10,422 results match your criteria relaxation exercise

Therapeutic Effects of Ba-Duan-Jin versus Pregabalin for Fibromyalgia Treatment: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Rheumatol Ther 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Rheumatology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Introduction: Fibromyalgia is characterized by multi-focal pain and is associated with fatigue, unrefreshing sleep and psychological impairment. Pregabalin is one of the most frequently used agents in fibromyalgia treatment. However, it has failed to demonstrate benefit over placebo for reducing fatigue and psychological impairment, and may cause adverse effects (e. Read More

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"A blessing and a curse": Work loss during coronavirus lockdown on short-term health changes via threat and recovery.

J Occup Health Psychol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

School of Psychology.

The coronavirus pandemic resulted in national lockdown orders, followed by employment changes to reduce labor costs. We assess how health varied for hospitality workers due to the lockdown (i.e. Read More

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Indexing cerebrovascular health using near-infrared spectroscopy.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 20;11(1):14812. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia.

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NiRS) is a relatively new technology of brain imaging with its potential in the assessment of cerebrovascular health only recently discovered. Encouraging early results suggest that NiRS can be used as an inexpensive and portable cerebrovascular health tracking device using a recently proposed pulse relaxation function (PReFx). In this paper, we propose a new NiRS timing index, [Formula: see text], of cerebrovascular health. Read More

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Recognizing and Counting Freehand Exercises Using Ubiquitous Cellular Signals.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Jul 4;21(13). Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Department of Computer Science and Technology, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China.

Freehand exercises help improve physical fitness without any requirements for devices or places. Existing fitness assistant systems are typically restricted to wearable devices or exercising at specific positions, compromising the ubiquitous availability of freehand exercises. In this paper, we develop MobiFit, a contactless freehand exercise assistant using just one cellular signal receiver placed on the ground. Read More

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Muscle Contractile Characteristics During Exhaustive Dynamic Exercise and Recovery.

Front Physiol 2021 2;12:660099. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Our aim was to provide an assessment of human muscle twitch characteristics during and following an exhaustive dynamic exercise to explore temporal alterations of the rate of force development (RFD) and relaxation (RFR). Eleven healthy participants (mean age ± SD: 24 ± 3 years) completed a dynamic knee-extensor exercise in randomized order at three different intensities, eliciting exhaustion after ∼9 min (56 ± 10 W), ∼6 min (60 ± 10 W), and ∼4 min (63 ± 10 W), in addition to a low-intensity (28 ± 5 W) bout. In a novel setup, an electrical doublet stimulation of m. Read More

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Effects of multimodal prehabilitation on muscle size, myosteatosis, and dietary intake of surgical patients with lung cancer - a randomized feasibility study.

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

McGill University, School of Human Nutrition, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada.

Many patients with lung cancer undergo surgery, which can increase the risk for muscle loss, leading to worsened outcomes. A multimodal prehabilitation intervention integrating dietary and muscle assessment may help clinicians better understand changes in these outcomes. This pilot assessed feasibility of multimodal prehabilitation in early-stage surgical lung cancer patients and explored relationships between body composition, muscle characteristics and dietary intake, as well as muscle changes due to prehabilitation. Read More

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The Effect of Music Therapy and Progressive Muscle Relaxation Exercise on Anxiety Before the First Clinical Practice in Nursing Students: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2020 Oct 26;28(3):341-349. Epub 2020 Oct 26.

Department of Fundamentals of Nursing, Health Sciences University, Hamidiye Faculty of Nursing, İstanbul, Turkey.

Aim: This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of music therapy and progressive muscle relaxation exercise on the state and trait anxiety levels before their first clinical practice in nursing students.

Method: This randomized controlled experimental study sample consisted of 86 nursing students who will be firstly applied to clinical practice. The students were randomly assigned to music (n=30), exercise (n=28), and control (n=28) groups. Read More

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October 2020

Physical Activity Engagement Worsens Health Outcomes and Limits Exercise Capacity in Growth-restricted Mice.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2021 Aug;53(8):1561-1571

Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Introduction: A total of 161 million children a year are growth restricted, leading to a 47% increased risk of chronic disease in adulthood. Physical activity (PA) reduces the risk of mortality from chronic disease. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the effect of a PA intervention (wheel running) on cardiac and skeletal muscle capacities in gestational (GUN) and postnatal (PUN) growth-restricted mice as compared with nonrestricted controls (CON). Read More

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Perivascular adipose tissue and microvascular endothelial dysfunction in obese mice: Beneficial effects of aerobic exercise in adiponectin receptor (AdipoR1) and peNOS.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Laboratory of Vascular Biology, Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.

In the present study, we aim to investigate the effects of aerobic physical training on perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)-induced microvascular dysfunction of the femoral artery in obese mice. Microvascular reactivity was evaluated in control sedentary (c-SD), obese sedentary (o-SD) and obese trained (o-TR) male mice (C57BL6/JUnib), in the absence (PVAT-) or the presence (PVAT+) of femoral artery PVAT. We also analyzed protein expression, vascular nitric oxide (NO) production and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in PVAT. Read More

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A scoping review of the effects of virtual reality and computer-based interventions for people with chronic pain: does it feel like we're there yet?

Philip D Austin

Pain Med 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Palliative Care, HammondCare, Greenwich Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: Although virtual reality VR is shown to have short-term analgesic effects in acute pain settings, its long-term efficacy with chronic pain conditions has not been established. This scoping review aims to provide a summary of VR approaches explored in chronic primary and secondary pain conditions as defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain.

Methods: A systematic literature search in Ovid PubMed and Ovid Embase was conducted between January 5-10th 2021 using the Arksey and O'Malley six-step scoping review criteria. Read More

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Physical relaxation for occupational stress in healthcare workers: A systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

J Occup Health 2021 Jan;63(1):e12243

Department of Veterans Affairs, Orlando VA Healthcare System, Orlando, FL, USA.

Objectives: Work related stress is a major occupational health problem that is associated with adverse effects on physical and mental health. Healthcare workers are particularly vulnerable in the era of COVID-19. Physical methods of stress relief such as yoga and massage therapy may reduce occupational stress. Read More

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January 2021

Relaxation exercise therapy improves pain, muscle strength, and kinesiophobia following total knee arthroplasty in the short term: a randomized controlled trial.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, School of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, TR-35340, Balçova, Izmir, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aimed to compare progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) + standard physiotherapy (PT) to standard PT during inpatient rehabilitation of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients in terms of post-operative outcomes. The hypothesis was that PMR + standard PT would lead to better pain, function, and neuromuscular outcomes than standard PT.

Methods: A total of 106 patients were randomly allocated into PMR or standard rehabilitation (SR) groups. Read More

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The effect of relaxation exercises on burden, burnout, and anxiety levels in palliative caregivers.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2021 Jul 5. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Fundamentals of Nursing Department, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of relaxation exercises on burden, burnout, and anxiety levels in palliative caregivers.

Design And Methods: The single-group pretest-posttest design was used. The sample of the study consisted of 60 caregivers. Read More

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Protocol for a Single-Blind, Randomized, Parallel-Group Study of a Nonpharmacological Integrated Care Intervention to Reduce the Impact of Breathlessness in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Palliat Med Rep 2020 10;1(1):296-306. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Westmead Hospital, Wentworthville, New South Wales, Australia.

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) frequently experience breathlessness despite maximal medical therapy. Nonpharmacological management is effective in studies enrolling patients with a variety of respiratory diseases; however, the impact on patients with COPD is unclear. A protocol for a mixed-methods, single-center, observer-blinded, fast-track randomized-controlled, parallel-group trial comparing an immediate eight-week nonpharmacological Westmead Breathlessness Service (WBS) to a standard care control group is described. Read More

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December 2020

Initial Results of Tests Using GSR Biofeedback as a New Neurorehabilitation Technology Complementing Pharmacological Treatment of Patients with Schizophrenia.

Biomed Res Int 2021 10;2021:5552937. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Management in Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Poland.

Galvanic skin response (GSR) Biofeedback uses training to reduce tension and anxiety and improve concentration and self-regulation. The study was aimed to evaluate this method as a form of rehabilitation and quantify the outcomes achieved by patients undergoing training using this technique. Six schizophrenic patients were enrolled in the study and underwent training based on the relaxation training module (CENTER), concentration training module (BALANCE), and self-regulation training module (INSECTS). Read More

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Relaxation or Regulation: The Acute Effect of Mind-Body Exercise on Heart Rate Variability and Subjective State in Experienced Qi Gong Practitioners.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 8;2021:6673190. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Lab for Psychophysiology and Optical Imaging, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Calwerstraβe 14, Tübingen 72076, Germany.

Mind-body exercises such as Yoga or Qi Gong have demonstrated a wide range of health benefits and hold great promise for employment in clinical practice. However, the psychophysiological mechanism underlying these effects remains unclear. Theoretical frameworks highlight as a characteristic and specific mechanism of mind-body exercise for which empirical evidence is scarce. Read More

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Monitoring of Changes in Masticatory Muscle Stiffness after Gum Chewing Using Shear Wave Elastography.

J Clin Med 2021 Jun 3;10(11). Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Radiology, Wroclaw Medical University, 50-556 Wroclaw, Poland.

This study aimed to investigate if intensive exercise affects the stiffness of the masticatory muscles measured with shear-wave elastography. The study included a cohort of healthy adults ( = 40) aged 40 ± 11 years. In each individual, the stiffness of both the masseter and temporalis muscle was examined three times: at baseline, after 10 min of intensive exercise (chewing gum), and after 10 min of relaxation. Read More

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Urban Environment and Health: A Cross-Sectional Study of the Influence of Environmental Quality and Physical Activity on Blood Pressure.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 6;18(11). Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Division of City Planning and Architecture, Kaunas City Municipality, Laisvės al. 96, 44251 Kaunas, Lithuania.

Few studies have examined the relation between urban built environment and the prevalence of hypertension. This cross-sectional study aimed at assessing the relationship between the environmental quality, physical activity, and stress on hypertension among citizens of Kaunas city, Lithuania. We conducted a survey of 1086 citizens residing in 11 districts to determine their perceptions of environmental quality, health behavior, and health indices. Read More

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Systematic Review of Mind-Body Interventions to Treat Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Jun 24;57(7). Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Departments of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 1C9, Canada.

: Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) is a chronic condition distinguished by disabling fatigue associated with post-exertional malaise, as well as changes to sleep, autonomic functioning, and cognition. Mind-body interventions (MBIs) utilize the ongoing interaction between the mind and body to improve health and wellbeing. Purpose: To systematically review studies using MBIs for the treatment of ME/CFS symptoms. Read More

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Improper Remodeling of Organelles Deputed to Ca Handling and Aerobic ATP Production Underlies Muscle Dysfunction in Ageing.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 8;22(12). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

CAST, Center for Advanced Studies and Technology, University G. d'Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, I-66100 Chieti, Italy.

Proper skeletal muscle function is controlled by intracellular Ca concentration and by efficient production of energy (ATP), which, in turn, depend on: (a) the release and re-uptake of Ca from sarcoplasmic-reticulum (SR) during excitation-contraction (EC) coupling, which controls the contraction and relaxation of sarcomeres; (b) the uptake of Ca into the mitochondrial matrix, which stimulates aerobic ATP production; and finally (c) the entry of Ca from the extracellular space via store-operated Ca entry (SOCE), a mechanism that is important to limit/delay muscle fatigue. Abnormalities in Ca handling underlie many physio-pathological conditions, including dysfunction in ageing. The specific focus of this review is to discuss the importance of the proper architecture of organelles and membrane systems involved in the mechanisms introduced above for the correct skeletal muscle function. Read More

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Mechanical properties and UTE-T2* in Patellar tendinopathy: The effect of load magnitude in exercise-based treatment.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital - Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg, Copenhagen Denmark and Center for Healthy Aging, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Loading intervention is currently the preferred management of tendinopathy, but to what extent different loading regimes influence the mechanical response in tendons is scarcely investigated. Therefore, the purposes of the investigation were to examine the effect of exercise interventions with either high or low load magnitude applied to the tendinopathic patellar tendon and the influence on its mechanical, material, and morphological properties. Forty-four men with chronic patellar tendinopathy were randomized to 12 weeks of exercising with either; 55% of 1RM throughout the period (MSR group) or 90% of 1RM (HSR group), and with equal total exercise volume in both groups. Read More

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Chronic Exercise Mitigates the Effects of Sirtuin Inhibition by Salermide on Endothelium-Dependent Vasodilation.

Cardiovasc Toxicol 2021 Jun 29. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Molecular and Cardiovascular Physiology Laboratory, Department of Health Sciences, William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, 23187-8795, USA.

Sirtuins are regulators of eNOS and endothelial function; however, no studies have examined the influence of exercise on sirtuin regulation of endothelial function. Effects of the novel sirtuin inhibitor, salermide, on vascular reactivity in rat aortas were investigated following exercise training of different durations. Male Wistar rats (8-9 months old) were divided into four groups (n = 10-12/group): sedentary (SED), 1 day (1D), 2 weeks (2WK), or 6 weeks (6WK) of exercise. Read More

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Adapting cognitive-behavioral therapy for a Malaysian muslim.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 25;35:28. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Psychology, Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia.

Over the years, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has gained momentum because of its robust evidence in the treatment of several disorders. However, there is an issue of religious and cultural appropriateness as CBT principles are based on Western conceptualization. This single-case study (N = 1) implements a culturally and religiously adapted CBT on a 34-year-old male with panic disorder with agoraphobia in Malaysia. Read More

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February 2021

Open-label placebo treatment to improve relaxation training effects in healthy psychology students: a randomized controlled trial.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 22;11(1):13073. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 2/DG, 8010, Graz, Austria.

Placebos, that are administered with deception, can reduce stress and increase relaxation. The present study investigated an open-label placebo (OLP) to improve the effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) training. A total of 160 psychology students were randomly assigned to a 14-day PMR course with or without daily OLP treatment. Read More

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Impact of Brazil Nut (, H.B.K.) Supplementation on Body Composition, Blood Pressure, and the Vascular Reactivity of Wistar Rats When Submitted to a Hypersodium Diet.

J Am Coll Nutr 2021 Jun 22:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Cardiovascular Sciences Postgraduate Program, Federal Fluminense University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Endothelium integrity is a key that maintains vascular homeostasis but it can suffer irreversible damage by blood pressure changes, reflecting an imbalance in the maintenance of vascular homeostasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa, H.B. Read More

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Understanding children's perceptions of, and priorities for, healthy neighbourhoods in Aotearoa New Zealand: study protocol for a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2021 06 21;11(6):e047368. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

School of Nursing, University of Auckland Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Auckland, New Zealand

Introduction: Neighbourhood environments can have significant and enduring impacts on children's physical, psychological and social health. Environments can impact health through promoting or hindering physical activity, active travel, and healthy eating in addition to opportunities for social interaction, cognitive development, rest and relaxation. There is a paucity of research that has examined neighbourhood and health priorities, strengths and needs from the perspectives of the community, and even less that has focused on the perspectives of children within communities. Read More

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Effects of progressive muscle relaxation therapy with home exercise on pain, fatigue, and stress in subjects with fibromyalgia syndrome: A pilot randomized controlled trial.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Integrated Biomedical and Life Sciences, College of Health Science, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Fibromyalgia is accompanied by symptoms of fatigue, depression, sleep disorders, and physical and mental stress [1]. It is a difficult-to-treat disorder because its exact causes are unknown.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation therapy (PMRT) on pain, fatigue, and stress in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. Read More

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Daily cumulative load and body mass index alter knee cartilage response to running in women.

Gait Posture 2021 Jun 2;88:192-197. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; School of Rehabilitation, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: It is unknown whether a greater accumulation of knee load over a typical day is related to how cartilage responds to an acute bout of loading. This information may clarify the role of habitual activity on cartilage function.

Research Question: Is there a relationship between change in tibial and femoral cartilage thickness, volume, and T2 relaxation time following running with daily cumulative knee load in women? Secondarily, is there a relationship between cartilage change following running and the statistical interaction of body mass index (BMI) and daily steps?

Methods: Participants (n = 15) completed gait analyses and wore an accelerometer over a week. Read More

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A new integrated behavioural intervention for knee osteoarthritis: development and pilot study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jun 8;22(1):526. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, BS16 1DD, UK.

Background: Exercise-based approaches have been a cornerstone of physiotherapy management of knee osteoarthritis for many years. However, clinical effects are considered small to modest and the need for continued adherence identified as a barrier to clinical efficacy. While exercise-based approaches focus on muscle strengthening, biomechanical research has identified that people with knee osteoarthritis over activate their muscles during functional tasks. Read More

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Bioengineered model of the human motor unit with physiologically functional neuromuscular junctions.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 3;11(1):11695. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, Leicestershire, UK.

Investigations of the human neuromuscular junction (NMJ) have predominately utilised experimental animals, model organisms, or monolayer cell cultures that fail to represent the physiological complexity of the synapse. Consequently, there remains a paucity of data regarding the development of the human NMJ and a lack of systems that enable investigation of the motor unit. This work addresses this need, providing the methodologies to bioengineer 3D models of the human motor unit. Read More

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