94,049 results match your criteria reduced quality


Comparative study on polychlorinated biphenyl sorption to activated carbon and biochar and the influence of natural organic matter.

Chemosphere 2021 Sep 13;287(Pt 3):132239. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, 100044, China.

The sorption isotherms of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on carbons (coal based activated carbon named AC and hardwood derived biochar named BC) and natural organic matter (NOM) loaded carbons were examined and carbon-water partition coefficients (K) were calculated. The purpose was to accurately predict the effectiveness of in-situ carbon treatments on the sediment impacted with hydrophobic organic chemicals (HOCs). For 1 month sorption, AC K values were significantly higher than BC, corresponding to the much larger surface area (particularly in mesopores) for AC. Read More

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September 2021

The effects of mindfulness stress reduction program on postmenopausal women's menopausal complaints and their life quality.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2021 Sep 8;45:101478. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Inonu University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Malatya, Turkey. Electronic address:

Aim: This study was carried out to define the effect of the Mindfulness Stress Reduction Program (MBSR) applied among postmenopausal women on their menopausal complaints and quality of life.

Material And Method: The study was conducted with a quasi-experimental design. The sample consisted of 118 women, including 55 in the experimental group and 63 in the control group. Read More

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September 2021

Glyphosate-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis facilitates male reproductive toxicity in rats.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Sep 16;805:150368. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shandong Agricultural University, 61 Daizong Street, Tai'an City 271018, Shandong Province, China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong Agricultural University, 61 Daizong Street, Tai'an City 271018, Shandong Province, China; Shandong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Animal Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong Agricultural University, 61 Daizong Street, Tai'an City 271018, Shandong Province, China. Electronic address:

Glyphosate (GLY), a ubiquitous environmental pollutant, can result in gut microbiota dysbiosis intimately involving various diseases. The latest research has shown an association between gut microbiota alteration and defective spermatogenesis. Here, we aimed to investigate whether GLY-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis contributed to male reproductive toxicity. Read More

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September 2021

Low molecular weight chondroitin sulfate ameliorates pathological changes in 5XFAD mice by improving various functions in the brain.

Neuropharmacology 2021 Sep 17:108796. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology (Ministry of Education), Institute of Biochemical and Biotechnological Drug, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, China; Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Glycobiology, National Glycoengineering Research Center, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, China; NMPA Key Laboratory for Quality Research and Evaluation of Carbohydrate-based Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, China. Electronic address:

Our previous study found that low molecular weight chondroitin sulfate (LMWCS) had neuroprotective effects against the toxicity of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides both in vitro and in vivo, and we speculated that the effects might be related with its anti-oxidative activities. In this study, the anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD) activity of LMWCS was further studied in 5XFAD transgenic mice. After 4-month gavage, the levels of Aβ level, amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilin 1 (PS1) were significantly decreased in the brains of 5XFAD mice, indicating the alteration of APP metabolism by LMWCS. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical trial on stimulation of suction in preterm cases using neuromotor reactions.

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 ;58(4):450-457

Universidad CEU San Pablo, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Fisioterapia.

IntroducciÓn: La succión nutritiva es un hito importante para la correcta alimentación del neonato. Los prematuros no tienen desarrollada esta habilidad, por lo que se han diseñado diferentes maneras de estimular su aparición.

Objetivo: Comprobar si la estimulación de los reflejos orales innatos, a través de reacciones neuromotrices, disminuye el tiempo para adquirir la destreza de succión nutritiva. Read More

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January 2020

Hypoxemia in Young Children Undergoing One-lung Ventilation: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Anesthesiology 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Background: One-lung ventilation in children remains a specialized practice with low case numbers even at tertiary centers, preventing an assessment of best practices. The authors hypothesized that certain case factors may be associated with a higher risk of intraprocedural hypoxemia in children undergoing thoracic surgery and one-lung ventilation.

Methods: The Multicenter Perioperative Outcomes database and a local quality improvement database were queried for documentation of one-lung ventilation in children 2 months to 3 yr of age inclusive between 2010 and 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Potassium fertilization improves growth, yield and seed quality of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) under drought stress at different growth stages.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0256075. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.

Water scarcity is a major concern for sunflower production in the semi-arid and arid regions of the world. Potassium (K) application has been found effective to alleviate the influence of drought stress; however, the impact of drought stress on seed quality of sunflower has not been reported frequently. Therefore, a field experiment was performed to determine the optimum K requirement for mitigating the adverse effects of water stress and improving growth and seed quality of spring-planted sunflower. Read More

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September 2021

Guided Event Filtering: Synergy between Intensity Images and Neuromorphic Events for High Performance Imaging.

IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 2021 Sep 20;PP. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Many visual and robotics tasks in real-world scenarios rely on robust handling of high speed motion and high dynamic range (HDR) with effectively high spatial resolution and low noise. Such stringent requirements, however, cannot be directly satisfied by a single imager or modality, rather by complementary sensors. In this paper, we explore the synergy between traditional frame-based sensors with high spatial resolution and low sensor noise, and emerging event-based sensors with high speed and high dynamic range. Read More

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September 2021

Vitamin D levels in post-acute hip fractured patients and their association with rehabilitation outcomes.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Sep 20:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Beit Rivka Geriatric Rehabilitation Center, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Purpose: To report on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in post-acute hip fractured patients, revealed the associations between serum 25(OH)D levels and hip fractured patients' baseline characteristics and rehabilitation outcomes.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study (9/2017-9/2020) of 493 hip fractured patients. 25(OH)D levels were recorded following the patient's baseline characteristics and outcome measures, including the functional independence measure and motor functional independence measure effectiveness. Read More

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September 2021

The Safety of Agalsidase Alfa Enzyme Replacement Therapy in Canadian Patients with Fabry Disease Following Implementation of a Bioreactor Process.

Drugs R D 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Rm 5090 ACC, QE II Health Sciences Centre, 5820 University Ave, Halifax, NS, B3H 1V8, Canada.

Background And Objective: Fabry disease, an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder characterized by absent or reduced alpha-galactosidase activity, is a lifelong disease that impairs patients' quality of life. Patients with Fabry disease have a considerably shortened lifespan, with mortality being mainly due to renal failure, cardiovascular disease, or cerebrovascular disease. Enzyme replacement therapy with agalsidase alfa has been shown to attenuate the renal, cardiovascular, and neuropathic disease progression associated with Fabry disease. Read More

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September 2021

Interventions to Reduce Hospital Length of Stay in High-risk Populations: A Systematic Review.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Sep 1;4(9):e2125846. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

ECRI Evidence-based Practice Center, Center for Clinical Evidence and Guidelines, Plymouth Meeting, Pennsylvania.

Importance: Many strategies to reduce hospital length of stay (LOS) have been implemented, but few studies have evaluated hospital-led interventions focused on high-risk populations. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Learning Health System panel commissioned this study to further evaluate system-level interventions for LOS reduction.

Objective: To identify and synthesize evidence regarding potential systems-level strategies to reduce LOS for patients at high risk for prolonged LOS. Read More

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September 2021

The Effects of Implementation Quality of a School-Based Social and Emotional Well-Being Program on Students' Outcomes.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 May 22;10(2):595-614. Epub 2020 May 22.

Health Promotion Research Centre, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, H91TK33 Galway, Ireland.

School-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs can be effective in producing positive outcomes for students. However, when the implementation quality is poor, these programs often lose their effectiveness and fail to produce the expected positive outcomes. The current study evaluates a school-based SEL program for 15-18-year-olds in Ireland by determining the impact of implementation quality on program outcomes. Read More

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Toxicities Caused by Head and Neck Cancer Treatments and Their Influence on the Development of Malnutrition: Review of the Literature.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Oct 2;10(4):935-949. Epub 2020 Oct 2.

Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Bruce, 2617 ACT, Australia.

Malnutrition poses a significant problem for oncology patients, resulting in fatalities within this population. Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) are at high risk, with up to 90% developing malnutrition. Common treatments used for HNC can often lead to adverse side effects, including oral health conditions, gastrointestinal upsets, and several metabolic changes. Read More

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October 2020

Acceptance and commitment therapy for older people with treatment-resistant generalised anxiety disorder: the FACTOID feasibility study.

Health Technol Assess 2021 Sep;25(54):1-150

Division of Psychiatry, Faculty of Brain Sciences, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Generalised anxiety disorder, characterised by excessive anxiety and worry, is the most common anxiety disorder among older people. It is a condition that may persist for decades and is associated with numerous negative outcomes. Front-line treatments include pharmacological and psychological therapy, but many older people do not find these treatments effective. Read More

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September 2021

Rapid intensification of an established CHO cell fed-batch process.

Biotechnol Prog 2021 Sep 20:e3213. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Bioprocess Engineering, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Currently, the mammalian biomanufacturing industry explores process intensification (PI) to meet upcoming demands of biotherapeutics while keeping production flexible but, more importantly, as economic as possible. However, intensified processes often require more development time compared with conventional fed-batches (FBs) preventing their implementation. Hence, rapid and efficient, yet straightforward strategies for PI are needed. Read More

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September 2021

Liver transplantation for acute-on-chronic liver failure predicts post-transplant mortality and impaired long-term quality of life.

Liver Int 2021 Mar 19;41(3):574-584. Epub 2020 Dec 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, I. Medical Clinic and Polyclinic, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Among patients with cirrhosis, candidate selection and timing of liver transplantation (LT) remain problematic. Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a severe complication of cirrhosis with excessive short-term mortality rates under conservative therapeutic measures. The role of LT in the management of ACLF is uncertain. Read More

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Antihypertensive and antihyperlipemic of spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) sauce on patients with hypertension: A randomized triple-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Phytother Res 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Nutrition Research Center and Department of Food Hygiene and Quality Control, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Systemic arterial hypertension is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and chronic kidney diseases. Spirulina is microalgae with nutritious ingredients and has potential attenuating effects on chronic diseases including hypertension. Spirulina can be added to food products in order to develop functional foods. Read More

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September 2021

Benefits of Cochlear Implantation in Childhood Unilateral Hearing Loss (CUHL Trial).

Laryngoscope 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypotheses: Children with unilateral sensory hearing loss (UHL) struggle to understand speech in noise and locate the origin of sound and have reduced quality of hearing. This clinical trial will determine the benefits of cochlear implantation in children with UHL.

Study Design: Prospective clinical trial. Read More

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September 2021

Pisa syndrome: Pathophysiology, physical rehabilitation and falls risk.

NeuroRehabilitation 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Institute of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum, The Jan Kochanowski University, Poland.

Background: Pisa syndrome (PS) is a postural disorder characterised by lateral flexion of the spine (>  10°), predisposing the affected individuals to falls, and contributing to increased mortality in neurodegenerative diseases.

Objective: An overview of currently applied therapeutic management options, primarily focused on specifically structured rehabilitation exercises, in conjunction with falls-risk assessment in the individuals affected by PS.

Methods: A narrative literature review, augmented with the authors' own experience in physical rehabilitation management. Read More

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September 2021

Aidi injection as adjunctive treatment to gemcitabine-based chemotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Pharm Biol 2021 Dec;59(1):1260-1275

Department of Pharmacy, The People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Context: Aidi injection is one of the most commonly use antitumor Chinese medicine injections for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It is made from the extraction of , and

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Aidi injection in combination with gemcitabine-based chemotherapy (GBC) for advanced NSCLC.

Materials And Methods: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese Biological Medicine, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and VIP were searched for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing Aidi injection plus GBC treatment with GBC alone in NSCLC, from inception up to October 2020. Read More

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December 2021

The fatigue and quality of life in patients with chronic pulmonary diseases.

Sci Prog 2021 Jul-Sep;104(3):368504211044034

Division of Oncology and Palliative Care, Department of Clinical Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Dolnoslaskie, Poland.

Background: Patients with pulmonary diseases often experience fatigue. Severe fatigue is associated with a worse health status and worse physical and social functioning. The study aimed to evaluate the relationship between fatigue and quality of life in patients with nonmalignant pulmonary diseases. Read More

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September 2021

A Systematic Review and meta-analysis of the effect of administration of azithromycin during pregnancy on perinatal and neonatal outcomes.

EClinicalMedicine 2021 Oct 9;40:101123. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Currently there are trials in Africa and Asia investigating whether prophylactic azithromycin during pregnancy reduces infection-related neonatal morbidity and mortality. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effect of azithromycin during pregnancy on perinatal and neonatal outcomes.

Methods: We identified articles between January 1990 and 13 June 2021 by searching five electronic databases. Read More

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October 2021

Effects of Different Combinations of Sugar and Starch Concentrations on Ruminal Fermentation and Bacterial-Community Composition .

Front Nutr 2021 3;8:727714. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science of Jilin Province, Key Laboratory of Animal Production Product Quality and Security Ministry of Education, JLAU-Borui Dairy Science and Technology R&D Center, College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China.

High levels of starch is known to have positive effects on both energy supply and milk yield but increases the risk of rumen acidosis. The use of sugar as a non-structural carbohydrate could circumvent this risk while maintaining the benefits, but its effects and that of the simultaneous use of both sugar and starch are not as well-understood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different combinations of sugar and starch concentrations on ruminal fermentation and bacterial community composition in a 4 ×4 factorial experiment. Read More

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September 2021

Possibility of new shielding device for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.

Endosc Int Open 2021 Oct 16;9(10):E1536-E1541. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Gastroenterology, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo Japan.

Infection control is essential when performing endoscopic procedures, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, we have developed a new shielding device called STEP for infection control in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. STEP consists of a mask worn by the patient and a drape that is connected to the mask and covers the endoscope. Read More

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October 2021

Pollen nutrition fosters honeybee tolerance to pesticides.

R Soc Open Sci 2021 Sep 1;8(9):210818. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

INRAE, Abeilles et Environnement, Avignon, France.

A reduction in floral resource abundance and diversity is generally observed in agro-ecosystems, along with widespread exposure to pesticides. Therefore, a better understanding on how the availability and quality of pollen diets can modulate honeybee sensitivity to pesticides is required. For that purpose, we evaluated the toxicity of acute exposure and chronic exposures to field realistic and higher concentrations of azoxystrobin (fungicide) and sulfoxaflor (insecticide) in honeybees provided with pollen diets of differing qualities (named and pollens). Read More

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September 2021

Effect of high-quality nursing on negative emotions and hope levels of patients undergoing oral and maxillofacial surgery.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(8):9722-9728. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Cancer Hospital of China Medical University, Liaoning Cancer Hospital & Institute Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect of high-quality nursing on negative emotions and hope levels after oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS).

Methods: A prospective study involving 120 patients who underwent OMS from December 2018 to January 2020 was conducted. The study subjects were classified into a study group and control group with 60 in each, using a random number table. Read More

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Effect of systematic nursing on the stress response and recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(8):9647-9654. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Department of Anesthesiology and Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Gansu University of Chinese Medicine Lanzhou 730020, Gansu Province, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of systematic nursing on the stress response and recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted among 102 patients with gallbladder system disease. They were divided into an observation group (n=51, perioperative systematic care) and a control group (n=51, perioperative conventional care) according to a random number table. Read More

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The effect of early systematic rehabilitation nursing on the quality of life and limb function in elderly patients with stroke sequelae.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(8):9639-9646. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

First Ward, Department of Internal Medicine, Huiqiao Medical Center, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China.

Objective: To study the effect of early systematic rehabilitation nursing on the quality of life and limb function in elderly patients with stroke sequelae.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted in 97 elderly patients with stroke sequelae. These patients were randomly allocated to the control group (n=49) and the experimental group (n=48). Read More

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Influence of a systematic nursing mode on the quality of life and pain of patients with chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps after endoscopic sinus surgery.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(8):9451-9457. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The People's Hospital of Ningbo University Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, China.

Objective: To explore the influence of a systematic nursing mode on the quality of life and pain of patients with chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps (CSNP) after endoscopic sinus surgery.

Methods: In this prospective study, a total of 114 patients with CSNP who were admitted to our hospital were randomly divided into an observation group (n=57) and a control group (n=57) by a random number table. The control group was given routine nursing, and the observation group was given systemic nursing. Read More

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Therapeutic Effects of Stem Cells From Different Source on Renal Ischemia- Reperfusion Injury: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis of Animal Studies.

Front Pharmacol 2021 2;12:713059. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Evidence Based Medicine Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China.

Although stem cell therapy for renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (RIRI) has made immense progress in animal studies, conflicting results have been reported by the investigators. Therefore, we aimed to systematically evaluate the effects of different stem cells on renal function of animals with ischemia-reperfusion injury and to compare the efficacies of stem cells from various sources. PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane, CNKI, VIP, CBM, and WanFang Data were searched for records until April 2021. Read More

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September 2021