15,416 results match your criteria renal recovery


Genetic and pharmacological inhibition of fatty acid-binding protein 4 alleviated inflammation and early fibrosis after toxin induced kidney injury.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 May 12;96:107760. Epub 2021 May 12.

Kidney Research Institute, Division of Nephrology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Considerable data have suggested that acute kidney injury (AKI) is often incompletely repaired and could lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD). As we known, toxin-induced nephropathy triggers the rapid production of proinflammatory mediators and the prolonged inflammation allows the injured kidneys to develop interstitial fibrosis. In our previous study, fatty acid-binding protein 4 (Fabp4) has been reported to be involved in the process of AKI. Read More

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Lower urinary tract function in patients with inflammatory encephalomyelopathy: characteristics of urodynamics, neurological deficits and magnetic resonance imaging.

Urology 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Urology, China Rehabilitation Research Center,; Department of Urology of Capital Medical University. Electronic address:

Objective: To report the clinical data in a large population of patients affected by inflammatory encephalomyelopathy.

Material And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical history, imaging studies and urodynamic findings in a series of 87 consecutive patients with inflammatory encephalomyelopathy. Age at disease onset ranged from 3 to 76 years with an average of 35. Read More

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Factors predicting the recovery from acute kidney injury in children with primary nephrotic syndrome.

Clin Exp Nephrol 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, No.1 Xi An Men Da Jie, Beijing, China.

Background: The prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) varies in children with nephrotic syndrome (NS), data on factors predicting the recovery and recurrence of AKI in children with NS are limited. This study aimed to explore the possible factors predicting the recovery from and recurrence of AKI in children with primary NS.

Methods: Children with primary NS complicated with AKI from 1993 to 2017 in a single centre were reviewed retrospectively. Read More

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The Full Spectrum of COVID-19 Development and Recovery Among Kidney Transplant Recipients.

Transplantation 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

1 Division of Nephrology and Kidney Transplantation, Hospital do Rim, UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: COVID-19 fatality rate is high among kidney transplant recipients. Among survivors, kidney outcomes, seroconversion, and persistence of viral shedding are unexplored.

Methods: Single-center prospective cohort study including data from kidney transplant recipients with confirmed COVID-19 between 03/20/2020 and 07/31/2020. Read More

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AKI Epidemiology and Outcomes: A Retrospective Cohort Study from the Prenephrology Era.

Int J Nephrol 2021 26;2021:5549316. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Zentrum für Innere Medizin 1, Kardiologie, Angiologie, Nephrologie, Klinikum Brandenburg, Medizinische Hochschule Brandenburg, Brandenburg, Germany.

Background: Acute kidney injury substantially worsens the prognosis of hospitalized patients. The Brandenburg Medical School was founded in 2014, and a nephrology section was opened in summer 2017. The aim of the study was to analyze AKI epidemiology and outcomes in one of two university hospitals belonging to the medical school. Read More

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Convexal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Caused by Infective Endocarditis in a Patient with Advanced Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): The Culprits and Bystanders.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 14;22:e931376. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Infectious Disease, Rockledge Regional Medical Center, Rockledge, FL, USA.

BACKGROUND Convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage (cSAH), a rare form of non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, is confined to cerebral convexities without extension into basal cisterns or ventricles. Typical presentation includes thunderclap/progressive headache or transient focal neurological symptoms; rare manifestations include seizures, intractable vomiting, or altered mental status. Here, we report the first case of convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage and multifocal ischemic lesions caused by infective endocarditis (IE) in a treatment-naïve advanced HIV patient. Read More

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L. Regulates Glutathione Redox Stress and Normalizes Ggt1/Anpep Signaling to Alleviate OVX-Induced Kidney Dysfunction.

Front Pharmacol 2021 26;12:628651. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Shaanxi Province Key Laboratory of New Drugs and Chinese Medicine Foundation Research, Shaanxi Collaborative Innovation Center Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, China.

Menopause and associated renal complications are linked to systemic redox stress, and the causal factors remain unclear. As the role of L. (HPL) in menopause-induced kidney disease therapy is still ambiguous, we aim to explore the effects of HPL on systemic redox stress under ovariectomy (OVX)-induced kidney dysfunction conditions. Read More

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Current Challenges in the Recognition and Management of Delirium Superimposed on Dementia.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 5;17:1341-1352. Epub 2021 May 5.

The Prince of Wales Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Delirium occurring in a patient with preexisting dementia is referred to as delirium superimposed on dementia (DSD). DSD commonly occurs in older hospitalized patients and is associated with worse outcomes, including higher rates of mortality and institutionalization, compared to inpatients with delirium or dementia alone. This narrative review summarizes the screening, diagnosis, management, and pathophysiology of DSD and concludes by highlighting opportunities for future research. Read More

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Filariasis presenting with bicytopenia, progressive splenomegaly and acute renal failure: An unusual case report.

Trop Doct 2021 May 12:494755211002027. Epub 2021 May 12.

Post Graduate Resident, Department of Pathology, 28856Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India.

Extra-lymphatic manifestation of filariasis, especially as acute renal failure, is uncommon and may be clinically unsuspected. We document the case of a 60 year old elderly male who presented with bilateral pedal oedema, fatigue and abdominal distension. Investigations revealed severe anaemia, splenomegaly and acute renal failure. Read More

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Two Atypical Cases of Hantavirus Infection: Experience from a Tertiary Care Unit in Sri Lanka.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2021 21;2021:5555613. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

National Hospital-Kandy, Kandy, Sri Lanka.

Hantaviruses are a large family of enveloped viruses with two medically important families Cricetidae and Muridae which are known to cause rodent-borne diseases worldwide. Some strains cause clinical syndromes with multiorgan involvement in humans such as hantavirus haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), which is also known as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Clinical differentiation of this infection from other endemic infections in Sri Lanka such as leptospirosis and rickettsial infections is extremely difficult due to overlapping clinical and epidemiologic features such as exposure to rodents and farming. Read More

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Long-term kidney function of patients discharged from hospital after an intensive care admission: observational cohort study.

Sci Rep 2021 May 11;11(1):9928. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Critical Care, King's College London, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, SE1 7EH, UK.

The long-term trajectory of kidney function recovery or decline for survivors of critical illness is incompletely understood. Characterising changes in kidney function after critical illness and associated episodes of acute kidney injury (AKI), could inform strategies to monitor and treat new or progressive chronic kidney disease. We assessed changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and impact of AKI for 1301 critical care survivors with 5291 eGFR measurements (median 3 [IQR 2, 5] per patient) between hospital discharge (2004-2008) and end of 7 years of follow-up. Read More

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Shengxuening Extracted from Silkworm Excrement Mitigates Myelosuppression via SCF-Mediated JAK2/STAT3 Signaling.

Chem Biodivers 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Hematology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, No. 169 Donghu Road, Wuhang District, Wuhan, 430071, P. R. China.

Shengxuening (SXN) is a Chinese patent medicine with main ingredients (including chlorophyll derivatives and sodium iron chlorophyllin) extracted from silkworm excrement. SXN exhibited efficacy in clinical trials of renal anemia and iron deficiency anemia; however, the specific mechanisms remain unclear. This study found that SXN increased the number of peripheral blood cells and improved the bone marrow morphology in myelosuppressed mouse model, reversed the reduction in body weight and spleen indices, and increased the serum levels of erythropoietin and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Read More

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Electronic alerts for acute kidney injury across primary and secondary care.

BMJ Open Qual 2021 May;10(2)

Department of Nephrology, Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust, Reading, UK.

Problem: In 2009 the National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death suggested only 50% of patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) receive good standards of care. In response National Health Service (NHS) England mandated the use of electronic AKI alerts within secondary care. However, we recognised AKI is not just a secondary care problem, where primary care has a crucial role to play in prevention, early detection and management as well as post-AKI care. Read More

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Case Report: A Rare Presentation of NSAID-Induced Secondary Membranous Nephropathy in a Pediatric Patient.

Front Pediatr 2021 23;9:670575. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Pathology, Norton Children's and University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, United States.

Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults, but it is responsible for <5% of nephrotic syndrome cases in children. MN has primary and secondary forms. Secondary MN is caused by viral infections, autoimmune diseases like lupus, or drugs. Read More

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Modified ileal conduit intracorporeally accomplished following laparoscopic radical cystectomy with enhanced recovery protocols: experience with 48 cases.

Transl Androl Urol 2021 Apr;10(4):1596-1606

Institute of Urology, Capital Medical University, Department of Urology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: This study introduces the results of laparoscopic radical cystectomy with modified intracorporeal ileal conduit (mICIC), which was accompanied by enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols.

Methods: From March 2014 to June 2020, 48 patients underwent mICIC. Patients were divided into ERAS (n=17) and non-ERAS groups (n=31). Read More

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Dengue Virus Infection Presenting as Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis Type 1.

Cureus 2021 Apr 5;13(4):e14294. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Medicine, Dr Soliman Fakeeh Hospital, Jeddah, SAU.

The renal complications of dengue virus infection cover a wide spectrum of manifestations from acute kidney injury to glomerular injury with nephritic/nephrotic syndrome. Majority of cases remain symptom free and show full recovery. We present a 61-year-old previously healthy male who developed a pyrexial illness with haemolytic anaemia that was diagnosed on the basis of a positive serological test as a case of dengue fever. Read More

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Medullary Noradrenergic Neurons Mediate Hemodynamic Responses to Osmotic and Volume Challenges.

Front Physiol 2021 23;12:649535. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Physiology, Biological Sciences Institute, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.

Despite being involved in homeostatic control and hydro-electrolyte balance, the contribution of medullary (A1 and A2) noradrenergic neurons to the hypertonic saline infusion (HSI)-induced cardiovascular response after hypotensive hemorrhage (HH) remains to be clarified. Hence, the present study sought to determine the role of noradrenergic neurons in HSI-induced hemodynamic recovery in male Wistar rats (290-320 g) with HH. Medullary catecholaminergic neurons were lesioned by nanoinjection of antidopamine-β-hydroxylase-saporin (0. Read More

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Treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm by prosthetic vessel replacement under left heart bypass.

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Apr;46(4):400-403

Department of Anesthesiology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China.

Objectives: Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) prosthetic vessel replacement is one of the most complex operations in the field of cardiovascular surgery. The key to success of this operation is to prevent and avoid ischemia of important organs while repairing TAAA. This study aims to summarize and analyze the effect of prosthetic vessel replacement under left heart bypass in the treatment of TAAA. Read More

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MiR-182 Promotes Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced Acute Kidney Injury in Rat by Targeting FoxO3.

Urol Int 2021 May 7:1-10. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Urology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Background: Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury (RIRI) is the main cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients. We investigated the role of miR-182 after renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rat to characterize the microRNA (miRNA) network activated during development and recovery from RIRI.

Methods And Results: 12 h after lethal (45 min) renal ischemia, AKI was verified by renal histology (tubular necrosis and regeneration), blood urea nitrogen level, and renal mRNA expression in Wistar rats. Read More

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Flumazenil therapy for a gabapentin-induced coma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 May 9;15(1):242. Epub 2021 May 9.

Spinal Cord Unit, IRCCS S. Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy.

Background: Spasticity and neuropathic pain are common in patients after spinal cord injury and negatively affect patients' quality of life. Gabapentin and baclofen are frequently used to treat these conditions. We present a flumazenil-reversed gabapentin-induced coma case, which, to our knowledge, is the second one described in scientific literature. Read More

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Impact of the first surge of the COVID-19 pandemic on a tertiary referral centre for kidney cancer.

BJU Int 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Specialist Centre for Kidney Cancer, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Objectives: To analyse the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on a centralised specialist kidney cancer care pathway.

Materials & Methods: Retrospective analysis of patient and pathway characteristics including prioritisation strategies at the Specialist Centre for Kidney Cancer (SCKC) located at the Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust (RFH) before and during the surge of COVID-19.

Results: On March 18, 2020 all elective surgery was halted at RFH to redeploy resources and staff for the COVID-19 surge. Read More

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Post-Liver Transplant Acute Kidney Injury.

Liver Transpl 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Division of Gastroenterology (Liver Unit), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common condition following liver transplantation (LT). It negatively impacts patient outcomes by increasing the chances of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD) and reducing graft and patient survival. Multiple definitions of AKI have been proposed and utilized throughout the years with the International Club of Ascites (ICA) definition being the most widely used now for cirrhosis patients. Read More

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Rhabdomyolysis Following Recovery from Severe COVID-19: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 8;22:e931616. Epub 2021 May 8.

Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

BACKGROUND Rhabdomyolysis occurs when muscle injury leads to the release of muscle cell constituents into circulation, often leading to significant systemic complications. There are many causes of rhabdomyolysis, and the etiology is often multifactorial or unclear. Current data suggest that acute COVID-19 may cause muscle injury that can lead to rhabdomyolysis, particularly in cases of severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization; however, data on the long-term effects of COVID-19 on the musculoskeletal system are lacking. Read More

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[Acute kidney injury in the pathogenesis of coronavirus infection].

Urologiia 2021 May(2):116-119

FSBEI HE Bashkir State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Ufa, Russia.

COVID-19 is an acute respiratory viral disease that primarily affects the lungs, but can also affect other organs, including the kidneys. Damage to the kidneys can be caused by direct effects arising from the invasion of the virus into kidney cells, or it occurs secondarily due to immunological, hemocoagulation and ischemic disorders. Given the importance of preserving kidney function during illness and after recovery, this review aims to investigate the impact of novel coronavirus infection on the kidney and its role in the development of acute kidney injury. Read More

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