79,753 results match your criteria retrospectively reviewed


COVID-19 after lung resection in Northern Italy.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Thoracic Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering, Cornell University, New York, USA.

We reviewed surgical cases from 4 Thoracic Surgery departments in the Lombardia region of Italy, the area mostly affected by Coronavirus pandemic in Europe, with the aim to describe the impact of COVID-19 on the treatment of thoracic surgical patients. Clinical, radiological and laboratory data from patients who underwent lung resection from December 2019 to March 2020 were retrospectively collected until June 2020. Univariable Cox regression models were estimated to evaluate potential prognostic factors for developing COVID-19 and to investigate postoperative mortality among patients who developed symptomatic COVID-19 infection. Read More

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The impact of chest CT body composition parameters on clinical outcomes in COVID-19 patients.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(5):e0251768. Epub 2021 May 14.

Epidemiology Unit, Azienda USL-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, Italy.

We assessed the impact of chest CT body composition parameters on outcomes and disease severity at hospital presentation of COVID-19 patients, focusing also on the possible mediation of body composition in the relationship between age and death in these patients. Chest CT scans performed at hospital presentation by consecutive COVID-19 patients (02/27/2020-03/13/2020) were retrospectively reviewed to obtain pectoralis muscle density and total, visceral, and intermuscular adipose tissue areas (TAT, VAT, IMAT) at the level of T7-T8 vertebrae. Primary outcomes were: hospitalization, mechanical ventilation (MV) and/or death, death alone. Read More

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Relationships Between Bronchoscopy, Microbiology, and Radiology in Noncystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol Pulmonol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Pediatric Pulmonolgy, Bezmialem Vakif University Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.

Published data on the correlations of bronchoscopy findings with microbiological, radiological, and pulmonary function test results in children with noncystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis (BE) are unavailable. The aims of this study were to evaluate relationships between Bronchoscopic appearance and secretion scoring, microbiological growth, radiological severity level, and pulmonary function tests in patients with non-CF BE. Children with non-CF BE were identified and collected over a 6-year period. Read More

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Comparison of British Thyroid Association, American College of Radiology TIRADS and artificial intelligence TIRADS with histological correlation: diagnostic performance for predicting thyroid malignancy and unnecessary fine needle aspiration rate.

Br J Radiol 2021 May 14:20201444. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Radiology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, NHS GG&C, Glasgow, UK.

Objectives: To compare diagnostic performance of British Thyroid Association (BTA), American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (ACR-TIRADS) and Artificial Intelligence TIRADS (AI-TIRADS) for thyroid nodule malignancy. To determine comparative unnecessary FNA rates.

Methods: 218 thyroid nodules with definitive histology obtained during 2017 were included. Read More

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Recipient vessel selection for multiple free flap transfers in head and neck reconstruction at different periods.

Microsurgery 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Treatment decisions can be challenging in patients undergoing multiple oropharyngeal microsurgical reconstructions at different periods by various causes. We, retrospectively, reviewed patients with at least three consecutive free flap reconstructions to determine the optimal strategy for selecting recipient vessels.

Methods: Then, 36 patients (33 men and 3 women) who underwent at least 3 microsurgical reconstructions with a total of 51 free flap transfers for head and neck defects were included in this report. Read More

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A Retrospective Study of the Safety and Efficacy of a Radial Diode Laser Probe in the Management of Pilonidal Sinus Disease.

Dermatol Surg 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Dermatology, Hospital Garcia de Orta, E.P.E., Almada, Portugal; Departments of Dermatology, and General Surgery, Hospital da Luz-Oeiras, Oeiras, Portugal.

Background: Recently, the interest in minimally invasive techniques in the management of the pilonidal sinus has been rising. The main goal is to avoid the prolonged recovery period associated with traditional surgeries.

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a radial diode laser probe in the destruction of the pilonidal sinus. Read More

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Press Ganey Surveys in Patients Undergoing Upper-Extremity Surgical Procedures: Response Rate and Evidence of Nonresponse Bias.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: Patient satisfaction surveys are important measures of the patient experience that provide data for quality improvement. The purpose of this study was to establish the response rate and the factors associated with the completion of the Press Ganey (PG) Ambulatory Surgery Survey (PGAS) in patients who underwent ambulatory upper-extremity surgical procedures.

Methods: A prospective orthopaedic registry at a single academic ambulatory surgical center was retrospectively reviewed for patients who underwent an upper-extremity surgical procedure from 2015 to 2019. Read More

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Evolution of Recipient Characteristics Over 3 Decades and Impact on Survival After Lung Transplantation.

Transplantation 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart, Vascular and Thoracic Institute 2 Department of Quantitative Health Sciences 3Departmet of Pulmonary Medicine, Respiratory Institute 4Department of Inflammation & Immunity, Lerner Research Institute.

Background: Lung transplantation (LTx) is a definitive treatment for end-stage lung disease. Herein, we reviewed our center experience over three decades to examine the evolution of recipient characteristics and contemporary predictors of survival for LTx.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of LTx procedures performed at our institution from 1/1990 to 1/2019 (n=1819). Read More

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Artificial neural network model from a case series of COVID-19 patients: a prognostic analysis.

Acta Biomed 2021 May 12;92(2):e2021202. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, Italy; Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, ASUFC Santa Maria della Misericordia University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy.

Background And Aim:  There is a need to determine which clinical variables predict the severity of COVID-19. We analyzed a series of critically ill COVID-19 patients to see if any of our dataset's clinical variables were associated with patient outcomes.

Methods:  We retrospectively analyzed the data of COVID-19 patients admitted to the ICU of the Hospital in Pordenone from March 11, 2020, to April 17, 2020. Read More

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Feline ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by larvae: four cases (2005-2020).

J Feline Med Surg 2021 May 14:1098612X211013021. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Case Series Summary: Described are four cats diagnosed with ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by larvae. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed to identify cats with ophthalmomyiasis externa between 2005 and 2020 at Cornell University Hospital for Animals. Signalment, history, clinical and diagnostic findings, treatment and outcome were recorded. Read More

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Longitudinal Assessment of Right Ventricular Function in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome.

Pediatr Cardiol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford Medical School, 750 Welch Road, Stanford, CA, USA.

Overall survival of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) has shown continued improvement. Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, in the long term, adversely affects prognosis in these patients. This study examines changes in echocardiographic markers of RV function in a longitudinal cohort. Read More

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Targeted Ordering of Investigations Reduces Costs of Treatment for Surgical Inpatients.

Int J Qual Health Care 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Wollongong Public Hospital.

Background: Laboratory testing forms an important part of diagnostic investigation in modern medicine, however the over-use of 'routine blood tests' can result in significant potential harm and financial cost to the patient and the healthcare system. In 2018, a new protocol targeting ordering of investigations was implemented within the General Surgical Teams of Wollongong Hospital in New South Wales (NSW), an Australian tertiary referral hospital, to reduce the number of 'routine blood tests' as a quality improvement initiative.

Methods: The protocol involved regular review of the laboratory investigations being ordered for the following day with a senior team member. Read More

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Controlling nutritional status score as a prognostic marker to predict overall survival in resected biliary tract cancers.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(8):644

Department of Liver Surgery, Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) Hospital, PUMC & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Background: The aim of our study was to explore the prognostic significance of the preoperative controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and establish a nomogram to predict overall survival (OS) and to achieve a more accurate prognostic risk stratification.

Methods: Clinicopathological records of 371 patients who underwent surgical resection for biliary tract cancers (BTC) from December 2002 to December 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. The associations of the CONUT score with clinicopathological factors and OS were evaluated. Read More

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Advances in the surgical outcomes of 300 cases of pure laparoscopic living donor right hemihepatectomy divided into three periods of 100 cases: a single-centre case series.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(7):553

Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Minimally invasive surgery has been widely used for hepatobiliary operations. This study aimed to determine the safety and feasibility of pure laparoscopic living donor right hepatectomy.

Methods: From November 2015 to April 2019, 300 cases of adult pure laparoscopic living donor right hepatectomy performed at Seoul National University Hospital were divided into three subgroups of periods 1-3 of 100 cases each: 1-100, 101-200, and 201-300, respectively. Read More

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Machine learning models to predict red blood cell transfusion in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(7):530

Department of Transfusion, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion therapy has been widely used in surgery, and has yielded excellent treatment outcomes. However, in some instances, the demand for RBC transfusion is assessed by doctors based on their experience. In this study, we use machine learning models to predict the need for RBC transfusion during mitral valve surgery to guide the surgeon's assessment of the patient's need for intraoperative blood transfusion. Read More

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Coronary Computed Tomographic Angiography Imaging as a Prognostic Indicator for Coronary Artery Disease: Data from a Lebanese Tertiary Center.

Heart Views 2020 Oct-Dec;21(4):239-244. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Radiology, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) is a noninvasive imaging technique with a high negative predictive value (NPV). Most studies were done in developed countries, where the prevalence of CAD does not reflect the actual disease burden in developing countries, such as Lebanon. Read More

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January 2021

Outcome of Patients With Metastatic Lung Neuroendocrine Tumors Submitted to First Line Monotherapy With Somatostatin Analogs.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 27;12:669484. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Medical Oncology, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences and Public Health University of Brescia, ASST-Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy.

Objective: Antiproliferative activity of somatostatin analogs (SSAs) has been demonstrated in digestive neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), but few data have been published in patients with pulmonary NETs. We therefore conducted a retrospective study to provide additional data on the outcome of patients with metastatic lung NETs submitted to front line SSAs.

Research Design And Methods: Patients with metastatic lung NET treated with first line SSA-monotherapy (octreotide or lanreotide) in two different reference Institutions were reviewed. Read More

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Long-term results of sirolimus treatment in lymphangioleiomyomatosis: a single referral centre experience.

Sci Rep 2021 May 13;11(1):10171. Epub 2021 May 13.

Lung Transplant Program, Department of Pulmonology, Departament de Medicina, Vall d'Hebron Institut de Recerca (VHIR), Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Passeig Vall d'Hebron, 119-129, 08035, Barcelona, Spain.

There are few published data on long-term treatment with sirolimus in lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). The objective of this study was to describe the long-term effect of sirolimus in a series of LAM patients followed up in a referral centre, focusing on pulmonary function. We retrospectively reviewed a series of 48 patients with LAM diagnosed, followed up and treated with sirolimus in a single centre. Read More

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Management of Pyogenic Spondylodiscitis Following Nonspinal Surgeries: A Tertiary Care Center Experience.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Orthopaedic & Knee Clinic, Mumbai, India.

Background: The literature is lacking on the incidence and management of pyogenic spondylodiscitis (PS) following routine elective surgical procedures. This study aimed to analyze the presentation and treatment outcome in patients with PS following nonspinal surgeries at a tertiary care center with a minimum follow-up of 12 months.

Methods: The demographic, clinical-radiologic features, and treatment outcomes in 40 patients with a diagnosis of PS following nonspinal surgical procedures were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Read More

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Progression to Symptomatic Multiple Myeloma Predicted by Texture Analysis-Derived Parameters in Patients Without Focal Disease at F-FDG PET/CT.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Dipartimento di Scienze Radiologiche ed Ematologiche, Istituto di Medicina Nucleare, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy; Dipartimento di Diagnostica per Immagini, Radioterapia Oncologica ed Ematologia, UOC di Medicina Nucleare, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

This retrospective study is focused on the possible clinical implications of texture analysis-derived PET parameters in patients with smoldering multiple myeloma. Several texture features are significantly associated with progression to symptomatic multiple myeloma and with a shorter time to progression. The results of this study may lead to early identification of patients who could benefit from specific therapies. Read More

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Sonication in the diagnosis of fracture-related infections (FRI)-a retrospective study on 230 retrieved implants.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 May 13;16(1):310. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, BG University Clinic Bergmannsheil Bochum, Bürkle-de-la-Camp-Platz 1, 44789, Bochum, Germany.

Background: In fracture-related infections (FRI), both the diagnosis of the infection and the identification of the causative pathogen are crucial to optimize treatment outcomes. Sonication has been successfully used for periprosthetic joint infections (PJI); however, its role in FRI remains unknown. Our aim was to determine the diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity, specificity) of sonicate fluid culture (SFC). Read More

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Lymphocyte subset analysis to evaluate the prognosis of HIV-negative patients with pneumocystis pneumonia.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 May 14;21(1):441. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, No.1 Shuaifuyuan, Wangfujing, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

Objectives: We analysed the peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative patients infected with pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) to determine the relationships between the levels of different types of lymphocytes and the prognosis of patients.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed HIV-negative patients with PCP diagnosed in our department. All the eligible patients underwent lymphocyte subset analysis on admission. Read More

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Compassion inequities and opioid use disorder: A matched case-control analysis examining inpatient management of cancer-related pain for patients with opioid use disorder.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.

Context: The opioid epidemic spurred guidelines intended to reduce inappropriate prescribing. Although acute cancer-related pain was excluded from these recommendations, studies demonstrate reduced opioid prescribing for patients hospitalized with advanced cancer.

Objectives: We performed a matched case-control analysis to determine how a history of opioid use disorder (OUD) affects inpatient management of cancer pain. Read More

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Extent of Paranasal Sinus Involvement and its Prognostic Value in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Proposed Modification in the Current UICC/AJCC staging system.

Radiother Oncol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Medical Imaging, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of paranasal sinus involvement (PSI) in NPC and to explore its appropriate position in the current AJCC staging system.

Materials And Methods: Pretreatment MRI of 1317 patients with NPC treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) between January 2010, and January 2013, were reviewed retrospectively. Survival was compared between patients with PSI-slight (sinus bone wall erosion only) and PSI-severe (tumor penetrated into sinus cavity). Read More

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Can laboratory findings predict pulmonary involvement in children with COVID-19 infection?

Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Health Sciences Dr. Behçet Uz Child Disease and Pediatric Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.

Background: Studies investigating clinical and imaging findings of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia and predictors for lung injury mostly focus on adults. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the role of laboratory findings in predicting lung involvement in children with COVID-19.

Methods: Children with COVID-19 confirmed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction or COVID-19 IgM and who underwent chest computed tomography (CT) scans were reviewed retrospectively. Read More

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Left ventricular outflow tract area after percutaneous transseptal transcatheter mitral valve implantation: A three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography study.

Echocardiography 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Noninvasive Cardiac Laboratory, Cedars-Sinai Smidt Heart Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Left ventricular (LV) outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction increases mortality in patients undergoing transcatheter mitral valve implantation (TMVI) in degenerated bioprostheses, annuloplasty rings, and native mitral valves. We aimed to evaluate the LVOT area after TMVI using 3-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and to investigate the preprocedural cardiac geometry that affects the LVOT area after TMVI.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed echocardiography data in 43 patients who had TMVI. Read More

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Role of tadalafil in enhancing visualization of posterior urethra prior to combined voiding cystourethrogram and retrograde urethrogram: a retrospective analysis.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Purpose: To show utility of tadalafil in enhancing visualization of posterior urethra in patients with urethral stricture.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of adults male who failed to delineate the posterior urethra while undergoing combined voiding cystourethrogram and retrograde urethrogram (VCUG and RUG), as a part of preoperative assessment of stricture length and location before urethral reconstruction. The study was repeated 24 h later after a single dose of tadalafil 20 mg was administrated 2 h before the procedure (Tadalafil group). Read More

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Transhepatic hilar approach for Bismuth types III and IV perihilar cholangiocarcinoma with long-term outcomes.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211008336

Department of Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, P.R. China.

Objective: To compare the outcomes of the transhepatic hilar approach and conventional approach for surgical treatment of Bismuth types III and IV perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 82 patients who underwent surgical resection of Bismuth types III and IV perihilar cholangiocarcinoma from 2008 to 2016. The transhepatic hilar approach and conventional approach was used in 36 (43. Read More

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Admission discipline and timing of admission may influence outcomes for gastrointestinal bleeding patients.

ANZ J Surg 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Bleeding of the gastrointestinal tract (BGIT) is a common gastrointestinal emergency. There is no consensus whether this condition should be admitted to medical or surgical discipline. Timing of presentation may also impact patient outcomes due to differences in healthcare resource availability. Read More

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Clinical Features and Management of Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia Keratitis.

Ophthalmol Ther 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Ophthalmology, Chosun University College of Medicine, 365 Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Introduction: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia keratitis is an uncommon infectious disease of the cornea. The clinical features, antibiotic susceptibility, and clinical outcomes of S. maltophilia keratitis were investigated in this study. Read More

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