant-based herbicides to supplement synthesized herbicides is increasing. Although the extract of Gaertn has been reported to have herbicidal activity, little is known about phytotoxic substances and their efficacy of weed control in the field. To identify phytotoxic substances, the bioassay-guided fractionation by column chromatography and high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) was carried out. Read More

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Characterization of Chitosan Film Incorporated with Curcumin Extract.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Mar 21;13(6). Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Department of Chemical Technology and Environment, The University of Danang-University of Technology and Education, Danang 550000, Vietnam.

Curcumin is a phenolic compound derived from turmeric roots ( L.). This research studied the effects of curcumin extract on the properties of chitosan films. Read More

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Effect of the Oral Administration of Common Evening Primrose Sprout ( L.) Extract on Skin Function Improvement in UVB-irradiated Hairless Mice.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 Mar 6;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Skin-Biotechnology Center, Kyung Hee University, Gwanggyo-ro 147, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 16229, Korea.

Most of the studies on common evening primrose ( L.) are focused on its oils (isolated from seed, root, and stem tissues). We aimed to investigate the effect of the oral administration of OBS-E on the improvement of skin function in skin-damaged hairless mice exposed to excessive ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation owing to the preliminary in vitro findings regarding the antioxidant, anti-wrinkle, and skin moisturizing activities of OBS-E. Read More

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In Vitro Antioxidant Activity of Root Extract and Its Hepatoprotective Effect on Chlorpyrifos-Induced Toxicity in Rats.

Molecules 2021 Mar 28;26(7). Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.

In Thailand, people in the highland communities whose occupational exposure to pesticides used the root of as a detoxifying agent. However, the scientific data to support the traditional use of this plant are insufficient. This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant activity and anti-pesticide potential of root extract. Read More

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Time-Response-Histogram-Based Feature of Magnetic Barkhausen Noise for Material Characterization Considering Influences of Grain and Grain Boundary under In Situ Tensile Test.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Mar 28;21(7). Epub 2021 Mar 28.

School of Automation Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China.

Stress is the crucial factor of ferromagnetic material failure origin. However, the nondestructive test methods to analyze the ferromagnetic material properties' inhomogeneity on the microscopic scale with stress have not been obtained so far. In this study, magnetic Barkhausen noise (MBN) signals on different silicon steel sheet locations under in situ tensile tests were detected by a high-spatial-resolution magnetic probe. Read More

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Syringin: A Phenylpropanoid Glycoside Compound in A. GRAY Root Modulates Adipogenesis.

Molecules 2021 Mar 11;26(6). Epub 2021 Mar 11.

The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan.

A. GRAY is a wild perennial herb, and its roots (CbR) have traditionally been used as both food and medicine on the Japanese islands of Okinawa and Amami. The present study evaluated the antiadipogenic effect of CbR using mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line 3T3-L1 from JCRB cell bank. Read More

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root polysaccharide alleviates glucose and lipid metabolic dysfunction in diabetic db/db mice.

Pharm Biol 2021 Dec;59(1):382-390

Department of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, Shandong, PR China.

Context: (Willd.) Ohwi (Fabaceae) root extract can lower blood glucose levels; however, whether root polysaccharide (PLP) possesses these effects is still unknown.

Objective: This study evaluates the therapeutic effect of PLP on diabetic metabolic syndrome. Read More

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December 2021

Sub-chronic toxicological evaluation of DC (Apocynaceae) aqueous root extract.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Pharmacology, Therapeutics and Toxicology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.

Objectives: DC (Apocynaceae) has gained wide and extensive applications in herbal medicine in Africa for the treatment of quite a lot of diseases. Owing to the extensive application and the propensity of persistent consumption of this shrub, this research investigates the sub-chronic toxicological effect of aqueous root extract of (SHP) in laboratory animals (rats).

Methods: The rats were allotted into four groups of eight rats each (n=8) and orally treated daily for ninety (90) days with SHP extract at 100, 500 and 1,000 mg/kg and the control group received distilled water (10 mL/kg). Read More

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Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides inhibits lipopolysaccharide- and synthetic hemozoin-induced neuroinflammation in BV-2 microglia: roles of NF-κB transcription factor and NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 Mar;73(1):118-134

Department of Pharmacy, School of Applied Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.

Objectives: The effects of a root extract of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides on neuroinflammation in BV-2 microglia stimulated with LPS and hemozoin were investigated.

Methods: ELISA, enzyme immunoassay and Griess assay were used to evaluate levels of cytokines, PGE2 and NO in culture supernatants, respectively. Microglia-mediated neurotoxicity was evaluated using a BV-2 microglia-HT-22 neuron transwell co-culture. Read More

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Evaluation of Phytochemicals and Bioactive Properties in Mangrove Associate . ex J.F.Gmel. of Indian Sundarbans.

Front Pharmacol 2021 10;12:584019. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Microbiology, Bose Institute, Kolkata, India.

Suaeda monoica Forssk. ex J.F. Read More

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Saussureae Radix Attenuates Neuroinflammation in LPS-Stimulated Mouse BV2 Microglia via HO-1/Nrf-2 Induction and Inflammatory Pathway Inhibition.

Mediators Inflamm 2021 18;2021:6687089. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Korean Medicine (KM)-Application Center, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, 70, Cheomdanro, Dong-gu, Daegu 41062, Republic of Korea.

The activation of microglial cells and their subsequent neuroinflammatory reactions are related to various degenerative brain diseases. Therefore, the regulation of microglial cell activation is an important point for the research of therapeutic agents for treating or preventing neurodegenerative disorders. Saussureae Radix (SR) is the root of Clarke, and it has been used for a long time as an herbal medicine in East Asia to treat indigestion and inflammation of the digestive system. Read More

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Spike-sorting analysis of neural electrical signals evoked by acupuncture based on model.

Cogn Neurodyn 2021 Feb 28;15(1):131-140. Epub 2020 Nov 28.

School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin, People's Republic of China.

Acupuncturing the Zusanli (ST 36) point with different types of manual acupuncture manipulations (MAs) and different frequencies can evoke a lot of neural response activities in spinal dorsal root neurons. The action potential is the basic unit of communication in the neural response process. With the rapid development of the electrode acquisition technology, we can simultaneously obtain neural electrical signals of multiple neurons in the target area. Read More

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February 2021

Contribution of zinc solubilizing bacterial isolates on enhanced zinc uptake and growth promotion of maize (Zea mays L.).

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Biosciences, Shri Ram Group of Colleges, Muzaffarnagar, 241001, India.

Zinc-solubilizing bacteria, namely Burkholderia cepacia and Acinetobacter baumannii (H1 and H3, respectively), able to grow in liquid basal medium supplemented with ZnO, Zn (PO), and ZnSO·7HO (0.1%), showed plant growth promoting properties. The treatment of Acinetobacter baumannii (H3) solubilizes the ZnO (1. Read More

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Identify potential allelochemicals from Humulus scandens (Lour.) Merr. root extracts that induce allelopathy on Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 29;11(1):7068. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

School of Resources and Environment, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, 230036, China.

Although it is well-documented that invasion of invasive plants is promoted with allelopathic effects by inhibiting the growth and phenotypic performance of native plants, little is known conversely. In this study, the allelopathy effects of a native plant, Humulus scandens (Lour.) Merr. Read More

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Quality control, HPTLC analysis, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of hydroalcoholic extract of roots of ( C.B Clarke).

Drug Metab Pers Ther 2020 Dec 11. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India.

Objectives: , CB Clarke () is a perennial herb of the Compositae family. The root of has been used for the treatment of various diseases such as hepatitis, jaundice, intestinal worms, bronchial asthma, and a variety of skin diseases. The aim of the study was to ensure quality control of and its preparation HAESL (hydroalcoholic extract of ) along with assessment of HAESL antimicrobial and antioxidant activities . Read More

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December 2020