786 results match your criteria reflective writing


Changing the Status Quo: Developing a Virtual Sub-Internship in the Era of COVID-19.

J Surg Educ 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Urology, Northwell Health, New York, New York.

Problem: Subinternships are integral to medical education as tools for teaching and assessing fourth-year medical students. Social distancing due to COVID-19 has precluded the ability to offer in-person subinternships - negatively impacting medical education and creating uncertainty surrounding the residency match. With no precedent for the development and implementation of virtual subinternships, the Society of Academic Urologists (SAU) developed an innovative and standardized curriculum for the Virtual Subinternship in Urology (vSIU). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Working around the border: Shared experiences of art therapists working with families impacted by immigration and political realities in Mexico and the United States.

J Community Psychol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Instituto Mexicano de Psicoterapia de Arte, Mexico City, Mexico.

This art-based, participatory action research sought to foster dialog between art therapists working on both sides of the US (Southern California)-Mexico (Tijuana) border in 2019. The paper summarizes the narratives from three initial focus groups, highlighting main findings arising from systematic analyses of verbal, creative and reflective writing input of participants. Identified themes include therapists' need to respond to immigration crisis; the realities of being a part of a border town; observing differences between communities; learning from the art of art therapists working with immigrants and refugees; and identifying challenges as a therapist. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Letters from the pandemic: Nursing student narratives of change, challenges and thriving at the outset of COVID-19.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

School of Nursing, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA.

Aim: The aim of this study is to explore the experience of third year baccalaureate nursing students during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Design: Research design is a narrative analysis of archived letters written by nursing students in Spring 2020.

Methods: Letters and other media were written between 1 April and 20 May 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Reflective Writing about Near-Peer Blogs: A Novel Method for Introducing the Medical Humanities in Premedical Education.

J Med Humanit 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Rice University, Houston, TX, USA.

Narrative analysis, creative writing, and interactive reflective writing have been identified as valuable for professional identity formation and resilience among medical and premedical students alike. This study proposes that medical student blogs are novel pedagogical tools for fostering peer-to-peer learning in academic medicine and are currently underutilized as a near-peer resource for premedical students to learn about the medical profession. To evaluate the pedagogical utility of medical student blogs for introducing core themes in the medical humanities, the authors conducted qualitative analysis of one hundred seventy-six reflective essays by baccalaureate premedical students written in response to medical student-authored narrative blog posts. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Indigenous Resilience in Australia: A Scoping Review Using a Reflective Decolonizing Collective Dialogue.

Front Public Health 2021 31;9:630601. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Ngangk Yira Research Centre for Aboriginal Health and Social Equity, Faculty of Health Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia.

Contemporary definitions and understandings of resilience refer to an individual's positive adaptation to the experience of adversity. One of the challenges of this extant body of work is that the central concept of resilience is rarely questioned. Current understandings of these concepts, largely framed in Western understandings, are unquestioningly accepted, reframed for, yet not by, Indigenous peoples, and then are unchallenged when imposed on Indigenous peoples. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Non-drug treatments for chronic non-malignant pain: patients' perceptions].

An Sist Sanit Navar 2021 Apr 28;44(1):61-69. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Unidad de Calidad e Investigación. Hospital San Juan de Dios del Aljarafe. Bormujos. Sevilla..

Background: The prevalence of chronic pain in Spain is 17%. There is a need for more scientific data on non-drug treat-ments that can be effectively used to treat chronic pain. The aim of this study is to analyze how patients with chronic non-malignant pain perceive non-drug approaches. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Introducing reflective narrative for first-year medical students to promote empathy as an integral part of physiology curriculum.

Adv Physiol Educ 2021 Jun;45(2):207-216

Department of Physiology, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Guided reflective narratives facilitate deeper understanding and learning. The study was aimed at exploring the scope of guided reflective narratives on early clinical exposure, for first-year medical students, in promoting empathy. Strengths and limitations of the process of reflective narratives were also explored. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Voices from the Front Lines: An Analysis of Physicians' Reflective Narratives about Flaws with the 'System'.

J Med Humanit 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Centre for Education Research & Innovation, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Physicians often express frustration with the 'system' in which they work. Over time, this frustration may put them at risk of burnout and disengagement, which may impact patient care. In this study, we aimed to understand the nature of the system flaws that physicians identified in their published narratives and to explore their self-representation as agents of change. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Internal Medicine Residents' Views About Care Transitions: Results of an Educational Intervention.

J Med Educ Curric Dev 2021 Jan-Dec;8:2382120520988590. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Problem: Suboptimal care transitions can lead to re-hospitalizations.

Intervention: We developed a 2-week "Transitions of Care Curriculum" to train first-year internal medicine residents to improve their knowledge and skills to deliver optimal transitional care. Our objective was to use reflective writing essays to evaluate the impact of the curriculum on the residents. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

The effectiveness of positive appearance and functionality reflective writing tasks on state body image and response to idealised media exposure among 35-60 year-old women.

Body Image 2021 Mar 3;37:127-137. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

School of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address:

Functionality and appearance-based reflective writing tasks can improve body image in young women. There is limited research investigating these tasks in mature women. This study tested (a) the effectiveness of writing tasks on women's state body image and (b) whether these tasks buffered responses to idealised media. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lay health worker as interventionist training: reflective writing in US family health promotion practice.

Health Promot Int 2021 Feb 23. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Lay health worker-led health promotion interventions are well received within racial and ethnic minority communities. Increasing numbers of trained lay health workers will be needed to meet global health goals. The purpose of this process evaluation was to gain insights about how lay health worker as interventionists used theory-based approaches within a nutrition and physical activity health behavior change intervention in a clinical trial enrolling immigrant and refugee families. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Tracing the Path Toward Self-Regulated Revision: An Interplay of Instructor Feedback, Peer Feedback, and Revision Goals.

Front Psychol 2020 5;11:612088. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

School of Foreign Languages, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.

Building upon Zimmerman's socio-cognitive view of self-regulation, we explored EFL (English as a Foreign Language) students' revision and the likely contribution to revision from three salient self-regulating sources: peer feedback, instructor feedback, and revision goals. Data was obtained from 70 Chinese EFL students in a writing class through a 300-word online writing assignment involving online instructor and peer feedback, free-response revision goals, and a required revision. We closely coded students' revision and then used the same coding scheme to analyze the relative levels of association of revision changes with peer comments, instructor comments and revision goals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

MPRO: A Professionalism Curriculum to Enhance the Professional Identity Formation of University Premedical Students.

Med Educ Online 2021 Dec;26(1):1886224

Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine , Houston, TX, USA.

Limited opportunities exist for university premedical students to gain exposure to the realities of clinical practice through physician shadowing or through a formal curriculum. Medical Professionalism and Observership utilizes didactics, reflective writing, small- and large- group discussions, and clinical observerships to enhance the process of professional identity formation during a critical developmental window of late- adolescence. The pilot semester included a sample of 135 students, all in their sophomore, junior, or senior years of study at Rice University. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Reflective writing in dental education to improve critical thinking and learning: A systematic review.

J Dent Educ 2021 Feb 11. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Office of Academic Assessment, A.T. Still University Arizona School of Dentistry & Oral Health, Mesa, Arizona, USA.

The Commission on Dental Accreditations states that "graduates must be competent in the use of critical thinking and problem-solving." With this in mind, dental education programs continually strive to enhance and deepen these skills by incorporating effective instructional strategies into the curriculum. To do this, predoctoral dental education has used a variety of techniques including problem-based learning, OSCEs, and standardized patient activities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

'That's okay for me.' 'But it's not okay for me.' Tension and balance between patient's will and surgeon's motivation.

Patient Educ Couns 2021 Feb 2. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Clarunis, Department of Visceral Surgery, University Centre for Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

This Reflective Practice describes the potential tension between the patient's will and surgeon's motivation. I, as the care given surgeon, learned a couple of intensive lessons trough the presented case, which I would like to share with colleagues to let them also reflect in similar situations about patient's will and their ambition to help and heal. The patient's will is inviolable, even if physicians sometimes wish differently. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Piloting an Interprofessional Narrative-Based Interactive Workshop for End-of-Life Conversations: Implications for Learning and Practice.

Omega (Westport) 2021 Feb 8:30222821993633. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Novant Health, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States.

Background: Based on the principles of Narrative Medicine, this study explored a narrative-based workshop for multi-level interdisciplinary clinicians who have EOL conversations.

Methods: Fifty-two clinicians participated in narrative-based interactive workshops. Participants engaged narrative in three forms: viewing narratives, writing/sharing narratives, and co-constructing narratives. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Reflective practice and transcultural psychiatry peer e-learning between Somaliland and the UK: a qualitative evaluation.

BMC Med Educ 2021 Jan 15;21(1):58. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Section of Women's Mental Health, Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

Background: Reflective practice is a key skill for healthcare professionals. E-learning programmes have the potential to develop reflective practice in remote settings and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where access to in-person reflective groups may be reduced. 'Aqoon' is a global mental health peer-to-peer e-learning programme between Somaliland and UK medical students. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

"A little (PPI) MAGIC can take you a long way" : involving children and young people in research from inception of a novel medical device to multi-centre clinical trial Roald Dahl, James and the Giant Peach (1961).

Res Involv Engagem 2021 Jan 6;7(1). Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre and National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust and University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK.

Background: There is often a great urgency to be inclusive when conducting research and to focus efforts with groups and communities that can be referred to as marginalised. This is especially the case in research concerning medical devices aimed at children and young people (CYP). Although involvement methodology has developed over the last two decades, it can be challenging to involve and engage CYP with confidence and clarity of purpose. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Effort and reward imbalance factors motivating Namibian professional nurses to participate in continuous professional development: A confirmatory factor analysis.

Health SA 2020 21;25:1313. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

International University of Management, Windhoek, Namibia.

Background: To improve professional development, it is important to understand the motivational factors behind nurses' participation in specific types of continuous professional development activities. Effort-rewards imbalance (ERI) posits an imbalance between high efforts spent at work and low rewards sometimes received in turn. However, professional nurses have various ERIs that can influence their reasons to participate in continuous professional development activities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Influence of Dietary Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and ω6 to ω3 Ratios on Head Kidney Lipid Composition and Expression of Fatty Acid and Eicosanoid Metabolism Genes in Atlantic Salmon ().

Front Mol Biosci 2020 14;7:602587. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Department of Ocean Sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada.

The interaction of dietary eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (EPA+DHA) levels with omega-6 to omega-3 ratios (ω6:ω3), and their impact on head kidney lipid metabolism in farmed fish, are not fully elucidated. We investigated the influence of five plant-based diets (12-week exposure) with varying EPA+DHA levels (0.3, 1. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Graduating With Honors in Resilience: Creating a Whole New Doctor.

Glob Adv Health Med 2020 3;9:2164956120976356. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia.

Background: Although coaching programs have become a prominent piece of graduate medical education, they have yet to become an integral part of undergraduate medical education. A handful of medical schools have utilized longitudinal coaching experiences as a method for professional identity formation, developing emotional intelligence and leadership.

Objective: We developed A Whole New Doctor (AWND), a medical student leadership development and coaching program at Georgetown University, with the aim of fostering resilience, leadership, and emotional intelligence at the nascent stage of physician training. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Analyse dimensionnelle du construit « formation par la recherche ».

Rech Soins Infirm 2020 12(142):31-42

Initial nursing training programs in France have been included under the umbrella of university studies since 2009, when the ministry of higher education recognized an undergraduate program in nursing. The formal training system places great emphasis on research, and a teaching unit that enables nursing students to become acquainted with the research process has been introduced. Knowledge construction now involves the use of research approaches, and the interdependent practice–theory–research triad is implicitly recognized. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Reliability of a grading rubric designed to evaluate the reflective ability of predoctoral dental students.

Eur J Dent Educ 2020 Dec 12. Epub 2020 Dec 12.

Division of Dental Hygiene, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry, Kansas City, Missouri, USA.

Introduction: Reflection and self-assessment are critical skills for healthcare providers. Identification of gaps in knowledge, skills and attitudes, along with the ability to critically think and problem solve to fill gaps, is the ultimate outcome for lifelong learning. The aims of this study were to (a) refine an instrument used for measuring reflective ability, and conduct comprehensive reliability testing, and (b) describe a process for rater calibration. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Mechanisms involved in the formation of professional identity by medical students.

Med Teach 2021 04 8;43(4):428-438. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Background: Despite in-depth discussions regarding professional identity of doctors, there is still a gap in our understanding of how this professional identity actually evolves.

Objective: To outline some major mechanisms involved in formation of medical students' professional identity.

Methods: A qualitative study based on thematic analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Can concept mapping support the quality of reflections made by undergraduate medical students? A mixed method study.

Med Teach 2021 04 5;43(4):388-396. Epub 2020 Dec 5.

School of Health Professions Education, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: Students perceive reflective writing as difficult. Concept mapping may be an alternative format for reflection, which provides support while allowing students to freely shape their thoughts. We examined (1) the quality of reflection in reflective concept maps created by first-year medical students and (2) students' perceptions about concept mapping as a tool for reflection. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Redesign your in-person course for online: Creating connections and promoting engagement for better learning.

Ecol Evol 2020 Nov 29;10(22):12561-12572. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Department of Biological Sciences Union College Schenectady NY USA.

This spring, instructors moved their courses online in an emergency fashion as campuses were closed due to the pandemic. As colleges prepare for the next academic year, there is a need to provide flexible instruction that is more intentional for quality online learning. We taught two undergraduate courses online for the first time this spring and surveyed our students' reactions to the course experiences. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

A Mobile Healing Program Using Virtual Reality for Sexual Violence Survivors: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study.

Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 2021 Feb 27;18(1):50-59. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

College of Nursing, Ewha Research Institute of Nursing Science, & System Health & Engineering major in graduate school, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Many young women suffer from sexual violence, but few practice self-healing activities.

Aims: This study evaluated the feasibility and preliminary effects of a mobile virtual intervention, Sister, I will tell you!©, to heal young women after sexual violence in South Korea.

Methods: A mobile virtual intervention, Sister, I will tell you!©, was developed based on a literature review and preliminary studies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

An Objective Structured Clinical Examination of Communication Skills for Child Neurology Residents.

Pediatr Neurol 2021 01 15;114:68-74. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Division of Child Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital/The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: The purpose of this study was to implement an objective structured clinical examination for child neurology trainees for formative feedback regarding communication skills. Effective communication skills are essential and teachable, but tools to formally assess them are limited. An objective structured clinical examination is one such tool, but these examinations have not been developed for child neurology residents. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Guided reflective writing as a teaching strategy to develop nursing student clinical judgment.

Authors:
Tanya Smith

Nurs Forum 2021 Apr 24;56(2):241-248. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Fort Hays State University, Hays, Kansas, USA.

Background: Nurse educators need strategies to help develop nursing students' clinical judgment skills to practice safely. Guided reflective writing is an active learning strategy that can increase learning and promote clinical judgment in patient care.

Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study, guided by Tanner's Evidence Based Clinical Judgment Model, was to examine nursing student and faculty perspectives of the benefits and challenges of guided reflective writing for clinical judgment development following clinical experiences. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Reflective writing: Implementation and learning perception from students and teachers of French nursing schools.

Nurse Educ Pract 2020 Nov 10;49:102921. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

University Sorbonne Paris Nord, Nursing Sciences Research Chair, Laboratory Educations and Health Practices (LEPS), (EA 3412), UFR SMBH, F-93017, Bobigny, France; AP HP, Nursing Sciences Research Chair, Paris, France. Electronic address:

To support reflective skills development, French nursing students write analyses of professional situations (Situation Analysis) experienced during their practice. Sixteen nursing schools in Paris have developed a common framework to support and evaluate students on these skills. The aims of the study were to assess and understand the implementation of the Situation Analysis in French nursing schools as well as their effects on students' learning. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020