24 results match your criteria risk ipvaw

  • Page 1 of 1

The Spatial Overlap of Police Calls Reporting Street-Level and Behind-Closed-Doors Crime: A Bayesian Modeling Approach.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 19;18(10). Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain.

Traditionally, intimate-partner violence has been considered a special type of crime that occurs , with different characteristics from street-level crime. The aim of this study is to analyze the spatial overlap of police calls reporting street-level and behind-closed-doors crime. We analyzed geocoded police calls in the 552 census-block groups of the city of Valencia, Spain, related to street-level crime ( = 26,624) and to intimate-partner violence against women ( = 11,673). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Chronic high risk of intimate partner violence against women in disadvantaged neighborhoods: An eight-year space-time analysis.

Prev Med 2021 Jul 20;148:106550. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibáñez, 21, 46010, Valencia, Spain.

We conducted a small-area ecological longitudinal study to analyze neighborhood contextual influences on the spatio-temporal variations in intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) risk in a southern European city over an eight-year period. We used geocoded data of IPVAW cases with associated protection orders (n = 5867) in the city of Valencia, Spain (2011-2018). The city's 552 census block groups were used as the neighborhood units. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Short Measure of Acceptability of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women: Development and Validation of the A-IPVAW-8 Scale.

Assessment 2021 Mar 18:10731911211000110. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Attitudes of acceptability of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) are considered one of the main risk factors of this type of violence. The aim of this study is to develop and validate a short version of the acceptability of IPVAW scale, the A-IPVAW-8, for large scale studies where space and time are limited. A panel of experts were asked to assess item content validity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Male Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women: A Spanish Typology.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Feb 26:886260521997442. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

University Research Institute of Criminology and Criminal Science. University of Valencia, Spain.

Typological approaches in research of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) have been discussed on the basis of their validity and applicability in professional practice; yet most of the published studies on offender typologies are limited due to the use of relatively small, non-representative samples. The current study explored typologies of IPVAW perpetrators in a large-scale representative Spanish sample ( = 9,731 cases extracted from the Comprehensive Monitoring System of Gender-Based Violence Cases; VioGén System), according to classic batterer typologies proposed by Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart (1994). To this end, the risk factors measured by the most extended Spanish police recidivism risk assessment tool (Valoración Policial del Riesgo; VPR) were used as clustering variables. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Violence against women in heterosexual couples: A review of psychological and medico-legal considerations.

Med Sci Law 2021 Jan;61(1_suppl):113-124

Department of Health Promotion, Mother and Child Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties - Medico Legal Section, University of Palermo, Italy.

Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is the most pervasive violation of women's rights worldwide, causing devastating lifelong damage. Victims can suffer physical, emotional or mental health problems, and experience detrimental effects in social, psychological and relational health with their families, especially children. Due to the complexity regarding violence against women in heterosexual couples, it is important to make a clear distinction between psychological and physical mistreatment, which also includes psychological violence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Individual and societal risk factors of attitudes justifying intimate partner violence against women: a multilevel cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2020 12 10;10(12):e037993. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Methodology for Behavioral Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Objectives: Attitudes justifying intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) can play an essential role in explaining the prevalence of such public health problem. The study aim was to explain attitudes justifying IPVAW identifying individual and societal risk factors.

Design And Setting: A multilevel cross-sectional study of the World Values Survey (WVS) in 54 global countries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Associations Between Endorsement of Inequitable Gender Norms and Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Youth in Nigeria: Violence Against Children Survey, 2014.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Dec 6:886260520978196. Epub 2020 Dec 6.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

The purpose of this study was to assess whether the endorsement of inequitable gender norms about intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) and sexual behavior was associated with intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization, IPV perpetration, and sexual risk behavior. Nigerian youth aged 13-24 ( = 4,203) participated in the nationally representative, cross-sectional Nigeria Violence Against Children Survey (VACS) in 2014. Inequitable gender norms about IPVAW were assessed using six items from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), and inequitable gender norms about sexual behavior were assessed using four items adapted from the Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) scale. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Public Helping Reactions to Intimate Partner Violence against Women in European Countries: The Role of Gender-Related Individual and Macrosocial Factors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 08 30;17(17). Epub 2020 Aug 30.

Department of Methodology for Behavioral Sciences, University of Granada, 18011 Granada, Spain.

Public helping reactions are essential to reduce a victim's secondary victimization in intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) cases. Because gender-related characteristics have been linked widely to IPVAW prevalence, the study aimed to examine individual attitudes and perceptions toward different forms of violence against women, as well as gender-related macrosocial ideological and structural factors, in explaining helping reactions to IPVAW across 28 European countries. We performed multilevel logistic regression analysis, taking measures from the Eurobarometer 2016 ( = 7115) and the European Institute for Gender Equality datasets. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Long-Term Drug Misuse Increases the Risk of Cognitive Dysfunctions in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators: Key Intervention Targets for Reducing Dropout and Reoffending.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 10 9;16(20). Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Avenida Blasco, Ibañez, 21 46010 Valencia, Spain.

Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a major public health problem, with an important mortality rate in women across the world. In this regard, it has been well-established that drug misuse explains (at least in part) an increased risk of IPVAW perpetration. Even though alcohol is the most widely studied drug underlying IPVAW, other drugs, such as cannabis and cocaine also seem to be significant indicators of this type of violence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2019

The Importance of Considering Alexithymia during Initial Stages of Intimate Partner Violence Interventions to Design Adjuvant Treatments.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 10 1;16(19). Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain.

Empirical evidence supports that individuals with alexithymia might be prone to certain types of violence, such as intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). Moreover, considering that alexithymia is directly involved in behavior regulation, problems due to identifying and regulating emotional states might be postulated as responsible, at least in part, for the success of psychotherapeutic treatments designed for decreasing the future risk of reoffending. Therefore, we assessed whether alexithymia was a good predictor of the discontinuation of treatment (dropout) and the risk of recidivism during the initial stages of intervention in a sample of men convicted of IPVAW perpetration ( = 118), while controlling for potential confounding variables (i. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2019

Dropout from Court-Mandated Intervention Programs for Intimate Partner Violence Offenders: The Relevance of Alcohol Misuse and Cognitive Impairments.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 07 6;16(13). Epub 2019 Jul 6.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain.

There is considerable interest in offering insight into the mechanisms that might explain why certain perpetrators of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) drop out of interventions. Although several socio-demographic variables and attitudes towards IPVAW have been proposed as risk factors for IPVAW perpetrators' dropout, less attention has been paid to alcohol misuse, and its interactions with empathic and cognitive deficits, in the discontinuation of the treatment. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to compare the profile of a carefully selected sample of IPVAW perpetrators, divided into four groups: those who completed the intervention with low ( = 267) and high alcohol consumption ( = 67); and those who dropped out before the intervention ended with low ( = 62). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of intimate partner violence against women in Sweden and Spain: A psychometric study of the 'Nordic paradox'.

PLoS One 2019 16;14(5):e0217015. Epub 2019 May 16.

Unit for Social Epidemiology, University of Lund, Malmö, Sweden.

The high prevalence of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) in countries with high levels of gender equality has been defined as the "Nordic paradox". In this study we compared physical and sexual IPVAW prevalence data in two countries exemplifying the Nordic paradox: Sweden (N = 1483) and Spain (N = 1447). Data was drawn from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights Survey on violence against women. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2020

Acceptability of Intimate Partner Violence among Male Offenders: The Role of Set-Shifting and Emotion Decoding Dysfunctions as Cognitive Risk Factors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 04 30;16(9). Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Valencia 46010, Spain.

Attitudes towards the acceptability of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) contribute to an increased risk of IPVAW perpetration, and these attitudes are common among IPVAW offenders. Research suggests that IPVAW offenders present cognitive deficits related to information processing. Little is known, however, about how these deficits are related to the acceptability of IPVAW. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Alexithymic traits are closely related to impulsivity and cognitive and empathic dysfunctions in intimate partner violence perpetrators: New targets for intervention.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2021 Jan-Feb;28(1):71-79. Epub 2019 Apr 27.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Clinical psychologists are interested in studying factors that interfere with the behavioral regulation of perpetrators of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW), as well as the way these factors affect the risk of future recidivism after interventions that are designed for them are completed. Although several variables have been proposed as risk factors for IPVAW, the role of alexithymia and its relationships with other cognitive and empathic variables in IPVAW perpetrators has been neglected. Thus, the main aim of this study was to compare the alexithymic and cognitive and empathic traits in a carefully selected sample of IPVAW perpetrators ( = 47; mean age = 39) with a control group matched on sociodemographic characteristics ( = 41; mean age = 42). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessing the role of women's autonomy and acceptability of intimate-partner violence in maternal health-care utilization in 63 low- and middle-income countries.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 10;48(5):1580-1592

Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Our study investigates the associations between women's autonomy and attitudes toward the acceptability of intimate-partner violence against women (IPVAW) and maternal health-care utilization outcomes.

Methods: We combine data from 113 Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 2003 and 2016, which give us a pooled sample of 765 169 mothers and 777 352 births from 63 countries. We generate composite scores of women's autonomy (six-point scale with reference: no contribution) and acceptability of IPVAW (five-point scale with reference: no acceptance) and assess the associations between these measures and women's use of antenatal care services and facility delivery in pooled and unique country samples. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2019

The university campus environment as a protective factor for intimate partner violence against women: An exploratory study.

J Community Psychol 2018 09 12;46(7):903-916. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

University of Valencia.

Some neighborhood characteristics linked to social disorganization theory have been related to intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). The study of other neighborhood-level factors that may influence IPVAW risk, however, has received less attention. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of university campuses on IPVAW risk. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2018

Husband/Partner Intoxication and Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the Philippines.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2016 09 5;28(6):507-18. Epub 2016 Jul 5.

Lincoln Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA.

This study examined husband/partner intoxication and experience with physical, sexual, and emotional intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) using data derived from a nationally representative survey conducted in the Philippines in 2013. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association between intoxication and 3 different types of intimate partner violence against women. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine intoxication and severity of violence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2016

Intimate partner violence against women in Nepal: an analysis through individual, empowerment, family and societal level factors.

J Res Health Sci 2014 ;14(4):251-7

School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.WHO CC Community Safety Promotion, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The current study estimated the national prevalence rate of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) in Nepal. Besides, the individual level, empowerment level, family and societal level factors were assessed to relate with the victims of IPAVW in Nepal.

Methods: Nationally representative sample of 4210 women of reproductive age (15-49 yr) were included in the study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2015

Exploring neighborhood influences on small-area variations in intimate partner violence risk: a Bayesian random-effects modeling approach.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2014 Jan 9;11(1):866-82. Epub 2014 Jan 9.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia 46010, Spain.

This paper uses spatial data of cases of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) to examine neighborhood-level influences on small-area variations in IPVAW risk in a police district of the city of Valencia (Spain). To analyze area variations in IPVAW risk and its association with neighborhood-level explanatory variables we use a Bayesian spatial random-effects modeling approach, as well as disease mapping methods to represent risk probabilities in each area. Analyses show that IPVAW cases are more likely in areas of high immigrant concentration, high public disorder and crime, and high physical disorder. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2014

The role of individual, community and societal gender inequality in forming women's attitudes toward intimate-partner violence against women: a multilevel analysis.

World Health Popul 2010 ;12(2):5-17

Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Establishing risk factors for intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is crucial for addressing women's health and development. Acceptance of IPVAW has been suggested as one of the strongest predictors of IPVAWs. The aim of this study was to examine the independent contributions of individual, community, and societal measures of gender inequality in forming women's attitudes toward IPVAW. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2011

The independent contribution of individual-, neighbourhood-, and country-level socioeconomic position on attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women in sub-Saharan Africa: a multilevel model of direct and moderating effects.

Soc Sci Med 2009 May 19;68(10):1801-9. Epub 2009 Mar 19.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

We examined associations between country, neighbourhood, and individual socioeconomic position (SEP) and attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). We applied multivariable multilevel logistic regression analysis on Demographic and Health Survey data for 165,983 women and 68,501 men nested within 7465 communities from 17 countries in sub-Saharan Africa collected between 2003 and 2007. Contrary to expectation women were 34% more likely to justify IPVAW than men. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Opinions about potential causes and triggers of intimate partner violence against women: a population-based study among married men from Kermanshah city, Iran.

Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2008 Dec;15(4):253-63

Division of International Health, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

This cross-sectional study forms part of a community-based social diagnosis in an Iranian city where different community members were approached regarding their opinions about what can cause and trigger intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW). The study deals with the opinions of married men and looks for patterns of opinions and how those patterns relate to individual socio-demographic characteristics. It also discusses opinions expressed concerning the consequences of IPVAW. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2008

Opinions of married women about potential causes and triggers of intimate partner violence against women. A cross-sectional investigation in an Iranian city.

BMC Public Health 2008 Jun 12;8:209. Epub 2008 Jun 12.

Division of International Health, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Nobels väg 9, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Population-based perception studies on potential causes and triggers of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) may enlighten context-relevant primary preventive actions in settings where data are limited. This study, conducted in one specific city, deals with married women's opinions concerning potential causes and triggers of IPVAW and seeks to highlight areas of consensus and divergence in the views.

Methods: A convenient sample of women aged 25-45 years and married for at least 5 years was consecutively recruited in the 48 public health centres of Kermanshah city, where free health services are provided to mothers and children under 6 years old. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Intimate partner violence against women: findings from one state's ED surveillance system.

J Emerg Nurs 2006 Feb;32(1):12-6

Michigan Department of Community Health, Lansing, Michigan 48909, USA.

Introduction: Victims of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) often come into contact with various health care professionals, including emergency nurses. Michigan has implemented an ED surveillance system to monitor IPVAW in the state.

Methods: Twenty-three emergency departments participate in the Michigan Intimate Partner Violence Surveillance System. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2006
  • Page 1 of 1