42 results match your criteria residents e-cigarettes

Effectiveness of a Vaping Cessation Text Message Program Among Young Adult e-Cigarette Users: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Intern Med 2021 Jul;181(7):923-930

Center for Statistical Sciences, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Importance: e-Cigarettes are the most commonly used tobacco product among young adults (YAs). Despite the harms of nicotine exposure among YAs, there are few, if any, empirically tested vaping cessation interventions available.

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a text message program for vaping cessation among YAs vs assessment-only control. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy and Its Determinants Among Adults with a History of Tobacco or Marijuana Use.

J Community Health 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

School of Public Health, University of Memphis, 201 Robison Hall, Memphis, TN, 38152, USA.

Decreasing COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy is an urgent challenge in the US. This study aimed to examine COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among U.S. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A content analysis of e-cigarette related calls to the Shanghai health hotline, for the period 2014-2019.

Tob Induc Dis 2021 24;19:13. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Introduction: The health hotline (12320) of Shanghai, not only offers residents information about health knowledge, policies and regulations, but also serves as a channel for public supervision on health issues. This study explored the content of calls towards the Shanghai health hotline (SHH) related to e-cigarettes.

Methods: The call sheets related to e-cigarette received by SHH were collected from 2014 to 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Sociodemographic differences in single, dual, and poly tobacco use among Appalachian youth.

Tob Prev Cessat 2020 28;6:45. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Department of Communication, University of Louisville, Louisville, United States.

Introduction: Patterns of youth tobacco use, including use of multiple products, have likely shifted as e-cigarettes have grown in popularity. However, there is limited understanding of dual and poly tobacco use and the associated disparities, especially among Appalachian youth.

Methods: We analyzed Youth Appalachian Tobacco Study data (n=1116) to estimate prevalence of current (past-30 day) cigarette, e-cigarette, and smokeless tobacco use by gender, race/ethnicity, age, school type, state, smartphone use, and number of household tobacco users. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An exploratory non-randomized study of a 3-month electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) intervention with people accessing a homeless supported temporary accommodation service (STA) in Ireland.

Harm Reduct J 2020 10 12;17(1):73. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

School of Health Science, Waterford Institute of Technology, Waterford, Ireland.

Background: Smoking is endemic amongst people accessing homeless services, and they are disproportionately affected by smoking-related diseases. This paper reports on the results of a 3-month small scale intervention which explored the efficacy, challenges and opportunities of using electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) to support cessation of tobacco smoking with people accessing an Irish supported temporary accommodation (STA) homeless service. It considers the results of this intervention with reference to the balance of harms between the use of vaping to support smoking cessation and continued smoking. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

19-Year-Old Man With Fevers, Abdominal Pain, and Cough.

Mayo Clin Proc 2020 10;95(10):e103-e108

Advisor to residents and Consultant in Community Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Demographic and Behavioral Risk Factors for Oral Cancer among Florida Residents.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2020 May-Jun;10(3):255-261. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Public Health, Usha Kundu M.D. College of Health, University of West Florida, Pensacola, Florida, USA.

Objectives: Almost 29,000 new cases and approximately 7,500 deaths are directly attributable to oral cancer in the United States. Understanding the impact of specific behavioral and demographic characteristics on oral cancer is crucial to being able to promote early diagnoses through oral cancer screening. This study hypothesized that selected factors would be predictive of the incidence of oral cancer in Florida's population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Smokers' and Nonsmokers' Receptivity to Smoke-Free Policies and Pro- and Anti-Policy Messaging in Armenia and Georgia.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 07 30;17(15). Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Department of Behavioral, Social, and Health Education Sciences, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

Garnering support for smoke-free policies is critical for their successful adoption, particularly in countries with high smoking prevalence, such as Armenia and Georgia. In 2018, we surveyed 1456 residents (ages 18-64) of 28 cities in Armenia ( = 705) and Georgia ( = 751). We examined support for cigarette and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS)/heated tobacco product (HTP) smoke-free policies in various locations and persuasiveness of pro- and anti-policy messaging. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Where there's smoke, there's fire: what current and future providers do and do not know about electronic cigarettes.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jul 20;20(1):1145. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Jefferson College of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Health care providers play a pivotal role as educators on health-related matters ranging from vaccination to smoking cessation. With the rising popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), providers face a new challenge. To date, studies have identified a general lack of knowledge among providers regarding e-cigarettes and discomfort with counseling patients on e-cigarette use. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

E-cigarette availability, price promotions and marketing at the point-of sale in the contiguous United States (2014-2015): National estimates and multilevel correlates.

Prev Med Rep 2020 Sep 26;19:101152. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Health Behavior, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) sales and use have increased rapidly, yet point-of-sale e-cigarette availability and marketing is understudied. We estimated changes in e-cigarette availability and marketing among tobacco retailers in the U.S. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

The impact of a comprehensive tobacco product flavor ban in San Francisco among young adults.

Addict Behav Rep 2020 Jun 1;11:100273. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

School of Public Health, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, United States.

Objective: Flavors play an important role in the initiation and use of tobacco products. The FDA, states, and cities have been implementing or considering banning flavored e-cigarettes or any flavored tobacco products. This study empirically assessed the impact of one of the first comprehensive bans of all flavored tobacco products other than tobacco-flavored e-cigarettes among young adults in San Francisco, California. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Use of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) in China: Evidence from Citywide Representative Surveys from Five Chinese Cities in 2018.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 04 8;17(7). Epub 2020 Apr 8.

School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA.

China is the largest cigarette consuming country in the world. The emergence of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) in China may have important implications for the Chinese tobacco market. Unfortunately, research on ENDS in China, while growing, is still limited. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A numerical investigation of the potential effects of e-cigarette smoking on local tissue dosimetry and the deterioration of indoor air quality.

Indoor Air 2020 09 6;30(5):1018-1038. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Indoor Air Quality Program, Environmental Health Laboratory, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA, USA.

Electronic (e)-cigarette smoking is considered to be less harmful than traditional tobacco smoking because of the lack of a combustion process. However, e-cigarettes have the potential to release harmful chemicals depending on the constituents of the vapor. To date, there has been significant evidence on the adverse health effects of e-cigarette usage. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Socioeconomic and Demographic Status and Perceived Health Risks of E-Cigarette Product Contents Among Youth: Results From a National Survey.

Health Promot Pract 2020 01;21(1_suppl):148S-156S

American Heart Association, Dallas, TX, USA.

The prevalence of e-cigarette use among youth is rising and may be associated with perceptions of health risks for these products. We examined how demographic factors and socioeconomic status (SES) are correlated with the perceived health risks of e-cigarette product contents among youth. . Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020

Who is using and why: Prevalence and perceptions of using and not using electronic cigarettes in a statewide survey of adults.

Addict Behav Rep 2019 Dec 17;10:100227. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, MN, United States.

A statewide survey examined prevalence, reasons for using, discontinuing use, and not wanting to try e-cigarettes.

Methods: Participants (n = 6052) were adult Minnesota residents. E-cigarette initiation and current use prevalence rates were calculated for demographic characteristics and smoking status. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2019

The Prevalence of Tobacco and E-Cigarette Use in Poland: A 2019 Nationwide Cross-Sectional Survey.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 11 30;16(23). Epub 2019 Nov 30.

School of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, 01-826 Warsaw, Poland.

Monitoring of tobacco use is one of the key tobacco control activities. This study aimed to assess the current prevalence and patterns of tobacco and e-cigarette in Poland as well as to investigate socioeconomic factors associated with cigarette smoking and e-cigarette use. This cross-sectional study was carried out in 2019, on a representative nationwide sample of 1011 individuals aged 15+ in Poland. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2019

Communicating the relative health risks of E-cigarettes: An online experimental study exploring the effects of a comparative health message versus the EU nicotine addiction warnings on smokers' and non-smokers' risk perceptions and behavioural intentions.

Addict Behav 2020 02 4;101:106177. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

Centre for Addictive Behaviours Research, Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, 103 Borough Road, London South Bank University, London SE1 0AA, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Introduction: This study investigated the effects of the European Union Tobacco Products Directive [EU-TPD] Article 20 E-cigarette (EC) health warnings ("This product contains nicotine which is a highly addictive substance. [It is not recommended for non-smokers.]") and a comparative harm message ("Use of this product is much less harmful than smoking" [COMP]) on smokers' and non-smokers' perceptions and behavioural intentions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2020

Tobacco Use among Recovery Home Residents: Vapers Less Confident to Quit.

Am J Health Behav 2019 11;43(6):1064-1074

Jessica Chaparro, Research Assistant, Center for Community Research, Chicago, IL.

In this study, we provide estimates of the prevalence of tobacco use among residents in Oxford House (OH) recovery homes. We explore predictors for smoking cessation on future intentions to quit tobacco use, such as self-efficacy, motivation to quit, and level of nicotine dependence. We focus on examining smoking-related differences between 2 groups of tobacco users: (1) residents who only vape, and (2) residents who only smoke or who smoke and vape (ie, dual users). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2019

Prevalence and correlates of smoking and nicotine dependence: results of a nationwide cross-sectional survey among Singapore residents.

BMJ Open 2019 10 18;9(10):e032198. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Since the Singapore Mental Health Study in 2010 which reported a 16.0% prevalence rate for current smokers and 4.5% for nicotine dependence, new anti-smoking strategies have been implemented. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2019

Awareness and use of e-cigarettes among urban residents in China.

Tob Induc Dis 2019 2;17:53. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, United States.

Introduction: The long-term health effects of e-cigarettes are uncertain, and data on e-cigarette use among Chinese adults are limited. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of e-cigarette awareness and use among urban residents in China. Data came from the China City Adult Tobacco Survey (CCATS), a city-representative household survey conducted using electronic tablets during 2013-2014 in 14 major Chinese cities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Perceptions and use of e-cigarettes among young adults in Hong Kong.

BMC Public Health 2019 Aug 16;19(1):1123. Epub 2019 Aug 16.

School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, G/F, Patrick Manson Building (North Wing), 7 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

Background: Little is known about the risk and addiction perceptions of e-cigarettes among Asian populations. We examined e-cigarette perceptions among young adults in Hong Kong and the association between the perceptions and e-cigarette use patterns.

Methods: An online survey was administered to a convenience sample of Hong Kong residents aged 18-35 (N = 1186). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Concentrations of cadmium, lead, and mercury in blood among US cigarettes, cigars, electronic cigarettes, and dual cigarette-e-cigarette users.

Ram B Jain

Environ Pollut 2019 Aug 13;251:970-974. Epub 2019 May 13.

Dacula, Ga, USA. Electronic address:

Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2013-2016 were used to compare observed levels of cadmium, lead, and total mercury in blood among US residents aged ≥12 years who were users of cigars, cigarettes, cigars and cigarettes, e-cigarettes and dual users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes. Total sample size available for analysis was 1139. Adjusted geometric means (AGM) among cigarette, cigar, e-cigarette, cigarette and cigar, and cigarette-e-cigarette users were comparable for blood cadmium lead, and total mercury. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Knowledge about E-Cigarettes and Tobacco Harm Reduction among Public Health Residents in Europe.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 06 12;16(12). Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Preventive Medicine Department, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), University Hospital of Bellvitge, Feixa Llarga s/n, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, 08907 Catalonia, Spain.

Introduction: Although electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and other tobacco-related products are becoming widely popular as alternatives to tobacco, little has been published on the knowledge of healthcare workers about their use. Thus, the aim of this study was to elicit the current knowledge and perceptions about e-cigarettes and tobacco harm reduction (THR) among medical residents in public health (MRPH).

Material And Methods: A Europe-wide cross-sectional study was carried out amongst MRPH from the countries associated with the European Network of MRPH from April to October 2018 using an online questionnaire. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Widespread use of flavored e-cigarettes and hookah tobacco in the United States.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Jun 22;14:100854. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, 6900 Lake Nona Blvd., Orlando, FL 32827, United States of America.

In 2009, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration banned the sale of flavored cigarettes (excluding menthol) in the U. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and Correlates of Simultaneous and Separate 30-Day Use of Tobacco and Cannabis: Results from the California Adult Tobacco Survey.

Subst Use Misuse 2019 11;54(10):1627-1632. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

a Department of Anthropology , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California , USA.

: There is limited information on separate use and simultaneous use of tobacco and cannabis products, particularly for new electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). This study presents detailed information about the prevalence and correlates of individual use, separate use, and simultaneous use of tobacco and cannabis in California, the first state to allow medical marijuana in the US. It specifically distinguishes between simultaneous use (both substances used in the same occasion) and separate use (both products used, but not simultaneously). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Neighborhood Differences in Alternative Tobacco Product Availability and Advertising in New York City: Implications for Health Disparities.

Nicotine Tob Res 2019 06;21(7):896-902

Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY.

Introduction: Alternative tobacco products (ATPs), such as cigars, smokeless tobacco, and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), have a strong presence in the US retail environment amid declining cigarette consumption. This study documented the promotion of ATPs in tobacco retailers in New York City and examined associations with neighborhood demographics.

Methods: Data on product availability and advertising were collected from a stratified, random sample of tobacco retailers in 2017 (n = 796). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Regional Rural-Urban Differences in E-Cigarette Use and Reasons for Use in the United States.

J Rural Health 2019 06 14;35(3):395-404. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Statistics and Methodology, NORC at The University of Chicago, Bethesda, Maryland.

Purpose: To determine whether there are rural/urban differences in e-cigarette use and reasons for use that vary across the 10 Health & Human Services (HHS) regions.

Methods: Age-adjusted bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted for n = 225,413 respondents to the 2014-2015 Tobacco Use Supplement-Current Population Survey to estimate the prevalence of e-cigarette use. Reasons for e-cigarette use were collected from n = 16,023 self-respondents who reported ever using e-cigarettes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effects of the European e-cigarette health warnings and comparative health messages on non-smokers' and smokers' risk perceptions and behavioural intentions.

BMC Public Health 2018 Nov 14;18(1):1259. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Centre for Addictive Behaviours Research, Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, 103 Borough road, London South Bank University, London, SE1 0AA, UK.

Background: Article 20 of the EU Tobacco Products Directive [TPD] stipulates that e-cigarette packets and refill products must carry a nicotine addiction health warning. Although previous studies conducted in North America have found that perceived harm, addictiveness and intention to use declined following exposure to e-cigarette health warnings, possible effects of the TPD health warnings on smokers and non-smokers has not been studied. This study will investigate the effects of the EU TPD e-cigarette health warnings and a comparative harm message (COMP; developed specifically for this study) on smokers' and non-smokers' perceptions of harm, addictiveness and social acceptability of e-cigarettes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2018

Knowledge and Perceptions of E-cigarettes and the Motivations for their Use: Talking to Smokers (E-cigarettes and/or Conventional Cigarettes) and Non-smokers in Puerto Rico.

P R Health Sci J 2018 09;37(3):148-154

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.

Objective: The awareness and use of e-cigarettes have been increasing in recent years. The World Health Organization recently reported that regulations are needed to impede the promotion of e-cigarettes to young people, prohibit unproven health claims about them (including those regarding smoking-cessation efficacy), minimize potential health risks to e-cigarette users and non-users, and protect existing tobacco controls. The study described herein explored e-cigarette knowledge, perceptions, and usage motivations among a group of adults in Puerto Rico. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2018

Characteristics of the Tobacco User Adult Cohort in Urban and Rural Ohio.

Tob Regul Sci 2018 Jan 1;4(1):614-630. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Professor, The Ohio State University Center of Excellence in Regulatory Tobacco Science, Columbus, OH.

Objectives: Identifying characteristics associated with the use of new and emerging tobacco products is a priority. The enumeration and baseline characteristics of a new cohort of adult tobacco users are described.

Methods: Residents, ≥18 years of age, in urban Franklin County, or one of 6 rural Appalachian counties, and who were exclusive users of combustible, smokeless (SLT), or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) tobacco products, or were dual users, were targeted for recruitment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2018