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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Intestinal Helminthiasis in Remote Mountainous Villages of Northern Lao PDR: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Korean J Parasitol 2021 Apr 22;59(2):131-138. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and Institute of Endemic Diseases, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul 03080, Korea.

Helminth infections are prevalent in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). This study aimed at determining the prevalence and risk factors of intestinal helminthiasis in remote mountainous villages of northern Lao PDR. During the dry season in January 2017, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 3 remote mountainous villages in Oudomxay province, Lao PDR. Read More

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Predicting risk of erectile dysfunction in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Andrologia 2021 May 5:e14091. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Urology, Istanbul University Istanbul School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the risk factors for erectile dysfunction (ED). We aimed to predict the risk of ED in patients with NAFLD. The study included 146 male patients complaining impotence admitted to the urology outpatient clinic aged 24-80 years without a history of alcohol use who underwent abdominal ultrasonography between February 2018 and January 2019. Read More

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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Anxiety and Depression in Patients With COVID-19 in Wuhan, China.

Psychosom Med 2021 May;83(4):368-372

From the Surgery Intensive Care Unit (Li, Liu, Wang, Zhang, Gong, Duan) China-Japan Friendship Hospital; and Peking University Institute of Mental Health (Sun), National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders, Beijing, China.

Objective: Infectious diseases can cause psychological changes in patients. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and related risk factors for anxiety and depression in patients with COVID-19.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on patients with COVID-19 admitted to the Sino-French New City branch of Wuhan Tongji Hospital from January to February 2020. Read More

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Conceptual Framework for Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis Based on Scoping Review and Expert Consensus Process.

J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2021 May-Jun 01;48(3):239-250

Manuel Rodríguez-Palma, PhD, MSN, RN, Nursing Home "José Matía Calvo," Cádiz, Spain; and Executive Member of Spanish Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel.

Incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) has been studied over the last decades, but gaps in the knowledge related to its identification, etiological agents, and risk factors remain. We carried out a scoping review about IAD that included systematic reviews, experimental, and observational studies about IAD and its potential risk factors. We retrieved 24 articles that described 100 potential risk factors and which were synthesized by the authors and proposed to a panel of experts. Read More

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Study Protocol Modeling Evoked Pain in Older African Americans with Knee Osteoarthritis.

Nurs Res 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

University of Florida College of Nursing, Gainesville, FL University of Connecticut School of Nursing, Storrs, CT University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL University of Florida College of Dentistry, Gainesville, FL.

Background: African American (AA) older adults with knee osteoarthritis experience more severe chronic pain and advanced physical disability. One of the most prominent stimuli that provoke knee pain is movement. Research suggests that compared to White Americans, AAs report significantly higher movement-evoked pain (MEP) in the knee. Read More

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Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Impaired Glucose Metabolism among 10- to 17-Year-Old Overweight and Obese Lithuanian Children and Adolescents.

Obes Facts 2021 May 5:1-12. Epub 2021 May 5.

Institute of Endocrinology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Background: Overweight (Ow) and obesity among adults and children increases the risk of metabolic consequences. Metabolic syndrome (MS) and impaired glucose metabolism are well-known risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of MS and impaired glucose metabolism among Ow and obese (Ob) children and adolescents (aged 10-17 years) in Lithuania, and to evaluate the associations between insulin resistance (IR) indices and anthropometric parameters as well as metabolic disturbances. Read More

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Preoperative Parameters to Predict the Development of Symptomatic Lymphoceles after Radical Prostatectomy.

Urol Int 2021 May 5:1-8. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Urology, Uro-Oncology, Robot-assisted and Specialized Urologic Surgery, Cologne University Hospital, Cologne, Germany.

Introduction: Symptomatic lymphoceles (SLs) represent the most common complication after radical prostatectomy (RP) and pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND). To date, preoperative risk factors are missing.

Methods: Clinical and pathological data of 592 patients who underwent RP and PLND were evaluated. Read More

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Sextant Biopsy-Based Criteria for Clinically Insignificant Prostate Cancer Are Also Valid for the 12-Core Prostate Biopsy Scheme: A Multicenter Study of Urooncology Association, Turkey.

Urol Int 2021 May 5:1-9. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Urology, Altunizade Hospital, Mehmet Ali Aydınlar Acıbadem University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Epstein criteria based on sextant biopsy are assumed to be valid for 12-core biopsies. However, very scarce information is present in the current literature to support this view.

Objectives: To investigate the validity of Epstein criteria for clinically insignificant prostate cancer (PCa) in a cohort of the currently utilized 12-core prostate biopsy (TRUS-Bx) scheme in patients with low-risk and intermediate-risk PCa. Read More

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Are Individuals with Substance Use Disorders at Higher Risk of SARS-CoV-2 Infection? Population-Based Registry Study in Northern Italy.

Eur Addict Res 2021 May 5:1-5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Epidemiology Unit, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, Italy.

Background And Aim: This study assesses whether individuals with substance use disorder are at greater risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection than people in the general population.

Methods: A population-based study was conducted including 3,780 individuals, diagnosed with alcohol or other drug dependence and cared for by the addiction service (AS) in the province of Reggio Emilia. Standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) and relative 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of being tested and of being SARS-CoV-2 positive in the population of interest compared with those in the general population of Reggio Emilia were calculated. Read More

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Association between Diabetes Mellitus and Contrast-Associated Acute Kidney Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 1.1 Million Contrast Exposure Patients.

Nephron 2021 May 5:1-11. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coronary Heart Disease Prevention, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Although diabetes mellitus (DM) has been a common risk factor of contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) for a long time, several current studies showed that DM is not an independent risk factor. Due to this diverse finding, we aim to conduct a systematic review assessing the effect of DM on CA-AKI.

Methods: We searched Ovid Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (to June 1, 2020) for studies assessing the association between DM and CA-AKI. Read More

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Erectile Dysfunction in Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: Predictors of Early Detection and Treatment.

Urol Int 2021 May 5:1-7. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Urology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Purpose: To identify risk factors and potential predictors of erectile dysfunction (ED) in type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients for early detection and treatment.

Methods: A retrospective cohort was used to assess the clinical data of 105 diabetic patients with ED from May 2019 to April 2020 age-matched to 105 diabetic patients without ED. Potential risk factors that could contribute to ED were compared between the groups. Read More

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Rural Stroke Surveillance and Establishment of Acute Stroke Care Pathway Using Frontline Health Workers in Rural Northwest India: The Ludhiana Experience.

Neuroepidemiology 2021 May 5:1-9. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India.

Background And Purpose: The role of community health workers (CHWs) in stroke surveillance and in establishing the stroke care pathway has not been studied. The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of using CHWs in the public health system to identify stroke patients for population-based stroke registration and to study the establishment of acute stroke care pathway in rural areas of Ludhiana, Punjab, Northwest India.

Methods: Two rural blocks in Ludhiana district, comprising 164 villages and a population of 259,778, were selected. Read More

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Renal Impairment and Risk of Acute Stroke: The INTERSTROKE Study.

Neuroepidemiology 2021 May 5:1-10. Epub 2021 May 5.

Estudios Clinicos Latinoamerica, Rosario, Argentina.

Background: Previous studies reported an association of renal impairment with stroke, but there are uncertainties underpinning this association.

Aims: We explored if the association is explained by shared risk factors or is independent and whether there are regional or stroke subtype variations.

Methods: INTERSTROKE is a case-control study and the largest international study of risk factors for first acute stroke, completed in 27 countries. Read More

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The Obesity Paradox in Elderly Patients Undergoing Emergency Surgery: A Nationwide Analysis.

J Surg Res 2021 May 2;265:195-203. Epub 2021 May 2.

Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Background: Obesity has long been considered a risk factor for postoperative adverse events in surgery. We sought to study the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the clinical outcomes of the high-risk emergency general surgery (EGS) elderly patients.

Methods: All EGS ≥65 years old patients in the 2007-2016 ACS-NSQIP database, identified using the variables 'emergency' and 'surgspec,' were included. Read More

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Basic gait pattern and impact of fall risk factors on gait among older adults in India.

Gait Posture 2021 Apr 30;88:16-21. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India. Electronic address:

Background: An unstable gait pattern is an indicator of an increased risk of falls among older adults. Data on basic gait parameters is useful in the early identification of gait impairment. However, reference gait measurements are not available in low- and middle-income countries. Read More

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Association between metabolic syndrome and resting-state functional brain connectivity.

Neurobiol Aging 2021 Apr 1;104:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Neuroimaging Research for Veterans Center (NeRVe), Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center (GRECC), VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

The objective of this study is to examine whether metabolic syndrome (MetS), the clustering of 3 or more cardiovascular risk factors, disrupts the resting-state functional connectivity (FC) of the large-scale cortical brain networks. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were collected from seventy-eight middle-aged and older adults living with and without MetS (27 MetS; 51 non-MetS). FC maps were derived from the time series of intrinsic activity in the large-scale brain networks by correlating the spatially averaged time series with all brain voxels using a whole-brain seed-based FC approach. Read More

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Sagittal reduction of spinal deformity: superior versus lateral screw-rod connection.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Aix-Marseille Université, APHM, CNRS, ISM, CHU Timone, Unité de chirurgie rachidienne, 264 rue Saint-Pierre, 13005 Marseille, France. Electronic address:

Introduction Spinal malalignment can greatly impact a patient's quality of life. Various sagittal parameters are used as realignment goals; however, about 50% of patients end up being under-corrected postoperatively. To improve the correction, prebent rods are available with a radius of curvature corresponding to the patient's "ideal" sagittal alignment. Read More

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Organophosphate pesticides and progression of chronic kidney disease among children: A prospective cohort study.

Environ Int 2021 May 2;155:106597. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Environmental Pediatrics, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, USA; Department of Population Health, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, USA; Department of Environmental Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY; NYU Wagner School of Public Service, New York, NY, USA; NYU College of Global Public Health, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Growing evidence suggests that exposure to environmental chemicals, such as pesticides, impacts renal function and chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, it is not clear if pesticides may affect CKD progression and no studies exist in children.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine associations between serially measured urinary OP pesticide metabolites and clinical and laboratory measures of kidney function over time among children with CKD. Read More

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Liver transplantation for patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) in Europe: results of the ELITA/EF-CLIF collaborative study (ECLIS).

J Hepatol 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of hepatogastroenterology, Hepatology and Liver Transplantation Unit, HCL Hopital de la Croix-Rousse, Lyon, France.

Background And Aims: Liver transplantation (LT) has been proposed to be an effective salvage therapy even for the sickest patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). This large collaborative study was designed to address the current clinical practice and outcomes of ACLF patients wait listed (WL) for LT in Europe.

Methods: Retrospective study including 308 consecutive ACLF patients, listed in 20 centres across 8 European countries, from January 2018 to June 2019. Read More

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Ann Vasc Surg 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has become a valid alternative to carotid endarterectomy in stroke prevention. However, female gender is still considered as an independent risk factor for CAS procedures, potentially limiting immediate and long-term benefits. Aim of present study was to evaluate gender differences in CAS submitted patients from an Italian high-volume center. Read More

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Mortality and Healthcare Utilization of Patients with Compensated Hypercapnia.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

University of Michigan, 1259, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.

Rationale: Acute hypercapnic respiratory failure has been shown to be associated with worse outcomes for various disease states, but less is known about patients with compensated hypercapnic respiratory failure. Although these patients have a normal pH, it remains unknown whether chronically elevated partial pressures of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), irrespective of etiology, put patients at risk of adverse events.

Objectives: To understand the burden of and clinical factors associated with morbidity and mortality in patients with compensated hypercapnic respiratory failure. Read More

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Clinical risk scores for the prediction of incident Atrial Fibrillation: A modernized review.

Rom J Intern Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

University of Medicine and Pharmacy Gr. T. Popa Iași, Strada Universității 16, Iași 700115, Romania.

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is considered the most common sustained arrhythmia. Major cardiovascular risk factors that have been identified to initiate and perpetuate AF include age, sex, arterial hypertension, heart failure, valvular heart disease and diabetes mellitus. In the literature, several studies aimed to formulate easily - applied and accurate risk stratification scores, based on antecedent cardiovascular events, comorbidities and biomarkers for the prediction of new-onset AF. Read More

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Association between neurological outcome and poststroke comorbid mood and anxiety disorders: A real-life experience.

Brain Behav 2021 May 5:e02158. Epub 2021 May 5.

Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, EPHE, INCIA, UMR 5287, Bordeaux, France.

Introduction: Poststroke depression (PSD) and anxiety (PSA) are prevalent and have a strong impact on functional outcome. Beside stroke severity, little is known on their clinical determinants. This study investigated the association between stroke mechanism, neurological poststroke complications and remaining vascular risk factors and the presence of comorbid PSD and PSA, termed poststroke emotional distress (PSED). Read More

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Ustekinumab is more effective than azathioprine to prevent endoscopic postoperative recurrence in Crohn's disease.

United European Gastroenterol J 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital of Besançon, University Bourgogne FrancheComté, Besançon, France.

Background: Preventing postoperative recurrence (POR) is a major concern in Crohn's disease (CD). While azathioprine is an option, no data is available on ustekinumab efficacy in this situation.

Aims: We compared the effectiveness of ustekinumab versus azathioprine in preventing endoscopic POR in CD. Read More

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Serum phosphate is associated with mortality among patients admitted to ICU for acute pancreatitis.

United European Gastroenterol J 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Service de Réanimation Médicale, CHRU Jean Minjoz, Besançon, France.

Background And Aims: Routine laboratory tests can be useful predictors in the early assessment of the severity and mortality of acute pancreatitis (AP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of clinical and laboratory parameters for the prediction of mortality among patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for AP.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital made publicly available to examine the relationship between routine clinical and laboratory parameters with respect to mortality for AP. Read More

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Performance-based balance tests, combined with the number of falls recalled in the past year, predicts the incidence of future falls in established unilateral transtibial prosthesis users.

PM R 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195.

Introduction: Falls are common and consequential events for lower limb prosthesis (LLP) users. Currently, there are no models based on prospective falls data that clinicians can use to predict the incidence of future falls in LLP users. Assessing who is at risk for falls, and thus most likely to need and benefit from intervention, remains a challenge. Read More

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Sarcopenia as a predictor of initial administration dose of afatinib in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Thorac Cancer 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Medical Oncology, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology; Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Background: Sarcopenia has recently emerged as a new condition with increasing importance in lung cancer patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of sarcopenia on tolerance and efficacy of afatinib.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 35 patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with first-line afatinib. Read More

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Rhesus monkeys as a translational model for late-onset Alzheimer's disease.

Aging Cell 2021 May 5:e13374. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, SMPH, Madison, WI, USA.

Age is a major risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) but seldom features in laboratory models of the disease. Furthermore, heterogeneity in size and density of AD plaques observed in individuals are not recapitulated in transgenic mouse models, presenting an incomplete picture. We show that the amyloid plaque microenvironment is not equivalent between rodent and primate species, and that differences in the impact of AD pathology on local metabolism and inflammation might explain established differences in neurodegeneration and functional decline. Read More

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The social environment and childhood obesity: Implications for research and practice in the United States and countries in Latin America.

Obes Rev 2021 May 5:e13246. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

The environments of children influence their risk for childhood obesity through, among other factors, a child's weight-related behaviors (i.e., diet and physical activity). Read More

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Prevalence and factors associated with ulcer-related pain in persons with chronic leg ulcers-an explorative study.

J Clin Nurs 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of South-Eastern, Notodden, Norway.

Aims And Objectives: The aims of this study were to explore the prevalence of background pain and identify demographic, clinical and psychosocial factors associated with moderate to severe background pain in persons with leg ulcers.

Background: All chronic leg ulcers are potentially painful. Research indicates that 80% of persons with chronic leg ulcers experience wound-related background pain. Read More

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