751 results match your criteria roof reconstruction

Reconstruction of Anterior Skull Base Fracture Using Autologous Fractured Fragments: A Simple Stitching-Up Technique.

Korean J Neurotrauma 2021 Apr 14;17(1):25-33. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Korea.

Objective: A displaced fracture in the anterior cranial base may be complicated by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea and enophthalmos. This study introduces a reconstruction technique with direct dural repair and reduction and fixation of the autologous fractured fragments.

Methods: Displaced fractures in the anterior cranial base were reconstructed using a stitching-up technique: A bicoronal scalp incision and frontal craniotomy was performed and the displaced bone was withdrawn. Read More

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Osteosynthesis for Geriatric Acetabular Fractures: An Epidemiological and Clinico-Radiological Study Related to Marginal or Roof Impaction.

Acta Med Okayama 2021 Apr;75(2):177-185

Department of Musculoskeletal Traumatology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

This retrospective study sought to elucidate the incidence rates of roof impaction (RI) and marginal impaction (MI) and radiological and clinical outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for RI and MI in geriatric acetabular fractures. The cases of 68 patients aged ≥ 65 years (mean 71 years) treated with ORIF were analyzed. MI was present in 12 fractures (67%) and an RI of the weight-bearing surface was present in 24 (46%) of the potential fracture types. Read More

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Femoral Intercondylar Notch: Gross Anatomy and Histology of the Connective Tissue Lining of its Roof: A Pilot Study.

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of FMT, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India, 110029.

Purpose: We have consistently observed a connective tissue lining over the intercondylar notch's roof (CTLINR) during arthroscopic surgeries of the knee joint. As there is a strong association of the intercondylar fossa with the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), we believe that this tissue must be having some role in the functioning of the ACL. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the anatomic characteristics of the CTLINR. Read More

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Development of Nationwide Excess Lifetime Cancer Risk Evaluation Methods with Comprehensive Past Asbestos Exposure Reconstruction.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 10;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Preventive and Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Medical College, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Korea.

Although exposure to asbestos via various routes has been acknowledged, comprehensive exposure and risk assessment methods have not been developed at the national level. We conducted a study to reconstruct comprehensive past asbestos exposure estimations and to suggest a method to calculate the Excess Lifetime Cancer Risk (ELCR) of Koreans. The past occupational exposure reconstruction was conducted by rebuilding the previous general population job-exposure matrix (JEM). Read More

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Osteocutaneous radial forearm free flap for anterior cranial base reconstruction: Technical note.

Neurochirurgie 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Département de neurochirurgie, Hôpital Gui-de-Chauliac, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Montpellier, 80, avenue Augustin-Fliche, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France.

The reconstruction of anterior skull base defects after carcinologic surgery is challenging. Large defects can require the use of autologous free tissue transfer. Currently, most reconstructions use soft-tissue flaps. Read More

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Resection of primary cardiac angiosarcoma infiltrating the right atrioventricular junction and tricuspid valve: a case report.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Mar 21;16(1):41. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria.

Background: Primary cardiac tumours are extremely rare. Most of them are benign. Sarcomas account for 95% of the malignant tumours. Read More

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Transpalpebral transorbital neuroendoscopic (TONES) repair of orbital meningoencephalocele: a technical note.

Br J Neurosurg 2021 Feb 28:1-5. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Department of Neurosurgery and Brain Repair, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL, USA.

Purpose: Intraorbital encephalocele (OMEC) is a rare entity in adults, usually secondary to an orbital pathology or prior trauma, in particular orbital roof fractures. Treatment of the OMEC is warranted to alleviate the pulsating exophthalmos and prevent potential visual decline. OMEC and orbital roof fractures have been predominantly treated via a craniotomy with a reconstruction of the orbital roof using various implants. Read More

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February 2021

Radiographic assessment of the tibiofemoral relationship in anterior cruciate ligament deficient knees.

J Orthop 2021 Jan-Feb;23:256-258. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Juntendo University Nerima Hospital 3-1-10, Takanodai, Nerima-ku, Tokyo 177-8521, Japan.

Background: The intercondylar roof line is one of the indicators used during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction to see the relation to the position of the tibial tunnel. The tibial tunnel can be made posteriorly in the anteriorly subluxated tibia. During ACL reconstruction, the tibiofemoral relationship of the opposite or normal knee should be considered. Read More

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February 2021

Local infusion of ropivacaine for pain control after osseous free flaps: Randomized controlled trial.

Head Neck 2021 Apr 23;43(4):1063-1072. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York City, New York, USA.

Background: Donor site pain after osteocutaneous free flap surgery contributes to postoperative morbidity and impairs recovery. We evaluated the efficacy of local infusion of ropivacaine for treating donor-site pain after surgery.

Methods: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of patients undergoing osteocutaneous fibula or scapular tip free flaps for head and neck reconstruction at Mount Sinai Hospital. Read More

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Interbundle Impingement Pressure in Individualized and Nonindividualized Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Cadaveric Study.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 Feb 2;9(2):2325967120958487. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Sports Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Background: Graft impingement is one of the main concerns in double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (DB-ACLR). Impingement between the anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundles has been postulated to cause graft deterioration or rerupture, but this has not been thoroughly investigated, and the interbundle impingement pressure (IIP) has not been well researched.

Purpose: To determine the IIP between the AM and PL bundles in the native anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and in DB-ACLR with individualized and nonindividualized double-tunnel placement. Read More

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February 2021

Enophthalmos as a prognostic factor in blow-out fracture of the orbit. Retrospective study of over 700 cases.

Folia Med Cracov 2020 11;60(3):53-63

Department of Cranio-Maxillofacial, Oncological and Reconstructive Surgery, Jagiellonian University Medical College. University Hospital in Kraków, Poland.

The aim of the study was to determine the influence of posttraumatic enophthalmos in orbital blow-out fracture on the treatment results. The relationship between time from injury to treatment, type of surgical reconstruction, bone graft site, type of diplopia and treatment results were evaluated. The relationship between the location of the fracture and the degree of enophthalmos was also analyzed. Read More

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November 2020

Management of the posterior wall fracture in associated both column fractures of the acetabulum.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 Jan 1. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University, 450 Broadway Street, Pavilion C, 4th Floor, Redwood City, CA, 94063-6342, USA.

Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes in patients with associated both column (ABC) acetabular fractures with fracture of the posterior wall (PW), in which the PW underwent reduction and fragment-specific fixation versus those that were treated with column fixation alone. Secondary aims were to assess PW fracture incidence and morphology, as well as to compare radiographic outcomes including fracture healing and interval displacement of the PW in those that did and did not undergo fragment-specific fixation of the PW.

Methods: This was a retrospective series of ABC acetabular fractures treated at a single Level I trauma center. Read More

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January 2021

Radioanatomical study of the extended free nasal floor mucosal graft and its clinical applications.

Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol 2020 Dec 18;5(6):1011-1018. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine Universidad de Sevilla Sevilla Spain.

Objectives: To perform a radio-anatomical evaluation of the nasal cavity floor free mucosal graft (endonasal extended mucoplasty, EEM) to repair mucosal defects after an extended ethmoid-sphenoidotomy.

Methods: A human cadaveric study (radiological and anatomical dissection) and an in vivo study in surgical patients with CRSwNP were performed. The EEM areas were compared between 3D reconstruction from CT scans and anatomical/surgical dissections, both in cadaver specimens and in patients. Read More

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December 2020

Reconstruction of Enriched Uranium Released to Air from the Former Apollo Facility, Apollo, Pennsylvania.

Health Phys 2021 Apr;120(4):417-426

Risk Assessment Corporation, 417 Till Road, Neeses, SC 29107.

Abstract: The former Apollo facility converted enriched uranium hexafluoride into uranium oxide for shipment to nuclear fuel fabrication plants from 1957 to 1983. This paper describes quantification of the source term from the Apollo facility in terms of quantities of uranium released, particle size, and solubility characteristics. Releases occurred through stacks, rooftop vents, and an incinerator that operated from 1964 to 1969. Read More

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First evidence of convergent lifestyle signal in reptile skull roof microanatomy.

BMC Biol 2020 11 30;18(1):185. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity Science, Berlin, Germany.

Background: The study of convergently acquired adaptations allows fundamental insight into life's evolutionary history. Within lepidosaur reptiles-i.e. Read More

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November 2020

Variability associated with mandibular buccal shelf area width and height in subjects with different growth pattern, sex, and growth status.

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2021 Jan 18;159(1):59-70. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Division of Orthodontics, University of Connecticut Health, Farmington, Conn. Electronic address:

Introduction: The primary objective of the study was to quantitatively analyze the width and height of the mandibular buccal shelf area (MBS) at 3 different potential locations for mini-implant placement. In addition, we aimed to compare and contrast the bone parameters of the MBS to study the correlation between different growth status (growing or nongrowing), facial types (hypodivergent, normodivergent, and hyperdivergent), and sex differences (male or female).

Methods: In this retrospective cone-beam computed tomography study, 678 subjects were included. Read More

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January 2021

Extensive Polyostotic Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia With Optic Nerve Impingement.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 Nov 17. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Department of Plastic Surgery.

Fibrous dysplasia is a benign overgrowth of metaplastic fibrous material resulting in disorganized deposition of bony matrix. Surgical intervention is the primary treatment modality. Here the authors present the case of a 36-year-old male with extensive and severe fibrous dysplasia of the calvarium, orbit, sphenoid, and facial bones causing significant facial distortion and impingement of his optic nerve. Read More

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November 2020

Orbitocranial Fibrous Dysplasia: Immediate Reconstruction with Titanium 3-dimensional Printing.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Sep 21;8(9):e3114. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Advanced Materials Analysis Research Unit, Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

We present the case of an 18-year-old man who was referred to our department with a suspected tumor in the right orbital region, which caused exophthalmos due to its pressure effect. Preoperative CT imaging revealed an expansile ground-glass appearance of bone mass, with sclerotic bone on the right frontal bone (right superior orbital wall). There was no orbital mass and no enlargement of the extraocular muscles and tendons; the retrobulbar fat and optic nerve appeared unremarkable. Read More

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September 2020

Evidence-based evolution of our robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) technique through 13,000 cases.

J Robot Surg 2020 Oct 10. Epub 2020 Oct 10.

Global Robotics Institute, Advent Health Celebration Health, Suite 200, 410 Celebration Place, Celebration, FL, 34747, USA.

Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) has become the standard of surgical care in the USA and around the world. Over the past 18 years, we have performed 13,000 radical prostatectomies, and our surgical technique has evolved over time. We discuss this evolution and how it has helped us achieve optimal patient outcomes. Read More

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October 2020

Growing skull fractures of the orbital roof: a multicentric experience with 28 patients.

Childs Nerv Syst 2021 Apr 7;37(4):1209-1217. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Neurosurgery Department Faculty of Medicine , Tanta University , 31527, Tanta, Egypt.

Background: Growing skull fracture (GSF) is a rare condition that may complicate pediatric head trauma. Patients may present with delayed-onset neurological manifestations.

Aim: This study aims to highlight the different presentations, methods of evaluation, treatment modalities, and outcomes in patients with orbital roof GSF. Read More

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Remnant-Preserving Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Over Remnant Fibers Using a Figure-of-Four Position and a Posterior Trans-Septal Portal.

Orthop Surg 2020 Dec 30;12(6):2018-2025. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Department of Orthopaedics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Anatomic tunnel formation and remnant preservation are the recent trends in posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. However, it is difficult to observe the anatomical PCL footprint and perform the operation in the process of remnant-preserving PCL reconstruction. This study describes a single-bundle, transtibial PCL reconstruction technique with anatomic graft passage over the remnant PCL fibers. Read More

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December 2020

Comparison of Ligament-Repair Techniques for the Syndesmosis: A Simulated Cadaveric Weight-Bearing Computed Tomography Analysis.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2020 Nov - Dec;59(6):1156-1161. Epub 2020 Sep 19.

Senior Surgeon, Gelenkzentrum Rhein- Main, Hochheim, Germany.

Although the literature describes a variety of reconstructive techniques for the syndesmosis, only few studies offer comparative data. Therefore, the authors compared 2 different ligament repair techniques for the syndesmosis. Sixteen paired fresh-frozen human cadaveric lower limbs were embedded in polymethyl methacrylate mid-calf and placed in a custom-made weightbearing simulation frame. Read More

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September 2020

Invasive maxillary aspergillosis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus: Case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2020 Oct 1;58:44-47. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry/Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia.

Introduction: Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a fungal infection caused by Aspergillus species (spp.). Aspergillosis is the most common source of opportunistic fungal infection in humans. Read More

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October 2020

Lateral frontal galeal-cutaneous flap for reconstruction after orbital exenteration for advanced periorbital skin cancer

Turk J Med Sci 2021 02 26;51(1):359-367. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Clinic for Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University Nis, Nis, Serbia

Background/aim: Orbital exenteration (OE) is one of the most disfiguring procedures leading to significant deformity. Defect reconstruction is challenging, especially in elderly patients. Herein, experiences with orbital exenteration and primary reconstruction with lateral frontal galeal-cutaneous flap based on superficial temporal artery were reviewed. Read More

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February 2021

Outcome of Different Surgical Approaches in the Treatment of Class II Furcation Defects in Mandibular Molars: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2020 Sep/Oct;40(5):693-701

The aim of this study was to investigate which factors play a major role in the healing of Class II mandibular furcation defects treated with different surgical techniques. Twenty-five systemically healthy subjects with periodontitis stage III grade B and Class II buccal mandibular furcation involvement received one of the following open flap debridement approaches: Group 1 (n = 10), no further treatment; Group 2 (n = 10), piezoelectric contouring of the furcation roof; Group 3 (n = 9), piezoelectric contouring of the furcation roof and bone grafting; Group 4 (n = 10), piezoelectric contouring of the furcation roof and bone grafting with coronally positioned flap. Clinical and radiologic variables-bleeding on probing, probing depth (PPD), vertical and horizontal bone level (CAL and PH), gingival recession, root trunk length, radicular separation, and furcation perimeter (FP)-were evaluated at baseline and 180 days and 1 year after surgery. Read More

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September 2020

Outcomes of Total Hip Arthroplasty After Acetabular Open Reduction and Internal Fixation in the Elderly-Acute vs Delayed Total Hip Arthroplasty.

J Arthroplasty 2021 02 18;36(2):605-611. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Optimum management for the elderly acetabular fracture remains undefined. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in this population does not allow early weight-bearing and has an increased risk of failure. This study aimed to define outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the setting of an acetabular fracture and compared delayed THA after acetabular ORIF (ORIF delayed THA) and acute fixation and THA (ORIF acute THA). Read More

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February 2021

Is Surgical Site Infection (SSI) after skin surgery affected by home municipal versus non-municipal water supply?

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2020 Nov 26;73(11):2049-2055. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Auckland Regional Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Unit, Private Bag 93311, Otahuhu, Auckland 1640, New Zealand; University of Auckland School of Medicine, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Purpose: SSI represent one of the most common sources of morbidity and escalated healthcare costs in skin cancer management. It has been shown that exposing wounds to treated water does not increase SSIs, however a large proportion of Australasian patients reside in rural areas dependant on roof or bore collected water for their primary water supply, and no data exist regarding the association between tank water supply and SSI following skin surgery.

Methodology: A nine-month retrospective analysis of patients undergoing skin cancer surgery at the Auckland Regional Plastic Surgery Unit was performed. Read More

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November 2020

Management of an Unusual Blow-In Orbital Roof Fracture Associated an Intracranial Hematoma.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Jan-Feb 01;32(1):e101-e102

General Hospital of Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Abstract: Pure orbital wall fractures represent until 25% of the facial fractures and its reconstruction it's considering a challenge for the maxillofacial surgeons. There are many biomaterials used to repair these fractures according to the literature however, the most common are the titanium mesh and autogenous bone graft.The aim of this work is to report a rare case of blow-in roof orbital fracture associated to an intracranial hematoma in the cranium base. Read More

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September 2020

Blumensaat Line as a Prediction of Native Anterior Cruciate Ligament Length.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 Aug 6;8(8):2325967120943185. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

Northwestern Medical Group, Lake Forest, Illinois, USA.

Background: Graft-tunnel mismatch (GTM) is a condition in which the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft is either too long or too short. GTM is particularly problematic when bone-patellar tendon-bone grafts are used because of a potential compromise in fixation of the bone plug on the tibia.

Hypothesis: The Blumensaat line (BL), a radiographic landmark representing the roof of the intercondylar fossa, will accurately approximate the native ACL (nACL) length and may aid in the prevention of GTM. Read More

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