Curr Hypertens Rep 2021 Jun 10;23(6):34. Epub 2021 Jun 10.
Tulane Hypertension and Renal Center of Excellence and Department of Physiology, Tulane University School of Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA.
Purpose Of Review: The sodium (Na) and hydrogen (H) exchanger 3 (NHE3), known as solute carrier family 9 member 3 (SLC9A3), mediates active transcellular Na and bicarbonate reabsorption in the small intestine of the gut and proximal tubules of the kidney. The purpose of this article is to review and discuss recent findings on the critical roles of intestinal and proximal tubule NHE3 in maintaining basal blood pressure (BP) homeostasis and their potential therapeutic implications in the development of angiotensin II (Ang II)-dependent hypertension.
Recent Findings: Recently, our and other laboratories have generated or used novel genetically modified mouse models with whole-body, kidney-specific, or proximal tubule-specific deletion of NHE3 to determine the critical roles and underlying mechanisms of NHE3 in maintaining basal BP homeostasis and the development of Ang II-induced hypertension at the whole-body, kidney, or proximal tubule levels. Read More