9,907 results match your criteria region 359


Effects of morbidity on smoking cessation: a national smoking cessation program.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2021 Jul 28;16(1):47. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Family Medicine, Research Institute of Medical Science, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: In smokers with chronic diseases, we examined the abstinence rates over 6 months and its affecting factors in the context of the Korea National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) smoking cessation program.

Methods: To identify 6-month abstinence, we extracted a sample of 15,017 participants using the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method from the 359,047 individuals enrolled in the 2016 NHIS smoking cessation program and 1500 smokers responded to the telephone survey. From this group, 1245 individuals (48. Read More

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Prevalence and predictors of gestational diabetes mellitus among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Dodoma region, Tanzania: an analytical cross-sectional study.

BMJ Nutr Prev Health 2021 19;4(1):69-79. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania.

Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is rapidly increasing worldwide. Globally, 18.4 million pregnancies are complicated by GDM. Read More

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Optimisation of the enzyme-assisted extraction of polyphenols from saffron (Crocus sativus L.) petals.

Acta Sci Pol Technol Aliment 2021 Jul-Sep;20(3):359-367

Food Preservation and Refrigeration Technology, University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: Saffron tepals are a by-product from the processing of Crocus sativus flowers, whose dried stigmas (saffron spice) are widely used both in the food and health sectors. Saffron tepals are rich in polyphenols, particularly flavonol glycosides and anthocyanins, which are considered to be potent antioxidants. Enzyme-assisted extraction of polyphenols offers several advantages in comparison to conventional methods. Read More

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A high-throughput sequencing shows co-infection and intermediate form of Fasciola gigantica and Fasciola hepatica in occur Balochistan, but only confirmed F. gigantica in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Infect Genet Evol 2021 Jul 21:105012. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Parasitology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan; Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Surrey, UK. Electronic address:

Fasciola gigantica and Fasciola hepatica are digenetic trematodes causing fasciolosis in ruminants. The host and geographical distribution of both Fasciola species are influenced by environmental and climatic conditions favouring survival and development of free-living stages and intermediate hosts, and livestock management practices. The aim of the present study was to describe the host distribution of the two Fasciola species in buffalo, cattle, goats, and sheep in the Balochistan and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. Read More

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Scaling of axial muscle architecture in juvenile Alligator mississippiensis reveals an enhanced performance capacity of accessory breathing mechanisms.

J Anat 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Quantitative functional anatomy of amniote thoracic and abdominal regions is crucial to understanding constraints on and adaptations for facilitating simultaneous breathing and locomotion. Crocodilians have diverse locomotor modes and variable breathing mechanics facilitated by basal and derived (accessory) muscles. However, the inherent flexibility of these systems is not well studied, and the functional specialisation of the crocodilian trunk is yet to be investigated. Read More

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Development of a SYBR Green-based RT-qPCR assay for the detection of Indian citrus ringspot virus.

3 Biotech 2021 Jul 30;11(7):359. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Central Citrus Research Institute, Amravati Road, Nagpur, Maharashtra 440033 India.

The Indian citrus ringspot virus (ICRSV) that causes ringspot disease, especially to 'Kinnow mandarin' hampers the sustainability of crop production. Presently, the disease is not amenable for control through host resistance or the introduction of chemicals, hence raising virus-free plants is one of the most effective approaches to manage the disease. Consequently, it is necessary to develop rapid, sensitive, specific, and early diagnostic methods for disease control. Read More

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[Analysis on epidemiological characteristics of current advanced schistosomiasis cases in China based on the Epidemiological Dynamic Data Collection Platform (EDDC)].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2021 Jul;33(3):234-239

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Chinese Center for Tropical Diseases Research); NHC Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology; WHO Collaborating Centre for Tropical Diseases; National Center for International Research on Tropical Diseases, Shanghai 200025, China.

Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of current advanced schistosomiasis cases in China, so as to provide the scientific evidence for the precision management and medical care of advanced schistosomiasis.

Methods: The baseline data pertaining to the current advanced schistosomiasis cases in China were collected from the Epidemiological Dynamic Data Collection Platform (EDDC) operated by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The demographic characteristics, population and regional distribution and medical care of advanced schistosomiasis cases were analyzed with a descriptive method. Read More

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Severity and prevalence of small lungworm infection on three South Australian farms and associations with sheep carcass characteristics.

Vet Parasitol 2021 Aug 24;296:109503. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Mackinnon Project, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria, 3030, Australia.

This field and abattoir study assessed the association of the severity and prevalence of small lungworm lesions with the carcass characteristics of 1332 lambs and adult sheep bred on three farms in southeast SA. Liveweight and measures of lungworm infection were measured on farm, then lung lesions and carcass characteristics assessed at slaughter. The overall prevalence of small lungworm lesions at slaughter was 79 % (928/1177; 95 % CI 76, 81), with a prevalence of 87 % (569/658; 95 % CI 84, 89) in lambs, and 69 % (359/519; 95 % CI 65, 73) in adults, respectively. Read More

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Risk factors for mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 from three hospitals in Peru: a retrospective cohort study.

F1000Res 2021 19;10:224. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Unidad de Investigación para la Generación y Síntesis de Evidencias en Salud, Lima, Peru.

Background: Peru was one of the countries with the highest COVID-19 mortality worldwide during the first stage of the pandemic. It is then relevant to evaluate the risk factors for mortality in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 in three hospitals in Peru in 2020, from March to May, 2020.  Methods: We carried out a retrospective cohort study. Read More

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Anatomical Evaluation of Maxillary Premolars in a Saudi Population: An Cone-beam Computed Tomography Study.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2021 Mar 1;22(3):284-289. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Phone: +966 557224154, e-mail:

Aim And Objectives: Evaluation of the root canal morphology of maxillary premolars was the primary objective of this study, on the criteria of the roots present, canals detected in the roots, and anatomical canal patterns according to Vertucci's classification observed in the Saudi population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) radiographic analysis comparing them to previous reports in the same population.

Materials And Methods: A total of 710 maxillary 1st and 2nd premolars were considered in this research; of which 351 were 1st premolars and 359 were 2nd premolars. These premolars were investigated for their external and internal anatomy using CBCT. Read More

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What Matters 2 Adults (WM2Adults): Understanding the Foundations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Wellbeing.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 8;18(12). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin 0810, Australia.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people experience a greater range of health and social disadvantages compared to other Australians. Wellbeing is a culturally-bound construct, and to date, a national evidence base around the components of wellbeing for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is lacking. Understanding and measurement of wellbeing for this population is critical in achieving health equity. Read More

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Untangling the tau microtubule-binding region.

Brain 2021 Mar;144(2):359-362

UK Dementia Research Institute at UCL, London, UK.

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Prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection and feasibility of TB preventive therapy among Thai prisoners: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 24;21(1):1206. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Tuberculosis Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Prisons are considered as major reservoirs for tuberculosis. Preventive therapy for latent TB infection (LTBI) is an adjunctive strategy to control TB. However, LTBI data in Thai prisoners is limited. Read More

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Doctor-patient communication and trust in doctors during COVID 19 times-A cross sectional study in Chennai, India.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(6):e0253497. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

ESIC Medical College and PGIMSR, KK Nagar, Chennai, India.

Background: The COVID 19 pandemic created a global public health crisis. Physical distancing, masks, personal protective equipment worn by the doctors created difficulties in effective doctor-patient communication.

Objectives: This study was conducted to assess the difficulties faced by patients in communicating with their doctors due to the COVID 19 preventive measures, and its impact on the trust on their doctors. Read More

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["About the Article Vaccines against Covid-19 available in Europe"].

Authors:
Catherine Hill

Rev Prat 2021 04;71(4):359

"Institut Gustave-Roussy, service de biostatistiques et d'épidémiologie, Villejuif, France".

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Gender Matter, Social Phobia and High-Risk Behaviors in Young Medical Students.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2021 Mar;31(2):359-370

Health in Disasters and Emergencies Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: Young is one of the most sensitive stages of human life. Social phobia and high-risk behaviors are factors that enhance young crises. This study aimed to determine the relationship between gender role, social phobia and high-risk behaviors among young medical students. Read More

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Head Computed Tomography Scans in Elderly Patients with Low Velocity Head trauma after a Fall.

Isr Med Assoc J 2021 Jun;23(6):359-363

Department of Clinical Utility, Laniado Hospital, Netanya, Israel.

Background: Recommendations for a head computed tomography (CT) scan in elderly patients without a loss of consciousness after a traumatic brain injury and without neurological findings on admission and who are not taking oral anticoagulant therapy, are discordant.

Objectives: To determine variables associated with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and the need for neurosurgery in elderly patients after low velocity head trauma.

Methods: In a regional hospital, we retrospectively selected 206 consecutive patients aged ≥ 65 years with head CT scans ordered in the emergency department because of low velocity head trauma. Read More

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[Association between education and the onset of disability in activities of daily living in middle-aged and older Chinese adults: The mediator role of social participation].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Jun;53(3):549-554

Department of Health Policy and Management, Peking University School of Public Health, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: To investigate the association between educational attainment and the onset of disability in activities of daily living (ADL), and to explore the mediating effect of social participation on such association.

Methods: A longitudinal dataset was drawn from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS, 2015 to 2018). The measurements of educational attainment, social participation and other covariates were identified from 2015, while the outcome measurement of ADL disability was constructed with data from survey 2018. Read More

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[Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in transplanted patients. Clinical features and imaging follow up].

Medicina (B Aires) 2021 ;81(3):359-366

Centro de Stroke, Hospital Universitario Fundación Favaloro, Universidad Favaloro, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an acute neurological disorder characterized by headache, encephalopathy, seizures and visual disturbances, with reversible vasogenic edema in posterior brain areas. The aim of this research was to describe a case series of transplanted patients who developed PRES, characterize their presentation, treatment, clinical and imaging evolution. Electronic medical records were analyzed from January 2009 to January 2019. Read More

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Calcium channel blockers improve prognosis of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 and hypertension.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2021 Jun 16;134(13):1602-1609. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Health Statistics, Naval Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Background: Hypertension is considered an important risk factor for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The commonly anti-hypertensive drugs are the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), and beta-blockers. The association between commonly used anti-hypertensive medications and the clinical outcome of COVID-19 patients with hypertension has not been well studied. Read More

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The prevalence and break down of narrow anterior chamber angle pathology presenting to a general ophthalmology clinic.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26195

East Kent Hospitals University NHS Foundations Trust, New Hayesbank NHS Eye Clinic, United Kingdom.

Abstract: To approximate the breakdown of narrow anterior chamber angle conditions, on general ophthalmology clinics, in the predominantly white population of the South East Kent region in the United Kingdom.A review was done of all patients attending a secondary care ophthalmology general clinic over a 3-year period. Patients were assessed with: slitlamp biomicroscopy with indentation gonioscopy; SD optical coherence tomography, Humphrey visual field analyzer, and high frequency ultrasound and categorized into various narrow angle conditions. Read More

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Progress Toward Rubella Elimination - World Health Organization European Region, 2005-2019.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 06 11;70(23):833-839. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

In 2005, the Regional Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region (EUR) passed a resolution calling for the regional elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) (1). In 2010, all 53 countries in EUR* reaffirmed their commitment to eliminating measles, rubella, and CRS (2); this goal was included in the European Vaccine Action Plan 2015-2020 (3,4). Rubella, which typically manifests as a mild febrile rash illness, is the leading vaccine-preventable cause of birth defects. Read More

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The associations between coping strategies, psychological health, and career indecision among medical students: a cross-sectional study in China.

BMC Med Educ 2021 Jun 9;21(1):334. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Institute for International Health Professions Education and Research, China Medical University, No. 77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning, P.R. China, 110122.

Background: Medical students experience difficulties in the process of making decisions about their careers, which is referred to as career indecision. This study aimed to examine the difficulties in the career decision-making processes of medical students and to explore the association of coping strategies and psychological health with career indecision. The findings may provide a reference for designing interventions to advance satisfying career decisions for medical students. Read More

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Motivation and job satisfaction among medical and dental college faculty in Pakistan amid the COVID-19 outbreak.

Work 2021 ;69(2):359-366

Department of Oral Biology, Women Medical and Dental College, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

Background: The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected economies all over the world. The ability of an organization to grow is heavily influenced by job satisfaction and employee motivation.

Objective: This study examines the factors affecting employee motivation and job satisfaction among medical and dental college faculty members in Pakistan, both in the private and public sector, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Effects of xanthan gum, canning and storage period on fatty acid profile and cholesterol oxidation of restructured low-fat meat product of India.

Food Chem 2021 Oct 22;359:128450. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar 190006, India.

This study evaluated the impact of xanthan gum (XG), canning and storage on fatty acids (FAs) contents and formation of cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) in low-fat meat product (goshtaba) of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), India. The FAs composition i.e. Read More

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October 2021

The Relationship between Physical Activity, Mobile Phone Addiction, and Irrational Procrastination in Chinese College Students.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 17;18(10). Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Physical Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.

The aim of the current study was to examine the associations between physical activity, mobile phone addiction, and irrational procrastination after adjustment for potential confounding variables. The participants were 6294 first- and second-year students recruited as a cluster sample from three public universities in Shanghai, China. Physical activity, mobile phone use, and irrational procrastination were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF), the mobile phone addiction index scale (MPAI), and the irrational procrastination scale (IPS). Read More

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Hesitancy towards COVID-19 Vaccines: An Analytical Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 12;18(10). Epub 2021 May 12.

Maternal and Child Health Nursing Department, School of Nursing, Mutah University, Karak 61710, Jordan.

Vaccination is the most promising strategy to counter the spread of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Vaccine hesitancy is a serious global phenomenon, and therefore the aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore the effect of educational background, work field, and social media on attitudes towards vaccination in Jordan. We compared between medical personnel who were in direct contact with patients and non-medical individuals at Jordan University Hospital in terms of demographics, knowledge about COVID-19 vaccines, rumors received via social media, their trust in these vaccines, and the encouraging factors for vaccination. Read More

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Qualitative assesement of newly formed bone after distraction osteogenesis of mandible in patients with facial asymmetry using 3 dimensional computed tomography.

J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2021 Jul-Sep;11(3):410-414. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, 440003, India.

Introduction: Distraction osteogenesis is a surgical technique of new bone formation between the osteotomized bone segments with the help of gradual incremental traction. As distraction osteogenesis is slow biologic process, soft tissue changes gradually follow the new bone formation. Mandibular distraction is one of the accepted modalities to treat the triad of TMJ ankylosis, obstructive sleep apnoea & micrognathia and also for facial asymmetry cases like hemifacial microsomia, mandibular hypoplasia etc. Read More

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Spatiotemporal variations in the composition of algal mats in wastewater treatment ponds of tannery industry.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 May 26;193(6):359. Epub 2021 May 26.

Phycology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Calcutta, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata, 700019, West Bengal, India.

Wastewater Treatment Pond (WTP) is an effective remediation technology for economically developing nations. Although it's excessive organic and nutrient loads with higher water logging time triggers mixed and unprofitable microalgal mats. This may serve as a seeding source for Cyanobacterial bloom in receiving waterbodies. Read More

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Mobile App-Reported Use of Traditional Medicine for Maintenance of Health in India During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Cross-sectional Questionnaire Study.

JMIRx Med 2021 Apr-Jun;2(2):e25703. Epub 2021 May 7.

Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences Ministry of AYUSH Delhi India.

Background: India follows a pluralistic system for strategic and focused health care delivery in which traditional systems of medicine such as Ayurveda, yoga and naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa, and homoeopathy (AYUSH) coexist with contemporary medicine, and this system functions under the Ministry of AYUSH (MoA). The MoA developed a mobile app, called AYUSH Sanjivani, to document the trends of the use of AYUSH-based traditional and holistic measures by the public across India. Analysis of the data generated through this app can help monitor the extent of the use of AYUSH measures for maintenance of health during the COVID-19 pandemic and aid effective health promotion and communication efforts focused on targeted health care delivery during the pandemic. Read More

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