83,462 results match your criteria reports published

Correction: Cumulative Effects of Thyroid Hormones Over 10 Years and Risk of General and Abdominal Obesity.

Horm Metab Res 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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Obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA): Early diagnosis, treatment and outcomes.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Apr 16;261:12-16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Urology, Children's Medicine Affiliated to Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China; Paediatrics Research Institute, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, National Clinical Research Centre for Child Health and Disorders, China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Paediatrics, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Children Urogenital Development and Tissue Engineering, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe and summarize the early diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA).

Methods: Data from patients with OHVIRA treated at the study centre over the last decade were analysed retrospectively, including demographic characteristics, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and outcomes. Relevant published literature was also reviewed in this study. Read More

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Neuroprogression in post-traumatic stress disorder: A systematic review.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, School of Medicine, Graduate Program in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Background: Neuroprogression has been proposed as the pathological rewiring of the brain that takes place in parallel with the clinical and neurocognitive deterioration in the course of psychiatric disorders.

Aims: The study aims to review the biological underpinnings and clinical outcomes related to neuroprogression in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Methods: A systematic review was performed by searching PubMed, Embase and Web of Science for articles published between January 1, 1960, and January 6, 2020. Read More

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The impact of nurse staffing levels on nursing-sensitive patient outcomes: a multilevel regression approach.

Eur J Health Econ 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University of Hamburg, Esplanade 36, 20354, Hamburg, Germany.

The goal of this study is to provide empirical evidence of the impact of nurse staffing levels on seven nursing-sensitive patient outcomes (NSPOs) at the hospital unit level. Combining a very large set of claims data from a German health insurer with mandatory quality reports published by every hospital in Germany, our data set comprises approximately 3.2 million hospital stays in more than 900 hospitals over a period of 5 years. Read More

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Case Report of Two Patients With COVID-19 and Sacral Pressure Injuries Associated with Pyoderma Gangrenosum.

Adv Skin Wound Care 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

In the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital Brussels, Belgium, Rania Elkhatib, MD, is Attending Physician; Gabriele Giunta, MD, FEBOPRAS, is Consultant; Valerie Hanssens, MSc, is Nurse Specialist; Ayush Kapila, MD, MRCS, is Resident; Randy De Baerdemaeker, MD, FEBOPRAS, is Consultant; Assaf Zeltzer, MD, PhD, is Consultant; and Moustapha Hamdi, MD, PhD, is Head of Department. The authors have disclosed no financial relationships related to this article. Submitted September 2, 2020; accepted in revised form October 28, 2020.

Abstract: With the continuous spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, an increasing number of patients have been admitted to the ICU with severe respiratory complications requing prolonged supine positioning. Recently, many case reports have been published regarding dermatological manifestations associated with the COVID-19 disease. Yet, there is little information about the clinical features. Read More

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Progression from youth to professional soccer: A longitudinal study of successful and unsuccessful academy graduates.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2021 Apr;31 Suppl 1:73-84

Physiology Exercise and Nutrition Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK.

To optimize use of available resources, professional academies develop strategies to assess, monitor, and evaluate players as they progress through adolescence toward adulthood. However, few published reports exist using longitudinal study designs to examine performance throughout adolescence and the transition from youth to professional soccer. We examined differences in the age of player recruitment alongside longitudinal performance differences on field-based fitness tests of successful vs. Read More

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Amyloid cystic lung disease presenting in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus.

Adv Respir Med 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine Wayne State University School of Medicine Detroit, MI, USA.

A 30-year-old gentleman with a medical history of HIV, on HAART therapy and pulmonary amyloidosis proven by lung biopsy presented with progressive, worsening shortness of breath and chronic productive cough over the last year. Pulmonary function tests showed a severely obstructive process and CT scan of the thorax manifested diffusely thin-walled, air-filled cysts. After reviewing the patient's prior histories, PFTs and CTof the thorax, the most likely cause of his symptoms was amyloid-related cystic lung disease. Read More

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Clinical Case Conference: Strategies for Transferring from Methadone to Buprenorphine.

J Addict Med 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

NHS Lanarkshire, Motherwell, UK (DH); The Langton Centre, South East Sydney Local Health District, NSW Health, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia (VH, AD, NL); School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia (VH, AD); University Sydney, Division Addiction Medicine, Sydney, Australia (NL).

The mainstay of treatment for opioid use disorder are medications, methadone (a full opioid agonist), or buprenorphine (a partial opioid agonist), in conjunction with psychosocial interventions. Both treatments are effective but safety, efficacy, and patient preference can lead to a decision to change from one treatment to the other. Transfer from buprenorphine to methadone is not clinically challenging; however, changing from methadone to buprenorphine is more complex. Read More

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Probiotics for preventing gestational diabetes.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Apr 19;4:CD009951. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a range of adverse pregnancy outcomes for mother and infant. The prevention of GDM using lifestyle interventions has proven difficult. The gut microbiome (the composite of bacteria present in the intestines) influences host inflammatory pathways, glucose and lipid metabolism and, in other settings, alteration of the gut microbiome has been shown to impact on these host responses. Read More

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The Fast Literature Assessment and Review (FLARE) Initiative. A Collaborative Effort for Timely Literature Appraisal during the Coronavirus Disease Pandemic.

ATS Sch 2020 Jun 29;1(2):186-193. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine.

The emergence and worldwide spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused major disruptions to the healthcare system and medical education. In response, the scientific community has been acquiring, releasing, and publishing data at a remarkable pace. At the same time, medical practitioners are taxed with greater professional duties than ever before, making it challenging to stay current with the influx of medical literature. Read More

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Boosting Immunity of the Registered Reports System in Psychology to the Pandemic.

Front Res Metr Anal 2020 24;5:607257. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

In psychology, a Registered Reports system is key to preventing questionable research practices. Under this system, manuscripts, including their detailed protocols (i.e. Read More

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November 2020

Metabolic Alterations in Older Women With Low Bone Mineral Density Supplemented With .

JBMR Plus 2021 Apr 15;5(4):e10478. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Geriatric Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy University of Gothenburg Gothenburg Sweden.

Osteoporosis and its associated fractures are highly prevalent in older women. Recent studies have shown that gut microbiota play important roles in regulating bone metabolism. A previous randomized controlled trial (RCT) found that supplementation with ATCC PTA 6475 () led to substantially reduced bone loss in older women with low BMD. Read More

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Cross-Sectional Imaging Useful in Melorheostosis.

JBMR Plus 2021 Apr 18;5(4):e10472. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Clinical and Investigative Orthopedics Surgery Unit, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases National Institutes of Health Bethesda Maryland USA.

Melorheostosis is a rare disease of bone overgrowth that is primarily diagnosed based on imaging studies. Recently, the association of different radiological patterns of the disease with distinct genetic cause was reported. Several case reports have described the radiological findings in patients with melorheostosis. Read More

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Hypophosphatasia: A Case of Two Patients With Spinal Cord Compression From Increase in Ligamentous Ossifications During Treatment.

JBMR Plus 2021 Apr 5;5(4):e10449. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Centre de Rhumatologie du Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Toulouse [Rheumatology Center of Toulouse University Hospital] Toulouse France.

Treatment with asfotase alfa has transformed the prognosis of hypophosphatasia in children and improves the bone and muscle signs in adults. The doses used in adults are the same as in children, whereas bone remodeling is different between them. We report on the cases of two patients treated with 1 mg/kg/day of asfotase alfa who developed spinal cord compression from spinal ossifications during treatment. Read More

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Features, barriers, and influencing factors of mobile learning in higher education: A systematic review.

Heliyon 2021 Apr 8;7(4):e06696. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Faculty of Learning Sciences & Education, Thammasat University, Thailand.

Mobile devices are not only a tool for communication, but also a powerful instrument for the economy, mass communication, and learning. Because the use of mobile devices and the Internet is growing rapidly, these tools are increasingly being utilized in learning and instruction. It is therefore important to investigate how mobile devices can be applied in learning. Read More

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A combination of Newton-Raphson method and heuristics algorithms for parameter estimation in photovoltaic modules.

Heliyon 2021 Apr 8;7(4):e06673. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Laboratory of Technologies and Applied Sciences, University of Douala, Cameroon.

Parameters extraction is instrumental to standard PV cells design. Reports indicates that heuristic algorithms are the most effective methods for accurately determinining the values of parameters. However, local concentration is against recent heuristic methods, and they are inhibited producing optimal results. Read More

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A Critical Overview of the Use of Platelet-Rich Plasma in Equine Medicine Over the Last Decade.

Front Vet Sci 2021 31;8:641818. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Grupo de Investigación Terapia Regenerativa, Departamento de Salud Animal, Universidad de Caldas, Manizales, Colombia.

In the 1990s, the role of platelets in inflammation and tissue healing was finally recognized. Since then, the clinical use of platelet-derived products (hemocomponents), such as, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), markedly increased. The promise of a more economical option of a disease-modifying treatment led to the intensive and continuous research of PRP products and to its widespread clinical use. Read More

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Burn Injury Due to Cyanoacrylate-Based Nail Glue: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 Mar 14;13(3):e13878. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Section, Surgery Department, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, SAU.

Cyanoacrylate is used in the manufacturing of surgical adhesives, nail glue, and super glue. After contact with cotton or wool, among other catalysts, an exothermic reaction is ignited, inflicting thermal damage to the skin underlying clothes. Nine papers have been published about such an incidence, majority of which involve children. Read More

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Contact tracing apps for the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic literature review of challenges and future directions for neo-liberal societies.

Health Inf Sci Syst 2021 Dec 13;9(1):18. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

School of Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Tom Reilly Building, Liverpool, UK.

Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic has spread with increased fatalities around the world and has become an international public health crisis. Public health authorities in many countries have introduced contact tracing apps to track and trace infected persons as part of measures to contain the spread of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus 2. However, there are major concerns about its efficacy and privacy which affects mass acceptance amongst a population. Read More

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December 2021

Examining implicit beliefs in a replication attempt of a time-reversed priming task.

F1000Res 2021 6;10. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Research, Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, CA, 94952, USA.

Psi research is a controversial area of science that examines telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition, and psychokinesis (mind over matter). Central to the debate over the existence of psi is of whether independent investigators can replicate reportedly successful psi experiments. One important variable involves the beliefs of experimenters and participants. Read More

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January 2021

Use of a Smartphone to Gather Parkinson's Disease Neurological Vital Signs during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Parkinsons Dis 2021 8;2021:5534282. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Cleveland Clinic, Lerner Research Institute, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Introduction: To overcome travel restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic, consumer-based technology was rapidly deployed to the smartphones of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) participating in a 12-month exercise trial. The aim of the project was to determine the feasibility of utilizing a combined synchronous and asynchronous self-administered smartphone application to characterize PD symptoms.

Methods: A synchronous video virtual visit was completed for the administration of virtual Movement Disorder Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale III (vMDS-UPDRS III). Read More

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The Relationship between "Shofuku-Fujin" (Abnormality of Abdominal Examination in Japanese Kampo Medicine) and Body Composition by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 1;2021:6610593. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Oriental Medicine Research Center, Kitasato University, 5-9-1 Shirokane, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8642, Japan.

Shofuku-fujin is an abnormal physical finding in Kampo medical practice. It is assumed to be often found in the elderly and contributes to the selection of Kampo formulas used mainly in elderly patients. However, few objective reports about Shofuku-fujin have been published to date. Read More

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7SK Acts as an Anti-tumor Factor in Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Front Genet 2021 1;12:642969. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Geriatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.

Increasing evidence has shown the mechanistic insights about non-coding RNA 7SK in controlling the transcription. However, the biological function and mechanism of 7SK in cancer are largely unclear. Here, we show that 7SK is down-regulated in human tongue squamous carcinoma (TSCC) and acts as a TSCC suppressor through multiple cell-based assays including a migration assay and a xenograft mouse model. Read More

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On the Need to Automate Support for Quality Assessment Studies of Space Weather Models.

P MacNeice

Space Weather 2018 Nov 25;16(11):1627-1634. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Heliophysics Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA.

Model quality assessment (QA), and where possible model validation, are critical steps in the life cycle of models destined to play a role in Space Weather research and forecasting. A major goal of QA is to characterize the state of the art of models of a given class, for example models of the global corona and solar wind. This requires consistent assessment of all major models in the class. Read More

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November 2018

Update Breast Cancer 2020 Part 5 - Moving Therapies From Advanced to Early Breast Cancer Patients.

Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 2021 Apr 14;81(4):469-480. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Frauenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.

In recent years, significant progress has been made in new therapeutic approaches to breast cancer, particularly in patients with HER2-positive and HER2-negative/hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer. In the case of HER2-positive tumours, these approaches have included, in particular, treatment with pertuzumab, T-DM1, neratinib and, soon, also tucatinib and trastuzumab deruxtecan (neither of which has yet been authorised in Europe). In patients with HER2-/HR+ breast cancer, CDK4/6 inhibitors and the PIK3CA inhibitor alpelisib are of particular importance. Read More

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Living the Manatt report: Advancing the future of nursing through joint academic appointments.

J Prof Nurs 2021 Mar-Apr;37(2):422-425. Epub 2020 May 17.

Medical College of Wisconsin, Pediatric Critical Care, 8701 W. Watertown Plank Rd., Wauwatosa 53226, WI, USA; Marquette University College of Nursing, 1250 W. Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee 53223, WI, USA.

In 2016, the American Association of Colleges of Nursing published the Manatt Report which outlines recommendations to address the future of academic nursing. This report asserts that in order to influence the direction of healthcare, academic nursing needs to partner with academic health centers in leadership positions, embrace current clinical practice, and prioritize research. The following paper details the successful implementation of joint academic appointments between a college of nursing and a medical college. Read More

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Research gaps in Ramadan fasting studies in health and disease.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Apr 15;15(3):831-835. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background And Aim: Ramadan fasting is a religious fasting of Muslims and has many effects on health and disease. This study aim was to analyze Ramadan fasting research output during the past five years and identify research gaps in this field.

Materials And Methods: A systematic search was performed in Web of Science, pubmed, Scopus, EMBASE and Cochrane databases by appropriate keywords. Read More

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Targeting Location Relates to Treatment Response in Active but not Sham rTMS Stimulation.

Brain Stimul 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305.

Background: Precise targeting of brain functional networks is believed critical for treatment efficacy of rTMS (repetitive pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation) in treatment resistant major depression.

Objective: /Hypothesis: To use imaging data from a "failed" clinical trial of rTMS in Veterans to test whether treatment response was associated with rTMS coil location in active but not sham stimulation, and compare fMRI functional connectivity between those stimulation locations.

Methods: An imaging substudy of 49 Veterans (mean age, 56 years; range, 27-78 years; 39 male) from a randomized, sham-controlled, double-blinded clinical trial of rTMS treatment, grouping participants by clinical response, followed by group comparisons of treatment locations identified by individualized fiducial markers on structural MRI and resting state fMRI derived networks. Read More

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Ethnomedicinal use, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of Daphne gnidium: a review.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Apr 15:114124. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Laboratory of Human Pathologies Biology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, And Genomic Center of Human Pathologies, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Daphne gnidium L., (Lazaz or Metnan) is a perennial plant that grows around the Mediterranean basin, in Southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. It is used in different countries for hair care and to treat several diseases including skin cancer, diabetes, nervous breakdowns, sinusitis, poisoning, rheumatic disorders, odontalgia, muscular pain, and gastrointestinal infections. Read More

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