9,148 results match your criteria roe


The impact of illness identity on recovery from severe mental illness: A test of the model.

J Clin Psychol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Richard L Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

Objective: The Illness Identity model posits that self-stigma reduces hope and self-esteem among persons with severe mental illnesses, impacting a range of outcomes. The "insight paradox" anticipates that the negative effects of self-stigma are amplified by insight. This study tested these predictions using both cluster and path analyses. Read More

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Towards standardized reporting of service organization in rehabilitation for clinical trials.

J Rehabil Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str.1, DE-30625 Hannover, Germany. E-mail:

Meta-analysis of clinical trials in rehabilitation is often inconclusive, even when similar interventions are investigated. A possible reason for this is the influence of the settings in which rehabilitation services are delivered. Examples show that factors related to service organization in rehabilitation can influence study outcomes. Read More

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Cognitive and vocational rehabilitation after mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury: a randomised controlled trial.

Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2021 May 3:101538. Epub 2021 May 3.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway; Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Returning to work is often a primary rehabilitation goal after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the evidence base for treatment options regarding return to work (RTW) and stable work maintenance remains scarce.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effect of a combined cognitive and vocational intervention on work-related outcomes after mild-to-moderate TBI. Read More

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A systematic review of small sided games within rugby: Acute and chronic effects of constraints manipulation.

J Sports Sci 2021 May 6:1-28. Epub 2021 May 6.

Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Carnegie Applied Rugby Research Centre, Leeds Beckett University, West Yorkshire, Leeds, UK.

Small-sided games is a commonly used training method to develop technical, tactical and physical qualities concurrently. However, a review of small-sided games in rugby football codes (e.g. Read More

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DHA-enriched phospholipids from large yellow croaker roe regulate lipid metabolic disorders and gut microbiota imbalance in SD rats with a high-fat diet.

Food Funct 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Engineering Research Centre of Fujian-Taiwan Special Marine Food Processing and Nutrition, Ministry of Education, Fuzhou, 350002, Fujian, P.R. China. and College of Food Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350002, Fujian, P.R. China.

Large yellow croaker roe phospholipids (LYCRPLs) have great nutritional value because they are rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which is an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA). In previous research, we studied the effect of LYCRPLs on the inhibition of triglyceride accumulation at the cellular level. However, its lipid regulation effect in rats on a high-fat diet and its influence on the gut microbiota has not yet been clarified. Read More

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Invasive American mink (Neovison vison) as potential definitive host of Sarcocystis elongata, S. entzerothi, S. japonica, S. truncata and S. silva using different cervid species as intermediate hosts.

Parasitol Res 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Nature Research Centre, Akademijos 2, LT-08412, Vilnius, Lithuania.

Canids and scavenger birds were shown to act as definitive hosts of numerous Sarcocystis species using members of the Cervidae family as an intermediate host, whereas definitive hosts spreading closely related S. elongata, S. entzerothi, S. Read More

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New thinking for filth fly control: residual, non-chemical wall spray from volcanic glass.

Med Vet Entomol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, U.S.A.

Filth flies are of medical and veterinary importance because of the transfer of disease organisms to animals and humans. The traditional control methods include the use of chemical insecticides. A novel mechanical insecticide made from volcanic glass and originally developed to control mosquitoes (Imergard™ WP; ImG) was investigated for control of adult grey flesh flies, Sarcophaga bullata (Parker), secondary screwworms, Cochliomyia macellaria (F. Read More

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Combination of Crossbar and Let-Down Techniques for Dorsal Hump and Septal Correction in Rhinoplasty.

Authors:
Güncel Öztürk

Ann Plast Surg 2021 May;86(5):501-507

From the Nisantasi University, Nisantasi, İstanbul, Turkey.

Abstract: Rhinoplasty is one of the most common and challenging surgeries in aesthetic plastic surgery. Among rhinoplasty operations, dorsal hump reduction and septal deviation surgeries are quite common. In the present research, the author describes new approaches in which let-down and crossbar techniques are used in patients with simultaneous dorsal hump and septal deviation deformations. Read More

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Abortion Convictions Before Roe.

Issues Law Med 2021 ;36(1):77-110

Mr. Linton is an attorney in private practice who specializes in state and federal constitutional law, legislative consulting and scholarly writing. Mr. Linton has represented amici curiae in landmark beginning-of-life and end-of-life cases in the United States Supreme Court, including Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (1989), Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Dep't of Health (1990), Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992), Washington v. Glucksberg (1997), Vacco v. Quill (1997), Stenberg v. Carhart (2000), Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England (2006), Gonzales v. Oregon (2000), Gonzales v. Carhart (2007) and Gonzales v. Planned Parenthood Federation of America (2007). He has also submitted briefs in most of the federal courts of appeals and a majority of the state supreme courts in the United States. Mr. Linton has published two dozen law review articles on a variety of topics, including the history of abortion regulation and the Supreme Court's abortion jurisprudence, the legal status of unborn children under state law, state equal rights amendments, criminal law and procedure, sex discrimination, religious freedom claims and defenses under state constitutions and assisted suicide, as well as multiple articles in journals of opinion. He has also published the only comprehensive analysis of abortion rights claims under state constitutions, ABORTION UNDER STATE CONSTITUTIONS A STATE-BY-STATE ANALYSIS (Carolina Academic Press) (3d ed. 2020). He received his undergraduate (B.A. Honors) and law (J.D.) degrees from Loyola University of Chicago.

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January 2021

A call for action that cannot go to voicemail: Research activism to urgently improve Indigenous perinatal health and wellbeing.

Women Birth 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

In this call to action, a coalition of Indigenous and non-Indigenous researchers from Australia, Aotearoa New Zealand, United States and Canada argue for the urgent need for adequately funded Indigenous-led solutions to perinatal health inequities for Indigenous families in well-resourced settler-colonial countries. Authors describe examples of successful community-driven programs making a difference and call on all peoples to support and resource Indigenous-led perinatal health services by providing practical actions for individuals and different groups. Read More

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Tocilizumab in patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 (RECOVERY): a randomised, controlled, open-label, platform trial.

Authors:

Lancet 2021 May;397(10285):1637-1645

Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of tocilizumab in adult patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 with both hypoxia and systemic inflammation.

Methods: This randomised, controlled, open-label, platform trial (Randomised Evaluation of COVID-19 Therapy [RECOVERY]), is assessing several possible treatments in patients hospitalised with COVID-19 in the UK. Those trial participants with hypoxia (oxygen saturation <92% on air or requiring oxygen therapy) and evidence of systemic inflammation (C-reactive protein ≥75 mg/L) were eligible for random assignment in a 1:1 ratio to usual standard of care alone versus usual standard of care plus tocilizumab at a dose of 400 mg-800 mg (depending on weight) given intravenously. Read More

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Discovery of potent and selective reversible Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Apr 20;40:116163. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

EMD Serono Research & Development Institute, 45A Middlesex Turnpike, Billerica, MA 01821, USA(1).

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a cytoplasmic, non-receptor tyrosine kinase member of the TEC family of tyrosine kinases. Pre-clinical and clinical data have shown that targeting BTK can be used for the treatment for B-cell disorders. Here we disclose the discovery of a novel imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine series of potent, selective reversible BTK inhibitors through a rational design approach. Read More

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A historical review of Babesia spp. associated with deer in Europe: Babesia divergens/Babesia divergens-like, Babesia capreoli, Babesia venatorum, Babesia cf. odocoilei.

Authors:
Angela Fanelli

Vet Parasitol 2021 Apr 22;294:109433. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Grugliasco, Turin, Italy; Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy. Electronic address:

This review is intended to provide an overview of the occurrence and diversity of Babesia spp. in European deer. Babesiosis is an emerging vector-borne disease with negative implications on animal and public health. Read More

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The effect of mifepristone pretreatment on bleeding and pain during medical management of early pregnancy loss.

Contraception 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States 19104.

Objectives: To compare participant-reported bleeding and pain with two medication regimens for early pregnancy loss (EPL).

Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of a randomized trial in which participants took either mifepristone 200 mg orally followed by misoprostol 800 mcg vaginally 24 hours later or misoprostol alone for medical management of EPL. Participants reported bleeding and pain (Numeric Pain Rating Scale, NPRS, 0-10) with daily paper diaries and at study visits on trial days 3, 8, and 30. Read More

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Bacterial Microbiota of Field-Collected (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from Transgenic Bt and Non-Bt Cotton.

Microorganisms 2021 Apr 20;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, 3230 Ligon Street, Campus Box 7647, Raleigh, NC 27695-7647, USA.

The bollworm, (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is an important agricultural pest in U.S. cotton and is managed using transgenic hybrids that produce insecticidal proteins from the bacterium, (Bt). Read More

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Influence of ESGC Indicators on Financial Performance of Listed Pharmaceutical Companies.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 25;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Economics and Business Administration, Campus El Ejido, University of Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain.

The pharmaceutical industry, concerned about the impact of its activity, has integrated responsible principles and practices with a view to improving its sustainable and financial performance. This study analyzes the relationship between environmental, social, governance, and controversy indicators and financial performance, measured through return on equity (ROA), return on assets (ROE), and Tobin's Q, which are applied to the listed companies in the Nasdaq US Smart Pharmaceuticals Index. This index is composed of 30 international companies with a presence at the global level. Read More

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Heated Corn Oil and 2,4-Decadienal Suppress Gastric Emptying and Energy Intake in Humans.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 15;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

School of Health Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 1-1-71 Ujina-higashi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8558, Japan.

Consumption of 2,4-decadienal (2,4-DD) delays gastric emptying (GE) rate in animals. Oil heating produces 2,4-DD and other aldehydes. Here we examined whether heated oil affects GE rate and food intake in humans, and whether it is mediated by 2,4-DD. Read More

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Geographic Pattern of Sushi Product Misdescription in Italy-A Crosstalk between Citizen Science and DNA Barcoding.

Foods 2021 Apr 2;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Section of Animal Biology "M. La Greca", University of Catania, Via Androne 81, 95124 Catania, Italy.

The food safety of sushi and the health of consumers are currently of high concern for food safety agencies across the world due to the globally widespread consumption of these products. The microbiological and toxicological risks derived from the consumption of raw fish and seafood have been highlighted worldwide, while the practice of species substitution in sushi products has attracted the interest of researchers more than food safety agencies. In this study, samples of sushi were processed for species authentication using the Cytochrome Oxidase I (COI) gene as a DNA barcode. Read More

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Surviving in a Frozen Forest: the Physiology of Eastern Spruce Budworm Overwintering.

Physiology (Bethesda) 2021 May;36(3):174-182

Great Lakes Forestry Center, Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada.

The eastern spruce budworm, , is one of North America's most destructive forest insects. It survives the harsh winters by deploying both a sophisticated diapause program and a complex suite of cryoprotective molecules. The spruce budworm's cryoprotective biochemistry could revolutionize organ storage and transplants. Read More

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Glycemic outcomes related to depression in adults with type 1 diabetes.

J Health Psychol 2021 May;26(6):786-794

State University of New York Upstate Medical University, USA.

Glycemic outcomes of adults with type 1 diabetes may be affected by depression. Our aim was to compare outcomes of "depressed" (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 ⩾ 10, = 83) to "not-depressed" matched control (Patient Health Questionnaire-2 < 3, = 166) adults with type 1 diabetes with objective measures. The depressed group had poorer blood glucose control and, for those with glucose meter downloads, fewer glucose tests/day. Read More

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Distributions of LRS in varying environments.

Ecol Lett 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, Université de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France.

The lifetime reproductive success (LRS) of individuals is affected by random events such as death, realized growth or realized reproduction, and the outcomes of these events can differ even when individuals have identical probabilities. Another source of randomness arises when these probabilities also change over time in variable environments. For structured populations in stochastic environments, we extend our recent method to determine how birth environment and birth stage determine the random distribution of the LRS. Read More

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The Power of Words 2.0.

Health Promot Pract 2021 May;22(3):293-294

San José State University, San José, CA, USA.

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Fiberoptic array for multiple channel infrared neural stimulation of the brain.

Neurophotonics 2021 Apr 22;8(2):025005. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Oregon Health and Science University, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Division of Neuroscience, Beaverton, Oregon, United States.

We present a new optical method for modulating cortical activity in multiple locations and across multiple time points with high spatial and temporal precision. Our method uses infrared light and does not require dyes or transgenic modifications. It is compatible with a number of other stimulation and recording techniques. Read More

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Test Batteries After Primary Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review.

Sports Health 2021 Apr 24:19417381211009473. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

Context: There is a lack of consensus regarding test batteries for return to sport (RTS) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).

Objective: To report the RTS test batteries for individuals after ACLR and to examine alignment with the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC). Finally, to examine how published RTS batteries prior to the AAOS AUC (2010-2015) compared with those after publication of the AUC (2016-2020). Read More

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The burden of the Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) on providers and patients experiencing early pregnancy loss: A commentary.

Contraception 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

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Effect of salted-drying on bioactive compounds and microbiological changes during the processing of karasumi-like Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) roe product.

Food Chem 2021 Apr 20;357:129780. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Food Sciences, University of Otago, New Zealand. Electronic address:

The physicochemical, biochemical and microbiological changes of karasumi-like Chinook salmon (Oncorrhynchus tshawytscha) roe were determined during 20 days of salted-drying processing. Colour parameters (L*, a*, and b*), water activity (a) and the pH value decreased at the end of the processing. Total bacterial and LAB counts (log CFU/g) varied over the processing period. Read More

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Primary Disease Prevention for Southwest American Indian Families During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Camp in a Box.

Front Sociol 2021 9;6:611972. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States.

The goal of the American Indian Youth Wellness Camp in a Box was to engage, educate and empower families to improve their health and overall well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. Camp in a Box was a 9-week program, inclusive of a 1-week intensive camp component followed by an 8-week booster component with content focused on nutrition, mental health and physical activity education. The Camp in a Box is a Tribal/Urban Indian-University partnership, and materials were developed to replace an existing weeklong residential camp and to comply with social distancing guidelines. Read More

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Perioperative Opioid Exposure Patterns in Pediatric Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Ten-Year Administrative Database Study.

Cureus 2021 Mar 16;13(3):e13927. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Division of Orthopaedics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, USA.

Introduction: Variation in opioid exposure has been documented in many pediatric fields; however, little is currently known about the extent of these findings during the perioperative period. The purpose of this study was to examine perioperative opioid exposure on a national level among patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using an administrative database. Our aims were to assess the impact of hospitals and a variety of demographic factors on (1) the likelihood of perioperative opioid exposure and (2) the variability in relative opioid exposure. Read More

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Population-scale tissue transcriptomics maps long non-coding RNAs to complex disease.

Cell 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Genetics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Pathology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address:

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) genes have well-established and important impacts on molecular and cellular functions. However, among the thousands of lncRNA genes, it is still a major challenge to identify the subset with disease or trait relevance. To systematically characterize these lncRNA genes, we used Genotype Tissue Expression (GTEx) project v8 genetic and multi-tissue transcriptomic data to profile the expression, genetic regulation, cellular contexts, and trait associations of 14,100 lncRNA genes across 49 tissues for 101 distinct complex genetic traits. Read More

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Autochthonous and imported tegumentary leishmaniasis in Catalonia (Spain): Aetiological evolution in the last four decades and usefulness of different typing approaches based on biochemical, molecular and proteomic markers.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Secció de Parasitologia, Departament de Biologia, Sanitat i Medi Ambient, Facultat de Farmàcia i Ciències de l'Alimentació, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Leishmaniasis is a transmissible disease caused by Leishmania protozoa. Spain is endemic for both visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis, the autochthonous aetiological agent being Leishmania infantum. Around the world, the L. Read More

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