3,012 results match your criteria resilience process

Anammox bacteria in treating ammonium rich wastewater: Recent perspective and appraisal.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Apr 28;334:125240. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Ecosphere Resilience Research Centre, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka. Electronic address:

The discovery of anammox process has provided eco-friendly and low-cost means of treating ammonia rich wastewater with remarkable efficiency. Furthermore, recent studies have shown that the possibility of operating the anammox process under low temperatures and high organic matter contents broadening the application of the anammox process. However, short doubling time and extensive levels of sensitivity towards nutrients and environmental alterations such as salinity and temperature are the limitations in practical applications of the anammox process. Read More

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Costing a population health management approach for participant recruitment to a diabetes prevention study.

Transl Behav Med 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Health Promotion, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Limited research has reported the economic feasibility-from both a research and practice perspective-of efforts to recruit and enroll an intended audience in evidence-based approaches for disease prevention. We aimed to retrospectively assess and estimate the costs of a population health management (PHM) approach to identify, engage, and enroll patients in a Type 1 Hybrid Effectiveness-Implementation (HEI), diabetes-prevention trial. We used activity-based costing to estimate the recruitment costs of a PHM approach integrated within an HEI trial. Read More

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Getting Interdisciplinary Teams into the Field: Institutional Review Board Preapproval and Multi-Institution Authorization Agreements for Rapid Response Disaster Research.

Risk Anal 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Research Protections Office, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.

This article describes an interdisciplinary community resilience research project and presents a case study that supports bringing researchers together before a disaster to develop plans, procedures, and preapproved Institutional Review Board (IRB) protocols. In addition, this article explains how researchers from various academic institutions and their federal agency partners can effectively collaborate by creating an IRB Authorization Agreement (IAA). Such preparations can support interdisciplinary rapid response disaster fieldwork that is timely, ethically informed, and scientifically rigorous. Read More

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Resilience as a multi-directional movement process: A conceptual and empirical exploration.

Br J Sociol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Movement is a recurrent thematic within extant resilience scholarship. Ecological theorizations of resilience emphasize systems that are in constant movement and flux. Terms such as "bouncing back" and "bouncing forward" are frequently used to describe how individuals recover and move on from adversity and trauma. Read More

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How Emergency Nurses Develop Resilience in the Context of Workplace Violence: A Grounded Theory Study.

J Nurs Scholarsh 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Purpose: To understand how emergency nurses develop resilience in the context of workplace violence.

Design: This study employed grounded theory methodology. Thirty nurses from three hospital emergency departments in Taiwan were interviewed between August and December 2018. Read More

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Learning from public health and hospital resilience to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: protocol for a multiple case study (Brazil, Canada, China, France, Japan, and Mali).

Health Res Policy Syst 2021 May 6;19(1):76. Epub 2021 May 6.

School of Public Health, University of Montreal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Background: All prevention efforts currently being implemented for COVID-19 are aimed at reducing the burden on strained health systems and human resources. There has been little research conducted to understand how SARS-CoV-2 has affected health care systems and professionals in terms of their work. Finding effective ways to share the knowledge and insight between countries, including lessons learned, is paramount to the international containment and management of the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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A qualitative survey of household emergency preparedness for the elderly and the medically frail living in coastal urban communities.

Tara N Heagele

J Emerg Manag 2021 Mar-Apr;19(2):143-163

Assistant Professor, Hunter-Bellevue School of Nursing, Hunter College, The City University of New York, New York.

Objective: To understand how elderly and medically frail adults have experienced disasters and how this experience impacts what they do now to prepare for disasters and to generate theory regarding the process through which community members prepare for disasters.

Design: This study employed a qualitative descriptive methodology, Situational Analysis (SA), to explore the social processes of disaster preparedness in vulnerable community members. The Protective Action Decision Model was used to inspire the interview guide and initial coding of the data. Read More

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Risk assessment of soil heavy metal contamination at the census tract level in the city of Santa Ana, CA: implications for health and environmental justice.

Environ Sci Process Impacts 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA.

(1) Background: exposure to heavy metals is associated with adverse health effects and disproportionately impacts low-income communities and communities of color. We carried out a community-based participatory research study to examine the distribution of heavy metal concentrations in the soil and social vulnerabilities to soil heavy metal exposures across Census tracts in Santa Ana, CA. (2) Methods: soil samples (n = 1528) of eight heavy metals including lead (Pb), arsenic (As), manganese (Mn), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), cadmium (Cd), and zinc (Zn) were collected in 2018 across Santa Ana, CA, at a high spatial resolution and analyzed using XRF analysis. Read More

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The unpredictable carbon nanotube biocorona and a functionalization method to prevent protein biofouling.

J Nanobiotechnology 2021 May 5;19(1):129. Epub 2021 May 5.

The Nanomedicine Group, University of Cantabria-IDIVAL, 39011, Santander, Spain.

Background: The intrinsic physicochemical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) make them unique tools in nanotechnology. Their elemental composition, resilience, thermal properties, and surface reactivity make CNTs also of undisputed interest in biotechnology. In particular, their extraordinary ability to capture biomolecules on their surface makes them essential in this field. Read More

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The plasticity of ageing and the rediscovery of ground-state prevention.

Hist Philos Life Sci 2021 May 4;43(2):67. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich), Zurich, Switzerland.

In this paper, I present an emerging explanatory framework about ageing and care. In particular, I focus on how, in contrast to most classical accounts of ageing, biomedicine today construes the ageing process as a modifiable trajectory. This framing turns ageing from a stage of inexorable decline into the focus of preventive strategies, harnessing the functional plasticity of the ageing organism. Read More

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Evaluation of Skin Care Concerns and Patient's Perception of the Effect of NanoSilk Cream on Facial Skin.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Surgery, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, 1775 Aurora Ct, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.

Skin aging is an inevitable process with one of the key features of aging being dryness or flakiness of the skin. Previous in vivo and in vitro testing has highlighted that a silk-based product may be effective in improving moisture retention in skin. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of our silk-based product through a combination of objective and subjective tests - including direct evaluation of patient's own perception of their skin. Read More

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Pyruvate carboxylase and cancer progression.

Cancer Metab 2021 Apr 30;9(1):20. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Nutrition Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.

Pyruvate carboxylase (PC) is a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the ATP-dependent carboxylation of pyruvate to oxaloacetate (OAA), serving to replenish the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. In nonmalignant tissue, PC plays an essential role in controlling whole-body energetics through regulation of gluconeogenesis in the liver, synthesis of fatty acids in adipocytes, and insulin secretion in pancreatic β cells. In breast cancer, PC activity is linked to pulmonary metastasis, potentially by providing the ability to utilize glucose, fatty acids, and glutamine metabolism as needed under varying conditions as cells metastasize. Read More

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Effect of different types of acid-etching agents and adhesives on enamel discoloration during orthodontic treatment.

J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects 2021 13;15(1):7-10. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Dentist, Private Practitioner, Tabriz, Iran.

Acid etching and bonding is a routine process in orthodontic treatment. The present study aimed to evaluate enamel discoloration after using different types of acid etching and adhesive agents. A total of 105 extracted human premolars were divided into six groups regarding the type of acid etching agent: solution and gel of 37% phosphoric acid, and type of self-cured adhesive agent: Unite (3M, fluoride-free), Resilience (Ortho Technology), and Rely-a-Bond (Reliance, fluoride-releasing adhesive), with each group containing 15 specimens. Read More

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February 2021

Earthquake Exposure and PTSD Symptoms Among Disaster-Exposed Adolescents: A Moderated Mediation Model of Sleep Problems and Resilience.

Front Psychiatry 2021 13;12:577328. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

Considerable studies have explored the potential mechanisms between trauma exposure and PTSD, but little is known about the role of sleep problems and resilience in this relationship. To address this research gap, the present study examined whether sleep problems mediated the relationship between earthquake exposure and PTSD symptoms, and whether this mediating process was moderated by resilience. A sample of 1,342 adolescents ( = 15. Read More

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Investigating the Relationship between Stress and Self-Rated Health during the Financial Crisis and Recession in 2008: The Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction and Social Support in Spain.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 2;10(7). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Faculty of Psychology, National Distance University (UNED), 28046 Madrid, Spain.

Background: the 2008 financial crisis and subsequent recession had a strong impact on employment and certain health indicators, such as mental health. Many studies carried out with diverse samples attest to the negative influence of stress on health. However, few studies focus on stress and self-rated health among the Spanish workforce, or analyse which variables can act as a buffer against the negative effects of stress on self-perceived health. Read More

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Aerobic Granular Sludge-Membrane BioReactor (AGS-MBR) as a Novel Configuration for Wastewater Treatment and Fouling Mitigation: A Mini-Review.

Membranes (Basel) 2021 Apr 4;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, University of Enna "Kore", 94100 Enna, Italy.

This mini-review reports the effect of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) on performance and membrane-fouling in combined aerobic granular sludge-membrane bioreactor (AGS-MBR) systems. Membrane-fouling represents a major drawback hampering the wider application of membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology. Fouling can be mitigated by applying aerobic granular sludge technology, a novel kind of biofilm technology characterized by high settleability, strong microbial structure, high resilience to toxic/recalcitrant compounds of industrial wastewater, and the possibility to simultaneously remove organic matter and nutrients. Read More

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Neurogenic hypothesis of positive psychology in stress-induced depression: Adult hippocampal neurogenesis, neuroinflammation, and stress resilience.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Apr 26;97:107653. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Jiefang Road No.238, Wuhan 430060, China. Electronic address:

Stress is an important risk factor for depression. Emerging evidence supports the hypothesis that stress-mediated neuroinflammation destroys brain function and leads to anxiety-like and depression-like behaviors. Previous studies of stress-induced depression have mainly focused on pathological damage; however, the rise of positive psychology has attracted the interest of many researchers in environmental enrichment to promote stress resilience. Read More

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Integrating resilience with functional ecosystem measures: A novel paradigm for management decisions under multiple-stressor interplay in freshwater ecosystems.

Glob Chang Biol 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Ganga River Ecology Research Laboratory, Environmental Science Division, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India.

Moving beyond monitoring the state of water quality to understanding how the sensitive ecosystems 'respond' to complex interplay of climatic and anthropogenic perturbations, and eventually the mechanisms that underpin alterations leading to transitional shifts is crucial for managing freshwater resources. The multiple disturbance dynamics- a single disturbance as opposed to multiple disturbances for recovery and other atrocities, alter aquatic ecosystem in multiple-ways, yet the global models lack representation of key processes and feedbacks, impeding potential management decisions. Here, the procedure we have embarked for what is known about the biogeochemical and ecological functions in freshwaters in context of ecosystem resilience, feedbacks, stressors synergies and compensatory dynamics, is highly relevant for process-based ecosystem models and for developing a novel paradigm towards potential management decisions. Read More

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Mental health nurses' psychological well-being, mental distress, and workplace resilience: A cross-sectional survey.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

School of Nursing, Midwifery & Paramedicine, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia.

Mental health nurses (MHNs) frequently face emotional adversity and stressors at work that can negatively impact their psychological well-being and result in mental distress. This can affect their capacity for therapeutic work, professional relationships, and overall work performance. In the context of work, resilience is a dynamic process of positive adaptation to adversity that can lead to psychological well-being and increased work performance. Read More

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Relationship between infertility-related stress and resilience with posttraumatic growth in infertile couples: gender differences and dyadic interaction.

Hum Reprod 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

School of Nursing, Medical College, Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Study Question: Are there any gender differences and dyadic interactions in the associations between infertility-related stress and resilience and posttraumatic growth in infertile couples?

Summary Answer: Husbands' posttraumatic growth was only impacted by their own infertility-related stress and resilience, whereas wives' posttraumatic growth was influenced by their own resilience and their spouses' resilience.

What Is Known Already: Posttraumatic growth may play a significant role in protecting the infertile couples' psychological well-being and contribute to positive pregnancy outcomes. The reciprocal influence on each other within the infertile couple in terms of relationships between infertility-related stress and resilience and posttraumatic growth has been largely overlooked. Read More

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Polysaccharides-modified chitosan as improved and rapid hemostasis foam sponges.

Carbohydr Polym 2021 Jul 3;264:118028. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Institute of Medical Support Technology, Academy of Military Sciences, Tianjin, 300161, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Serial hemostatic sponges consisting of polysaccharides-modified chitosan foam sponges were prepared by Schiff base crosslinking reaction between the deacetylated chitosan and oxidized dialdehyde cellulose. Such composite foam sponges were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy to confirm their morphology and compositions. Then the coagulation process was evaluated in vitro by thrombus elasticity meters. Read More

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Cardiac regeneration in the axolotl is unaffected by alterations in leukocyte numbers induced by lipopolysaccharide and prednisolone.

BMC Res Notes 2021 Apr 28;14(1):157. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Clinical Medicine (Comparative Medicine Lab), Aarhus University, 8200, Aarhus N, Denmark.

Objective: Cardiac regeneration in the axolotl has been found to rely on the innate immune system, and especially macrophages have been demonstrated to play a vital role in regulating the regenerative process. In this study we wanted to induce a pro- and anti-inflammatory milieu in the axolotl during heart regeneration to test the resilience of the regenerative response.

Results: This was induced via repeated intrapericardial injections of lipopolysaccharide or prednisolone during a 40-day regeneration period in order to challenge the presumably fine-tuned inflammatory response that normally facilitates regeneration. Read More

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The Essence of Care: Versatility as an Adaptive Response to Challenges in the Delivery of Quality Aged Care by Personal Care Attendants.

Hum Factors 2021 Apr 28:187208211010962. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

1065 Flinders University, Australia.

Objective: The strategies adopted by personal care attendants (PCAs) to deliver quality care when faced with challenges potentially impacting clinical outcomes were assessed using phenomenological methods.

Background: In Australia, recent outcry of unsatisfactory standards of care in residential facilities has instigated a national public inquiry. This study investigated how PCAs adapted to challenges in stressful and ambiguous everyday work scenarios to deliver quality care. Read More

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Parent stress and coping trajectories in Hispanic and non-Hispanic families of children at risk of autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2021 Apr 28:13623613211001611. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Boston Medical Center, USA.

Lay Abstract: Little is known about parent experiences throughout the diagnostic process for autism or how these parent experiences may help explain the disparities that exist between Hispanic and non-Hispanic families in time-to-diagnosis among children identified as at risk for autism. The current study examined trajectories of parenting stress, coping, and perceived family impact over time, throughout the autism diagnostic process among Hispanic and non-Hispanic families. Hispanic families reported lower levels of parenting stress, coping, and negative family impact across time. Read More

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Trusting Automation: Designing for Responsivity and Resilience.

Hum Factors 2021 Apr 27:187208211009995. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

5228 University of Wisconsin Madison, USA.

Objective: This paper reviews recent articles related to human trust in automation to guide research and design for increasingly capable automation in complex work environments.

Background: Two recent trends-the development of increasingly capable automation and the flattening of organizational hierarchies-suggest a reframing of trust in automation is needed.

Method: Many publications related to human trust and human-automation interaction were integrated in this narrative literature review. Read More

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Quantifying community resilience based on fluctuations in visits to points-of-interest derived from digital trace data.

J R Soc Interface 2021 04 28;18(177):20210158. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Urban Resilience.AI Lab, Zachry Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.

This research establishes a methodological framework for quantifying community resilience based on fluctuations in a population's activity during a natural disaster. Visits to points-of-interests (POIs) over time serve as a proxy for activities to capture the combined effects of perturbations in lifestyles, the built environment and the status of business. This study used digital trace data related to unique visits to POIs in the Houston metropolitan area during Hurricane Harvey in 2017. Read More

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Screening for antenatal depression and its determinants among pregnant women in Qatar: revisiting the biopsychosocial model.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Apr 26;21(1):330. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Screening for antenatal depression and its determinants is highly recommended. However, there is no consensus on a standard conceptual framework to approach pregnant women in a primary health care setting. The prevalence of antenatal depression and significant determinants are unknown in Qatar, a gap that we propose to fill. Read More

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Effects of milling methods on the properties of glutinous rice flour and sweet dumplings.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 May 17;58(5):1848-1857. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

The State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122 People's Republic of China.

Glutinous rice flour (GRF) was prepared using three milling process (wet milling, low temperature impact milling (dry milling), and roller milling (dry milling)) to investigate their effects on the physicochemical properties of glutinous rice flour and sweet dumplings prepared with that flour. Results revealed that a method of grinding used in the milling process had a significant ( < 0.05) effect on the properties of GRF and the resulting sweet dumplings. Read More

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Elastic fibers: formation, function and fate during aging and disease.

FEBS J 2021 Apr 25. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

UMR CNRS 7369 MEDyC, SFR CAP-Sante, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Reims, France.

Elastic fibers are extracellular components of higher vertebrates and confer elasticity and resilience to numerous tissues and organs such as large blood vessels, lungs and skin. Their formation and maturation take place in a complex multistage process called elastogenesis. It requires interactions between very different proteins but also other molecules and leads to the deposition and crosslinking of elastin's precursor on a scaffold of fibrillin-rich microfibrils. Read More

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