126,081 results match your criteria report 2018


Ethnopharmacological study of medicinal plants in Sarvabad, Kurdistan province, Iran.

J Ethnopharmacol 2022 Jan 12:114985. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Department of Ethnobotany, Institute of Botany, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Traditional medicine has a long history and plays an important role in the Kurdish community in Sarvabad county, Kurdistan province, Iran. Despite the great diversity of medicinal plants, cultural history, and variety of herbal medicine uses among Kurdish tribes, very few cohesive ethnopharmacological studies of this unique region are available in the scientific literature. Our study tried to gather medicinal plant species and document the associated indigenous knowledge of the ethnic groups in the Sarvabad district for the first time. Read More

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January 2022

Comparison of the long-term oncologic outcomes of robotic-assisted and video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for resectable non-small cell lung carcinoma.

J Robot Surg 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 410 West 10th Avenue, N846a Doan Hall, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

The current oncologic outcomes of robotic-assisted lobectomy compared to video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy are currently not well defined. This study compares the overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates between the two approaches for patients with resectable non-small cell lung carcinoma. This is a retrospective review of 200 patients diagnosed with resectable primary lung carcinoma who underwent minimally invasive lobectomy from March 2014 to May 2018. Read More

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January 2022

Cushing's syndrome due to ectopic adrenocorticotropin secretion by a parotid carcinoma.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Centro de Oncologia, Hospital Sírio-Libanês, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

We report a rare case of Cushing's syndrome in a 37-year-old female who initially presented with localized acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. In January 2014, she underwent a right parotidectomy with facial nerve preservation and adjuvant radiotherapy. In August 2018, she presented a histologically-proven local regional relapse. Read More

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January 2022

First Report of Causing Blackleg and Soft Rot on Potato in Hebei and Fujian Province, China.

Plant Dis 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Inner Mongolia University, 12576, Inner Mongolia Potato Engineering & Technology Research Center, hohhot, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China, 021000;

Pectobacterium spp. and Dickeya spp. cause blackleg and soft rot on potato worldwide (Charkowski, 2018). Read More

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January 2022

PD-1 inhibitor toripalimab with gemcitabine as a neoadjuvant therapy for muscle-invasive bladder urothelial carcinoma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jan;101(2):e28591

Department of Urology, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, China.

Rationale: Routine neoadjuvant therapy for muscle-invasive bladder urothelial carcinoma prior to radical surgery is curative. With the increase in cancer immunotherapy, neoadjuvant immunotherapy has been used as an important complement to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma. Toripalimab is a recombinant, humanized IgG4 monoclonal antibody directed against programmed cell death protein 1 and received the first global approval for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic melanoma in China on December 17, 2018. Read More

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January 2022

Gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms and precursor lesions: Case reports and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jan;101(2):e28550

Pathology Department, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Targu Mures, Romania.

Rationale: Gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms (g-NENs) represent a distinctive group of gastric tumors, stratified into different prognostic categories according to different histological characteristics, put forth in the 2018 World Health Organization classification system. The clinical presentations, as well as pathological features, represent important data in establishing the type of the tumor, in estimating the tumor behavior, and in selecting the best therapeutic strategy. In our case series we presented different clinical scenarios that may be encountered in practice regarding gastric NENs. Read More

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January 2022

Comparing infant and toddler sleep patterns prior to and during the first wave of home confinement due to COVID-19 in Spain.

Eur J Pediatr 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Pediatric Division, Hospital Universitari General de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.

Recent literature has shown that sleep patterns are shaped during the first years of life, playing a relevant role in children's functioning. We focused on comparing sleep patterns in infants and toddlers in Spain before and during COVID-19 home confinement to assess the immediate impact on sleep patterns. We compared data from two cross-sectional surveys from parents of 1658 children three to 36 months of age from Spain. Read More

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January 2022

Diagnosis and case finding according to key partner risk populations of people living with HIV in Nigeria: A retrospective analysis of community-led index partner testing services.

EClinicalMedicine 2022 Jan 4;43:101265. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Institute of Global Health, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: The HIV epidemic in Nigeria is concentrated in Key Populations (KP), people who inject drugs (PWID), men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers (FSW), and partners of people living with HIV. Due to stigma and discrimination, these groups have low access to HIV testing services (HTS) and linkage to treatment is challenging. To address this gap, index partner testing, targeting sexual contacts and injecting partners of KP index clients, was introduced in 2017. Read More

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January 2022

Issue with Evaluating Costs Over Time in a Context of Medical Guideline Changes: An Example in Myocardial Infarction Care Based on a Longitudinal Study from 1997 to 2018.

Clinicoecon Outcomes Res 2022 7;14:11-20. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Université Laval, Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Quebec City, Canada.

Background: Cost studies appear sporadically in the scientific literature and are rarely revised unless drastic technological advancements occur. However, health technologies and medical guidelines evolve over time. It is unclear if these changes render obsolete prior estimates. Read More

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January 2022

Impact of COVID-19 lockdowns on adolescent pregnancy and school dropout among secondary schoolgirls in Kenya.

BMJ Glob Health 2022 Jan;7(1)

Department of Clinical Sciences, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK

Introduction: Secondary school closures aimed at limiting the number of infections and deaths due to COVID-19 may have amplified the negative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and schooling outcomes of vulnerable adolescent girls. This study aimed to measure pandemic-related effects on adolescent pregnancy and school dropout among school-going girls in Kenya.

Methods: We report longitudinal findings of 910 girls in their last 2 years of secondary school. Read More

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January 2022

Fitness center use and subsequent achievement of exercise goals. A prospective study on long-term fitness center members.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2022 Jan 13;14(1). Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Public Health and Nursing, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Post box 8905, 7491, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Knowledge on the relationship between fitness center use and long-term members' subsequent goal achievement is limited. Therefore, the aim was to investigate the prospective association between the use of fitness centers during 18 months and subsequent self-reported goal achievement among long-term members.

Methods: This was a registry- and survey-based longitudinal study of 2851 people who had been members at a Norwegian fitness center chain for more than two years. Read More

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January 2022

Annual report of the Committee on Gynecologic Oncology, the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology: Annual Patient Report for 2018 and Annual Treatment Report for 2013.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

To provide information including the trend of gynecological malignancies in Japan, we hereby present the Annual Patient Report for 2018 and the Annual Treatment Report for 2013, on the outcomes of patients who started treatment in 2013. The Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology maintains an annual tumor registry, where information on gynecological malignancies from various participating institutions is gathered. The data of patients whose treatment with gynecologic malignancies was initiated in 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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January 2022

Association of care by a non-medical intensive care unit provider team with outcomes of medically critically ill patients.

J Crit Care 2022 Jan 10;68:129-135. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States of America; Division of Critical Care Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, United States of America.

Objective: To determine the association of boarding of critically ill medical patients on non-medical intensive care unit (ICU) provider teams with outcomes.

Design: A retrospective cohort study.

Setting: ICUs in a tertiary academic medical center. Read More

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January 2022

7- year Experience with Automated Pupillometry and Direct Integration with the Hospital Electronic Medical Record.

World Neurosurg 2022 Jan 10. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

University of California, Department of Neurological Surgery, Orange, CA.

Introduction: Manual pupillary assessments are an integral part of the neurological evaluation in critically ill patients. Automated pupillometry provides reliable, consistent, and accurate measurement of the light response. We established a computer interface that allow for direct download of pupillometer information to our hospital EMR. Read More

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January 2022

Intraoperative Image-Guided Surgery for Gliomas in the Smart Cyber Operating Theater (SCOT®): A Preliminary Clinical Application.

World Neurosurg 2022 Jan 10. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

Background: Various devices exist for glioma image-guided surgery to improve tumor resection. These devices work as standalone units, making the flow of operative information complicated and disjointed. A novel networked operating room, the "Smart Cyber Operating Theater (SCOT®)," has been developed, integrating standalone medical devices using the "OPeLiNK®" communication interface. Read More

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January 2022

CUTANEOUS B-CELL LYMPHOMAS: UPDATE ON DIAGNOSIS, RISK-STRATIFICATION, AND MANAGEMENT.

Presse Med 2022 Jan 10:104109. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Clinic of Dermatology, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

PCBCLs are a group of Non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphomas originating in and usually confined to the skin, representing approximately one fourth of primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCL). Their current classification system has been the result of the joint World Health Organization (WHO) - European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) consensus in 2018. To date, several types of PCBCLs have been described in the scientific literature, with different clinical presentation and prognosis. Read More

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January 2022

Weaving pathways: talking with our Elders.

Rural Remote Health 2022 Jan 13;22(1):6845. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Center for American Indian and Minority Health, University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA

While there exists a relative paucity of completed healthcare directives nationally in the USA, even fewer exist within minority populations. This report describes one model for bringing advance care planning and discussions to American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) communities. In 2018, Honoring Choices of Minnesota approached the Center of American Indian and Minority Health (CAIMH), housed in the University of Minnesota Medical School, to collaborate on a project to increase healthcare directives in AIAN communities. Read More

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January 2022

A questionnaire-based study to assess knowledge and attitudes to meningococcal disease and prevention among parents of children up to two years in Lithuania.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2021 Dec;29(4):259-264

Clinic of Children's Diseases, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania.

Objectives: In July 2018, vaccine against meningococcal B infection in Lithuania was added to the national vaccination calendar. However, vaccination rates were low. The aim of the study was to identify parents' attitudes towards meningococcal disease and vaccination. Read More

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December 2021

Digoxin use and clinical outcomes in elderly Chinese patients with atrial fibrillation: a report from the Optimal Thromboprophylaxis in Elderly Chinese Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (ChiOTEAF) registry.

Europace 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Pulmonary Vessel and Thrombotic Disease, Sixth Medical Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100142, China.

Aims: Prior studies have reported conflicting results on digoxin's impact on clinical outcomes and quality of life, and there are limited data from Asia. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of digoxin and its impact on clinical outcomes and quality of life in a high-risk cohort of elderly Chinese atrial fibrillation (AF) patients.

Methods And Results: The Optimal Thromboprophylaxis in Elderly Chinese Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (ChiOTEAF) registry is a prospective, multicentre nationwide study conducted from October 2014 to December 2018. Read More

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January 2022

Effect of Cognitive Behavior Oriented Psychological Intervention on the Psychological Status of Depressed Facial Acne Scar Patients Undergoing Fractional Photothermolysis.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Department of Plastic and Cosmetic Maxillofacial Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of cognitive behavior oriented psychological intervention on the psychological status of depressed facial acne scar patients receiving fractional photothermolysis.

Methods: The study enrolled 48 depressed facial acne scar patients who received treatment at our hospital between May 2018 and May 2021. They were randomized to the control group and the fractional photothermolysis group with 24 patients in each group using the random number table method. Read More

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January 2022

Lessons learned from terror attacks: thematic priorities and development since 2001-results from a systematic review.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Subsection Emergency and Disaster Relief Medicine, Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care, Emergency and Pain Medicine, University Hospital Wuerzburg, Oberduerrbacherstrasse 6, 97080, Wuerzburg, Germany.

Purpose: The threat of national and international terrorism remains high. Preparation is the key requirement for the resilience of hospitals and out-of-hospital rescue forces. The scientific evidence for defining medical and tactical strategies often feeds on the analysis of real incidents and the lessons learned derived from them. Read More

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January 2022

Smoking Mechanics and Impact on Smoking Cessation: Two Cases of Smoking Lapse Status Post Lung Transplantation.

Tob Use Insights 2022 7;15:1179173X211069634. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Smoking behavior includes mechanisms taken on by persons to adjust for certain characteristic changes of cigarettes. However, as lung function declines due to lung-specific diseases, it is unclear how mechanical smoking behavior changes affect persons who smoke. We review two cases of patients who stopped smoking prior to and then subsequently resumed smoking after lung transplantation. Read More

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January 2022

Diagnostic Value of Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Evaluated Using Transient Elastography (TE) with Controlled Attenuated Parameter (CAP).

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2022 5;15:15-22. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hepatobiliary Division, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic inflammatory disease with excessive fat accumulation in the liver. Transient elastography (TE) with controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a device and method to examine the degree of fibrosis and steatosis. However, this device is not widely available across Indonesia. Read More

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January 2022

Prevention and Treatment of Carbapenem-Resistant Organism Bacilli from Liver Transplantation Donors - Single Center Experience.

Infect Drug Resist 2022 6;15:47-52. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Department of General Surgery Center, Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100069, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To evaluate and explore the effectiveness of the new prevention and control measures for the donor-derived infection (DDI) associated with CRO after liver transplantation.

Methods: The data of 120 organ donors and recipients from January 2018 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed at The Liver Transplantation Center of Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, to investigate the epidemiological status of CRO in donors. The cases were divided into two groups. Read More

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January 2022

[A case of primary mesenteric schwannoma with secondary ossification].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2022 ;119(1):53-60

Department of Surgery, The Jikei University Katsushika Medical Center.

Schwannoma is a tumor that usually originates soft tissue peripheral nerves. Primary mesenteric schwannomas are rare, and furthermore, there are few reports of this with secondary ossification, which is extremely rare. Herein we report a case of primary mesenteric schwannoma with secondary ossification in a 46-year-old Japanese woman with recurrent postprandial abdominal pain and weight loss. Read More

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January 2022

Twelve-month prevalence of haemarthrosis and joint disease using the Haemophilia Joint Health score: evaluation of the UK National Haemophilia Database and Haemtrack patient reported data: an observational study.

BMJ Open 2022 Jan 12;12(1):e052358. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

NIHR Leeds Biomedical Research Centre, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK.

Objectives: To report the 12-month prevalence of joint bleeds from the National Haemophilia Database (NHD) and Haemtrack, a patient-reported online treatment diary and concurrent joint disease status using the haemophilia joint health score (HJHS) at individual joint level, in children and adults with severe haemophilia A and B (HA/HB) without a current inhibitor.

Design: A 2018 retrospective database study of NHD from which 2238 cases were identified, 463 patients had fully itemised HJHS of whom 273 were compliant in recording treatment using Haemtrack.

Setting: England, Wales and Scotland, UK. Read More

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January 2022

Clinical Trial Quality Assessment in Adult Spinal Surgery: What Do Publication Status, Funding Source, and Result Reporting Tell Us?

Global Spine J 2022 Jan 12:21925682211073313. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 21611New York-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Study Design: Narrative Review.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare publication status of clinical trials in adult spine surgery registered on ClinicalTrials.gov by funding source as well as to identify other trends in clinical trials in adult spine surgery. Read More

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January 2022

First Report of Laurel Wilt Disease Caused by on Sassafras in Virginia.

Plant Dis 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1757, School of Plant and Environmental Sciences, 101-G Price Hall, 170 Drillfield Dr., Blacksburg, Virginia, United States, 24061-0131;

Laurel wilt is a lethal vascular disease affecting native Lauraceae in North America. The causal fungus, T.C. Read More

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January 2022

Occurrence of Neopestalotiopsis clavispora Causing Leaf Spot on Dendrobium officinale in China.

Plant Dis 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Wenzhou University, 26495, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China;

Dendrobium officinale Kimura L., an endangered orchid plant, is a rare and precious Chinese herb and widely used to prepare Chinese traditional medicine (Zheng et al. 2005). Read More

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January 2022

First Report of Causing Crown and Leaf Rot of in China.

Plant Dis 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, 71046, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, Neixiao Street, Dongzhimen, Dongcheng District, Beijing, Beijing, China, 100700;

is an important traditional Chinese medicinal plant whose rhizome is used for treating complaints such as rheumatic diseases, digestive disorders, night blindness and influenza. Jiangsu Province is the optimal cultivation location for high-quality rhizome. Since June 2019, symptoms of crown rot and leaf rot were observed in about 10-20% of the in a plantation (31° 36' 1" N, 119° 6' 40" W) in Lishui, Jiangsu, China. Read More

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January 2022