80,904 results match your criteria rehabilitation included

Impact of Confinement in Patients under Long-Term Noninvasive Ventilation during the First Wave of the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: A Remarkable Resilience.

Respiration 2021 Jun 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: During the first wave of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Switzerland, confinement was imposed to limit transmission and protect vulnerable persons. These measures may have had a negative impact on perceived quality of care and symptoms in patients with chronic disorders.

Objectives: To determine whether patients under long-term home noninvasive ventilation (LTHNIV) for chronic respiratory failure (CRF) were negatively affected by the 56-day confinement (March-April 2020). Read More

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Analysis of Unintentional Falls in Pediatric Population and Predictors of Morbidity.

J Surg Res 2021 Jun 12;267:48-55. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Orange County, Orange, California.

Introduction: Unintentional falls are a leading cause of pediatric traumatic injury. This study evaluates clinical outcomes of fall-related injuries in children under the age of 10.

Methods: The National Trauma Database was queried for children who experienced an unintentional fall. Read More

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Mat pilates method improve postural alignment women undergoing hormone therapy adjunct to breast cancer treatment. Clinical trial.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2021 Jun 1;44:101424. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Physical Education at the Center for Health Sciences and Sports and Professor Postgraduate Program in Human Movement Sciences, Santa Catarina State University, Brazil.

The purpose of the study is to analyze the effects of a mat Pilates intervention on the postural alignment and balance of breast cancer women receiving hormone therapy. A two-arm randomized clinical trial included 34 breast cancer survivors divided randomly between a mat Pilates group (n = 18), that performed 16 weeks of mat Pilates exercises, and a control group (n = 16), who were invited to maintain their daily routine activities and received three educational sessions. Data collection occurred at baseline and at post-intervention time. Read More

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Low dietary quercetin intake by food frequency questionnaire analysis is not associated with hypertension occurrence.

Clin Nutr 2021 May 12;40(6):3748-3753. Epub 2021 May 12.

Nutritional Epidemiology Institute and School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Quercetin is one of the most abundant flavonoids in plant kingdom. Because of its strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect, it is of potential in anti-hypertension. The objective of the present study was to explore the relationship between dietary quercetin and hypertension incidence in a Chinese population. Read More

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Starting pitchers demonstrate a greater hazard of arm injury compared to relief pitchers.

J Athl Train 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

University of South Carolina Center for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Sciences, Greenville, South Carolina, USA.

Context: It is currently unclear how different pitching roles affect arm injury risk in professional pitchers.

Objective: 1) Investigate the differences in arm injury hazard between professional baseball starting and relief pitchers; 2) Separately investigate elbow and shoulder injury hazard between professional baseball starting and relief pitchers.

Study Design: Prospective cohort Setting: Minor League Baseball (MiLB) from 2013-2019 Patients or Other Participants: Pitchers Main Outcome Measures: Pitchers were followed for the entire MiLB season and athletic exposures (AE's) and injuries were recorded. Read More

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Effectiveness of interventions to maintain physical activity behavior (device-measured): Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Obes Rev 2021 Jun 15:e13304. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

The School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, The Centre for Lifestyle Medicine and Behaviour (CLiMB), Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.

Physical activity has many physical, mental, and social health benefits. Interventions can be successful at helping people initiate participation, but there is a lack of evidence about the ability of these interventions to help adults maintain their physical activity. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to address this evidence gap. Read More

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Correlation analysis of expression of CC and CXC chemokines in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26391

Huanggang Central Hospital, Huanggang, Hubei 438000, China.

Abstract: To investigate the relationship between the expression of CC and CXC chemokines and autism spectrum disorder (ASD).A total of 62 children with ASD (ASD group) and 60 gender- and age-matched normal children (control group) admitted to our hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 were included in the study. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α), macrophage inflammatory protein-1β (MIP-1β), regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), interleukin-8 (IL-8), monokine induced by interferon (IFN)-γ (MIG), and purified human interferon-γ-induced protein-10 (IP-10) were detected in the ASD group. Read More

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Efficacy of Baduanjin exercise for rehabilitation after COVID-19: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26366

School of Acupuncture-Tuina, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan.

Background: The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Baduanjin exercise for rehabilitation after COVID-19.

Methods: The following electronic databases will be searched from establishment to Jan 2021: Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Springer, World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan-fang database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Databases, and other databases, All published randomized controlled trials about this topic will be included. Two independent researchers will operate article retrieval, duplication removing, screening, quality evaluation, and data analyses by Review Manager (V. Read More

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Does a combination treatment of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and occupational therapy improve upper limb muscle paralysis equally in patients with chronic stroke caused by cerebral hemorrhage and infarction?: A retrospective cohort study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26339

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo.

Abstract: The clinical presentation of stroke is usually more severe in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) than in those with cerebral infarction (CI); recovery of stroke-related muscle paralysis is influenced and limited by the type of stroke. To date, many patients have been treated by neurorehabilitation; however, the changes in the recovery of motor paralysis depending on the type of stroke, ICH or CI, have not been established. This study aimed to determine this difference in improvement of upper extremity paralysis using 2-week in-hospital NovEl intervention Using Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation combined with Occupational therapy (NEURO). Read More

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Effect of a Consumer-Focused Website for Low Back Pain on Health Literacy, Treatment Choices, and Clinical Outcomes: Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 15;23(6):e27860. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Institute of Bone and Joint Research, The Kolling Institute, Northern Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: The internet is used for information related to health conditions, including low back pain (LBP), but most LBP websites provide inaccurate information. Few studies have investigated the effectiveness of internet resources in changing health literacy or treatment choices.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the MyBackPain website compared with unguided internet use on health literacy, choice of treatments, and clinical outcomes in people with LBP. Read More

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Is multidisciplinary rehabilitation for low back pain effective in patients above 65 years? An observational cohort study with 12-month follow-up.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Orthopaedics, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Germany -

Background: In contrast to the broad evidence for the effectiveness of multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation (MBR) in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients of working age, little is known about the benefit in patients aged ≥ 65 years.

Aim: To quantify the short-term and 12-month effects of a 3-week CLBP specific MBR program in patients ≥ 65 years of age; to compare the effects in patients ≥ 65 years of age to the effects in younger patients.

Design: Observational prospective cohort study. Read More

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Association between aphasia severity and brain network alterations after stroke assessed using the electroencephalographic phase synchrony index.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 14;11(1):12469. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Neurorehabilitation Research Institute, Morinomiya Hospital, Osaka, 536-0025, Japan.

Electroencephalographic synchrony can help assess brain network status; however, its usefulness has not yet been fully proven. We developed a clinically feasible method that combines the phase synchrony index (PSI) with resting-state 19-channel electroencephalography (EEG) to evaluate post-stroke motor impairment. In this study, we investigated whether our method could be applied to aphasia, a common post-stroke cognitive impairment. Read More

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REPORT-PFP: a consensus from the International Patellofemoral Research Network to improve REPORTing of quantitative PatelloFemoral Pain studies.

Br J Sports Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Sports and Exercise Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.

Patellofemoral pain is a common and often debilitating musculoskeletal condition. Clinical translation and evidence synthesis of patellofemoral pain research are compromised by heterogenous and often inadequately reported study details. This consensus statement and associated checklist provides standards for REPORTing of quantitative PatelloFemoral Pain (REPORT-PFP) research to enhance clinical translation and evidence synthesis, and support clinician engagement with research and data collection. Read More

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A Complication Profile of Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty in Liver Transplantation Patients: A Meta-Analysis.

J Arthroplasty 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center, Worcester, MA.

Background: There is an increasing demand for total joint arthroplasty in liver transplantation patients. However, significant heterogeneity in existing studies creates difficulty to draw conclusions on the risk profile of arthroplasty in this population.

Methods: A systematic review of the literature dated from 1980 to 2020 describing the complication rates of liver transplantation patients receiving either total hip or knee arthroplasty was conducted. Read More

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A systematic review on the effectiveness of implementation strategies to postpone elective caesarean sections to ≥ 39 + (0-6) weeks of gestation.

Syst Rev 2021 Jun 14;10(1):176. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Institute for Research in Operative Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, Ostmerheimer Str. 200, Haus 38, 51109, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Caesarean sections often have no urgent indication and are electively planned. Research showed that elective caesarean section should not be performed until 39 + (0-6) weeks of gestation to ensure best neonatal and maternal health if there are no contraindications. This was recommended by various guidelines published in the last two decades. Read More

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GPS driving: a digital biomarker for preclinical Alzheimer disease.

Alzheimers Res Ther 2021 Jun 14;13(1):115. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Charles F. and Joanne Knight Alzheimer Disease Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Background: Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Preclinical AD is the period during which early AD brain changes are present but cognitive symptoms have not yet manifest. The presence of AD brain changes can be ascertained by molecular biomarkers obtained via imaging and lumbar puncture. Read More

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Decision-making aids for upper limb interventions in neurological rehabilitation: a scoping review.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Jun 14:1-19. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Purpose: To summarise the range and nature of decision-making aids that guide upper limb (UL) neurorehabilitation.

Methods: Our scoping review followed Arksey and O'Malley's 6-step framework. Electronic databases were systematically searched; grey literature was hand-searched. Read More

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Barriers and facilitators linked to discharge destination following inpatient rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury in older adults: a qualitative study.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Jun 14:1-12. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Interdisciplinary Centre for Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration, Québec, Canada.

Purpose: To identify facilitators and barriers associated with returning home for older adults having received inpatient rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Methods: A qualitative design was used. Five older patients with TBI and four family caregivers were interviewed and six healthcare professionals participated in a focus group. Read More

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Community-Based Aerobic Exercise Program for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults With Visual or Auditory Impairments: A Feasibility Study.

Ann Rehabil Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Cheorwon Public Health Center, Cheorwon, Korea.

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of a public health center-based aerobic and resistance training program for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in people with visual, auditory, or physical/brain impairments.

Methods: The study included 25 adults aged >40 years who lived in Cheorwon-gun in South Korea, had a disability registered for visual, auditory, or physical/brain impairments under the Disability Welfare Act, and had either known cardiovascular disease or two or more risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The program comprised four education sessions and 12 weeks of customized aerobic and strengthening exercises performed twice a week at moderate intensity, with each exercise session lasting for 1 hour. Read More

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Association Between Vitamin E and Handgrip Strength in the Korean General Population in KNHANES VII (2018).

Ann Rehabil Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Clinical Trial Center, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan, Korea.

Objective: To investigate the association between vitamin E and handgrip strength (HGS) with multiple factors.

Methods: A total of 1,814 participants were included (822 men and 981 women) from the Korean subjects of the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2018. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression to determine the correlation between vitamin E and HGS with potential confounding factors. Read More

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The anxiolytic effects of exercise for people with anxiety and related disorders: An update of the available meta-analytic evidence.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Jun 11;302:114046. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; University Psychiatric Center KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Exercise as a treatment option for people with mental disorders is a field of growing interest. The increased number of published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of exercise in the treatment of anxiety and related disorders in recent years calls for an update of the available meta-analytic evidence. Electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, PSYCArticles, and Embase) were searched up to 17. Read More

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App-based data collection, mental imagery, and naming performance in adults with aphasia.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2021 May 29;44:101422. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Georgia State University, United States; Department of Learning Sciences, Georgia State University, United States. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: Naming impairments are often found in aphasia. Combining mHealth technology with mental imagery may offer new insights into novel approaches to naming interventions in persons with aphasia. The aims of this study are to (1) explore whether mental imagery can improve performance during a naming task in adults with aphasia; and, (2) demonstrate the use of app-based data collection for research in aphasia rehabilitation through utilization of an app designed specifically for this study. Read More

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Dynamic Assessment of Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome Hips.

Arthroscopy 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of our study was to compare lower extremity rotational kinematics and kinetics (angles, torques, and powers) and hip muscle EMG activity between cam-type FAIS and age-sex matched controls during walking, fast walking, stair ascent, stair descent, and sit-to-stand.

Methods: This study included ten males with unilateral FAIS and ten control males with no FAIS. We measured kinematics, kinetics and electromyographic signals during stair ascent/descent, sit-to-stand, self-selected and fast walk. Read More

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Gut microbiome composition and serum metabolome profile among individuals with spinal cord injury and normal glucose tolerance or prediabetes/type 2 diabetes.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the gut microbiome composition and serum metabolome profile among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) or prediabetes/type 2 diabetes (P/DM).

Design: Cross-sectional design.

Setting: Research university. Read More

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Six-minute walk distance, ECOG Performance Status, and Modified Borg Scale scores in a cohort of Pakistani patients with noncancerous end-stage liver disease selected for liver transplant.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Apr;71(4):1162-1166

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.

Objective: To evaluate the functional status of Pakistani patients with non-cancerous end-stage liver disease selected for liver transplant and to compare results acquired through various assessment tools.

Methods: The study was conducted at the Rehabilitation Medicine Department, Shifa International Hospital Islamabad, Pakistan, from August 2017 to November 2019 and comprised end-stage liver disease patients of either gender who had been selected for liver transplant. Assessment tools included the Six-Minute Walk Distance, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status and Modified Borg Dyspnoea Scale across age, gender, ethnicity, primary aetiology, and Model for end-stage liver disease score. Read More

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Hypermobility among children with autism spectrum disorders and its correlation with anthropometric characteristics.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Apr;71(4):1076-1080

Department of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To determine the extent of hypermobility in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and to determine the correlation between age, gender, height, weight, BMI and hypermobility.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 117 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder aged 2 to 17 years, of whom 91 were boys and 26 were girls. After obtaining the written informed consent from the parents of these children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, we assessed their level of hypermobility using the Beighton score. Read More

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Outcomes of pregnancy and delivery in women with continent lower urinary tract reconstruction: systematic review of the literature.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Urology, CHU-Université de Nantes, 1 place Alexis Ricordeau, 44000, Nantes, France.

Introduction And Hypothesis: The aim of this systematic review of the literature was to pool all the existing data regarding pregnancy and delivery in women with neurogenic bladder or bladder exstrophy who had undergone previous lower urinary tract reconstruction (LUTR).

Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the literature from PubMed/MedLine, ClinicalTrials.gov and the Google Scholar database, from 1972 to July 2020. Read More

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Molecular features and tissue engineering techniques applied to regenerative surgery: an overview of recent data.

Minerva Dent Oral Sci 2021 Jun;70(3):119-127

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences, Morphological and Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, Italy -

Introduction: Regenerative procedures have become common in the medical and dentistry rehabilitation fields. Often, tissue regeneration maneuvers are necessary to rehabilitate patients in a safe and predictable manner. The aim of this narrative review was to highlight the molecular implications during regenerative surgery. Read More

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Sex differences in independence in activities of daily living early in stroke rehabilitation.

Brain Behav 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Public Health, Section of Biostatistics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Current stroke research suggests that there are differences between females and males regarding incidence, stroke risk factors, stroke severity, outcome, and mortality. The few studies that have investigated sex differences in rehabilitation 8-12 months poststroke found that males are more independent, compared to females.

Objectives: To investigate if there is a difference in the improvement of independence in activities of daily living (ADL) between females and males in the acute phase (first 2 weeks) of stroke rehabilitation in a Danish population. Read More

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Dentoalveolar outcomes in maxillary reconstruction: A retrospective review of 85 maxillectomy reconstructions.

ANZ J Surg 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sydney Head and Neck Cancer Institute, Chris O'Brien Lifehouse, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Although microvascular free flaps are often used to reconstruct maxillary defects, dentoalveolar rehabilitation is arguably less common despite its importance to midface function and aesthetics. The aim of this study is to review the contemporary management of maxillary defects in a single quaternary referral institution to identify factors that assist or impede dentoalveolar rehabilitation.

Methods: A retrospective review of maxillary reconstructions performed between February 2017 and December 2020 was performed. Read More

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