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Interrater and intrarater reliability of the single arm military press (SAMP) test for upper limb function in patients with non-specific neck pain.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2021 Jul 20;55:102428. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Centre for Health and Social Care Research, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Performance measures that assess the upper limb disability (ULD) in patients with neck pain can provide useful information for making clinical decisions regarding the optimal management of those patients. The Single Arm Military Press (SAMP) test is a performance based ULD measure developed specifically for populations with neck pain. In this test, patients are asked to lift a 1 kg weight repetitively overhead for 30 s with repetitions counting as the score. Read More

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The empathy questionnaire for children and adolescents (EmQue-CA) in Chinese: Psychometric properties and measurement invariance.

Asian J Psychiatr 2021 Jul 16;63:102775. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Taipa, Macau SAR, 100875, China. Electronic address:

The current study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the EmQue-CA, as well as the measurement invariance across gender. A sample of 1107 students (498 boys and 609 girls) enrolled in fourth grade to twelfth grade (M = 13.29; SD = 2. Read More

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Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Brief Male Sexual Function Inventory: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Sex Med 2021 Jul 26;9(5):100409. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Introduction: Male sexual dysfunction is a common problem, and there are many self-report questionnaires for measuring sexual function among men; however, the Brief Male Sexual Function Inventory (BSFI) is a tool that has 5 subscales, which is more complete than others. a validated self-report questionnaire, in the local language with modest expressions is required for men.

Aim: To determine the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the BSFI among men. Read More

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Reliability, Validity, Clinical Utility, and Responsiveness of Measures for Assessing Mobility and Physical Function in Patients with Traumatic Injury in the Acute Care Hospital Setting: A Prospective Study.

Phys Ther 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Physiotherapy, The Alfred Hospital, Prahran, Melbourne, VIC 3181.

Objective: The longer-term impact of injury is increasingly recognized, but the early phases of recovery are less well understood. The best tools to measure early recovery of mobility and physical function following traumatic injury are unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical utility, validity, reliability, and responsiveness of 4 mobility and physical function measures in patients following traumatic injury. Read More

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Validity and reliability of a novel monitoring sensor for the quantification of the hitting load in tennis.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(7):e0255339. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Faculty of sport, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Wearable sensor systems are a emerging tools for the evaluation of the sport's activity and can be used to quantify the external workload of the athlete. The main goal of this paper was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the "Armbeep inertial measurement unit" (IMU) sensor both in a closed tennis exercise and in open matchplay. Twentyfour junior tennis players performed a baseline drill and played matches, during which they wore a combined accelerometer and gyroscope sensor. Read More

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Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus) personality: A rating assessment with ex Situ Conservation Program sample.

J Comp Psychol 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Zarza de Granadilla Breeding Center.

Research on felid personality has been conducted in a few species. Further research on new species could be highly informative in regard to the influence that adaptation to different ecological challenges has on felid personality. We evaluated the personality of 58 Iberian lynxes () hosted at 3 different breeding centers for reintroduction. Read More

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Alcohol consumption among older adults with symptoms of cognitive decline consulting specialist health care.

Aging Ment Health 2021 Jul 29:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

General Practice Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

Objectives: To explore alcohol consumption among older Norwegian adults with symptoms of cognitive decline, assess the agreement between the reports of older adults and their next of kin regarding a person's alcohol consumption, and explore clinical and sociodemographic variables associated with agreement.

Method: Alcohol consumption was measured among 3608 older adults consulting specialist health care for symptoms of cognitive decline. Agreement between the participant and their next of kin regarding the participant's alcohol consumption was assessed with a weighted kappa (κ). Read More

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Translation and validation of the Italian version of the user version of the Mobile Application Rating Scale (uMARS).

J Prev Med Hyg 2021 Mar 29;62(1):E243-E248. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Background: Health sciences are steadily developing apps to help people to adopt correct lifestyles and to help physicians to monitor patients with chronic diseases. However, a properly validated tool that can evaluate patients' perception of apps is still lacking in many languages. In English, a validated questionnaire, called User Version of the Mobile Application Rating Scale (uMARS), is currently available. Read More

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A Standardized Evaluation Method for Assessing Patients With Genital Dyschromia.

Cureus 2021 Jun 22;13(6):e15840. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Medicine, Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health, Salvador, BRA.

Objective The population's ever-growing concern with genital aesthetic dysfunctions reflects an increasing demand in the field of intimate aesthetics. For this reason, as well as the lack of a standardized evaluation, this paper aims to develop a form that facilitates the initial investigation of aesthetic genital dysfunctions.  Methods An evaluation form for female and male genital dyschromia was developed between July and November 2018. Read More

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Transcultural Adaptation and Psychometric Proprieties of the Mental Toughness Inventory for Brazilian Athletes.

Front Psychol 2021 12;12:663382. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Physical Education Department, State University of Maringá, Maringá, Brazil.

This study has assessed the psychometric proprieties of the Mental Toughness Inventory (MTI) within the context of Brazilian sports. About 12 professionals participated in the process of adapting and translating the scale to Brazilian Portuguese. Subjects were 575 athletes (23. Read More

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A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing the Success of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Ferric Sulfate as Pulpotomy Medicaments for Primary Molars.

J Dent Child (Chic) 2021 May;88(2):120-128

Dr. Alapati is an associate professor, Department of Endodontics, all in the College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA.

To evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic performance of a new type of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA, NuSmile NeoMTA) and ferric sulfate (FS) as pulpotomy medicaments for primary molars over 12 months.
Fifty participants (25 per group) were enrolled, according to specific inclusion criteria. Each participant received a single primary molar pulpotomy either with MTA or FS, depending on random digit table method allocation. Read More

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Quantifying Orthotic Correction of Trigonocephaly Using Optical Surface Scanning.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Jul-Aug 01;32(5):1727-1733

Department of Neurological Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.

Abstract: Numerous publications describe techniques to measure trigonocephaly caused by metopic synostosis, but they are potentially hazardous for use in acquiring longitudinal data. Optical surface scanning technology can safely yield craniometrics but has not established a practical means for measuring objective morphological changes to trigonocephaly during the practical time constraints of a clinical visit. The purpose of this preliminary study was to evaluate a method for safely and repeatedly measuring frontal angle (FA) using technology available at multiple centers providing treatment with cranial remolding orthoses. Read More

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Geometric accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging-derived virtual 3-dimensional bone surface models of the mandible in comparison to computed tomography and cone beam computed tomography: A porcine cadaver study.

Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: Providing accurate 3-dimensional virtual bone surface models is a prerequisite for virtual surgical planning and additive manufacturing in craniomaxillofacial surgery. For this purpose, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be a radiation-free alternative to computed tomography (CT) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the geometric accuracy of 3-dimensional T1-weighted MRI-derived virtual bone surface models of the mandible in comparison to CT and CBCT. Read More

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Development of a median sternotomy simulation model for cardiac surgery training.

JTCVS Tech 2020 Jun 5;2:109-116. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: We sought to develop a simulation model to train resident physicians in the performance of a median sternotomy.

Methods: A modified Delphi consensus process was used with cardiac surgery staff to develop a 20-point checklist for the safe performance of a median sternotomy. Thirteen junior cardiac surgery trainees from across Canada participated in this study to assess the simulation model. Read More

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Validating the Vietnamese version of wearing - Off 19 questionnaire for patients with Parkinson's disease.

Clin Park Relat Disord 2019 5;1:37-40. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

The Truong Neuroscience Institute, Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center, Fountain Valley, CA 92708, USA.

Background: One of the most common complication of the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) is the wearing off phenomenon. A validated Vietnamese version of Wearing off 19 (WO19) questionnaire is necessary to optimize the Vietnamese PD treatment.

Objectives: This study was undertaken to determine the quality attribute of the questionnaire as a tool for early detection of wearing off (WO) in Vietnamese population with PD. Read More

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Psychometric Properties of Nursing Delirium Screening Scale in Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units.

Indian J Crit Care Med 2021 Jun;25(6):680-684

Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.

Background: Nursing Delirium Screening Scale (Nu-DESC) is a new instrument for determining delirium by nurses. The study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of Nu-DESC and determined the sensitivity and specificity of it.

Methods: Two evaluators assessed delirium by Nu-DESC in nonintubated patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) wards of Ardabil educational and medical centers. Read More

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Psychometric analysis of the Brazilian-version Kidscreen-27 questionnaire.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2021 Jul 27;19(1):185. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Research Center in Physical Activity and Health, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Background: The objective of this study was to verify the reliability, discriminatory power and construct validity of the Kidscreen-27 questionnaire in Brazilian adolescents.

Methods: Adolescents that participated of the pilot study (210 adolescents; 52.9% boys; 13. Read More

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Validity and reliability of the simplified Chinese patient-reported outcomes version of the common terminology criteria for adverse events.

BMC Cancer 2021 Jul 27;21(1):860. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Diagnosis and Therapy, 651 Dongfeng Road East, Guangzhou, 510060, People's Republic of China.

Background: The psychometric properties of the simplified Chinese version of the Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE) have not been assessed. Therefore, we aimed to assess its validity, reliability, and responsiveness.

Patients And Methods: A Chinese version of the PRO-CTCAE and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) were distributed to 1580 patients from four cancer hospitals in China. Read More

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Evaluating the quality of HIV epidemiologic evidence for populations in the absence of a reliable sampling frame: a modified quality assessment tool.

Ann Epidemiol 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: Sampling frames rarely exist for key populations at highest risk for HIV, such as sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who use drugs, and transgender populations. Without reliable sampling frames, most data collection relies on non-probability sampling approaches including network-based methods (e.g. Read More

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Initial investigation of test-retest reliability of home-to-home teleneuropsychological assessment in healthy, English-speaking adults.

Clin Neuropsychol 2021 Jul 26:1-15. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Prior teleneuropsychological research has assessed the reliability between in-person and remote administration of cognitive assessments. Few, if any, studies have examined the test-retest reliability of cognitive assessments conducted in sequential clinic-to-home or home-to-home teleneuropsychological evaluations - a critical issue given the state of clinical practice during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study examined this key psychometric question for several cognitive tests administered over repeated videoconferencing visits 4-6 months apart in a sample of healthy English-speaking adults. Read More

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Comparison of Narrowband Imaging and White-Light Endoscopy for Diagnosis and Screening of Nasopharyngeal Cancer.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Jul 27:1945998211029617. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: We compared the diagnostic accuracies of narrowband imaging and white-light endoscopy in the detection of nasopharyngeal cancer.

Data Sources: Six databases (PubMed, Cochrane Database, Embase, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar).

Review Methods: The 6 databases were thoroughly reviewed by 2 authors (working independently) from their dates of inception to December 2019. Read More

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Music Based Assessment for Cognitive Functions for Spanish-Speaking Adults With Acquired Brain Injury (ECMUS): A Pilot-Validation Study.

J Music Ther 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Rehabilitation Department, FLENI, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Acquired brain injury (ABI) commonly causes cognitive dysfunction that needs to be assessed and treated to maximize rehabilitation outcomes. Research suggests that music, emotion, and cognition are intimately linked, and that music can contribute to the assessment and treatment of cognitive functions of adults who have suffered from ABI. To this date, no standardized music based assessment tool exists to identify and measure cognitive functioning and mood states of Spanish-speaking persons with ABI at treatment intake and over time. Read More

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A study of the effect of working parameters and validation of SEM/EDS method for determination of elemental composition of commonly encountered GSR samples in shooting events in Kosovo.

J Forensic Sci 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Analytical Chemistry Department, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Reliability of forensic evidences for presence of inorganic gunshot residue (iGSR) on a given surface strongly depends on the performance of scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM-EDS) method. This article presents the results from a study of the effect of SEM/EDS working parameters on the method performance and quality of iGSR data, as well as a development of a database of iGSR encountered in R Kosovo. The optimal working parameters of SEM/EDS were established by one-variable-at-a-time approach and the method was validated according to ASTM1588-10. Read More

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Evaluation of a Wearable AR Platform for Guiding Complex Craniotomies in Neurosurgery.

Ann Biomed Eng 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Information Engineering, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Today, neuronavigation is widely used in daily clinical routine to perform safe and efficient surgery. Augmented reality (AR) interfaces can provide anatomical models and preoperative planning contextually blended with the real surgical scenario, overcoming the limitations of traditional neuronavigators. This study aims to demonstrate the reliability of a new-concept AR headset in navigating complex craniotomies. Read More

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Identification of prognostic alternative splicing events in sarcoma.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 22;11(1):14949. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Emergency Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450052, China.

Sarcoma is a rare malignancy with unfavorable prognoses. Accumulating evidence indicates that aberrant alternative splicing (AS) events are generally involved in cancer pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to identify the prognostic value of AS-related survival genes as potential biomarkers, and highlight the functional roles of AS events in sarcoma. Read More

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Challenges in Anesthesia Management for Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy: A Retrospective Analysis.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Izmir Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Katip Çelebi University, İzmir Department of Gastroenterology, Koç University Hospital, Zeytinburnu/İstanbul, Turkey.

Background: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is used to treat achalasia with efficacy and reliability. However, during the procedure potential complications require attention in terms of anesthesia. This study aimed to investigate complications of the POEM procedure and its effects on arterial blood gas (ABG) parameters, peak airway pressures (PIP), hemodynamics, and postoperative analgesia requirements. Read More

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Novel Radiographic Indexes for Elbow Stability Assessment: Part B-Preliminary Clinical Study.

Indian J Orthop 2021 Jul 28;55(Suppl 2):347-358. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

U.O.C. 1° Clinica Ortopedica, Azienda Socio Sanitaria Territoriale Centro Specialistico Ortopedico Traumatologico Gaetano Pini-CTO, Piazza Cardinal Ferrari 1, 20122 Milan, Italy.

Introduction: The coronoid process plays a key-role in preserving elbow stability. Currently, there are no radiographic indexes conceived to assess the intrinsic elbow stability and the joint congruency. The aim of this study is to present new radiological parameters, which will help assess the intrinsic stability of the ulnohumeral joint and to define normal values of these indexes in a normal, healthy population. Read More

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Development and test-retest reliability assessment of a low-cost, 3D printed tool for assessing different aspects of hand dexterity.

J Hand Ther 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

School of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, QLD Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Hand dexterity assessments related to fine motor movements are routinely administered in clinical settings to ascertain an individual's hand function. However, to perform a detailed assessment multiple devices are needed which can be time-consuming and costly to administer.

Purpose: We designed and assessed the test-retest reliability of a 3D printed dexterity device in a cohort of healthy young adults and community-dwelling older adults. Read More

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[Reliability and validity test of Chinese version of the Karitane parenting confidence scale].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jul;55(7):811-817

Child Health Clinic, Ma'anshan Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Ma'anshan 243000, China.

To translate and revise the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale (KPCS),which can be used to evaluate the parenting confidence of 0-12 months infant caregivers in China, and evaluate the reliability and validity test of Chinese version of KPCS. Form a Chinese version of Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale through translation, back translation and expert review. Mothers of 3-month-old infants were recruited from two Maternal and Child Health Hospitals in Beijing and Ma'anshan in April 2019. Read More

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Visual Evoked Potential Abnormalities in Phelan-McDermid Syndrome.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York.

Objective: The current study utilized visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to examine excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic activity in children with Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) and the association with genetic factors. PMS is caused by haploinsufficiency of SHANK3 on chromosome 22 and represents a common single-gene cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability.

Method: Transient VEPs were obtained from 175 children, including 31 with PMS, 79 with idiopathic ASD, 45 typically developing controls, and 20 unaffected siblings of children with PMS. Read More

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