Reprod Sci 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, 23298-0034, USA.
DNA methylation is an epigenetic mechanism controlling gene expression, and reduced methylation is associated with increased gene expression. We hypothesized that IL-17 cytokines are regulated by DNA methylation, are elevated in the circulation of preeclamptic women, and stimulate vascular neutrophil chemokine expression, which could account for vascular infiltration of neutrophils in preeclampsia. We found significantly reduced DNA methylation of IL17A, IL17E, and IL17F genes in omental arteries of preeclamptic women, significantly reduced methylation of IL2, which regulates IL-17-producing T-lymphocytes, and significantly reduced methylation of genes encoding neutrophil chemokines and TNFα receptors related to lymphocyte function. Read More