13,505 results match your criteria residents performed

Chief Resident Indirect Supervision in Training Safety Study: Is a Chief Resident General Surgery Service Safe for Patients?

J Surg Educ 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Surgery, University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita, Wichita, Kansas. Electronic address:

Objective: There has been concern expressed amongst the medical educational community regarding the readiness of general surgery residents in the United States to be competent practicing attendings upon graduation and that limited autonomy may be a contributing factor to this unpreparedness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an RRC-accredited general surgery residency chief resident acute care surgery service with indirect supervision of cases in terms of safety and outcomes compared to traditional general surgeon cases with direct supervision. The study focused on common general surgical procedures, specifically cholecystectomies, appendectomies, and inguinal and ventral hernia repairs. Read More

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Virtual dissection of the real brain: integration of photographic 3D models into virtual reality and its effect on neurosurgical resident education.

Neurosurg Focus 2021 Aug;51(2):E16

1Department of Neurosurgery, Ajou University Hospital, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon.

Objective: Virtual reality (VR) is increasingly being used for education and surgical simulation in neurosurgery. So far, the 3D sources for VR simulation have been derived from medical images, which lack real color. The authors made photographic 3D models from dissected cadavers and integrated them into the VR platform. Read More

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Cognitive versus virtual reality simulation for evaluation of technical skills in neurosurgery.

Neurosurg Focus 2021 Aug;51(2):E9

1Department of Neurosurgery, Bicêtre Hospital, AP-HP, Université Paris-Saclay, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre.

Objective: Simulation is gaining momentum as a new modality of medical training, particularly in acute care settings such as surgery. In the present study, the authors aimed to compare individual cognitive skills with manual abilities as assessed by virtual reality (VR) simulation among neurosurgical residents.

Methods: Participants were asked to complete a multiple-choice questionnaire assessing their surgical abilities regarding three basic neurosurgical procedures (endoscopic third ventriculostomy, cranial meningioma, and lumbar laminectomy). Read More

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The Evolving Role of Instagram in General Surgery Residency Programs and Keys to Successful Use in Yours: Input from an Academic, Tertiary Referral Program.

J Surg Educ 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Surgery, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC. Electronic address:

Introduction: Social media has been used as a resource for the dissemination of information in the medical profession. To date, information regarding Instagram use amongst general surgery residency programs is lacking. Our study seeks to detail the use of Instagram amongst general surgery residency programs and to provide suggestions for the practical and successful use of Instagram by general surgery residency programs. Read More

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Incidence and related risk factors of radiographic knee osteoarthritis: a population-based longitudinal study in China.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jul 31;16(1):474. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Arthritis Clinic and Research Center, Peking University People's Hospital, Peking University, No. 11 Xizhimen South Road, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100044, China.

Objective: To explore the incidence and risk factors for radiographic knee osteoarthritis (ROA) in a suburban area of China.

Methods: Shunyi Osteoarthritis Study was a population-based, longitudinal study of knee osteoarthritis in Shunyi, a suburban area of Beijing, China. A total of 1295 residents aged over 50 years were recruited with fully informed by randomized cluster sampling and were followed up 3 years later. Read More

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High prevalence of syphilis in women, minors, and precarious patients: a cross-sectional study in a Reunion Island sexually transmitted infection clinic, 2017-2020.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

CHU Réunion, Service des Maladies Infectieuses - Dermatologie, Saint Pierre, La Réunion, France.

Background: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) with a global prevalence estimated at 0.5% in 2012. Syphilis has been on the rise among men who have sex with men (MSM) in high-income countries and remains at endemic levels in low- and middle-income countries. Read More

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The effects of plant-soil feedback on invasion resistance are soil context dependent.

Oecologia 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

College of Life Sciences, Ludong University, Yantai, 264025, China.

There is growing interest in understanding the role that plant-soil feedbacks (PSFs) may play in invasion resistance. However, recent studies have shown that there is great uncertainty in explaining community patterns by PSF studies regarding invasions. This uncertainty may be partly because soils used for PSF studies are usually collected from open areas rather than natural communities, thus ignoring the effects of community contexts that may specifically influence the soil feedbacks of community residents to invaders. Read More

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County-level phenomapping to identify disparities in cardiovascular outcomes: An unsupervised clustering analysis: Short title: Unsupervised clustering of counties and risk of cardiovascular mortality.

Am J Prev Cardiol 2020 Dec 20;4:100118. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Introduction: Significant heterogeneity in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and healthcare resource allocation has been demonstrated in the United States, but optimal methods to capture heterogeneity in county-level characteristics that contribute to CVD mortality differences are unclear. We evaluated the feasibility of unsupervised machine learning (ML)-based phenomapping in identifying subgroups of county-level social and demographic risk factors with differential CVD outcomes.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study using county-level data from 2008 to 2018 from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) WONDER platform and the 2020 Robert Wood Johnson County Health Rankings program. Read More

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December 2020

Effects of housing value and medical subsidy on treatment and outcomes of breast cancer patients in Singapore: A retrospective cohort study.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2021 Jan 8;6:100065. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Singapore General Hospital, Outram Rd, Singapore, 169608, Singapore.

Background: Socioeconomic status (SES) is likely to affect survival in breast cancer patients. Housing value is a reasonable surrogate for SES in Singapore where most residents own their own homes, which could be public (subsidised) or private housing. We evaluated effects of housing value and enhanced medical subsidies on patients' presentation, treatment choices, compliance and survival in a setting of good access to healthcare. Read More

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January 2021

Impact of Pediatric Dentistry Residents Posted in Pediatrics Department: A Retrospective Assessment of 6 Years.

Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021 Jan-Feb;14(1):84-87

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Thiruvalla, Kerala, India.

Aim: To measure the influence of rotatory pediatrics postings for dental residents on the outpatient census of the pediatric dentistry department. The secondary aims were to assess the change in trend toward the number of preschool children visiting the department before and after the initiation of pediatrics posting and also to find the percentage of children affected with caries among children visiting the pediatricians.

Materials And Methods: Retrospectively, the census of the pediatric dentistry department was calculated from 2010 to 2016. Read More

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Characteristics and scope of humanitarian relief forensic medical evaluations for immigrant children in the US.

J Forensic Leg Med 2021 Jul 23;82:102221. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of General Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine and Denver Health and Hospitals, 777 Bannock St, Denver, CO, 80204, USA.

According to US Customs and Border Protection, over 473,000 family units and 76,000 unaccompanied children were apprehended in 2019, a multi-fold increase from previous years. Thus, the number of children who may be eligible for humanitarian relief has increased significantly. For those claiming humanitarian relief, forensic medical evaluations performed by health professionals can provide critical evidence to bolster claims. Read More

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Social Media Use among Neurosurgery Trainees: A Survey of North American Training Programs.

World Neurosurg 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Gates Vascular Institute at Kaleida Health, Buffalo, New York, USA; Department of Radiology, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA; Canon Stroke and Vascular Research Center, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA; Jacobs Institute, Buffalo, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Social media has revolutionized access to educational content. Given the extensive presence of social media, these platforms have the potential to influence neurosurgical training and education of residents and fellows. We explored the attitudes of neurosurgical trainees (postgraduate years 1-9) towards social media and its perceived influence on training and education. Read More

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Impact of COVID-19 on Saudi neurosurgery residency: trainers' and trainees' perspectives.

World Neurosurg 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Neurosurgery Department, National Neuroscience Institute, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Following the official announcement of the COVID-19 pandemic on the 11 of March 2020, the disease impacted most aspects of health care delivery, especially postgraduate education and training.

Method: A cross-sectional, online questionnaire-based assessment was performed. The study participants involved neurosurgery residents and program directors (PDs) across the country between 16 and 27 of May 2020. Read More

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The Effect of Ultrahigh Altitude on the Mental Health of Civil Servants in Western China Based on Propensity Score Matching.

High Alt Med Biol 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Sichuan Provincial Center for Mental Health, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, Chengdu, China.

Wang, Luyao, Bo Zhou, Chenghui Yang, Shuya Pan, Yulan Huang, and Jinyu Wang. The effect of ultrahigh altitude on the mental health of civil servants in western China based on propensity score matching. 00:000-000, 2021. Read More

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Comparison of Resident and Faculty Screening for Social Determinants of Health in an Academic Pediatric Primary Care Practice.

R I Med J (2013) 2021 Aug 2;104(6):33-37. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Rhode Island Hospital/Hasbro Children's Hospital; Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI.

Background: Social determinants of health (SDH) have an important role in children's health and development and should be investigated in pediatric well child care.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of children aged 5-17 at well visits at an urban academic pediatric primary care practice was performed. Chi-square tests of independence and z-test for proportions were used to assess differences between residents and faculty SDH screening. Read More

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Increased professionalization and lower burnout scores were associated with structured residency training program: results of a cross sectional survey.

Med Educ Online 2021 Dec;26(1):1959284

TUM School of Medicine, Institute of General Practice and Health Services Research, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

The competence centre for Residency Training in Family Medicine Bavaria (CCRTB) was established to improve the quality of postgraduate medical education by offering training and mentoring programmes for residents, and by providing train-the-trainer and mentoring courses for supervisors. Beyond that, regional Residency Training Networks (RTN) on avoluntary basis were developed to facilitate structured and efficient clinical rotation programs. Primary aim was to investigate the burden of burnout and the development of professionalism among CCRTB-residencies within a cross-sectional study. Read More

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December 2021

Are patients truly informed? A retrospective chart review of the documentation of informed consent in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Can J Surg 2021 Jul 29;64(4):E435-E441. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

From the Department of Surgery, Queen's University, Kingston, Ont. (Williams); the Department of Surgery, Kingston General Hospital Research Institute, Kingston, Ont. (Selvam); and the Kingston Health Sciences Centre, Kingston, Ont. (Hopman, Nanji).

Background: Research on informed consent (IC) has traditionally focused on the documentation of the discussion with patients of potential complications. We sought to examine the completeness of documentation for all elements of IC for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC): potential complications, alternatives to LC and details of the procedure. Differences in the documentation of IC for elective and emergent LC were examined. Read More

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Impact of pelvic dynamic acquisition on final reading of F-Fluorocholine positron emission tomography in patients with prostate adenocarcinoma: True need or unnecessary burden?

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Institut de Cancérologie de Strasbourg Europe (ICANS), Strasbourg, France.

Introduction: Despite the increasing use of F-fluorocholine ( F-FCH) positron emission tomography (PET) in patients with prostate cancer, the acquisition protocol remains debated. We have evaluated the influence of the pelvic dynamic phase on the final reading of whole-body F-FCH PET, to assess the need for a two-stage protocol. Reading the physician's experience and patient's previous treatment profile was also considered as potential influencing factors on final PET interpretation. Read More

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The Perspectives of Dermatology Specialists and Residents on COVID-19 Vaccines: A Questionnaire-based Survey.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jul 29:e14666. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Dermatology and Veneorology, Ufuk University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background/aim: To evaluate the perspectives of dermatology specialists and residents on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines.

Methods: Present questionnaire-based study was conducted on dermatology residents and specialists between January 5 and 20. A non-validated online questionary evaluating the attitude of the participants about the COVİD-19 vaccine was performed. Read More

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A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing the Success of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Ferric Sulfate as Pulpotomy Medicaments for Primary Molars.

J Dent Child (Chic) 2021 May;88(2):120-128

Dr. Alapati is an associate professor, Department of Endodontics, all in the College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA.

To evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic performance of a new type of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA, NuSmile NeoMTA) and ferric sulfate (FS) as pulpotomy medicaments for primary molars over 12 months.
Fifty participants (25 per group) were enrolled, according to specific inclusion criteria. Each participant received a single primary molar pulpotomy either with MTA or FS, depending on random digit table method allocation. Read More

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Effects of diurnal temperature range on cardiovascular disease hospital admissions in farmers in China's Western suburbs.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

School of Management, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, People's Republic of China.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), reported to relate with climate change, is the leading cause of global mortality and morbidity. Since the relevant information is quite limited from suburbs and countryside in developing and underdeveloped countries, there are no studies that focused on morbidity through diurnal temperature range (DTR) for these regions. This is the first study to evaluate the short-term effect of DTR on CVD hospital admission in suburban farmers, as well as to identify vulnerable subpopulations. Read More

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Who is providing HIV diagnostic testing? Comparing HIV testing by general practitioners and sexual health centres in five regions in the Netherlands, 2011-2018.

Sex Transm Infect 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of General Practice, Amsterdam UMC Location AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: General practitioners (GPs) and sexual health centres (SHCs) are the main providers of HIV testing and diagnose two-thirds of HIV infections in the Netherlands. We compared regional HIV testing and positivity by GPs versus SHCs to gain insight into strategies to improve HIV testing, to enable timely detection of HIV infections.

Methods: Laboratory data (2011-2018) on HIV testing by GPs and SHCs in five Dutch regions with varying levels of urbanisation were evaluated. Read More

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Sarcopenia Is Associated with Mortality in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Gerontology 2021 Jul 27:1-16. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Medicine and Aged Care, @AgeMelbourne, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Sarcopenia can predispose individuals to falls, fractures, hospitalization, and mortality. The prevalence of sarcopenia depends on the population studied and the definition used for the diagnosis.

Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the association between sarcopenia and mortality and if it is dependent on the population and sarcopenia definition. Read More

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Oral hygiene and health-related quality of life in institutionalized older people.

Eur Geriatr Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Purpose: We evaluated the level of oral hygiene and its association with oral health status and need for oral treatment among older residents in long-term care facilities. In addition, the association between oral hygiene level and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was explored.

Methods: This cross-sectional study assessed 231 dentate residents in long-term care facilities (71% female, mean age 81 years, 70% had dementia). Read More

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The Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety and Associated Factors among the General Public during COVID-19 Pandemic: a Cross-sectional Study in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 Jul 26;36(29):e214. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Dong-A University Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Background: Since its first case confirmed on January 20, 2020, Korea has been through three waves of the COVID-19 pandemic. Fears of the fourth wave persist as new cases continue to emerge. In such unpredictable times, the mental well-being of people is of crucial importance. Read More

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Arthroplasty implants and materials: Cost awareness and value perception.

PLoS One 2021 26;16(7):e0255061. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, New Haven, CT, United States of America.

Arthroplasty procedures are commonly performed and contribute to healthcare expenditures seen in the United States. Surgical team members may make selections among implants and materials without always knowing their relative cost. The current study reports on a survey aimed to investigate the perceptions of an academic group about the relative cost and value of commonly used operating room implants and materials related to joint arthroplasty cases using 10 matched pairs of items. Read More

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Antipsychotic drug use in Greenland and Denmark: longitudinal and cross-sectional data.

Nord J Psychiatry 2021 Jul 26:1-6. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Psykiatri i Nordjylland, Aalborg Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the consumption of antipsychotic drugs in Denmark and Greenland between 2014 and 2019. We also investigated the use of antipsychotic medication for schizophrenic and non-affective psychotic patients in both countries.

Methods: This study was performed as a register study using data from the medical register in Denmark and Greenland. Read More

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The effect of commercial health insurance and health policy incentives on health risk assessment of residents.

Chen Yan

Work 2021 Jul 18. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Background: Due to the limitations of social medical insurance, commercial medical insurance is necessary.

Objective: The study aims to analyze the practical effects of commercial health insurance and health policy incentives.

Methods: The health risk assessment is performed referring to data released by China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Read More

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Androgen receptor axis-targeted agents for non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer impact on overall survival and safety profile: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.

Minerva Urol Nephrol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Urology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Introduction: The management of non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC) has undergone a paradigm shift with the development of androgen receptor axis-targeted (ARAT) agents. The updated results with final overall survival (OS) data of the phase III PROSPER, SPARTAN, and ARAMIS trials have recently been reported. Therefore, we performed an updated meta-analysis and network meta-analysis to indirectly compare the efficacy and safety of currently available treatments. Read More

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