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Land cover and vegetation carbon stock changes in Greece: A 29-year assessment based on CORINE and Landsat land cover data.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 29;786:147408. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

University of Virginia, Engineering Systems and Environment, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA. Electronic address:

Evaluation of carbon sequestration in various land cover types is a valuable tool for environmental policies targeting towards minimization of CO emissions and climate change impacts. For the past few decades, remotely sensed information on land cover has been used as useful alternative to ground observations and has proved to be a robust tool for studying land use / land cover (LULC) changes. The present work deals with the assessment of land-cover changes in a Mediterranean country - Greece, where expected climate change impacts and desertification risk are stated to be severe. Read More

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Microplastics levels, size, morphology and composition in marine water, sediments and sand beaches. Case study of Tarragona coast (western Mediterranean).

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 30;786:147453. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. Països Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain.

Mediterranean Sea has been proposed as the sixth greatest accumulation zone for marine litter and the most affected regarding to microplastics (MPs). Tarragona (Catalonia, NE Spain) coastal region suffers high pressure due to urbanization, tourism, industrial harbour and petrochemical/plastic industries. The present study aims to quantify and characterize in size, morphology and composition the MPs present in sandy beaches, marine sediments, and surface seawaters of Tarragona coastal region. Read More

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Research on rapid cultivation of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) with different feast-famine strategies in continuous flow reactor and achieving high-level denitrification via utilization of soluble microbial product (SMP).

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 22;786:147237. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Key Laboratory of Water Science and Water Environment Recovery Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100123, China; State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China.

The mixture of partial AGS and flocculent sludge in continuous flow reactors were operated with periodic famine (PF) strategy and continuous feast (CF) strategy to reveal the impact of the feast-famine strategies on cultivation of AGS and the dynamics of microbial communities. The experimental results showed that the mature AGS were cultivated with PF and CF strategy on the 31st and the 71st days respectively, which was the result of good extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) secretion with PF strategy. It could accelerate the formation of microbial aggregates due to the conditions of periodic famine. Read More

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Application of an indigenous microorganisms-based fixed-bed GAC-biofilm reactor for passive and sustainable treatment of oil sands process water through combined adsorption and biodegradation processes.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 30;280:130635. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 1H9, Canada. Electronic address:

In this study, a fixed-bed biofilm reactor (biofilter) was developed and applied for oil sands process water (OSPW) remediation by using granular activated carbon (GAC) as packing media. Using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) detection, the total bacterial copy number (16S) in the GAC biofiltration system was found to reach a relatively stable level (1.3 ± 0. Read More

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Synergy between autotrophic denitrification and Anammox driven by FeS in a fluidized bed bioreactor for advanced nitrogen removal.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 30;280:130726. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

School of Environment and Energy, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510006, PR China. Electronic address:

On the basis of the metabolic synergy between autotrophic denitrification (AuDen) and anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox), the feasibility of a novel ferrous sulfide (FeS)-driven AuDen and Anammox coupled system (FS-DADAS) was investigated. The nitrogen removal performance of FS-DADAS was investigated in a lab-scale fluidized bed bioreactor fed with synthetic wastewater containing NH-N and NO-N. The results of long-term operation (120 days) demonstrated the promising performance of the system with 100% NO-N removal and NH-N concentrations lower than 8. Read More

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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulate matter samples from Hanoi, Vietnam: Particle size distribution, aryl hydrocarbon ligand receptor activity, and implication for cancer risk assessment.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 30;280:130720. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Centre for Environmental Technology and Sustainable Development (CETASD), University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, 334 Nguyen Trai, Hanoi, 11400, Viet Nam. Electronic address:

Concentrations and profiles of unsubstituted and methylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs and Me-PAHs) were analyzed in airborne particulate matter (PM) samples collected from high-traffic roads in Hanoi urban area. Levels of PAHs and Me-PAHs ranged from 210 to 660 (average 420) ng/m in total PM, and these pollutants were mainly associated with fine particles (PM) rather than coarser ones (PM and PM). Proportions of high-molecular-weight compounds (i. Read More

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Mathematical prediction of ileal energy and protein digestibility in broilers using multivariate data analysis.

Poult Sci 2021 Mar 11;100(6):101106. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

DSM Nutritional Products, Wurmisweg 576, Kaiseraugst, Switzerland. Electronic address:

A proportional mixture design was used to systematically create a total of 56 diets using ten feed ingredients. Diets differed widely with regards to chemical characteristics and ingredient inclusion levels. Apparent ileal digestibility of energy and protein of the diets were determined in broiler growers fed ad libitum from 21 to 24 d post-hatch. Read More

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Shorter outpatient wait-times for buprenorphine are associated with linkage to care post-hospital discharge.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Apr 20;224:108703. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 801 Massachusetts Ave, Boston, MA, 02118, USA.

Background: Inpatient addiction consult services (ACS) lower barriers to accessing medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD), however not every patient recommended for MOUD links to outpatient care. We hypothesized that fewer days between discharge date and outpatient appointment date was associated with improved linkage to buprenorphine treatment among patients evaluated by an ACS.

Methods: We extracted appointment and demographic data from electronic medical records and conducted retrospective chart review of adults diagnosed with opioid use disorder (OUD) evaluated by an ACS in Boston, MA between July 2015 and August 2017. Read More

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Communication and empathy skills: Essential requisites for patient-centered radiology care.

Eur J Radiol 2021 May 3;140:109754. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Purpose: To investigate how patients value radiologists, using data from the Dutch healthcare assessment website.

Method: The Dutch healthcare assessment website was searched for patient reviews about radiologists in The Netherlands. The scores (scale of 1-10) assigned to the most recent review of each radiologist were extracted. Read More

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Forecasting emergency department hourly occupancy using time series analysis.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Apr 29;48:177-182. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Statistics and Operations Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), NC, USA. Electronic address:

Study Objective: To develop a novel predictive model for emergency department (ED) hourly occupancy using readily available data at time of prediction with a time series analysis methodology.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of all ED visits from a large academic center during calendar year 2012 to predict ED hourly occupancy. Due to the time-of-day and day-of-week effects, a seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average with external regressor (SARIMAX) model was selected. Read More

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Diagnosis of knee prosthetic joint infection; aspiration and biopsy.

Knee 2021 May 5;30:249-253. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Microbiology, Royal Devon and Exeter Hospitals, Barrack Road, United Kingdom.

Background: Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality following knee replacement surgery. The diagnosis can be challenging and is based on a combination of clinical suspicion, radiographic findings and also biochemical/ microbiological investigations. Our Aim was to review the role of aspiration and biopsy in the diagnosis of PJI in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA). Read More

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Efficacy and safety of antipsychotic treatments for schizophrenia: A systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized trials in Japan.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Apr 30;138:444-452. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Psychiatry, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, 470-1192, Japan.

Background: We examined the efficacy and safety of using antipsychotic medication for schizophrenia using only randomized trials of antipsychotic for schizophrenia conducted in Japan to avoid the biological and environmental heterogeneities caused by pooling data from various races and ethnicities.

Methods: We searched for eligible studies on Embase, PubMed, and CENTRAL. Primary outcomes were improvement in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale total score (PANSS-T) and all-cause discontinuation. Read More

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Validation and assessment of the Investigator® 24plex QS kit for forensic casework application: Comparison with the PowerPlex® fusion system and GlobalFiler™ PCR amplification kits.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2021 May 1;52:101902. Epub 2021 May 1.

Forensic DNA Division, National Forensic Service, 10 Ipchun-ro, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do 26460, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Casework evidence samples are likely to be placed under diverse and harsh environments as compared to quantified DNA samples including serial-diluted standard DNA samples. Internal validation of a novel STR kit using casework evidence sample, which is conducted according to various conditions such as DNA contamination and degradation, is crucial before being used as a forensic application. Therefore, this study aimed to elucidate the reliability of the Investigator® 24plex QS kit through DNA derived from casework evidence and to assess whether it is applicable to STR analysis together with PowerPlex® Fusion System and GlobalFiler™ PCR Amplification Kit. Read More

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Parental and provider perspectives on social media about ankyloglossia.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 28;146:110741. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Otolaryngology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA; Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Children's Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Objectives: To investigate and identify the concerns and opinions expressed in both parental and provider posts on social media about ankyloglossia.

Methods: In this study, posts on Twitter between 1/1/2008 and 12/31/2018 were collected using search terms and hashtags specific to pediatric ankyloglossia. The search terms included a primary phrase to indicate ankyloglossia along with a pediatric identifier. Read More

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Aspirin and omega-3 fatty acid status interact in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in Framingham Heart Study.

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2021 Apr 24;169:102283. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Dordt University, Sioux Center, Iowa, United States.

Background: The roles of omega-3 (n3) fatty acids [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] and low-dose aspirin in the primary prevention of ischemic cardiovascular disease (CVD) are controversial. Since omega-3 (n3) fatty acids and aspirin affect cyclooxygenase activity in platelets, there could be a clinically-relevant effect of aspirin combined with a particular n3 fatty acid level present in each individual.

Methods: RBC EPA+DHA, arachidonic acid (AA) and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) were measured in 2500 participants without known CVD in the Framingham Heart Study. Read More

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Associations between urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations and markers of liver injury in the US adult population.

Environ Int 2021 May 5;155:106608. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China; Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education & Ministry of Environmental Protection, and State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China. Electronic address:

Background: Phthalates have been largely used for years in varieties of products worldwide. However, research on the joint toxic effect of various phthalates exposure on the liver is lacking.

Objectives: We aimed to assess exposure to phthalates on liver function tests (LFTs). Read More

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Firearm-Related Injuries: A Single Center Experience.

J Surg Res 2021 May 5;265:289-296. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Trauma, Critical Care, Emergency Surgery, and Burns, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. Electronic address:

Introduction: Firearm-related injuries (FRI) are an important public health crisis in the US. There is relatively less city level data examining the injury-related trends in Tucson, Arizona. Our study aims to examine FRI, in Southern Arizona's only Level I trauma center. Read More

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Challenges in Predicting Discharge Disposition for Trauma and Emergency General Surgery Patients.

J Surg Res 2021 May 5;265:278-288. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address:

Background: Changes in discharge disposition and delays in discharge negatively impact the patient and hospital system. Our objectives were to determine the accuracy with which trauma and emergency general surgery (TEGS) providers could predict the discharge disposition for patients and determine the factors associated with incorrect predictions.

Methods: Discharge dispositions and barriers to discharge for 200 TEGS patients were predicted individually by members of the multidisciplinary TEGS team within 24 h of patient admission. Read More

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Stormwater retention and detention performance of green roofs with different substrates: Observational data and hydrological simulations.

J Environ Manage 2021 May 5;291:112682. Epub 2021 May 5.

School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, 35 Qinghua East Road, Beijing, 100083, China.

Green roofs are widely considered as a promising nature-based solution for urban stormwater management. In this study, the stormwater retention and detention performance of 6 green roof modules with different types and depth of substrates at Beijing, China was investigated through 3-year continuous monitoring. The Hydrus-1D was applied to further explore the stormwater management performance of green roofs under extreme storms. Read More

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Delinquency as a consequence of parental warmth and self-efficacy: Total sample and individual male and female mediation analyses.

Authors:
Glenn D Walters

J Adolesc 2021 May 5;89:137-148. Epub 2021 May 5.

Kutztown University, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: This study's purpose was to investigate the mediating effect of parental control self-efficacy on the parental warmth → child delinquency relationship in the mothers and fathers of early to mid-adolescent youth in a test of performance accomplishments as a prelude to parental self-efficacy.

Methods: Parental warmth and control self-efficacy estimates, representing parental support and control, respectively, were provided by the mothers and fathers of 3934 (2010 boys, 1924 girls) youth from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) and self-reported delinquency was obtained from the child.

Results: As predicted, parental control self-efficacy mediated the relationship between parental warmth and child delinquency, whereas parental warmth did not mediate the relationship between parental self-efficacy and child delinquency. Read More

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Italian adolescents' understandings of globalization.

J Adolesc 2021 May 5;89:128-136. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology, University of Padova, Via Venezia, 14 35121, Padova, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Having a clear understanding of the concept of globalization can be particularly relevant for adolescents to comprehend how the world functions and to reflect on the way their personal and professional identity and career future might be affected by globalization. Thus, this mixed design study aimed at examining Northeastern Italian adolescents' thinking about globalization and at exploring the potential role of education (the type of school) in conceptualizing globalization.

Methods: A total of 163 Italian adolescents (42. Read More

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Molecular Epidemiology and Characterization of Theileria in Goats.

Protist 2021 Mar 26;172(2):125804. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulsi, 4225, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

The study was carried out to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of theileriosis in goats of Chattogram district, Bangladesh. Molecular characterization of circulating Theileria in this area was also undertaken. A total of 400 samples were collected from goats of different breeds, ages and sex with relevant information of rearing and management. Read More

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Circulating Epstein-Barr virus DNA level post induction chemotherapy contributes to prognostication in advanced-stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Eur J Cancer 2021 May 5;151:63-71. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Radiation Oncology, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Diagnosis and Therapy, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, No. 651 Dongfeng Eastern Road, Guangzhou, 510060, China. Electronic address:

Background: To investigate the value of post-induction chemotherapy (IC) cell-free Epstein-Barr virus DNA (cfEBV DNA) for prognostication in locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC).

Methods: A total of 910 histologically proven LA-NPC undergoing radical IC + concurrent chemo-radiotherapy (CCRT) or targeted radiotherapy (CTRT) or both (CTCRT) were involved. The concentration of cfEBV DNA was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction pre-IC (cfEBV DNA) and at IC completion. Read More

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Application of cadmium prediction models for rice and maize in the safe utilization of farmland associated with tin mining in Hezhou, Guangxi, China.

Environ Pollut 2021 Apr 30;285:117202. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Guangxi Bureau of Geology & Mineral Prospecting & Exploitation, Nanning, 530023, PR China.

Cadmium (Cd) contamination in soil and crops caused by mining activities has become a prevalent concern in the world. Given that different crops have varying Cd bioaccumulation factors, crops with low Cd bioaccumulation abilities can be selected for the safe usage of Cd -contaminated lands. This study aimed to investigate Cd contamination in soil and crops and the influencing factors of soil Cd activity in a tin mining area (TMA) and control area (CA) and to put forward suggestions for the safe usage of farmlands by developing prediction models of Cd content in different crop grains. Read More

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Long-term safety, efficacy, and tolerability of levetiracetam in pediatric patients with epilepsy in Uygur, China: A retrospective analysis.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 May 5;120:108010. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Pharmacy, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, Xinjiang Province 830001, China; Institute of Clinical Pharmacy, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, Xinjiang Province 830001, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: Levetiracetam is approved as an add-on therapy to treat refractory partial seizures in pediatric patients over four years old. The efficacy and safety in pediatric patients with epilepsy in Uygur, China, is unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the safety, efficacy, and tolerability of levetiracetam in pediatric patients with epilepsy in Uygur, China. Read More

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Enhancing osteogenesis of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells using gold nanostructure/peptide-nanopatterned graphene oxide.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Apr 29;204:111807. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

School of Integrative Engineering, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Integrative Research Center for Two-Dimensional Functional Materials, Institute of Interdisciplinary Convergence Research, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Graphene derivatives are highly promising materials for use in stem-cell-based regenerative therapies, particularly for bone regeneration. Herein, we report a graphene oxide (GO)-based hybrid platform (GOHP) that is highly effective for guiding the osteogenesis of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs). A GO-coated indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate was electrochemically modified with Au nanostructures (GNSs), following which a cysteine-modified quadruple-branched arginine-glycine-aspartic acid was self-assembled on the ITO-GO-GNS hybrid via Au-S bonds. Read More

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Selection of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli in the gut of calves experimentally fed with milk containing antibiotic residues.

Vet Microbiol 2021 Mar 23;257:109049. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Unité Antibiorésistance et Virulence Bactériennes, Université de Lyon - Anses site de Lyon, Lyon, France.

In the bovine sector, the spread of Enterobacterales producing extended-spectrum and AmpC β-lactamases (ESBL/AmpC) mostly concerns veal calves, and the use of waste milk containing antibiotic residues has been recurrently incriminated. In this study, calves were experimentally fed with milk containing either 2,000 μg/L or 20,000 μg/L of the critically important antibiotic cefquinome. The total counts of enterobacterales and ESBL-producing E. Read More

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Prognostic value of preoperative psoas muscle index as a measure of nutritional status in patients with esophageal cancer receiving neoadjuvant therapy.

Nutrition 2021 Mar 6;90:111232. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

First Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan.

Objectives: It has been reported that preoperative nutritional status in some gastrointestinal cancers has a significant effect on postoperative prognosis. However, there are few reports on esophageal cancer, especially for esophageal cancer patients who have undergone neoadjuvant therapy and surgery. Psoas muscle index (PMI) is widely known as an index for assessing preoperative nutritional status, and has recently been reported for its prognostic value in many malignancies. Read More

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Cross-sectional association of meal skipping with lipid profiles and blood glucose in Chinese adults.

Nutrition 2021 Mar 17;90:111245. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Clinical Research Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: There is an increasing trend of skipping meals, especially breakfast and dinner, in China. Previous studies on the association of meal skipping with lipid profiles and blood glucose have yielded inconsistent results.

Methods: A national representative survey of 47 841 adults (age ≥ 45 y) was conducted in China. Read More

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Houston Cocktail: Driving under influence of hydrocodone, alprazolam, and carisoprodol.

Forensic Sci Int 2021 Apr 28;323:110819. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Houston Police Department, 1200 Travis St., Houston, TX, USA.

Concurrent use of opioids, benzodiazepines, and skeletal muscle relaxants potentiates the drug effect and respiratory depression via interactions of μ-opioid and GABA receptors. In the early 2000s when abuse of prescription drugs began to spike, a potent combination including hydrocodone, alprazolam, and carisoprodol, aka the "Houston Cocktail" or "Holy Trinity", emerged that may give users heroin-like euphoria. This research evaluated driving while intoxicated (DWI) cases that tested positive for hydrocodone, alprazolam, and carisoprodol, between 2015 and 2019. Read More

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