1,687,410 results match your criteria relationship


Urinary bisphenol A in women with polycystic ovary syndrome - a possible suppressive effect on steroidogenesis?

Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

First Department of Internal Medicine, Medical Faculty, P.J. Šafárik University, Košice, Slovakia.

Objectives: There is a growing evidence indicating an impact of endocrine distrupting chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) on human reproduction. Its higher levels in serum or urine have been documented in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), however the relationship to ovarian steroidogenesis remains unclear. of the study was to compare urinary BPA (U-BPA) concentrations among PCOS women and control group. Read More

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Is there a relationship between nursing students' smartphone use, their fear of missing out and their care-related behaviour?

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Jun 3;54:103111. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Aged Care Program, Nevsehir Haci Bektaş Veli University, Health Services Vocational School, Nevşehir, Turkey. Electronic address:

Aim: This study aims to determine the relationship between smartphone use among intern nursing students, fear of missing out and their care-related behaviour.

Background: Today, smartphone use is common and fear of missing out is a prominent issue in our society; this behaviour and issue are linked and may lead to adverse consequences.

Design: The study is conducted as a cross-sectional design. Read More

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Too unwell to trust? The effect of mental health on social trust in Europe.

Econ Hum Biol 2021 Jun 5;42:101021. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Industrial Economics, Nottingham University Business School, University of Nottingham, Jubilee Campus, Wollaton Road, Nottingham NG8 1BB, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Social trust is often thought to be adversely affected by mental health problems. However, rigorous causal evidence required to substantiate this thought is scarce. Here I examine the causal effect of individuals' mental health on social trust using data from the European Social Survey. Read More

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Just "one of so many"? The pathologist Theodor Fahr (1877-1945) and his ambivalent relationship to National Socialism.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 May 23;224:153488. Epub 2021 May 23.

Institute for History, Theory and Ethics in Medicine, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Wendlingweg 2, Aachen, D-52074, Germany. Electronic address:

Theodor Fahr is well known as a pioneer in renal pathology and the eponym of "Fahr's disease". While his professional merits are undisputed, his relationship to National Socialism remains unclear. On the one hand, he signed the public "oath of allegiance" of German professors to Adolf Hitler, on the other hand, he appeared as a mentor to his Jewish colleague Paul Kimmelstiel. Read More

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Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel sulindac derivatives as partial agonists of PPARγ with potential anti-diabetic efficacy.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 May 24;222:113542. Epub 2021 May 24.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Innovative Drug Target Research, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, 361102, China; High Throughput Drug Screening Platform, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, 361102, China. Electronic address:

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a valuable drug target for diabetic treatment and ligands of PPARγ have shown potent anti-diabetic efficacy. However, to overcome the severe side effects of current PPARγ-targeted drugs, novel PPARγ ligands need to be developed. Sulindac, an identified ligand of PPARγ, is widely used in clinic as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Read More

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Benzofuranyl-2-imidazoles as imidazoline I receptor ligands for Alzheimer's disease.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 May 20;222:113540. Epub 2021 May 20.

Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry (Associated Unit to CSIC), Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, Institute of Biomedicine (IBUB), University of Barcelona, Av. Joan XXIII, 27-31, E-08028, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Recent findings unveil the pharmacological modulation of imidazoline I receptors (I-IR) as a novel strategy to face unmet medical neurodegenerative diseases. In this work, we report the chemical characterization, three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) and ADMET in silico of a family of benzofuranyl-2-imidazoles that exhibit affinity against human brain I-IR and most of them have been predicted to be brain permeable. Acute treatment in mice with 2-(2-benzofuranyl)-2-imidazole, known as LSL60101 (garsevil), showed non-warning properties in the ADMET studies and an optimal pharmacokinetic profile. Read More

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Cognitive insight, medication adherence and methamphetamine cessation in people enrolled in a pharmacotherapy trial for methamphetamine use.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 May 15;130:108473. Epub 2021 May 15.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background: The current study examined correlates of cognitive insight in people enrolled in a methamphetamine pharmacotherapy trial; whether cognitive insight at the start of the trial predicted medication adherence and reductions in methamphetamine use during the trial; and, whether insight would remain stable over the trial or improve with reductions in methamphetamine use.

Methods: A subset of people enrolled in a 12-week randomised placebo-controlled pharmacotherapy trial for methamphetamine dependence completed the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale, comprising subscales for Self-Reflection and Self-Certainty, at baseline (n = 152) and at week 12 (n = 79). Medication adherence was expressed as the percentage of non-missed doses measured using eCAP™ technology. Read More

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Clinical correlates of white matter lesions in Parkinson's disease using automated multi-modal segmentation measures.

J Neurol Sci 2021 Jun 1;427:117518. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Singapore General Hospital, Singapore; Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore. Electronic address:

Background: Age-related white matter lesions (WML) are common, impact neuronal connectivity, and affect motor function and cognition. In addition to pathological nigrostriatal losses, WML are also common co-morbidities in Parkinson's disease (PD) that affect postural stability and gait. Automated brain volume measures are increasingly incorporated into the clinical reporting workflow to facilitate precision in medicine. Read More

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Identifying key areas of imbalanced supply and demand of ecosystem services at the urban agglomeration scale: A case study of the Fujian Delta in China.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 5;791:148173. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

School of Architecture, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.

The coordinated supply and demand of ecosystem services (ESs) is important for ensuring regional sustainable development. However, research identifying key areas of imbalanced supply and demand of ESs at the urban agglomeration scale is limited. Therefore, in this study, using the Fujian Delta urban agglomeration of China as the research area, based on multi-source data, and analysis tools, such as ArcGIS, ENVI, and GeoDa, we constructed a research framework and indicator system for ESs supply and demand to determine the spatial change law, matching degree, and coupling coordination degree (CCD) of the ESs. Read More

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Mental health mediators of subjective cognitive concerns among World Trade Center responders.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jun 2;140:187-196. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, World Trade Center Health Program General Responder Data Center, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY, 10029, USA.

Decline in cognitive functioning among rescue and recovery workers who responded in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center (WTC) attacks is of emerging interest. Responders are vulnerable to cognitive decline from exposure to airborne toxins present at the WTC site, as well as from WTC-related mental and physical health conditions. To better understand the relationship between occupational WTC exposure, mental health, physical health and subjective cognitive functioning, we examined the mediating role of health status in the association between exposure and subjective cognitive concerns in a multi-site, longitudinal investigation of the WTC General Responder cohort (n = 16,380 responders; n = 58,575 visits) for the period 2002-2015. Read More

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The physiological role of guanidinoacetic acid and its relationship with arginine in broiler chickens.

Poult Sci 2021 Apr 20;100(7):101203. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Alzchem Trostberg GmbH, Dr.-Albert-Frank-Straße 32, 83308 Trostberg, Germany.

The role of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) and its relationship with arginine was reviewed in order to define a replacement ratio between GAA and arginine for broiler diet formulation, the ratio being of how much arginine could be spared, or replaced by GAA. Guanidionoacetic acid, the precursor of creatine, can be synthesized de novo from the amino acids arginine and glycine, whereby 1 mol of arginine creates 1 mol of GAA; that is a weight:weight (w:w) ratio of 1.49:1 (arginine:GAA). Read More

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Depressive symptom trajectories and their relation to body mass index in women of child-bearing age: The Korea Nurses' Health Study.

J Affect Disord 2021 May 27;292:114-120. Epub 2021 May 27.

College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03760, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: This study investigated the sub-trajectory groups of depressive symptoms in women of child-bearing age and the factors impacting latent class membership. Moreover, differences in body mass index (BMI) as an outcome variable were identified among the sub-trajectory groups.

Methods: Data from the Korea Nurses' Health Study (KNHS) were analyzed, comprising that from 6,918 participants who filled out surveys during modules 1, 5, and 7. Read More

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Childbirth experiences of immigrant women in Chile: Trading human rights and autonomy for dignity and good care.

Midwifery 2021 May 28;101:103047. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Women´s and Newborns Health Promotion, School of Midwifery University of Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Background: Childbirth is a transcendent life experience but may also be a moment of great vulnerability, especially when it occurs outside the mother's country of origin.

Objective: To explore the perceptions and experiences of Spanish-speaking immigrant women regarding the healthcare they received during labour and childbirth in Santiago, Chile.

Methods: This qualitative, transcendental phenomenological research was performed at two maternity hospitals using purposive criterion sampling. Read More

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Relationship between volatile organic compounds, free amino acids, and sensory profile of smoked bacon.

Meat Sci 2021 Jun 5;181:108596. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Universidade de São Paulo, Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", Departamento de Agroindústria, Alimentos e Nutrição, Av. Pádua Dias, 11, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Flavor is one of the most important characteristics of smoked bacon, strongly affecting its liking by consumers. The smoking process, lipid oxidation and proteolysis contribute to bacon quality through the generation of odors and flavor compounds. In this study, the relationships between free amino acids (FAAs), volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and sensory characteristics of smoked bacon stored for 60 days at 5 °C were investigated. Read More

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Correlation between the prognosis of chronic hepatitis B treated with interferon and the gene polymorphism of CGRP and its receptor.

Infect Genet Evol 2021 Jun 9:104968. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Hebei Medical University, Hebei Key Laboratory of Environment and Human health, Shi Jiazhuang, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the relationship of the polymorphism of two gene loci (CGRP rs155209 and RAMP1 rs3754701) with the prognosis of interferon therapy for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) by case-control study.

Materials And Methods: 317 CHB patients using interferon for the first time alone were collected in northern China and peripheral blood samples were obtained, the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CGRP rs155209 and RAMP1 rs3754701 were genotyped by MALDI-TOF-MS. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods were used to assess the correlation between the prognosis of CHB treated with interferon and the gene polymorphism of CGRP rs155209 and RAMP1 rs3754701. Read More

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Discovery of a Novel Class of Heteroaryl-Pyrrolidinones as Positive Allosteric Modulators of the Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptor M.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2021 Jun 9:128193. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Warren Center for Neuroscience Drug Discovery, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, United States; Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, United States. Electronic address:

This Letter describes the synthesis and optimization of a series of heteroaryl-pyrrolidinone positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M (mAChR M). Through the continued optimization of M PAM tool compound VU0453595, with a focus on replacement of the 6,7-dihydro-5H-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyridin-5-one with a wide variety of alternative 4,5-dihydropyrrolo-fused heteroaromatics, the generation of M PAMs with structurally novel chemotypes is disclosed. Two compounds from these subseries, 8b (VU6005610) and 20a (VU6005852), show robust selectivity for the M mAChR, and no M agonism. Read More

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Glymphatic clearance function in patients with cerebral small vessel disease.

Neuroimage 2021 Jun 9:118257. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Neurology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, 88# Jiefang Road, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Few studies have focused on the connection between glymphatic dysfunction and cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD), partially due to the lack of non-invasive methods to measure glymphatic function. We established modified index for diffusion tensor image analysis along the perivascular space (mALPS-index), which was calculated on diffusion tensor image (DTI), compared it with the classical detection of glymphatic clearance function calculated on Glymphatic MRI after intrathecal administration of gadolinium (study 1), and analyzed the relationship between CSVD imaging markers and mALPS-index in CSVD patients from the CIRCLE study (ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03542734) (study 2). Read More

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Mind-body Practices and Cognitive Function in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: Findings from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Study.

Complement Ther Med 2021 Jun 9:102751. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Florida Policy Exchange Center on Aging, School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

Objectives: Cognitive function is a key component of healthy aging. While conventional physical activities (walking, jogging, etc.) have been shown to support health in late-life, including cognitive health, it remains unclear whether traditional Eastern mind-body practices (MBP) have long-term cognitive benefits above and beyond conventional leisure physical activities. Read More

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The forced swim test: historical, conceptual and methodological considerations and its relationship with individual behavioral traits.

Authors:
Antonio Armario

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Institut de Neurociències, Animal Physiology Unit (Department of Cellular Biology, Physiology and Immunology), Faculty of Biosciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, CIBERSAM, Campus Bellaterra, Cerdanyola del Vallès, 08193, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

The forced swim test (FST), developed by Porsolt and collaborators in 1977 to evaluate antidepressant (AD) treatments in rodents, has become extensively used for this purpose and to evaluate depression-like states. Despite its popularity, studies have raised important concerns regarding its theoretical and predictive validity. In my view and that of others, the FST mainly evaluates coping strategies in an inescapable situation. Read More

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Orofacial musculoskeletal pain: an evidence-based bio-psycho-social matrix model.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Laboratory of Neuroimmune Interface of Pain Research, Faculdade São Leopoldo Mandic, Instituto e Centro de Pesquisas São Leopoldo Mandic, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Pain is a multidimensional experience comprising sensory-discriminative, affective-motivational, and cognitive-evaluative dimensions. Clinical and research findings have demonstrated a complex interplay between social burdens, individual coping strategies, mood states, psychological disorders, sleep disturbances, masticatory muscle tone, and orofacial musculoskeletal pain. Accordingly, current classification systems for orofacial pain require psychosocial assessments to be an integral part of the multidimensional diagnostic process. Read More

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Small dense low-density lipoprotein: analytical review.

Clin Chim Acta 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: The causal relationship between low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been firmly substantiated. LDL consists of a heterogeneous group of particles with different physicochemical and metabolic properties. Among them, small dense LDL (sdLDL) particles are considered an emerging CVD risk factor and a promising CVD risk biomarker. Read More

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Autoinflammatory keratinitzation diseases (AIKDs.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Servicio de Dermatología, Consorci Corporació Sanitària Parc Taulí, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Spain.

Autoinflammatory keratinization disease (AiKD) is a novel clinical concept encompassing diseases with a genetic background and mixed pathogenic mechanisms of autoinflammation and autoimmunity, leading to an aberrant keratinization of the skin. Recent advances in medical genetics have revealed genetic causes and/or predisposing factors for a number of AiKD's, such as mutations in IL36RN related with pustular psoriasis, acrodermatitis continua and hidradenitis suppurativa, in CARD14 in pityriasis rubra pilaris type V and some forms of pustular psoriasis, and in NLRP1 related with familial keratosis lichenoides chronica (KLC). It is suspected that AiKD pathophysiology would also be involved in non-monogenic disorders. Read More

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Oncogene-regulated release of extracellular vesicles.

Dev Cell 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Cell and Tissue Biology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA; Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA; Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. Electronic address:

Oncogenes can alter metabolism by changing the balance between anabolic and catabolic processes. However, how oncogenes regulate tumor cell biomass remains poorly understood. Using isogenic MCF10A cells transformed with nine different oncogenes, we show that specific oncogenes reduce the biomass of cancer cells by promoting extracellular vesicle (EV) release. Read More

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Pralsetinib for patients with advanced or metastatic RET-altered thyroid cancer (ARROW): a multi-cohort, open-label, registrational, phase 1/2 study.

Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Earle A Chiles Research Institute, Providence Portland Medical Center, Portland, OR, USA.

Background: Oncogenic alterations in RET represent important therapeutic targets in thyroid cancer. We aimed to assess the safety and antitumour activity of pralsetinib, a highly potent, selective RET inhibitor, in patients with RET-altered thyroid cancers.

Methods: ARROW, a phase 1/2, open-label study done in 13 countries across 71 sites in community and hospital settings, enrolled patients 18 years or older with RET-altered locally advanced or metastatic solid tumours, including RET-mutant medullary thyroid and RET fusion-positive thyroid cancers, and an Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2 (later limited to 0-1 in a protocol amendment). Read More

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First-in-Human Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of Pirepemat, a Cortical Enhancer, in Healthy Volunteers.

Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Integrative Research Laboratories Sweden AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Pirepemat (IRL752) is a cortical enhancer being developed for the prevention of falls in patients with Parkinson disease. This first-in-human, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 1 study evaluated safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of pirepemat administered as oral single ascending doses (10, 35, 75, 175, 350 mg) and multiple ascending doses (100 and 250 mg 3 times daily) for 7 days to healthy male volunteers. Twenty and 24 subjects were randomly assigned in the single ascending dose and multiple ascending doses parts of the study, respectively. Read More

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Upregulation of centromere protein K is crucial for lung adenocarcinoma cell viability and invasion.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Medical Laboratory, Second Affiliated Hospital of Mudanjiang Medical University, China.

Background: Identification of functional genes or biomarkers may be helpful for developing new treatment strategies in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). The centromere protein K (CENPK) gene has been discovered to be overexpressed and could influence tumor progression in several tumor types. However, its role in LUAD has never been revealed. Read More

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MicroRNA-197 promotes proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of gallbladder cancer cells by targeting insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Background: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is one of the common malignant tumors of the biliary tract. There is no report that miR-197 is involved in GBC.

Objectives: The relationship between miR-197 expression and survival time of GBC patients was analyzed. Read More

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The interaction of aging with serum 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2 D status on muscle strength.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 12:e14510. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Background: To investigate the combination relationship of age with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH) D) and 1,25-(OH)2D3 levels on muscle strength.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study on 270 subjects containing 115 men and 155 women. Serum concentration of 25(OH) D and 1,25-(OH)2D3 were assessed. Read More

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A history of previous childbirths is linked to women's white matter brain age in midlife and older age.

Hum Brain Mapp 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

NORMENT, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo & Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Maternal brain adaptations occur in response to pregnancy, but little is known about how parity impacts white matter and white matter ageing trajectories later in life. Utilising global and regional brain age prediction based on multi-shell diffusion-weighted imaging data, we investigated the association between previous childbirths and white matter brain age in 8,895 women in the UK Biobank cohort (age range = 54-81 years). The results showed that number of previous childbirths was negatively associated with white matter brain age, potentially indicating a protective effect of parity on white matter later in life. Read More

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Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and overweight and obesity in adolescents in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: a population-based analysis.

Pediatr Int 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.

Background: To describe the patterns of consumption of multiple sugary sweetened beverages (including modern and traditional) among adolescents in Ho Chi Minh City and to identify a possible relationship between this consumption and overweight and obesity and with other main factors.

Method: A secondary analysis from a cross-sectional study of 11 to 15-year-old students from 31 junior high schools across Ho Chi Minh City. We measured the students' anthropometric status and assessed beverage consumption using a validated FFQ. Read More

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