14,636 results match your criteria redox cycle


Constructing NiS/NiSe heteroboxes with phase boundaries for Sodium-Ion batteries.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Sep 6;607(Pt 1):752-759. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu, 610066, PR China. Electronic address:

Reasonable design and synthesis of anode materials with high capacity, excellent rate capability and good cycling stability is vital for the pragmatic application of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Transition metal chalcogenides possess immense potential on account of their distinguished redox reversibility and high theoretical specific capacity. Herein, the hollow metal sulfide/metal selenide (NiS/NiSe) heteroboxes with rich phase boundaries have been manufactured as anode for SIBs. Read More

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September 2021

Indispensable role of mitochondria in maintaining the therapeutic potential of curcumin in acute kidney injury.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Key Laboratory of Transplant Engineering and Immunology, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, Frontiers Science Center for Disease-related Molecular Network, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious disease for which effective therapeutic agents are required. The capacity of curcumin (CUR) to resolve renal inflammation/oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage has been reported, but crosstalk between these effects and the consequence of this crosstalk remain elusive. In this study, a hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced renal tubular epithelial cell (TEC) injury model and an ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced mouse AKI model were treated with CUR with or without mitochondrial inhibitors (rotenone and FCCP) or siRNA targeting mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM). Read More

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September 2021

Ozone induces BEL7402 cell apoptosis by increasing reactive oxygen species production and activating JNK.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Aug;9(15):1257

Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of General Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Oxidative stress is an important factor in the modulation of both tumorigenesis and anticancer responses. Ozone (O) is a strong oxidant that causes redox reactions and exerts anticancer effects in various types of cancer cells. However, the pathways involved in O-induced cell death are not well understood. Read More

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Differential Abundance of Brain Mitochondrial Proteins in Yak and Cattle: A Proteomics-Based Study.

Front Vet Sci 2021 31;8:663031. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Animal Science Department, Lanzhou Institute of Husbandry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, China.

The plateau adaptability and stress resistance of yaks are widely known based on their capacity to survive under severe habitat conditions. However, a few studies on brain mitochondria have characterized these adaptations at the protein level. We identified and quantified the brain mitochondrial proteins using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) and Proteomics. Read More

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Thioredoxin-like protein CDSP32 alleviates Cd-induced photosynthetic inhibition in tobacco leaves by regulating cyclic electron flow and excess energy dissipation.

Plant Physiol Biochem 2021 Sep 13;167:831-839. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

College of Life Sciences, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China; College of Resources and Environment, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China; School of Forestry, State Key Laboratory of Tree Genetics and Breeding, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, China. Electronic address:

Thioredoxin-like protein CDSP32 (Trx CDSP32), a thioredoxin-like (Trx-like) protein located in the chloroplast, can regulate photosynthesis and the redox state of plants under stress. In order to examine the role of Trx CDSP32 in the photosynthetic apparatus of plants exposed to cadmium (Cd), the effects of Trx CDSP32 on photosynthetic function and photoprotection in tobacco leaves under Cd exposure were studied using a proteomics approach with wild-type (WT) and Trx CDSP32 overexpression (OE) tobacco plants. Cd exposure reduced stomatal conductance, blocked PSII photosynthetic electron transport, and inhibited carbon assimilation. Read More

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September 2021

3D Tungsten Disulfide/Carbon Nanotube Networks as Separator Coatings and Cathode Additives for Stable and Fast Lithium-Sulfur Batteries.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Institute of Industry & Equipment Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials & Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, P. R. China.

Commercial application of Li-S batteries is greatly restricted by their unsatisfactory cycle retention and poor cycling life originating from the lithium polysulfide (LiPS) shuttling effect and sluggish sulfur redox kinetics. Various strategies have been proposed to boost the performances of Li-S batteries, including nanostructured sulfur composites, functional separators/interlayers, electrode/electrolyte additives, and so on. However, how to combine two or more strategies to efficiently settle these challenging issues confronted by Li-S batteries is in desperate need. Read More

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September 2021

High Performance Air Breathing Flexible Lithium-Air Battery.

Small 2021 Sep 16:e2102072. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60607, USA.

Lithium-oxygen (Li-O ) batteries possess the highest theoretical energy density (3500 Wh kg ), which makes them attractive candidates for modern electronics and transportation applications. In this work, an inexpensive, flexible, and wearable Li-O battery based on the bifunctional redox mediator of InBr , MoS cathode catalyst, and Fomblin-based oxygen permeable membrane that enable long-cycle-life operation of the battery in pure oxygen, dry air, and ambient air is designed, fabricated, and tested. The battery operates in ambient air with an open system air-breathing architecture and exhibits excellent cycling up to 240 at the high current density of 1 A g with a relative humidity of 75%. Read More

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September 2021

Peroxymonosulfate activation by FeO-MnO/CNT nanohybrid electroactive filter towards ultrafast micropollutants decontamination: Performance and mechanism.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Sep 2;423(Pt A):127111. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Textile Pollution Controlling Engineering Center of Ministry of Environmental Protection, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China. Electronic address:

Electrocatalytic peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation is a promising advanced oxidation process for the degradation of micropollutants. Herein, we developed an electroactive carbon nanotube (CNT) filter functionalized with FeO-MnO hybrid (FeO-MnO/CNT) to activate PMS towards ultrafast degradation of sulfamethoxazole (SMX). SMX was completely degraded via a single-pass through the nanohybrid filter (τ < 2 s). Read More

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September 2021

Accelerating Fe-Aqua Complex Reduction in an Efficient Solid-Liquid-Interfacial Fenton Reaction over the Mn-CNH Co-catalyst at Near-Neutral pH.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 828 West Peachtree Street, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States.

The sluggish regeneration rate of Fe and low operating pH still restrict the wider application of classical Fenton process (Fe/HO) for practical water treatment. To overcome these challenges, we exploit the Mn-CNH co-catalyst to construct a solid-liquid interfacial Fenton reaction and accelerate the Fe/Fe redox cycle at the interface for sustainably generating OH from HO activation. The Mn-CNH co-catalyst exhibits an excellent regeneration rate of Fe (∼65%) and a high tetracycline removal rate () of 0. Read More

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September 2021

Peptide-Based Electrochemiluminescence Biosensors Using Silver Nanoclusters as Signal Probes and Pd-CuO Hybrid Nanoconcaves as Coreactant Promoters for Immunoassays.

Anal Chem 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Collaborative Innovation Center for Green Chemical Manufacturing and Accurate Detection, Key Laboratory of Interfacial Reaction & Sensing Analysis in Universities of Shandong, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, Shandong, China.

Metal nanoclusters (NCs) possess high light stability and biocompatibility because of their unique quantum size effect, which has gradually become a new type of electrochemiluminescence (ECL) nanomaterial for immunoassays. However, the luminescence efficiency of metal NCs is too low to meet the needs of trace analysis, which limits its application. Herein, Ag NCs served as signal probes and Pd-CuO hybrid nanoconcaves served as coreaction promoters, developing a highly efficient peptide-based biosensor for neuron-specific enolase (NSE) detection. Read More

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September 2021

PCK2 opposes mitochondrial respiration and maintains the redox balance in starved lung cancer cells.

Free Radic Biol Med 2021 Sep 11;176:34-45. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria; BioTechMed-Graz, Graz, Austria. Electronic address:

Cancer cells frequently lack nutrients like glucose, due to insufficient vascular networks. Mitochondrial phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, PCK2, has recently been found to mediate partial gluconeogenesis and hence anabolic metabolism in glucose starved cancer cells. Here we show that PCK2 acts as a regulator of mitochondrial respiration and maintains the redox balance in nutrient-deprived human lung cancer cells. Read More

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September 2021

Efficient Polysulfide Trapping and Conversion on N-Doped CoTe via Enhanced Dual-Anchoring Effect.

Small 2021 Sep 14:e2102962. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001, China.

Polysulfide shuttling and sluggish sulfur redox kinetics hinder the cyclability and rate capability of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. The intrinsic redox kinetics of sulfur cathodes strongly depends on the interaction between catalysts and sulfur species. Herein, N-doped CoTe is proposed as an effective dual-anchoring electrocatalyst, which can simultaneously bind Li and S atoms in lithium polysulfides via ionic Te-Li/N-Li bonding and coordinate covalent Co-S bonding. Read More

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September 2021

Gilteritinib Inhibits Glutamine Uptake and Utilization in FLT3-ITD-positive AML.

Mol Cancer Ther 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Pharmaceutical Sciences, The Ohio State University

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) mutation is an aggressive hematologic malignancy associated with frequent relapse and poor overall survival. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor gilteritinib is approved for the treatment of relapse/refractory AML with FLT3 mutations, yet its mechanism of action is not completely understood. Here, we sought to identify additional therapeutic targets that can be exploited to enhance gilteritinib's anti-leukemic effect. Read More

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September 2021

The glycine betaine role in neurodegenerative, cardiovascular, hepatic, and renal diseases: Insights into disease and dysfunction networks.

Life Sci 2021 Sep 10;285:119943. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Hermosillo 83304, Sonora, Mexico. Electronic address:

Glycine betaine (N, N, N-trimethyl amine) is an osmolyte accumulated in cells that is key for cell volume and turgor regulation, is the principal methyl donor in the methionine cycle and is a DNA and proteins stabilizer. In humans, glycine betaine is synthesized from choline and can be obtained from some foods. Glycine betaine (GB) roles are illustrated in chemical, metabolic, agriculture, and clinical medical studies due to its chemical and physiological properties. Read More

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September 2021

Inhibition Effect of Phosphorus Poisoning on the Dynamics and Redox of Cu Active Sites in a Cu-SSZ-13 NH-SCR Catalyst for NO Reduction.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Sep 12. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Landoltweg 1a, 52074 Aachen, Germany.

Phosphorus (P) stemming from biodiesel and/or lubricant oil additives is unavoidable in real diesel exhausts and deactivates gradually the Cu-SSZ-13 zeolite catalyst for ammonia-assisted selective catalytic NO reduction (NH-SCR). Here, the deactivation mechanism of Cu-SSZ-13 by P-poisoning was investigated by examination of the structural changes and by probing the dynamics and redox of Cu active sites via a combination of impedance spectroscopy, diffuse reflection infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. We unveiled that strong interactions between Cu and P led to not only a loss of Cu active sites for catalytic turnovers but also a restricted dynamic motion of Cu species during low-temperature NH-SCR catalysis. Read More

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September 2021

Uniform platinum nanoparticles loaded on Universitetet i Oslo-66 (UiO-66): Active and stable catalysts for gas toluene combustion.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Aug 21;606(Pt 2):1811-1822. Epub 2021 Aug 21.

School of Environment and Architecture, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China. Electronic address:

Highly dispersed Pt nanoparticles supported UiO-66 catalysts were successfully prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation method. Their thermal catalytic performances were evaluated by toluene degradation. The physicochemical properties of the samples were characterized using a series of characterization methods. Read More

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Physical, Chemical, and Electrochemical Properties of Redox-Responsive Polybenzopyrrole as Electrode Material for Faradaic Energy Storage.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Aug 27;13(17). Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Applied Materials-Electrochemical Technologies (IAM-ET), 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany.

Polybenzopyrrole (Pbp) is an emerging candidate for electrochemical energy conversion and storage. There is a need to develop synthesis strategies for this class of polymers that can help improve its overall properties and make it as suitable for energy storage applications as other well-studied polymers in this substance class, such as polyaniline and polypyrrole. In this study, by synthesizing Pbp in surfactant-supported acidic medium, we were able to show that the physicochemical and electrochemical properties of Pbp-based electrodes are strongly influenced by the respective polymerization conditions. Read More

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Discrimination of Methionine Sulfoxide and Sulfone by Human Neutrophil Elastase.

Molecules 2021 Sep 2;26(17). Epub 2021 Sep 2.

School of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia.

Human neutrophil elastase (HNE) is a uniquely destructive serine protease with the ability to unleash a wave of proteolytic activity by destroying the inhibitors of other proteases. Although this phenomenon forms an important part of the innate immune response to invading pathogens, it is responsible for the collateral host tissue damage observed in chronic conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and in more acute disorders such as the lung injuries associated with COVID-19 infection. Previously, a combinatorially selected activity-based probe revealed an unexpected substrate preference for oxidised methionine, which suggests a link to oxidative pathogen clearance by neutrophils. Read More

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September 2021

Melatonin Ameliorates Thermotolerance in Soybean Seedling through Balancing Redox Homeostasis and Modulating Antioxidant Defense, Phytohormones and Polyamines Biosynthesis.

Molecules 2021 Aug 24;26(17). Epub 2021 Aug 24.

School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea.

Global warming is impacting the growth and development of economically important but sensitive crops, such as soybean (Glycine max L.). Using pleiotropic signaling molecules, melatonin can relieve the negative effects of high temperature by enhancing plant growth and development as well as modulating the defense system against abiotic stresses. Read More

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An integrated flexible film as cathode for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur battery.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Aug 24;606(Pt 2):1627-1635. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Institute for Sustainable Energy/College of Sciences, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444, China.

Poor cycling stability and low volumetric capacity of sulfur cathode prevents practical application of Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Herein, we demonstrate a strategy to address the two drawbacks of sulfur cathode by synthesizing a compact and flexible film cathode with bilayer structure using a two-step vacuum filtration method. Two layers make up the sulfur cathode, active layer (sulfur-acethlene black (SC) spheres) and barrier layer (three dimensional MnO-graphene oxide-multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MnO-GO-CNTs) composites), which are integrated together by reduced graphene oxide (rGO) through self-binding. Read More

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Transcriptional Regulation of Structural and Functional Adaptations in a Developing Adulthood Myocardium.

Cardiol Cardiovasc Med 2021 7;5(5):454-470. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, USA.

The development of the heart follows a synergic action of several signaling pathways during gestational, pre- & postnatal stages. The current study aimed to investigate whether the myocardium experiences transcriptional changes during the transition from post-natal to adult hood stages. Herein, we used C57/B16/J mice at 4 (28- days; post-natal/PN) and 20 weeks (adulthood/AH) of ages and employed the next generation RNAseq (NGS) to profile the transcriptome and echocardiography analysis to monitor the structural/functional changes in the heart. Read More

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September 2021

The Dual Role of Bridging Phenylene in an Extended Bipyridine System for High-Voltage and Stable Two-Electron Storage in Redox Flow Batteries.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

MOE Key Laboratory of Mesoscopic Chemistry, MOE Key Laboratory of High Performance Polymer Materials and Technology, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Organic Materials, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China.

Aqueous organic redox flow batteries (AORFBs) are regarded as a promising solution for grid-scale and sustainable energy storage, but some long-standing problems such as low energy density and cycling stability should be resolved. Herein, a highly soluble bipyridine modified with a bridging phenylene group and two quaternary ammonium terminals, namely, , was synthesized and used as an ultralow-potential and two-electron storage anolyte for AORFBs. The phenylene group, which is linked but not coplanar with the two pyridinium redox centers, can thus prevent their communication and result in an exceptionally low redox potential (-0. Read More

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September 2021

Enhanced immortalization, HUWE1 mutations and other biological drivers of breast invasive carcinoma in Black/African American patients.

Gene 2020 Dec 1;763S:100030. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, MCPHS University, 19 Foster St, Worcester, MA 01608, USA. Electronic address:

Black/African-American (B/AA) breast cancer patients tend to have more aggressive tumor biology compared to White/Caucasians. In this study, a variety of breast tumor molecular expression profiles of patients derived from the two racial groupings were investigated. Breast invasive carcinoma sample data (RNASeq version 2, Reverse Phase Protein Array, mutation, and miRSeq data) from the Cancer Genome Atlas were examined. Read More

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December 2020

Support promotion effect on the SO and K co-poisoning resistance of MnO/TiO for NH-SCR of NO.

J Hazard Mater 2021 08 24;416:126117. Epub 2021 May 24.

Key Laboratory of Beijing on Regional Air Pollution Control, Beijing Key Laboratory for Green Catalysis and Separation, Center of Excellence for Environmental Safety and Biological Effects, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China. Electronic address:

Mn-based catalysts are expected to be applied for removing NO due to its excellent low-temperature activity. However, the practical use of these catalysts is extremely restricted with the co-poisoning of alkali metal and SO in the flue gas. Here the MnO/TiO catalyst was employed to elucidate the co-poisoning mechanisms of K and SO for the low temperature selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO. Read More

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Enhancing Fenton-like process at neutral pH by Fe(III)-GLDA complexation for the oxidation removal of organic pollutants.

J Hazard Mater 2021 08 11;416:126077. Epub 2021 May 11.

Key Laboratory of Groundwater Resources and Environment of the Ministry of Education, Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Water Resource and Environment, College of New Energy and Environment, Jilin University, 2519 Jiefang Road, Changchun 130021, PR China. Electronic address:

N,N-bis(carboxymethyl)glutamic acid (GLDA) was utilized in this study to significantly enhance the Fe(III) mediated Fenton-like oxidation removal of organic pollutants at neutral pH, in which ciprofloxacin (CIP) was used as the model pollutant. The CIP degradation rate in the GLDA/Fe(III)/HO system reached 96.5% within 180 min and was nearly 14 times higher than that in the Fe(III)/HO system. Read More

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Rapid degradation of norfloxacin by VUV/Fe/HO over a wide initial pH: Process parameters, synergistic mechanism, and influencing factors.

J Hazard Mater 2021 08 15;416:125893. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Key Laboratory of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region's Eco-Environment, Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Coal Mine Disaster Dynamics and Control, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, PR China. Electronic address:

Vacuum UV (VUV) technology has attracted much attention because it effectively splits water to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) in situ and has the advantages of UV. So far, the synergistic mechanisms, formation pathways and contributions of ROS in VUV/Fe/HO process have not been extensively studied. Herein, complete removal (at 4 min) and 63. Read More

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Enhanced degradation of tetracycline in water over Cu-doped hematite nanoplates by peroxymonosulfate activation under visible light irradiation.

J Hazard Mater 2021 08 1;416:125838. Epub 2021 May 1.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources Processing and Environment, State Key Laboratory of Silicate Materials for Architectures, Wuhan University of Technology, 122 Luoshi Road, Wuhan 430070, China; Henan Institute of Advanced Technology, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China. Electronic address:

Herein, Cu-doped hematite nanoplates (named as CuHNPs) with abundant oxygen-vacancies were prepared through a facile one-pot solvothermal method and used for efficient peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation to degrade tetracycline (TC) in water. The catalytic activity of optimal CuHNPs-7.5 catalyst to activate PMS for the degradation of TC in water under visible light irradiation is 7. Read More

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Organic-Inorganic Hybridization Engineering of Polyperylenediimide Cathodes for Efficient Potassium Storage.

Authors:
Changzhou Yuan

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

University of Jinan, School of Material Science and Engineering, Nanxinzhuang West, Jinan, CHINA.

Polyperylenediimide (PDI) is always subject to its modest conductivities, limited reversible active sites and inferior stability for potassium storage. To well address the issues, herein, we firstly propose an organic-inorganic hybrid ([email protected]@N-Ti 3 C 2 T x ), where Fe/Sn single atoms are bound to the N-doped MXenes (N-Ti 3 C 2 T x ) via the unsaturated Fe/Sn-N 3 bonds, and functionalized with PDI via d-π hybridization, forming a high conjugated δ skeleton. The resulted hybrid cathode endowed with enhanced electronic/ionic conductivities, lowered dissociation barriers of multiple redox centers and a stable cathode electrolyte interphase layer displays a 14-electron involved high-rate capacities and long cycle life. Read More

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September 2021

Alkali-Resistant Catalytic Reduction of NO by Using Ce-O-B Alkali-Capture Sites.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Sep 16;55(17):11970-11978. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, School of Materials Science and Engineering, International Joint Laboratory of Catalytic Chemistry, College of Sciences, Shanghai University, No. 99 Shangda Road, Shanghai 200444, P. R. China.

Reducing the poisoning effect arising from alkali metals over catalysts for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO by NH is still an urgent issue to be solved. Herein, alkali-resistant NO reduction over B-doped CeO/TiO catalysts (Ce-B/TiO) with Ce-O-B alkali-capture sites was originally demonstrated. It was noted that boron was confirmed to be doped into the lattice of CeO to form the Ce-O-B structure. Read More

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September 2021

Engineering the Multi-Enzymatic Activity of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle Coatings for the Antioxidant Protection of Implants.

Adv Nanobiomed Res 2021 Aug 21;1(8). Epub 2021 May 21.

J. Crayton Pruitt Family Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611-7011 USA.

Imbalance of oxidants is a universal contributor to the failure of implanted devices and tissues. A sustained oxidative environment leads to cytotoxicity, prolonged inflammation, and ultimately host rejection of implanted devices/grafts. The incorporation of antioxidant materials can inhibit this redox/inflammatory cycle and enhance implant efficacy. Read More

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