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Psychometric properties of concussion knowledge and cognitive mediators of reporting measures.

Brain Inj 2021 Aug 4:1-8. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

, Chestnut Hill College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

: Concussion education and prevention programs require reliable and valid instruments to evaluate the theory, mechanisms, and outcome of these interventions : To assess the psychometric properties of measures evaluating concussion education and prevention programs: Descriptive epidemiological Setting: 10 NCAA-member universities : 841 student-athletes in an RCT control group testing an ecological, peer-led concussion education program : Instruments adapted for assessing concussion knowledge and Theory of Planned Behavior/Theory of Reasoned Action (TPB/TRA) cognitive mediators of reporting behavior (attitudes, subjective norms, perceived control, and intentions to report concussion). Participants completed measures at baseline, after one hour, and after one month : Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were moderate for both the concussion knowledge and cognitive mediator measures. TPB/TRA was supported subscale intercorrelation and item factor analysis in the cognitive mediator scale. Read More

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Validity and reliability of the Neonatal Infant Acute Pain Assessment Scale (NIAPAS) in Turkish: prospective study.

Sao Paulo Med J 2021 Jul-Aug;139(4):305-311

MD, PhD. Professor, Neonatal Intensive Care Clinic, Istanbul Bakırköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Using pain scales helps nurses in making early diagnoses and in assessing and managing pain symptoms and findings when developing a nursing care plan.

Objective: To determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish form of the Neonatal Infant Acute Pain Assessment Scale (NIAPAS).

Design And Setting: Prospective study conducted in Istanbul Bakırköy Dr. Read More

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December 2020

Evaluation of Resting Energy Expenditure in Subjects with Severe Obesity and Its Evolution After Bariatric Surgery.

Obes Surg 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Vall d'Hebron Institut de Recerca, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (VHIR-UAB), Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose: One major determinant of weight loss is resting energy expenditure (REE). However, data regarding REE is scarce in patients with severe obesity (SO)-BMI>50kg/m. Most studies used equation in order to estimate REE and not indirect calorimetry (IC) (gold standard). Read More

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Validation of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory in Pharmacists.

Innov Pharm 2021 5;12(2). Epub 2021 Apr 5.

University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.

Objectives: This study aimed to 1) determine the validity of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) for use in the assessment of burnout in a sample of pharmacists using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and 2) use the CBI items and other measures of work-life to assess burnout in pharmacists employed in various types of practice.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to a sample of 2,582 pharmacists in a single Midwestern US state. The survey included the three subscales of the CBI, each of which measures personal, work-related, and patient-related dimensions of burnout. Read More

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Inter and Intra-Rater Reliability of Measuring Photometric Craniovertebral Angle Using a Cloud-Based Video Communication Platform.

Int J Telerehabil 2021 22;13(1):e6346. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Natural, Behavioral, and Health Sciences, Simmons University, Boston, Massachusetts, Usa.

Objective: Due to social distancing guidelines during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, most providers and patients have wanted to avoid close contact. This makes physical therapy (PT) assessments difficult because of the lack of empirical evidence about the reliability of various clinical measurements performed in a virtual environment. One such procedure is the photometric measurement of craniovertebral (CV) angle. Read More

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Feasibility, reliability and validity of the health-related quality of life instrument Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D) among school-aged children and adolescents in Sweden.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2021 Aug 3;19(1):193. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: This study was conducted in a general population of schoolchildren in Sweden, with the aim to assess the psychometric properties of a generic preference-based health related quality of life (HRQoL) instrument, the Swedish Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D), among schoolchildren aged 7-15 years, and in subgroups aged 7-9, 10-12 and 13-15 years.

Methods: In total, 486 school aged children, aged 7-15 years, completed a questionnaire including the CHU9D, the Pediatric quality of life inventory 4.0 (PedsQL), KIDSCREEN-10, questions on general health, long-term illness, and sociodemographic characteristics. Read More

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[A Short Version of the Body Experience Questionnaire (FBeK): Results of Clinical and Non-Clinical Samples].

Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Institut für Psychosoziale Medizin, Psychotherapie und Psychoonkologie, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Deutschland.

Objectives: The aim of this study was the development and evaluation of a short (9-item) version of the body experience questionnaire (FBeK-9).

Method: Based upon a representative survey from 1996, a 15-item version of the FBeK was constructed which was then evaluated in another representative sample (n=2510) as well as three clinical groups, namely patients with depressive disorders (n=106), patients with eating disorders (N=107), and patients suffering from pain (N=90). Depressive and anxiety symptoms and pain disability (PHQ-9, PHQ-4, PDI) were also assessed. Read More

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Evaluation of a new portable 1-lead digital cardiac monitor (eKuore) compared with standard base-apex electrocardiography in healthy horses.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(8):e0255247. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pisa, San Piero a Grado, Pisa, Italy.

Recently, the use of smartphone ECG devices has been reported in humans and animals. Nevertheless, as the electrodes of these devices are inseparable, they can create only a precordial reading in veterinary species. Thus, although the smartphone ECG devices are considered valuable as a screening tool for the detection of some common arrhythmias, they are not always a reliable method for the measurement of the duration of the electrical deflections. Read More

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The reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Telemedicine Satisfaction and Usefulness Questionnaire (TSUQ) and Telemedicine Patient Questionnaire (TPQ) in individuals with multiple sclerosis.

Neurol Sci 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: The study was aimed to translate and adapt the Telemedicine Satisfaction and Usefulness Questionnaire (TSUQ) and Telemedicine Patient Questionnaire (TPQ) into Turkish, thereafter to analyze the psychometric properties of both questionnaires.

Methods: A total of 149 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients were recruited in the study. For 4 years, all patients were supervised by a department clinician using telemedicine. Read More

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The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the 6-item female sexual function index (FSFI-6) and the relationship between climacturia and female sexual dysfunction.

Int J Impot Res 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

School of Sexology, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

This study aims to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the FSFI-6 questionnaire,an abbreviated version of FSFI-19,a common tool for evaluating female sexual function. The study included 120 female patients aged between 18-65 years who presented to the urology clinic between December 2019 and March 2020. The Turkish version of FSFI-6 was translated from the English version for validation. Read More

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Broad concepts and messy realities: optimising the application of mental capacity criteria.

J Med Ethics 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Psychological Medicine, IoPPN, London, UK.

Most jurisdictions require that a mental capacity assessment be conducted using a functional model whose definition includes several abilities. In England and Wales and in increasing number of countries, the law requires a person be able to understand, to retain, to use or weigh relevant information and to communicate one's decision. But interpreting and applying broad and vague criteria, such as the ability 'to use or weigh' to a diverse range of presentations is challenging. Read More

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Families' Health Behavior: Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Family Health Climate Scale.

Soc Work Public Health 2021 Aug 2:1-16. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Midwifery, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey.

This study aims to adapting the Family Health Climate Scale (FHC Scale) into Turkish and to conduct its validity and reliability analyses. The FHC Scale consists of two subscales, the Physical Activity Scale (FHC-PA) and the Nutrition Scale (FHC-NU). The validity and reliability analyzes of the scales were done separately. Read More

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Clinical outcomes and outcome measurement tools reported in randomised controlled trials of treatment for snakebite envenoming: A systematic review.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Aug 2;15(8):e0009589. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

MRC clinical trials unit at UCL, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Snakebite is a priority neglected tropical disease and causes a range of complications that vary depending on the snake species. Randomised clinical trials have used varied outcome measures that do not allow results to be compared or combined. In accordance with the Core Outcomes Measurements in Effectiveness Trials (COMET) initiative, this systematic review aims to support the development of a globally relevant core outcome set for snakebite. Read More

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Are Wearable Sensors Valid and Reliable for Studying the Baseball Pitching Motion? An Independent Comparison With Marker-Based Motion Capture.

Am J Sports Med 2021 Aug 2:3635465211029017. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Motion Analysis Laboratory, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background: In recent years, the prevalence of medial ulnar collateral ligament injuries has increased in throwers of all ages and skill levels. The motusBASEBALL sensor possesses an inertial measurement unit (IMU) that has been developed and applied to the throwing arm to allow for measurements of several objective parameters, which may prove beneficial for monitoring, rehabilitation, and injury prevention in the throwing athlete. However, the reliability, consistency, and validity of the IMU have not been independently assessed. Read More

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Post-match Recovery Practices in Professional Football: Design, Validity, and Reliability of a New Questionnaire.

Front Sports Act Living 2021 15;3:680799. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Faculty of Human Kinetics, Centro Interdisciplinar de Performance Humana, University of Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.

Although several approaches have been proposed to mitigate post-match fatigue, few studies have been conducted in team sports to understand the types of recovery methods and the underlying reasons for the choices of medical and technical staff. This study aimed to develop a valid and reliable online questionnaire to assess the recovery practices implemented by football clubs within 72 h post-match. Two research members developed the original questionnaire proposal, and two experts in sports science and sports medicine confirmed the content and face validities. Read More

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Rapid and Visual Detection of SARS-CoV-2 Using Multiplex Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Linked With Gold Nanoparticle-Based Lateral Flow Biosensor.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 14;11:581239. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou, China.

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel coronavirus that has caused the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) all over the world. In the absence of appropriate antiviral drugs or vaccines, developing a simple, rapid, and reliable assay for SARS-CoV-2 is necessary for the prevention and control of the COVID-19 transmission.

Methods: A novel molecular diagnosis technique, named multiplex reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification, that has been linked to a nanoparticle-based lateral flow biosensor (mRT-LAMP-LFB) was applied to detect SARS-CoV-2 based on the SARS-CoV-2 and genes, and the mRT-LAMP products were analyzed using nanoparticle-based lateral flow biosensor. Read More

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The Multivariable Multiaxial Suggestibility Inventory-2 (MMSI-2): A Psychometric Alternative to Measure and Explain Supernatural Experiences.

Front Psychol 2021 16;12:692194. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

School of Psychology, Education and Sport Sciences, Blanquerna, Ramon Llull University, Barcelona, Spain.

This paper presents the English adaptation of the (MMSI-2), a questionnaire developed specifically for psychological assessment and prediction of anomalous phenomena. The sample consisted of 613 respondents from England (47.6% were women and 52. Read More

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Job Insecurity, Work-Related Flow, and Financial Anxiety in the Midst of COVID-19 Pandemic and Economic Downturn.

Front Psychol 2021 15;12:632265. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, every domain of industry has experienced a severe economic downturn with concomitant stress throughout the economy. Employees working in government and private sectors are experiencing different psychological problems. The current study was conducted to investigate the role of work-related flow in the relationship of job insecurity with financial anxiety in the employees working in private and government sectors of Saudi Arabia. Read More

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Perception of Person-Centred Maternity Care and Its Associated Factors Among Post-Partum Women: Evidence From a Cross-Sectional Study in Enugu State, Nigeria.

Int J Public Health 2021 17;66:612894. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Health Administration and Management, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria.

This study validated a person-centred maternity care (PCMC) scale and assessed perception of PCMC and its associated factors among post-partum women. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 450 post-partum women in two districts in Enugu State, Nigeria, using a 30-item PCMC scale. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, descriptive, bivariate and Generalized Linear Models analyses were conducted. Read More

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Reliability and validity of smartphone applications to measure the spinal range of motion: A systematic review.

Expert Rev Med Devices 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, KSA.

Introduction ː: The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review on the reliability and validity of various smartphone applications for spinal range of motion (ROM) measurements.

Methods: Eleven studies were selected following an electronic search of PubMed, CINAHAL, Medline, Embase and SPORTDiscus. Quality appraisals of selected studies were conducted using a standardised appraisal tool. Read More

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Reliability and validity of clinically useful depression outcome scale identifying mixed features in patients with manic episode.

Brain Behav 2021 Aug 1. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Hongkou District Mental Health Center, Shanghai, P. R. China.

Objectives: This study aims to explore the reliability, validity, and feasibility of Clinically Useful Depression Outcome Scale (CUDOS) in screening mixed features in patients diagnosed with mania.

Methods: A total of 109 patients with (hypo-) manic episode were recruited. The reliability of Chinese version of CUDOS (CUDOS-C) were analyzed with Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Read More

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Is the dynamic gait index a useful outcome to measure balance and ambulation in patients with cerebellar ataxia?

Gait Posture 2021 Jul 21;89:200-205. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA; Center for Movement Studies, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Neuroscience, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Ataxia can adversely affect balance and gait and increase the incidence of falls, which puts individuals at greater risk for injury. Thus, interventions focused on balance and gait are integral in rehabilitation training. In order to determine if rehabilitation interventions are effective, we need an outcome measure to detect change. Read More

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A dried blood spot protocol for high throughput analysis of SARS-CoV-2 serology based on the Roche Elecsys anti-N assay.

EBioMedicine 2021 Jul 29;70:103502. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) Munich, Munich 80802, Germany; German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Since 2020 SARS-CoV-2 spreads pandemically, infecting more than 119 million people, causing >2·6 million fatalities. Symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection vary greatly, ranging from asymptomatic to fatal. Different populations react differently to the disease, making it very hard to track the spread of the infection in a population. Read More

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Optimized simple and affordable procedure for differentiation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells from LRF: An accessible and valid alternative biological source.

Exp Cell Res 2021 Jul 29:112754. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Dendritic cells are one of the most popular immune cells, which plays a remarkable role in both immunotherapy and tolerance induction. Due to unwanted side effects of leukocyte presence in donated blood, the policy of blood service is the pre-storage reduction of leukocytes, which today, filtration is the most common method for this purpose. The filtration method has led to diminished access to Buffy coat as a generally used conventional source of biological cells. Read More

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Tools available to screen for child feeding dysfunction: A systematic review.

Appetite 2021 Jul 28:105611. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Utah State University, 8700 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT, 84322, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: The aim of this systematic review is to identify existing pediatric feeding screening tools that have been shown to be valid and reliable in identifying feeding dysfunction in children.

Method: A database search produced 5862 relevant articles to be screened based on pre-determined inclusion/exclusion criteria. After full text review of 183 articles, 64 articles were included in the review. Read More

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Examination of the psychometric properties of the persian version of the COVID-19-impact on Quality of Life Scale.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2021 Jul 30;19(1):188. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Spiritual Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Introduction: As a result of high transmission and mortality rates, the Covid-19 pandemic has led to a worldwide health crisis, isolation, and widespread fear, therefore negatively influencing people's quality of life (QOL). The goal of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties (validity and reliability) of the Persian version of the COVID-19-Impact on Quality of Life (COV19-QoL) scale.

Methods: After translating the scale using the forward-backward method, face and content validly was qualitatively assessed. Read More

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The Store-and-Forward Telemedicine Service User-satisfaction Questionnaire: Development and validation of a questionnaire to monitor and assess health care providers' experiences.

J Telemed Telecare 2021 Jul 30:1357633X211032409. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Medical Informatics, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, 26066Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Introduction: With wider adoption of store-and-forward telemedicine accelerating, particularly post-coronavirus disease 2019, it is essential to understand health care providers' (HCPs) satisfaction with digital solutions offered by telemedicine organizations to (continuously) guarantee service quality. We developed the Store-and-Forward Telemedicine Service User-satisfaction Questionnaire to monitor and assess HCPs' experiences with contracted telemedicine organizations.

Methods: Questionnaire construction (phase 1) consisted of exploratory literature search on validated telemedicine satisfaction questionnaires, a telemedicine domain and human factors expert focus group, stakeholder focus group (customer service employee and telemedicine account managers), and two pre-testing rounds among 18 HCPs. Read More

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Return to play protocols for musculoskeletal upper and lower limb injuries in tackle-collision team sports: a systematic review.

Eur J Sport Sci 2021 Jul 30:1-60. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Division of Exercise Science & Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Athletes in tackle-collision teams are at high risk of musculoskeletal injuries resulting in absence from play due to the high impact nature of the sport. There is a paucity of research to guide the management and assessment methods needed to facilitate the return to play (RTP) process. This review aimed to describe, synthesise and evaluate RTP protocols implemented for musculoskeletal injuries in tackle-collision teams. Read More

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Slingshot Challenge and Star Mines: Two digital games as a prisoner's dilemma to assess cooperation in children.

Behav Res Methods 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Laboratório de Desenvolvimento-Aprendizagem e Processos Psicossociais (LDAPP), Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco (Univasf), Petrolina, Brazil.

The prisoner's dilemma (PD) has been widely adopted by researchers to investigate cooperation among adults and children. However, studies using the PD with children are not as extensive as experiments with adults. The main aim of this work was to introduce and show the feasibility and validity of two digital games with the structural features of a PD (Slingshot Challenge [SC] and Star Mines [SM]) to investigate children's cooperative behavior. Read More

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