26,737 results match your criteria relationship bmi


Erectile Dysfunction after Conservative Treatment of Sacral Fractures in Males without Injury to the Urinary System.

Z Orthop Unfall 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Orthopedics and Traumatology, Bakirkoy Dr Sadi Konuk Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: This study aimed to determine the incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED) reported by patients, and to define the prognostic relationship between ED and conservatively treated sacral fracture without urethral injury.

Methods: Patients aged between 20 - 50 years who were sexually active and had no known sexual dysfunction prior to the trauma were included in the study. Seventy-seven patients (47 married, 30 single) treated conservatively for sacral fracture between April 2012 and February 2017 were retrospectively screened. Read More

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September 2021

Modifiable Risk Factors Increase Length of Stay and 90-Day Cost of Care After Shoulder Arthroplasty.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Background: Baseline health conditions can negatively impact cost of care and risk of complications after joint replacement, necessitating additional care and incurring higher costs. Bundled payments have been utilized for hip and knee replacement and CMS (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services) is testing bundled payments for upper extremity arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of pre-defined modifiable risk factors (MRF) on total encounter charges, hospital length of stay (LOS), related emergency department (ED) visits and charges, and related hospital readmissions within 90 days after shoulder arthroplasty. Read More

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September 2021

The influence of sex and BMI on cartilage metabolism biomarkers in patients after anterior cruciate ligament injury and reconstruction.

J Athl Train 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

1School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Context: Serum biomarkers may allow for early identification of post-traumatic osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction. Homeostasis of matrix-metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) and type II collagen turnover (C2C:CPII) biomarkers are believed to be compromised in individuals with ACL injury, yet the influence of sex, BMI, and age on these biomarkers before and after ACL reconstruction remains unknown.

Objective: To determine the relationship of sex, BMI, and age on serum levels of MMP-3 and C2C:CPII before and after ACL reconstruction. Read More

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September 2021

Tooth retention predicts good physical performance in older adults.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0255741. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Medicine DIMED, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Background: Oral health is closely related to both physical and psychological well-being, as it enables individuals to eat, speak, and socialize. The number of teeth is the most used indicator of oral health. Several reports document a relationship of dental status with a variety of indicators of general health but longitudinal studies employing standardized physical performance tests are infrequent in the scientific literature. Read More

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September 2021

Spine-Pelvis-Hip Alignments in Degenerative Spinal Deformity Patients and Associated Procedure of One-Stage Long-Fusion with Multiple-Level PLIF or Apical-Vertebra Three Column Osteotomy-a Clinical and Radiographic Analysis Study.

Orthop Surg 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

The Medical College of Nankai University, Tianjin, China.

Objective: To explore the spine-pelvis-hip alignments in degenerative spinal deformity (DSD) patients, and compare the outcomes in the procedure of long-fusion with posterior lumbar inter-body fusion (PLIF) or single-level three-column osteotomy (STO) at lower lumbar level (LLL, L -S ) and thoracolumbar levels (TLL, T -L ) for those patients.

Methods: This is a retrospective study. Following institutional ethics approval, a total of 83 patients (Female, 67; Male, 16) with DSD underwent long-fusion with PLIF or STO surgery between March 2015 and December 2017 were reviewed. Read More

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September 2021

The Achilles Tendon Rupture in Basketball: Systematic Review of the Present Literature.

Surg J (N Y) 2021 Jul 14;7(3):e265-e270. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Medicine Department, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.

 The most common cause of the Achilles tendon ruptures in the U.S. population is sports, basketball is one among them. Read More

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Lipid Metabolism Was Associated With Oocyte Maturation in Women With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Undergoing Unstimulated Natural Cycle.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 3;9:719173. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Center for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: Hyperlipidemia are common polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)-related metabolic dysfunctions and can adversely affect assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) cycles. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between lipid metabolism and ART outcomes in unstimulated natural cycles without the utilization of ovarian induction drugs, which is still uncertain.

Methods: This retrospective study included infertile women with PCOS between 21 and 40 years old undergoing unstimulated natural cycles from January 01, 2006 to December 31, 2019. Read More

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September 2021

INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTORS IN THE SERUM OF PATIENTS WITH PAPILLARY THYROID CANCER.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(8):1925-1930

KHARKIV NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, KHARKIV, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim is to study the level of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2) in the blood serum of patients with papillary thyroid cancer, depending on the main clinical and morphological features of the disease.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: The material was the information about 60 patients with papillary thyroid cancer (group 1). In group 2 there were 10 patients without oncopathology. Read More

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September 2021

Specific body mass index trajectories were related to musculoskeletal pain and mortality: 19-year follow-up cohort.

J Clin Epidemiol 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis Research Versus Arthritis, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Objective: We aimed to study 19-year body mass index (BMI) patterns and their (1) bidirectional relationship with musculoskeletal pain and (2) mortality risk.

Study Design And Setting: We used data from the Chingford study and group-based trajectory modelling to define 19-year BMI patterns. We investigated whether baseline back, hand, hip, and knee pain (as single- and multi-site) predicted 19-year BMI trajectory, and whether 19-year BMI patterns predicted pain in year 20. Read More

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September 2021

The relationship between kinesiophobia and health-related quality of life in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A controlled cross-sectional study.

Joint Bone Spine 2021 Sep 15:105275. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Erzincan Binali Yildirim University Mengucek Gazi Training and Research Hospital, Erzincan, Turkey.

Objectives: To evaluate the kinesiophobia and kinesiophobia-related factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and provide a better perspective on the relationship between kinesiophobia and patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

Methods: A total of 88 patients (67 females, 21 males) with RA and 93 healthy volunteers (67 females, 26 males) were included in the study between March 2020 and July 2020. Kinesiophobia was evaluated using the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) and HRQoL was evaluated using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). Read More

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September 2021

Association of Salivary Zinc Levels to Dental Caries and Body Mass Index. A Comparative Study.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021 Oct;45(4):265-268

Background And Objectives: Role of salivary zinc to dental caries and body weight has not been studied extensively in children. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between salivary zinc and caries in overweight/obese Indian children.

Study Design: One hundred and sixty children aged 8-12 years of both genders were divided into two groups of eighty each based on their body mass index into normal weight and overweight/obese. Read More

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October 2021

The novel GCK variant p.Val455Leu associated with hyperinsulinism is susceptible to allosteric activation and is conducive to weight gain and the development of diabetes.

Diabetologia 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University Medicine Rostock, Rostock, Germany.

Aims/hypothesis: The mammalian enzyme glucokinase (GK), expressed predominantly in liver and pancreas, plays an essential role in carbohydrate metabolism. Monogenic GK disorders emphasise the role of GK in determining the blood glucose set point.

Methods: A family with congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) was examined for GCK gene variants by Sanger sequencing. Read More

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September 2021

Dietary inflammatory index and odds of breast cancer: A case-control study.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Sep 28;9(9):5211-5219. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Human Nutrition College of Health Sciences Qatar University Doha Qatar.

Breast cancer (BrCA) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers and is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide. This study aimed to examine the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and BrCA among Jordanian women. A total of 400 adult women were enrolled into this case-control study. Read More

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September 2021

Polygenic Heterogeneity Across Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Subgroups Defined by a Comorbid Diagnosis.

Front Genet 2021 31;12:711624. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Among patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), 65-85% manifest another psychiatric disorder concomitantly or at some other time point during their life. OCD is highly heritable, as are many of its comorbidities. A possible genetic heterogeneity of OCD in relation to its comorbid conditions, however, has not yet been exhaustively explored. Read More

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The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and In-Hospital Mortality in the Contemporary Era of an Acute Myocardial Infarction Management.

Vasc Health Risk Manag 2021 10;17:551-559. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Cardiology, Hadassah Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: The association between body mass index (BMI) and clinical outcomes following an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains controversial. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between BMI and AMI presentation, in-hospital clinical course and mortality in the contemporary era of AMI management.

Methods: Patients, hospitalized for an AMI between October 2015 and December 2016, were identified in the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. Read More

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September 2021

Late stage 3 chronic kidney disease is an independent risk factor for sarcopenia, but not proteinuria.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 16;11(1):18472. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 22, Gwanpyeong-ro 170 beon-gil, Dongan-gu, Anyang, Gyeonggi-do, 14068, Republic of Korea.

Most epidemiologic studies assessing the relationship between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and sarcopenia have been performed in dialysis patients. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), proteinuria, and sarcopenia in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD. A total of 892 outpatients who did not show any rapid changes in renal function were enrolled in this observational cohort study. Read More

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September 2021

Shape of the OGTT glucose response curve: relationship with β-cell function and differences by sex, race, and BMI in adults with early type 2 diabetes treated with metformin.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2021 Sep;9(1)

Research and Development, VA Puget Sound Health Care System Seattle Division, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Introduction: The shape of the glucose curve during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) reflects β-cell function in populations without diabetes but has not been as well studied in those with diabetes. A monophasic shape has been associated with higher risk of diabetes, while a biphasic pattern has been associated with lower risk. We sought to determine if phenotypic or metabolic characteristics were associated with glucose response curve shape in adults with type 2 diabetes treated with metformin alone. Read More

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September 2021

Body mass index in relation to prostate-specific antigen-related parameters.

BMC Urol 2021 Sep 16;21(1):130. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Health Management Centre, The First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Background: Only a few previous studies conducted to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) related parameters have taken prostate volume (PV) and blood volume (BV) into consideration. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between BMI and parameters of PSA concentrations in Chinese adult men.

Methods: A total of 86,912 men who have received annual physical examination at the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2018 were included in this study. Read More

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September 2021

Relationship between lung function impairment, hypertension, and major adverse cardiovascular events: A 10-year follow-up study.

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

Lung function impairment and hypertension, especially hypertension, are risk factors of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). However, the relationships among lung function impairment, hypertension, and MACEs have not been well-reported. We aimed to investigate the association between lung function and hypertension and MACEs. Read More

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September 2021

Overweight and obesity among non-pregnant women of reproductive age in Nigeria: findings from the 2008-2018 Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey.

Public Health 2021 Sep 13;198:348-357. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Health Research Institute, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia; Child Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Overweight and obesity are known risk factors for diabetes, heart disease, certain cancers and pregnancy-related problems. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and change in prevalence of overweight and obesity among non-pregnant women of reproductive age and relationship with individual- and community-level factors over a decade.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional survey with two-stage probability sampling design. Read More

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September 2021

Association between RBC Indices, Anemia, and Obesity-Related Diseases Affected by Body Mass Index in Iranian Kurdish Population: Results from a Cohort Study in Western Iran.

Int J Endocrinol 2021 4;2021:9965728. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Behavioral Disease Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Objective: The relationship between RBC indices and metabolic diseases remains unclear. The association between anemia and obesity is also controversial. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between RBC indices and metabolic diseases caused by obesity and evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on RBC indices on the Ravansar cohort data. Read More

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September 2021

Urinary Steroid Profile in Elite Female Athletes in Relation to Serum Androgens and in Comparison With Untrained Controls.

Front Physiol 2021 30;12:702305. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Division of Neonatology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Introduction: In female athletes, the interpretation of doping tests is complex due to hormonal variations during the menstrual cycle and hormonal contraceptive use, both influencing the urinary steroid profile. Exercise is suggested to affect circulating steroid hormone levels, and in women, the urinary steroid profile differs between in competition testing and out of competition testing. No previous study has investigated the relationship between amount of exercise and the urinary steroid profile in female elite athletes. Read More

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Effect of muscle distribution on lung function in young adults.

Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 2021 Sep 16:1-14. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Background: At present, available research on the relationship between muscle distribution and respiratory function in healthy people is limited.

Objective: To study the relationship between muscle distribution and lung function in healthy young adults.

Methods: A total of 612 male and 1561 Female Chinese college students were recruited. Read More

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September 2021

Obese patients with higher TSH levels had an obvious metabolic improvement after bariatric surgery.

Endocr Connect 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

G Wang, Beijing, 100020, China.

Objective: Bariatric surgery has become the most effective treatment for morbid obesity. Increasing evidence showed that bariatric surgery can alleviate insulin resistance and influence thyroid function. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between changes in thyroid function and adipose tissue insulin resistance (adipo-IR) after bariatric surgery. Read More

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September 2021

Can waist circumference be a predictor of bone mineral density independently of BMI in middle-aged adults?

Endocr Connect 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Z Zhu, Department of Osteoporosis Care, Control Xiaoshan Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Hangzhou, 311200, China.

Background: Obesity and osteoporosis are major public health issues globally. The prevalence of these two diseases prompts the need to better understand the relationship between them. Previous studies, however, have yielded controversial findings on this issue. Read More

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September 2021

Causal relationship between polycystic ovary syndrome and coronary artery disease: A Mendelian randomisation study.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, it remains uncertain whether this increased risk is the result of PCOS per se or, alternatively, is explained by obesity, a common feature of PCOS. The aim of this study was to assess the causal association between PCOS and CAD and the role of obesity herein. Read More

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September 2021

The Assessment of Functional Movement in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: The Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) is an assessment of human movement that may signal potential deficits that could predispose an otherwise healthy person to injury risk. FMS™ scores are well reported in both athletic and adult samples. However, to date, there has been no comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of FMS™ data among school-aged children and adolescents. Read More

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September 2021

Global alignment taking into account the cervical spine with odontoid hip axis angle (OD-HA).

Eur Spine J 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Laboratoire de biomecanique Georges Charpak, Ecole nationale superieure des arts et metiers, 75013, Paris, France.

Introduction: Global alignment analysis is of upmost importance in adult spinal deformity patients (ASD). Numerous parameters exist in the literature to measure global alignment based upon C7 or T1. One common limitation of these parameters is that they neglect the cervical segment which is essential in spinal compensatory mechanisms and in horizontal gaze preservation. Read More

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September 2021

Body mass index and type 2 diabetes and breast cancer survival: a Mendelian randomization study.

Am J Cancer Res 2021 15;11(8):3921-3934. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica Taipei, Taiwan.

The causal relationship between body mass index (BMI) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) and breast cancer prognosis is still ambiguous. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic effect of BMI and T2D on breast cancer disease-free survival (DFS) among Asian individuals. In this two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study, the instrumental variables (IVs) were identified using a genome-wide association study (GWAS) among 24,000 participants in the Taiwan Biobank. Read More

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Influence of Childhood Exposure to a Farming Environment on Age at Asthma Diagnosis in a Population-Based Study.

J Asthma Allergy 2021 7;14:1081-1091. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.

Purpose: Asthma is a heterogeneous disease, and factors associated with different asthma phenotypes are poorly understood. Given the higher prevalence of farming exposure and late diagnosis of asthma in more rural Western Finland as compared with the capital of Helsinki, we investigated the relationship between childhood farming environment and age at asthma diagnosis.

Methods: A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out with subjects aged 20-69 years in Western Finland. Read More

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September 2021