15,243 results match your criteria road accidents

Cross-Subject Zero Calibration Driver's Drowsiness Detection: Exploring Spatiotemporal Image Encoding of EEG Signals For Convolutional Neural Network Classification.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2021 May 12;PP. Epub 2021 May 12.

This paper explores two methodologies for drowsiness detection using EEG signals in a sustained-attention driving task considering pre-event time windows, and focusing on cross-subject zero calibration. Driving accidents are a major cause of injuries and deaths on the road. A considerable portion of those are due to fatigue and drowsiness. Read More

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The use of mobile phone while driving: Behavior and determinant analysis in one of the largest metropolitan area of Italy.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 May 7;157:106161. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Public Health, "Federico II" University, Via Sergio Pansini nº 5, 80131, Naples, Italy.

The use of mobile phones while driving is one of the main causes of road accidents and it is a phenomenon in continuous growth. The key aim of this study is to analyse simultaneously knowledge, attitudes, and behavior toward the use of mobile phones while driving in one of the largest and populous metropolitan areas of Italy, Naples. The data acquired from 774 questionnaires - administered to subjects evenly divided by gender and with an average age of 39 years - revealed that 69 % have used their mobile phone while driving at least once in their lifetime. Read More

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Fear of COVID-19 as a precautionary measure to prevent the epidemic among the population of the Kurdistan Region/Iraq: based on a questionnaire survey.

Z Gesundh Wiss 2021 May 3:1-8. Epub 2021 May 3.

College of Business, University of Kurdistan-Hawler, Erbil, Kurdistan-Region Iraq.

Background And Objectives: The World Health Organization (WHO) announced the appearance of a new coronavirus disease in Hubei province, China, to be a public health emergency of international concern. The objectives of this study can be highlighted through classifying the information sources for identifying protective practices, death probability, gender-death associations probability and education level.

Methodology: This is a descriptive design study conducted among the Kurdistan Region/Iraq population via an online application between 1 March and 1 May 2020. Read More

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Road accidents in children involving light electric vehicles cause more severe injuries than other similar vehicles.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Pediatric Emergency Department, Meir Medical Center, Tchernichovsky 59 St., 4428164, Kfar Saba, Israel.

Road accidents in Israel were responsible for 23% of injuries in pediatric population between 2013 and 2017. In recent years, the massive entrance of e-bike and other light electric vehicles (called collectively LEV) into the roads is significantly changing the epidemiology of road accidents among children. The study aims to describe the causes, injury types, and other epidemiological characteristics of children injured in road accident and compare injuries of LEV to regular bicycles and other light non-electric vehicles (called collectively LNEV). Read More

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A performance analysis of prediction techniques for impacting vehicles in hit-and-run road accidents.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 May 3;157:106164. Epub 2021 May 3.

TRIPP, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India.

Road accidents are globally accepted challenges. They are one of the significant causes of deaths and injuries besides other direct and indirect losses. Countries and international organizations have designed technologies, systems, and policies to prevent accidents. Read More

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Spinal fractures incurred by sports related injuries.

World Neurosurg 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Neurosurgery, Wessex Neurological Centre, Southampton, United Kingdom; Department of Neurosurgery, Queens Hospital, Barking Havering Redbridge University Trust, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Sports related injuries are the third commonest cause of spine fractures. Spinal fractures incurred as a result of partaking in sport by their nature are different to those associated with frailty and road traffic accidents. The patient demographics and nature of fractures associated with sports activities is not well documented. Read More

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture with Medial Collateral Ligament Tear with Lateral Meniscus Posterior Root Tear with Posterolateral Tibia Osteochondral Fracture: A New Injury Tetrad of the Knee.

J Orthop Case Rep 2020 May-Jun;10(3):36-42

The Orthopaedic Speciality Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Injuries to the knee ligaments, menisci, and cartilage are possible in high-velocity trauma as in road traffic accidents. Similarly, these structures can be disrupted in proximal tibia fractures. We present a series of three cases which had a previously undescribed injury combination. Read More

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Frequency of Peripheral Nerve Injury in Trauma in Emergency Settings.

Cureus 2021 Mar 30;13(3):e14195. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Internal Medicine, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, PAK.

Introduction Neurological injuries because of trauma and accidents are common but rarely reported or examined in Pakistan. In this study, we will determine the frequency of neurological deficits reported in the emergency unit in patients presenting with acute trauma. Material This study was conducted in an emergency unit of tertiary care setting in Karachi, Pakistan. Read More

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Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Complex Infection in Eurasian Badger () and Cattle in Asturias, Spain.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 30;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain.

The present work investigated the prevalence, spatial distribution, and temporal distribution of tuberculosis (TB) in free-ranging Eurasian badgers () and cattle in Asturias (Atlantic Spain) during a 13-year follow-up. The study objective was to assess the role of badgers as a TB reservoir for cattle and other sympatric wild species in the region. Between 2008 and 2020, 673 badgers (98 trapped and 575 killed in road traffic accidents) in Asturias were necropsied, and their tissue samples were cultured for the complex (MTC) isolation. Read More

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The effect of lockdown on intentional and nonintentional injury during the COVID-19 pandemic in Cape Town, South Africa: A preliminary report.

S Afr Med J 2020 12 14;111(2):110-113. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Trauma Centre, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa; Trauma Advocacy Group, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: In response to the coronavirus pandemic, lockdown restrictions and a ban on alcohol sales were introduced in South Africa. Objectives. To investigate the impact of lockdown measures on the number of patients who visited a tertiary urban trauma centre. Read More

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December 2020

Analysis of Hospital Costs in Road Traffic Injuries.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2021 Jan;9(1):36-41

Department of health in emergencies and disaster, School of public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Objective: To investigate the factors affecting the hospital costs in the road traffic injuries.

Methods: This applied study examined the information of patients presenting to Yazd Trauma Center in 2018. The data were extracted from Comprehensive Traffic Injuries System affiliated to the center, which were described with frequency, percentage, mean, and SD, and then analyzed using independent t-test and one-way ANOVA. Read More

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January 2021

Health and safety risks affecting part-time nursing students.

Health SA 2021 1;26:1404. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Professional nurses who are employed full-time can study their postgraduate programmes part-time to add to the basic qualification they obtained through relevant institutions of higher education like universities or colleges. Although there are advantages for part-time study such as improvement of qualifications, enhancement of personal development and increased chance of promotion, there are disadvantages as well, which includes keeping a job, attending to family and social responsibilities, time management to ensure that studying is done after work or in-between work and other activities, attending to assignments and complying with the requirements to acquire the qualification.

Aim: This study aimed to explore health and safety risks faced by nurses who work and study part-time. Read More

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Clinical Nomogram Predicting Intracranial Injury in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury.

J Pediatr Neurosci 2020 Oct-Dec;15(4):409-415. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand.

Background: There are differences in injured mechanisms among pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) in developing countries. This study aimed to develop and validate clinical nomogram for predicting intracranial injury in pediatric TBI that will be implicated in balancing the unnecessary investigation in the general practice.

Materials And Methods: The retrospective study was conducted in all patients who were younger than 15 years old and underwent computed tomography (CT) of the brain after TBI in southern Thailand. Read More

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January 2021

Pattern and Cause of Road Traffic Accidents in Morang District.

J Nepal Health Res Counc 2021 Apr 23;19(1):87-90. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Koshi Health and Science Campus, Biratnagar, Nepal.

Background: Road traffic accidents is growing continuously as a global burden and would be a leading cause of death in developing countries. The global burden of road traffic accidents continues to grow and promises to overtake tropical diseases as leading causes of death in the developing world. This study aimed to study the pattern and causes of road traffic accidents in Morang district. Read More

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No effect of the Penalty Point System on road traffic accident mortality among men with a high socioeconomic status in Spain.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Apr 29;156:106154. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

National School of Public Health, Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain.

The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of the Penalty Point System (PPS) on road traffic accident mortality by gender and socioeconomic status. We conducted a nationwide prospective study covering adult people living in Spain on November 2001. They were followed up until 30 Nov 2007 to determine vital status and cause of death. Read More

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Mandibular fractures in Kano, Northwest Nigeria: aetiology and pattern of presentation.

Minerva Dent Oral Sci 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Federal Medical Center, Nguru Nigeria.

Background: Mandibular fractures are universal in distribution but its aetiologies and presentation patterns differ from one country to another because of varying socioeconomic, cultural and geographical factors. We analysed the aetiological factors and presentation patterns of mandibular fractures in a tertiary hospital at Nigeria's second largest city.

Methods: Patients with isolated mandibular fractures at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano were prospectively reviewed over a 12-months period. Read More

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Driving Behavior That Limits Concentration: A Nationwide Survey in Greece.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 13;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

George D. Behrakis Research Lab, Hellenic Cancer Society, 10557 Athens, Greece.

Human behavior is implicated in most road accidents. The current study examined drivers' behavior that interferes with decision making and reaction time to an incidence. Adults (≥17 years-old) participated in a questionnaire-based survey for driver's behavior. Read More

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Management Models Applied to the Human-Wolf Conflict in Agro-Forestry-Pastoral Territories of Two Italian Protected Areas and One Spanish Game Area.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 16;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Dipartimento di Medicina Veterinaria e Produzioni Animali, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, via Delpino, 1, 80137 Napoli, Italy.

Our work shows that, despite the persistence of persecutory actions, conservation activity has proved successful for the return of numerous wild mammals to different habitats, including the wolf. The human-wolf conflict is still described in all countries where the wolf is present. This is evidenced by the high number of damages on livestock, and the corpses of wolves found both in protected areas and in those where hunting is permitted. Read More

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Neuroevolution-Based Adaptive Antenna Array Beamforming Scheme to Improve the V2V Communication Performance at Intersections.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 23;21(9). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Centro de Investigación de Estudios Avanzados del Maule (CIEAM), Vicerrectoría de Investigación y Postgrado, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca 3480112, Chile.

The opportunistic exchange of information between vehicles can significantly contribute to reducing the occurrence of accidents and mitigating their damages. However, in urban environments, especially at intersection scenarios, obstacles such as buildings and walls block the line of sight between the transmitter and receiver, reducing the vehicular communication range and thus harming the performance of road safety applications. Furthermore, the sizes of the surrounding vehicles and weather conditions may affect the communication. Read More

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Vision-Based Road Rage Detection Framework in Automotive Safety Applications.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 22;21(9). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

National Research Council of Italy, IMM-Institute for Microelectronics and Microsystems, 73100 Lecce, Italy.

Drivers' road rage is among the main causes of road accidents. Each year, it contributes to more deaths and injuries globally. In this context, it is important to implement systems that can supervise drivers by monitoring their level of concentration during the entire driving process. Read More

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Public Roads as Places of Interspecies Conflict: A Study of Horse-Human Interactions on UK Roads and Impacts on Equine Exercise.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 9;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston CH64 7TE, UK.

Real or perceived traffic risk is a significant barrier to walking and cycling. To understand whether similar barriers influence equestrians, this study obtained exercise behaviours, road use and experiences of road-related incidents from UK equestrians ( = 6390) via an online questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with road use and experiencing a near-miss or injury-causing incident in the previous year. Read More

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Characteristics and Causes of Particularly Major Road Traffic Accidents Involving Commercial Vehicles in China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 7;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

School of Transportation & Logistics Engineering, Shandong Jiaotong University, Jinan 250357, China.

Major accidents occurred frequently in the road transportation industry, and the resulting harm to drivers, property loss, and traffic interruption are very serious. This study investigated 11 particularly major accidents involving commercial vehicles in China, and performed analysis on accident characteristics regarding the time, location, types of vehicles, and accident causation at different levels based on the 24Model. Large buses and dangerous goods vehicles were involved in 10 accidents and they all occurred on a freeway. Read More

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CT Findings and Histological Evaluation of Red Foxes () with Chronic Head Trauma Injury: A Retrospective Study.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 3;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Dipartimento di Medicina Veterinaria, Sez, Patologia Aviare, Università Degli Studi di Bari, Strada Provinciale Per Casamassima Km.3, 70010 Valenzano, Italy.

Large numbers of wild animals are injured every year in road traffic accidents. Scant data are available for rescued wild carnivores, in particular for red foxes. Cases of foxes with head trauma were retrospectively considered for inclusion in this study. Read More

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A Study of the Pattern of Injuries Sustained from Road Traffic Accidents Caused by Impact with Stray Animals.

J Emerg Trauma Shock 2021 Jan-Mar;14(1):23-27. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Orthopedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Background: The incidence of road traffic accidents (RTA) is increasing every day, especially in developing nations. Amongst various attributable factors, the menace of the stray animals remains one of the most underrecognized factors leading to animal-vehicle collision (AVC). Objectives: Our prospective cross-sectional study aims to survey the incidence of RTA attributable to stray animals and record the pattern of injuries along with other epidemiological parameters. Read More

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Thirty-year experience of utility of island groin flap for scrotal defect single-stage reconstruction.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Hon. IMA Professor(Academy of Medical Specialities - IMA) & Senior Consultant plastic surgery, Getwell Hospital, Varanasi, UP, India. Electronic address:

For the last 32years, we have been using island groin flap successfully to cover the scrotal defects in a single stage with good results. This flap utility for single-stage urethral fistula repair was first reported by the senior author in 1987 and was published in Br J Urol.We have performed single-stage repair of scrotal defects of medium and moderate size with this flap in 25 cases of Fournier's gangrene and in 4 cases of scrotal avulsion injuries due to road traffic accidents. Read More

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[Epidemiological aspects and prognostic factors of severe traumatic brain injury].

Neurochirurgie 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Service de neurochirurgie, hôpital Ibn Tofail, CHU Mohammed 6 Marrakech, Maroc. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the severity factors in severe traumatic brain injuries.

Methods: A prospective descriptive study of severe head injuries admitted to the emergency department at Ibn Tofail Hospital at the University Hospital of Marrakesh over a period of six months from May to October 2015. The following data was collected: circumstances, clinical, biology, radiology, treatment and evolution. Read More

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Levels of public awareness regarding cervical spine injury and the suitable first aid response among adults in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2021 May;42(5):543-549

From the Department of Orthopedic (Al-Otaibi M) and from the College of Medicine (Almutairi, Al-Otaibi K, Alghaeb, Al-Hadi), King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: To evaluate the level of public awareness regarding cervical spine injuries among adult residents of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).

Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out between June and November 2020. It involved structured questionnaires, collecting information on participant socio-demographic characteristics, first responder training status, and the awareness of cervical spine trauma and suitable first aid response. Read More

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[Fractures of the pelvis causing vaginal wound].

Pan Afr Med J 2021 21;38:70. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Service d´Orthopédie et de Traumatologie du CHU de Bouaké, Bouaké, Côte d´Ivoire.

Pelvic fractures occur most often in people experiencing a traumatic event. Although they are due to high-velocity injuries, these lesions are rarely associated with vaginal wounds, and data on patients' evolution are scarce. The purpose of our study was to describe anatomoclinic lesions, treatment and progression of these lesions. Read More

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