103,613 results match your criteria role interleukin

The expression of mimecan in adrenal tissue plays a role in an organism's responses to stress.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 May 10;13. Epub 2021 May 10.

The Core Laboratory in Medical Center of Clinical Research, Department of Molecular Diagnostic and Endocrinology, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Jiao tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200011, China.

Mimecan encodes a secretory protein that is secreted into the human serum as two mature proteins with molecular masses of 25 and 12 kDa. We found 12-kDa mimecan to be a novel satiety hormone mediated by the upregulation of the expression of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 in the hypothalamus. Mimecan was found to be expressed in human pituitary corticotroph cells and was up-regulated by glucocorticoids, while the secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in pituitary corticotroph AtT-20 cells was induced by mimecan. Read More

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CircATRNL1 protects against osteoarthritis by targeting miR-153-3p and KLF5.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 May 7;96:107704. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Orthopaedics, the 1st Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150001, China. Electronic address:

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by chondrocyte injury. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are involved in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including OA. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential role of circATRNL1 in OA pathology in vitro. Read More

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Role of IL-36γ/IL-36R Signaling in Corneal Innate Defense Against Candida albicans Keratitis.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2021 May;62(6):10

Departments of Ophthalmology and Anatomy and Cell Biology Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, United States.

Purpose: Interleukin (IL)-36 cytokines have been shown to play either beneficial or detrimental roles in the infection of mucosal tissues in a pathogen-dependent manner, but their involvement in fungal keratitis remains elusive. We herein investigated their expression and function in mediating corneal innate immunity against Candida albicans infection.

Methods: Gene expression in mouse corneas with or without C. Read More

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Protective effect of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 against rat corneal dysfunction caused by streptozotocin-induced type I diabetes.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2021 May 8:15353702211013308. Epub 2021 May 8.

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Department, General Hospital of Western Theater Command, Chengdu 610083, PR China.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 plays a pivotal role in detoxifying aldehydes, and our previous study revealed that aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 could alleviate diabetic retinopathy-associated damage. We aimed to characterize the potential role of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 in diabetic keratopathy. Twenty-four rats with streptozotocin-induced (60 mg/kg, single intraperitoneal injection) type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) were divided the T1DM group and the T1DM + Alda1 (an activator of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2) group (5 mg/kg/d, intraperitoneal injection, 1/2/3 months), while an additional 12 healthy rats served as the control group. Read More

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Upregulation of Inflammatory Cytokines in Pulmonary Embolism Using Biochip-Array Profiling.

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2021 Jan-Dec;27:10760296211013107

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Loyola University Medical Center, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL, USA.

The complex pathophysiology of pulmonary embolism (PE) involves hemostatic activation, inflammatory processes, cellular dysfunction, and hemodynamic derangements. Due to the heterogeneity of this disease, risk stratification and diagnosis remains challenging. Biochip-array technology provides an integrated high throughput method for analyzing blood plasma samples for the simultaneous measurement of multiple biomarkers for potential risk stratification. Read More

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Systemic inflammation is negatively associated with early post discharge growth following acute illness among severely malnourished children - a pilot study.

Wellcome Open Res 2020 22;5:248. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

The Childhood Acute Illness & Nutrition (CHAIN) Network, Nairobi, Kenya.

Rapid growth should occur among children with severe malnutrition (SM) when medically and nutritionally treated. Systemic inflammation (SI) is associated with death among children with SM and is negatively associated with linear growth. However, the relationship between SI and weight gain during therapeutic feeding following acute illness is unknown. Read More

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October 2020

Retinoic Acid Correlates with Reduced Serum IL-10 And TGF-β in Allergic Rhinitis.

Rep Biochem Mol Biol 2021 Jan;9(4):399-407

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Retinoic acid (RA) plays a key role in naïve T cell differentiation into FOXP3+ Treg cell in the respiratory airways. The present study aims to investigate RA and Treg-related cytokine serum levels, salivary IgA levels, FOXP3 and IL-4 gene expression, and the relationships between RA serum levels and Treg-related cytokines in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients and healthy controls.

Methods: Salivary IgA and serum IgE, RA, IL-10, and TGF-β concentrations were measured by ELISA in 37 AR patients and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Read More

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January 2021

IL-17 drives salivary gland dysfunction via inhibiting TRPC1-mediated calcium movement in Sjögren's syndrome.

Clin Transl Immunology 2021 29;10(4):e1277. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Pathology Shenzhen Institute of Research and Innovation The University of Hong Kong Hong Kong.

Objectives: This study aims to determine a role of interleukin-17A (IL-17) in salivary gland (SG) dysfunction and therapeutic effects of targeting IL-17 in SG for treating autoimmune sialadenitis in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS).

Methods: Salivary IL-17 levels and IL-17-secreting cells in labial glands of pSS patients were examined. Kinetic changes of IL-17-producing cells in SG from mice with experimental Sjögren's syndrome (ESS) were analysed. Read More

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Secreted frizzled-related protein 4 promotes brown adipocyte differentiation.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jun 15;21(6):637. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Ischemic Cardiovascular Diseases and Institute of Basic and Translational Medicine, Xi'an Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710021, P.R. China.

Secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (SFRP4) is a member of the SFRP family that contains a cysteine-rich domain homologous to the putative Wnt-binding site of frizzled proteins. In the present report, the effects of SFRP4 on murine brown adipocyte differentiation were evaluated, which exhibited an intrinsic capacity to differentiate with high efficiency. Brown preadipocytes were isolated from the scapular region of brown adipose tissue, which showed that the overexpression of recombinant active SFRP4 protein at three concentrations (1, 10 and 100 ng/ml) significantly increased the expression of adipocyte differentiation-associated genes (C/EBPα, C/EBPβ, UCP-1, PRDM16, PGC1α and GLUT4) in a dose-dependent manner compared with the control group. Read More

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Increased Circulatory Interleukin-17A Levels in Patients with Progressive and Leukotrichial Vitiligo.

Dermatol Res Pract 2021 21;2021:5524566. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Background: Vitiligo is a chronic condition characterized by skin depigmentation. Although not life-threatening, it significantly impacts quality of life. The pathophysiology of vitiligo remains poorly understood, and treatment options are limited. Read More

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Potential Networks Regulated by MSCs in Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure: Exosomal miRNAs and Intracellular Target Genes.

Front Genet 2021 23;12:650536. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a severe syndrome associated with high mortality. Alterations in the liver microenvironment are one of the vital causes of immune damage and liver dysfunction. Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) have been reported to alleviate liver injury via exosome-mediated signaling; of note, miRNAs are one of the most important cargoes in exosomes. Read More

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A Novel Resolution of Diabetes: C-C Chemokine Motif Ligand 4 Is a Common Target in Different Types of Diabetes by Protecting Pancreatic Islet Cell and Modulating Inflammation.

Front Immunol 2021 23;12:650626. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department and Institute of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Systemic inflammation is related to hyperglycemia in diabetes mellitus (DM). C-C chemokine motif ligand (CCL) 4 is upregulated in type 1 & type 2 DM patients. This study aimed to investigate if CCL4 could be a potential target to improve blood sugar control in different experimental DM models. Read More

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Proteomic Analysis of Non-human Primate Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells During Infection Reveals a Role of Ezrin in Glanders Pathogenesis.

Front Microbiol 2021 22;12:625211. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Countermeasures Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Frederick, MD, United States.

, the causative agent of glanders, is a gram-negative intracellular bacterium. Depending on different routes of infection, the disease is manifested by pneumonia, septicemia, and chronic infections of the skin. poses a serious biological threat due to its ability to infect via aerosol route, resistance to multiple antibiotics and to date there are no US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved vaccines available. Read More

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Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):75-78

3Ilia State University, School of Natural Sciences and Medicine, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Psoriasis is a T cell mediated chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting about 2% of the population worldwide. Recently has established the central role of IL-23/Th17 immune axis in the pathogenesis of psoriasis and different subclasses of T cells including Th1 and Th17 cells are involved in initiation and amplification of the skin inflammation process, in addition, in cases of recurrent psoriasis, Th22 cells play the role of memory cells with the help of Th9 cells, which are also important in this process. The main goal was to evaluate the ratio of T cell profile and IL23/Th17 axis by evaluating IL17A, IL22, IL9 in peripheral blood of persons with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Read More

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Adipocyte Inducible 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase Suppresses Adipose Tissue Inflammation and Promotes Macrophage Anti-inflammatory Activation.

J Nutr Biochem 2021 May 5:108764. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Nutrition, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Obesity-associated inflammation in white adipose tissue (WAT) is a causal factor of systemic insulin resistance. To better understand how adipocytes regulate WAT inflammation, the present study generated chimeric mice in which inducible 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (iPfk2) was low, normal, or high in WAT while the expression of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase 3 (Pfkfb3) was normal in hematopoietic cells, and analyzed changes in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced WAT inflammation and systemic insulin resistance in the mice. Indicated by proinflammatory signaling and cytokine expression, the severity of HFD-induced WAT inflammation in WT → Pfkfb3 mice, whose Pfkfb3 was disrupted in WAT adipocytes but not hematopoietic cells, was comparable with that in WT → WT mice, whose Pfkfb3 was normal in all cells. Read More

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The AIM2 and NLRP3 inflammasomes trigger IL-1-mediated antitumor effects during radiation.

Sci Immunol 2021 May;6(59)

Department of Pathology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

The inflammasome promotes inflammation-associated diseases, including cancer, and contributes to the radiation-induced tissue damage. However, the role of inflammasome in radiation-induced antitumor effects is unclear. We observed that tumors transplanted in mice were resistant to radiation treatment compared with tumors in wild-type (WT) mice. Read More

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Heme oxygenase-1 induction mitigates burn-associated early acute kidney injury via the TLR4 signaling pathway.

Burns 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Burns, The Second Affiliated Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou 310009, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Early acute kidney injury (AKI) after burn contributes to disastrous prognoses for severely burned patients. Burn-induced renal oxidative stress and secondary proinflammatory mediator release contribute to early AKI development, and Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 regulates inflammation. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a stress-responsive enzyme that plays a vital role in protecting against ischemia-induced organ injury via its antioxidant properties and regulation of inflammation. Read More

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Crossing the boundaries: IL-23 and its role in linking inflammation of the skin, gut and joints.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, UZ Ghent, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Several lines of evidence point towards the central role of interleukin 23 (IL-23) as a crucial inflammatory mediator in the pathogenesis of spondyloarthritis-a group of inflammatory arthritic diseases whose symptoms span the skin, gastrointestinal tract and joints. While therapeutic blockade of IL-23 proved successful in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, psoriatic skin disease and peripheral spondyloarthritis it failed in patients suffering from spondyloarthritis with predominantly axial involvement. Here we review state-of-the-art discoveries on IL-23 signalling pathways across target tissues involved in spondyloarthritis. Read More

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Raleigh Instability-Driven Coaxial Spinning of Knotted Cell-Laden Alginate Fibers as Artificial Lymph Vessels.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.

Constructing artificial lymph vessels, which play a key role in the immune response, can provide new insights into immunology and disease pathologies. An immune tissue is a highly complex network that consists of lymph vessels, with a "beads-on-a-string" knotted structure. Herein, we present the facile and rapid fabrication of beads-on-a-string knotted cell-laden fibers using coaxial spinning of alginate by exploiting the Plateau-Rayleigh instability. Read More

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Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase aggravates oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in asthma by suppressing the Nrf2 pathway.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Asthma is a chronic airway disease that causes excessive inflammation, oxidative stress, mucus production and bronchial epithelial cell apoptosis. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (Fbp1) is one of the rate-limiting enzymes in gluconeogenesis and plays a critical role in several cancers. However, its role in inflammatory diseases, such as asthma, is unclear. Read More

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Epigenetic Regulation of Interleukin-17-Related Genes and Their Potential Roles in Neutrophil Vascular Infiltration in Preeclampsia.

Reprod Sci 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, 23298-0034, USA.

DNA methylation is an epigenetic mechanism controlling gene expression, and reduced methylation is associated with increased gene expression. We hypothesized that IL-17 cytokines are regulated by DNA methylation, are elevated in the circulation of preeclamptic women, and stimulate vascular neutrophil chemokine expression, which could account for vascular infiltration of neutrophils in preeclampsia. We found significantly reduced DNA methylation of IL17A, IL17E, and IL17F genes in omental arteries of preeclamptic women, significantly reduced methylation of IL2, which regulates IL-17-producing T-lymphocytes, and significantly reduced methylation of genes encoding neutrophil chemokines and TNFα receptors related to lymphocyte function. Read More

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Cord blood levels of interleukin-10 decrease in neonates with increased birth weight: novel implications of the cytokine network in early obesity.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Laboratory of Immunometabolism, Research Division, General Hospital of Mexico "Dr. Eduardo Liceaga", 06720, Mexico City, Mexico.

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) are associated with body weight alterations in children, adolescents, and adults. However, little is known regarding the role of IL-10 and IFN-gamma in birth weight of neonates. One hundred eighty-two infants were enrolled and divided in groups of normal birth weight (< 95th percentile) or increased birth weight (> 95th percentile) for gestational age. Read More

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C1QTNF6 participates in the pathogenesis of PCOS by affecting the inflammatory response of granulosa cells.

Biol Reprod 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Reproductive Medical Center, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University and Hubei Clinic Research Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology and Embryonic Development, Wuhan 430060, China.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive endocrine disease. It has been reported that chronic low-grade inflammation might participate in its pathogenesis. C1q and TNF related 6 (C1QTNF6) is a newly identified adiponectin paralog associated with inflammation. Read More

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Immunological Features of Pediatric Interstitial Pneumonia Due to .

Front Pediatr 2021 20;9:651487. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Neonatology, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health, The Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and immunologic mechanism are involved in the pathogenesis of pneumonia (MPP). However, the role of immune system of pediatric interstitial pneumonia due to infections remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to analyze the immunologic features of pediatric interstitial pneumonia due to . Read More

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Blood Purification Techniques, Inflammatory Mediators and Mortality in COVID-19 Patients.

Tanaffos 2020 Dec;19(4):291-299

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Inflammatory mediators are an important component in the pathophysiology of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to assess the effects of reducing inflammatory mediators using hemoperfusion (HP) and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) on the mortality of patients with COVID-19.

Materials And Methods: Twelve patients with confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 were included. Read More

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December 2020

The Wnt/-Catenin Pathway Regulated Cytokines for Pathological Neuropathic Pain in Chronic Compression of Dorsal Root Ganglion Model.

Neural Plast 2021 19;2021:6680192. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai 200437, China.

Neuropathic pain is one of the important challenges in the clinic. Although a lot of research has been done on neuropathic pain (NP), the molecular mechanism is still elusive. We aimed to investigate whether the Wnt/-catenin pathway was involved in NP caused by sustaining dorsal root ganglion (DRG) compression with the chronic compression of dorsal root ganglion model (CCD). Read More

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Therapeutic Strategies by Regulating Interleukin Family to Suppress Inflammation in Hypertrophic Scar and Keloid.

Front Pharmacol 2021 20;12:667763. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery, The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China.

Hypertrophic scar (HS) and keloid are fibroproliferative disorders (FPDs) of the skin due to aberrant wound healing, which cause disfigured appearance, discomfort, dysfunction, psychological stress, and patient frustration. The unclear pathogenesis behind HS and keloid is partially responsible for the clinical treatment stagnancy. However, there are now increasing evidences suggesting that inflammation is the initiator of HS and keloid formation. Read More

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Fluvoxamine: A Review of Its Mechanism of Action and Its Role in COVID-19.

Front Pharmacol 2021 20;12:652688. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

GlobalCures, Inc., Newton, MA, United States.

Fluvoxamine is a well-tolerated, widely available, inexpensive selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that has been shown in a small, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study to prevent clinical deterioration of patients with mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Fluvoxamine is also an agonist for the sigma-1 receptor, through which it controls inflammation. We review here a body of literature that shows important mechanisms of action of fluvoxamine and other SSRIs that could play a role in COVID-19 treatment. Read More

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Anti-Interleukin-16-Neutralizing Antibody Attenuates Cardiac Inflammation and Protects against Cardiac Injury in Doxorubicin-Treated Mice.

Mediators Inflamm 2021 17;2021:6611085. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Cardiology, The People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning, China.

Background: Interleukin-16 (IL-16) is an important inflammatory regulator and has been shown to have a powerful effect on the regulation of the inflammatory response. Cardiac inflammation has been reported to be closely related to doxorubicin- (DOX-) induced cardiac injury. In this study, the role of IL-16 in DOX-induced cardiac injury and the possible mechanisms were examined. Read More

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T-Natural Killers and Interferon Gamma/Interleukin 4 in Augmentation of Infection in Foot Ulcer in Type 2 Diabetes.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 29;14:1897-1908. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Immunology, Zoology & Entomology Department, Faculty of Science for Girls, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: The link between immune system and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) pathogenesis attracted attention to demonstrate the role of immune cells and their secreted cytokines in T2DM development and its subsequent foot complications.

Objective: To investigate the relation between T Natural killer cell (TNK) %, Interleukin 4 (IL4) and Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and diabetic foot infection (DFI) development in patients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU).

Patients And Methods: Ninety patients with diabetes were included in this work, divided as T2DM group (n=30), DFU group (n=30), and DFI group (n=30). Read More

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