73 results match your criteria reduced lps-evoked


NPT520-34 improves neuropathology and motor deficits in a transgenic mouse model of Parkinson's disease.

Brain 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Neuropore Therapies, Inc., 10835 Road to the Cure, Suite 230, San Diego, CA 92121 USA.

NPT520-34 is a clinical-stage, small molecule being developed for the treatment of Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders. The therapeutic potential of NPT520-34 was first suggested by findings from cell-based assays of alpha-synuclein (ASYN) clearance. As reported here, NPT520-34 was subsequently evaluated for therapeutically relevant actions in a transgenic animal model of Parkinson's disease that overexpresses human ASYN and in an acute lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenge model using wild-type mice. Read More

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Sodium Propionate Enhances Nrf2-Mediated Protective Defense Against Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Neonatal Mice.

J Inflamm Res 2021 10;14:803-816. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Physiopathology, Wuxi School of Medicine, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China.

Background: Alveolar arrest and the impaired angiogenesis caused by chronic inflammation and oxidative stress are two main factors in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially propionate, possess anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The present study was designed to examine the roles of sodium propionate (SP) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged BPD and its potential mechanisms. Read More

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Tanshinone I and Tanshinone IIA/B attenuate LPS-induced mastitis via regulating the NF-κB.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 May 9;137:111353. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Central Laboratory, Longgang District Maternity & Child Healthcare Hospital of Shenzhen City, China. Electronic address:

Background: Mastitis is a common disease occurs in breast-feeding mothers, but published data are poor. This study aimed to study the effects of Tanshinones on treating mastitis.

Methods: Clinical trials performed in 58 breast-feeding mothers were carried out. Read More

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Androgenic modulation of arterial baroreceptor dysfunction and neuroinflammation in endotoxic male rats.

Brain Res 2021 04 1;1756:147330. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University Alexandria, Egypt; Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait. Electronic address:

Autonomic neuropathy contributes to cardiovascular derangements induced by endotoxemia. In this communication, we tested the hypothesis that androgenic hormones improve arterial baroreflex dysfunction and predisposing neuroinflammatory response caused by endotoxemia in male rats. Baroreflex curves relating changes in heart rate to increases or decreases in blood pressure evoked by phenylephrine (PE) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), respectively, were constructed in conscious sham-operated, castrated, and testosterone-replaced castrated rats treated with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 mg/kg i. Read More

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LPS-induced epithelial barrier disruption via hyperactivation of CACC and ENaC.

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2021 03 20;320(3):C448-C461. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Physiology, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University and Dental Research Institute, Seoul, South Korea.

Gram-negative bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) increases the susceptibility of cells to pathogenic diseases, including inflammatory diseases and septic syndrome. In our experiments, we examined whether LPS induces epithelial barrier disruption in secretory epithelia and further investigated its underlying mechanism. The activities of Ca-activated Cl channels (CACC) and epithelial Na channels (ENaC) were monitored with a short-circuit current using an Ussing chamber. Read More

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Bitter Sensing Mediates the -Resveratrol-Induced Anti-inflammatory Effect on Interleukin 6 Release in HGF-1 Cells in Culture.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Jan 18. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Physiological Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Recent data have shown anti-inflammatory effects for -resveratrol (RSV) and rosmarinic acid (RA) in various immune-competent cell models through reduction of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced interleukin 6 (IL-6) release. Because both compounds have been reported to taste bitter, we hypothesized an involvement of human bitter taste sensing receptors (TAS2Rs) on IL-6 release in LPS-treated human gingival fibroblasts (HGF-1). First, the bitter taste intensity of RSV and RA was compared in a sensory trial with 10 untrained panelists, of whom 90% rated a 50 ppm of RSV in water solution more bitter than 50 ppm of RA. Read More

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January 2021

Nicotine uncovers endotoxic-like cardiovascular manifestations in female rats: Estrogen and nitric oxide dependency.

Toxicol Lett 2020 Dec 19;335:28-36. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt; Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait. Electronic address:

Endotoxic manifestations are diminished in female populations due to immune boosting actions of sex steroids. Considering that tobacco constituents including nicotine inhibit estrogen synthesis, we tested the hypothesis that nicotine exposure unveils cardiovascular anomalies of endotoxemia in female rats. Studies were undertaken in conscious female rats treated with i. Read More

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December 2020

Sodium Propionate Attenuates the Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR Signaling Pathway.

J Agric Food Chem 2020 Jun 8;68(24):6554-6563. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of physiopathology, Wuxi School of Medicine, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China.

Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially propionate, originate from the fermentation of dietary fiber in the gut and play a key role in inhibiting pulmonary inflammation. Chronic inflammation may induce an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in alveolar epithelial cells and result in fibrotic disorders. This study was designed to investigate the beneficial effect of sodium propionate (SP) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced EMT. Read More

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Matrine protects PC12 cells from lipopolysaccharide-evoked inflammatory injury via upregulation of miR-9.

Pharm Biol 2020 Dec;58(1):314-320

Department of Sports Medicine, Hainan General Hospital, Hainan Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou, China.

Matrine is a well-known anti-inflammatory quinolizidine alkaloid derived from leguminous plant Ait. (Leguminosae). This study was designed to uncover the potential application of matrine in treating spinal cord injury (SCI). Read More

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December 2020

Protective Effect of Resveratrol Improves Systemic Inflammation Responses in LPS-Injected Lambs.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Oct 28;9(11). Epub 2019 Oct 28.

Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China.

Highly intensive livestock production often causes immune stress to animals, which makes them more susceptible to infections. The aim of this study was to examine whether resveratrol (Res) alleviates inflammation in lambs. In Experiment 1, 16 male lambs were injected with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) at an initial dose of 0. Read More

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October 2019

Species Modulate Cytokine and Chemokine Responses in Human Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Jul 22;20(14). Epub 2019 Jul 22.

University Children's Hospital, University of Wuerzburg, Josef-Schneider-Str. 2, 97080 Wuerzburg, Germany.

species are common colonizers of the adult genitourinary tract and often considered as low-virulence commensals. Intraamniotic infections, however, facilitate chorioamnionitis and preterm birth, and cases of -induced neonatal sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis raise a growing awareness of their clinical relevance. In vitro studies are scarce but demonstrate distinct -driven impacts on immune mechanisms. Read More

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Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Hemolysis Is Abolished by Inhibition of Thrombin Generation but Not Inhibition of Platelet Aggregation.

Inflammation 2019 Oct;42(5):1767-1776

Klinik für Anäesthesiologie und Intensivmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, 45122, Essen, Germany.

In human sepsis, hemolysis is an independent predictor of mortality, but the mechanisms evoking hemolysis have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we tested the hypotheses that (1) lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced hemolysis is dependent on thrombin generation or platelet aggregation and (2) red cell membranes are weakened by LPS. Anesthetized male Wistar rats were subjected to LPS or vehicle for 240 min. Read More

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October 2019

Ureaplasma species modulate cell adhesion molecules and growth factors in human brain microvascular endothelial cells.

Cytokine 2019 09 31;121:154737. Epub 2019 May 31.

University Childreńs Hospital, University of Wuerzburg, Josef-Schneider-Str. 2, 97080 Wuerzburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Ureaplasma species (spp.) are considered commensals of the adult urogenital tract, but may cause chorioamnionitis and preterm birth as well as sepsis and meningitis in neonates. Pathomechanisms in Ureaplasma-driven neuroinflammation are largely unknown. Read More

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September 2019

Reduced ambient temperature exacerbates SIRS-induced cardiac autonomic dysregulation and myocardial dysfunction in mice.

Basic Res Cardiol 2019 04 23;114(3):26. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Institute of Molecular Cell Biology, Jena University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University, Hans-Knöll-Straße 2, 07745, Jena, Germany.

Sepsis-induced myocardial depression (SIMD) is an early and frequent consequence of the infection-induced systemic inflammatory response syndrome. In homiotherms, variations in ambient temperature (T) outside the thermoneutral zone induce thermoregulatory responses mainly driven by a gradually increased sympathetic activity, which may affect disease severity. We hypothesized that thermoregulatory responses upon reduced T exposition aggravate SIMD in mice. Read More

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SN-38, the active metabolite of irinotecan, inhibits the acute inflammatory response by targeting toll-like receptor 4.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2019 08 22;84(2):287-298. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Drug Research and Development Center, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Rua Cel Nunes de Melo, 1127, Rodolfo Teófilo, Fortaleza, Ceará, 60430-270, Brazil.

Purpose: Anticancer-drug efficacy seems to involve the direct interaction with host immune cells. Although topoisomerase I (Top I) inhibitors have been suggested to block LPS-evoked inflammation, the interaction between these drugs and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is unaddressed.

Methods: SN-38, the active metabolite of the Top I inhibitor irinotecan, and TLR4 interaction was assessed using the in vitro luciferase nuclear factor-κB reporter assay, neutrophil migration to murine air-pouch, in silico simulation, and the thermal shift assay (TSA). Read More

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EphA2 antagonism alleviates LPS-induced acute lung injury via Nrf2/HO-1, TLR4/MyD88 and RhoA/ROCK pathways.

Int Immunopharmacol 2019 Jul 12;72:176-185. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, PR China. Electronic address:

Eph receptor tyrosine kinases have a wide range of biological functions and have gradually been recognized increasingly as key regulators of inflammation and injury diseases. Although previous studies suggested that EphA2 receptor may be involved in the regulation of inflammation and vascular permeability in injured lung, the detailed effects of EphA2 on LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) are still inadequate and the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. In this study, we detected the effects of EphA2 antagonism on inflammation, pulmonary vascular permeability and oxidative stress in LPS-induced ALI and investigate the potential mechanism. Read More

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GYY4137 attenuates LPS-induced acute lung injury via heme oxygenase-1 modulation.

Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2019 02 31;54:77-86. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

GYY4137, a slow-releasing hydrogen sulfide (HS) donor, has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory activity and protect against sepsis. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an important anti-inflammatory heat shock protein and plays a similar effect on sepsis. This study investigated the role of GYY4137 in acute lung injury (ALI) via HO-1 regulation. Read More

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February 2019

Urolithin A attenuates pro-inflammatory mediator production by suppressing PI3-K/Akt/NF-κB and JNK/AP-1 signaling pathways in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264 macrophages: Possible involvement of NADPH oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species.

Eur J Pharmacol 2018 Aug 20;833:411-424. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Laboratory of International Environmental Health, Dokkyo Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan.

Urolithin A, a gut microbial metabolite of ellagic acid, is reported to exert anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and in vivo. However, complete mechanisms underlying the regulation of inflammatory responses by urolithin A remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of urolithin A and its underlying mechanisms in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264 macrophages. Read More

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Effects of ganoderic acid A on lipopolysaccharide-induced proinflammatory cytokine release from primary mouse microglia cultures.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Jan 8;15(1):847-853. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Basic Medical College, Jiamusi University, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang 154007, P.R. China.

For several thousand years, (Ling-Zhi in Chinese and Reishi in Japanese) has been widely used as a traditional medication for the prevention and treatment of various diseases in Asia. Its major biologically active components, ganoderic acids (GAs), exhibit significant medicinal value due to their anti-inflammatory effects. Dysregulation of microglial function may cause seizures or promote epileptogenesis through release of proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Read More

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January 2018

Differential response of hippocampal and prefrontal oscillations to systemic LPS application.

Brain Res 2018 02 30;1681:64-74. Epub 2017 Dec 30.

Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland; School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address:

The early electrophysiological phenomena linked to systemic inflammation are largely underexplored. We developed here local field analyses to detect prodromal oscillatory abnormalities. We identified early band-specific patterns in local field potential recorded from freely-moving rats injected intraperitoneally with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 mg/kg). Read More

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February 2018

Asperlin Inhibits LPS-Evoked Foam Cell Formation and Prevents Atherosclerosis in ApoE Mice.

Mar Drugs 2017 Nov 14;15(11). Epub 2017 Nov 14.

State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.

Asperlin is a marine-derived natural product with antifungal and anti-inflammatory activities in vitro. In the present study, we isolated asperlin from a marine LZD4403 fungus and investigated its anti-atherosclerotic effects in vitro and in vivo. Asperlin significantly inhibited lipopolysaccharides (LPS)- but not oxidated low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-evoked foam cell formation and promoted cholesterol efflux in RAW264. Read More

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November 2017

Resveratrol regulates microglia M1/M2 polarization via PGC-1α in conditions of neuroinflammatory injury.

Brain Behav Immun 2017 Aug 6;64:162-172. Epub 2017 Mar 6.

Department of Neurology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, PR China. Electronic address:

Microglia are the primary cells that exert immune function in the central nervous system (CNS), and accumulating evidence suggests that microglia act as key players in the initiation of neurodegenerative diseases. It is now well recognized that microglia have functional plasticity and dual phenotypes, proinflammatory M1 and anti-inflammatory M2 phenotypes. Inhibiting the M1 phenotype while stimulating the M2 phenotype has been suggested as a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of neuroinflammation-related diseases. Read More

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Metformin Alleviates Lipopolysaccharide-induced Acute Lung Injury through Suppressing Toll-like Receptor 4 Signaling.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2016 Dec;15(6):498-507

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Signaling AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), an energy sensing enzyme, has been implicated in controlling inflammation. In this study we investigated whether activation of AMPK by metformin could protect the lung from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute injury by inhibitingng TLR4 pathway. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=6): control group received normal saline (0. Read More

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December 2016

Cyclosporine counteracts endotoxemia-evoked reductions in blood pressure and cardiac autonomic dysfunction via central sGC/MAPKs signaling in rats.

Eur J Pharmacol 2017 Feb 20;797:143-152. Epub 2017 Jan 20.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt. Electronic address:

The immunosuppressant drug cyclosporine A (CSA) improves survivability in endotoxemia and offsets associated loss in vascular reactivity and hypotension. We tested the hypothesis that central phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)/mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) cascade modulates the CSA counteraction of endotoxic hypotension and cardiac autonomic dysfunction. The effects of pharmacologic inhibition of these molecular substrates in central pools on CSA interaction with cardiovascular responses evoked by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were evaluated in conscious rats. Read More

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February 2017

The In Vitro and In Vivo Anti-Inflammatory Effects of a Phthalimide PPAR-γ Agonist.

Mar Drugs 2017 Jan 4;15(1). Epub 2017 Jan 4.

College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735, Korea.

Previously, the authors found that 4-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenethyl) isoindoline-1,3-dione () (a phthalimide analogue) bound to and activated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ). Since PPAR-γ suppresses inflammatory responses, the present study was undertaken to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of . In lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine RAW264. Read More

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January 2017

Attenuation of exercise effect on inflammatory responses via novel role of TLR4/PI3K/Akt signaling in rat splenocytes.

J Appl Physiol (1985) 2016 10 18;121(4):870-877. Epub 2016 Aug 18.

Aesthetic Medical Center, Department of Dermatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Moderate exercise diminishes proinflammation cytokine production in various types of immune cells, but the intracellular signaling pathways involved are not completely understood. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt, a crucial downstream protein of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), may modulate inflammation. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of exercises on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated inflammatory response in splenocytes and to explore potential mechanisms of the PI3K/Akt pathway. Read More

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October 2016

HNO suppresses LPS-induced inflammation in BV-2 microglial cells via inhibition of NF-κB and p38 MAPK pathways.

Pharmacol Res 2016 09 6;111:885-895. Epub 2016 Aug 6.

Department of Pharmacology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 117600, Singapore. Electronic address:

Both hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and nitric oxide (NO) are important gaseous mediators. We and others previously reported that these two gases react with each other to generate a new mediator, nitroxyl (HNO), and regulate cardiovascular functions. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that the interaction between the two gases also existed in microglia. Read More

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September 2016

Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Behavioral Alterations Are Alleviated by Sodium Phenylbutyrate via Attenuation of Oxidative Stress and Neuroinflammatory Cascade.

Inflammation 2016 Aug;39(4):1441-52

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research (NIPER), Guwahati, Assam, 781032, India.

Oxido-nitrosative stress, neuroinflammation, and reduced level of neurotrophins are implicated in the pathophysiology of anxiety and depressive illness. A few recent studies have revealed the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the pathophysiology of stress and depression. The aim of the present study is to investigate the neuroprotective potential of sodium phenylbutyrate (SPB), an ER stress inhibitor against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced anxiety and depressive-like behavior in Swiss albino mice. Read More

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Pretreatment of Sialic Acid Efficiently Prevents Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Renal Failure and Suppresses TLR4/gp91-Mediated Apoptotic Signaling.

Kidney Blood Press Res 2016 10;41(3):267-77. Epub 2016 May 10.

Renal Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memory Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan.

Background/aims: Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) binding to Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) activate NADPH oxidase gp91 subunit-mediated inflammation and oxidative damage. Recognizing the high binding affinity of sialic acid (SA) with LPS, we further explored the preventive potential of SA pretreatment on LPS-evoked acute renal failure (ARF).

Methods: We determined the effect of intravenous SA 30 min before LPS-induced injury in urethane-anesthetized female Wistar rats by evaluating kidney reactive oxygen species (ROS) responses, renal and systemic hemodynamics, renal function, histopathology, and molecular mechanisms. Read More

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Deletion of Rac1GTPase in the Myeloid Lineage Protects against Inflammation-Mediated Kidney Injury in Mice.

PLoS One 2016 3;11(3):e0150886. Epub 2016 Mar 3.

Department of Anatomy and Life Structure, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Macrophage-mediated inflammation has been implicated in various kidney diseases. We previously reported that Rac1, a Rho family small GTP-binding protein, was overactivated in several chronic kidney disease models, and that Rac1 inhibitors ameliorated renal injury, in part via inhibition of inflammation, but the detailed mechanisms have not been clarified. In the present study, we examined whether Rac1 in macrophages effects cytokine production and the inflammatory mechanisms contributing to kidney derangement. Read More

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