FASEB J 2021 Jun;35(6):e21548
Department of Science in Korean Medicine, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
To determine whether ellagic acid (EA) induces the "beige remodeling" of white adipose tissue (WAT), we treated cold-exposed mice and mouse stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells with EA, a phytochemical abundant in fruits and vegetables, in particular berries. We then investigated the mechanism of EA in beige remodeling with a particular focus on DRP1-mediated mitochondrial fission and SIRT3. EA induced the trans-differentiation of white adipocytes to beige adipocytes by promoting the expression of UCP1 and other brown and beige adipocytes/fat factors (PRDM16, UCP1, PGC1α, CD137, and TBX1) and mitochondrial dynamics-related factors (SIRT3, NRF1, CPT1β, DRP1, and FIS1) in 3T3-L1/SVF cells, and these were confirmed in the inguinal WAT of a cold-exposed mouse model. Read More