Cytokine Growth Factor Rev 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.
Cancer Institute, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao University, Qingdao Cancer Institute, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, China; School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address:
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Traditionally, IL-19 was thought to be expressed in only immune cells, but studies revealed that IL-19 is also expressed in multiple atherosclerotic plaque cell types, but not normal arteries, in humans and mice. IL-19 reduces the development of atherosclerosis via multiple mechanisms, including balancing cholesterol metabolism; enhancing Th2 immune cell polarization; reducing the inflammatory response; and reducing the proliferation, migration and chemotaxis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Read More