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Photodynamic therapy combined with carbon dioxide laser for successful treatment of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma within a long-stand and huge seborrheic keratosis.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 Sep 15:102536. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Institute of Photomedicine, Shanghai Skin Disease Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China. Electronic address:

Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is a common benign lesion in which malignancies like cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) can arise rarely. We report a case of an 81-year-old man who presented a well-demarcated reddish-brown plaque with central raised coarse nodules on the top of his head. Dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) showed the possibility of malignant transformation. Read More

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September 2021

Atypical Manifestation of Cutaneous Fowlpox in Broiler Chickens Associated with High Condemnation at a Processing Plant.

Avian Dis 2021 09;65(3):340-345

Clinic for Poultry and Fish Medicine, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, 1210 Vienna, Austria.

The present case is an unusual report of cutaneous fowlpox with an atypical appearance and incidence in broilers. Gross skin lesions were noticed in 41-day-old commercial broilers during the veterinary inspection at a processing plant in the north of Iran. The skin lesions were only observed on feathered skin areas of the broilers and remained unnoticed until slaughter. Read More

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September 2021

Solitary vulvar metastasis from early-stage endometrial cancer: Case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(22):e25863

Unit of Surgical Gynecol Oncology.

Rationale: Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynecological malignancy in developed countries. It is usually diagnosed at early-stage and presents a favorable prognosis. Conversely, advanced or recurrent disease shows poor outcome. Read More

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Acute Macular Neuroretinopathy in a Patient with Retinal Vascular Tortuosity.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2021 May-Aug;12(2):412-417. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Ophthalmology and Ocular Oncology, University Hospital, Kraków, Poland.

We report a rare case of a young woman with acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) in the right eye and concomitant retinal vascular tortuosity in both eyes. A 19-years-old woman presented with a sudden loss of central vision in the right eye. Apart from flu-like infection 2 weeks before the onset of symptoms, she reported overall good health. Read More

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Endoscopic features of isolated and traditional serrated adenoma-associated superficially serrated adenomas of the colorectum.

Dig Endosc 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Aim: Superficially serrated adenoma (SuSA) is a recently proposed subtype of colorectal serrated lesions. It is characterized by distinct clinicopathological and molecular features, including mixed serrated and adenomatous histology and frequent genetic alterations involving KRAS and RSPO. This study aimed to characterize the endoscopic features of isolated and traditional serrated adenoma (TSA)-associated SuSAs. Read More

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Unusual Clinical Presentation of Giant Extragenital Condyloma.

Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2020 Dec;28(7):240-241

Andrija Jovic, MD, Clinical Center of Nis, Clinic of Dermatovenereology , Bulevar Zorana Djindjica 48, Nis, Serbia;

Dear editor, Condylomata accuminatum (CA) is a human papillomavirus (HPV) related sexually transmitted infection (STI), clinically characterized by solitary or even clustered dark red or pink lesions solely affecting the anogenital area (1). CA involving the extragenital, non-mucosal skin has been sporadically reported (2-4). Diagnosis of CA is usually straightforward when the lesions are located on the anogenital area. Read More

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December 2020

Use of Chia by-Products Obtained from the Extraction of Seeds Oil for the Development of New Biodegradable Films for the Agri-Food Industry.

Foods 2021 Mar 15;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Food Quality Research Group, Institute for Regional Development (IDR), Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain.

Chia oil production and consumption have increased in recent years, producing a large number of by-products that had low utility or economic value for the industry. In this study, a biodegradable film was successfully prepared from mucilage extracted from defatted chia flour. The physical-chemical, optical, water vapor permeability (WVP), and mechanical properties of films made with two different types of chia matrixes (defatted flour and whole seeds) were determined. Read More

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Effects of plasma activated solution on the colour and structure of metmyoglobin and oxymyoglobin.

Food Chem 2021 Aug 10;353:129433. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

School of Food Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China; Academy of Contemporary Food Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Centre, Guangzhou 510006, China; Engineering and Technological Research Centre of Guangdong Province on Intelligent Sensing and Process Control of Cold Chain Foods, & Guangdong Province Engineering Laboratory for Intelligent Cold Chain Logistics Equipment for Agricultural Products, Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Centre, Guangzhou 510006, China; Food Refrigeration and Computerized Food Technology (FRCFT), Agriculture and Food Science Centre, University College Dublin, National University of Ireland, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. Electronic address: http://www.ucd.ie/refrig.

Effects of plasma-activated solution (PAS) on the colour and structure of metmyoglobin (metMb) and oxymyoglobin (oxyMb) were investigated and the relationship between discolouration and structure changes was clarified for the first time. Results showed that the colour of PAS-treated metMb faded first, followed by green discolouration, while PAS-treated oxyMb turned from bright red to reddish-brown and then towards green in the end. It was due to the accumulation of HO, nitrite and nitrate in PAS with prolonging plasma treatment times. Read More

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Characteristics of non-neoplastic epithelium that appears within gastric cancer with and without Helicobacter pylori eradication: A retrospective study.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(3):e0248333. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Departments of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

A non-neoplastic epithelium (NE) often appears in gastric cancer (GC). We explored the histological features of NE in comparison between HP-eradicated and HP-infected GCs. We enrolled 40 HP-eradicated and 40 HP-infected GCs matched by size, macroscopic and histological type. Read More

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Characteristic appearance of the oropharynx in patients with postnasal drip (PND)-induced cough.

Clin Respir J 2021 May 18;15(5):568-573. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Division of Medical Oncology and Molecular Respirology, Department of Multidisciplinary Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Tottori, Japan.

Introduction: Post-nasal drip (PND)-induced cough is a common cause of chronic cough. However, there is little known about the characteristic physical findings of this condition.

Objectives: We investigated views of the pharyngeal wall in patients with PND-induced cough using a handy endoscopic images. Read More

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Clinical Features of False-Negative Early Gastric Cancers: A Retrospective Study of Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection Cases.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2021 8;2021:6635704. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: We frequently encounter early gastric cancer (EGC) that could not be detected in the previous esophagogastroduodenoscopy even if the procedure was annually performed. However, little evidence exists regarding the characteristics of false-negative EGCs. Our aim was to reveal the clinical features of false-negative EGCs. Read More

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February 2021

Glomangiopericytoma: A rare tumour of sinonasal cavity.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Dec;70(12(B)):2469-2471

Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

The history of glomangiopericytoma began in 1924 when it was initially diagnosed by Stout and Murray. It is a rare tumour of the respiratory mucosa, with a prevalence of less than 0.5% among all sinonasal tumours. Read More

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December 2020

Elemental analysis of ignimbirite by Raman spectroscopy methods and instrumental neutron activation analysis.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2021 Apr 1;251:119406. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Department of Geologicall Engineering, Firat University Elazig, TR, Turkey.

The mineralogy, trace and minor element geochemistry and different color changes of Bitlisignimbirite (eastern Turkey) were measured with Neutron Activation Analysis and Confocal Raman spectrometr methods. From these analyzes, were determined three levels as lower, middle and upper according to texture, color, welded degree, component and chemical differences in Bitlis ignimbrites in study area. The most distinguishing feature observed in black, red and grey color ignimbirite levels are partially mineralogical compositions, fiamme geometry and appearance of different colors. Read More

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Transcriptional analysis reveals key insights into seasonal induced anthocyanin degradation and leaf color transition in purple tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze).

Sci Rep 2021 01 13;11(1):1244. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Department of Biotechnology, CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, P.O. Box No. 6, Palampur, HP, 176061, India.

Purple-tea, an anthocyanin rich cultivar has recently gained popularity due to its health benefits and captivating leaf appearance. However, the sustainability of purple pigmentation and anthocyanin content during production period is hampered by seasonal variation. To understand seasonal dependent anthocyanin pigmentation in purple tea, global transcriptional and anthocyanin profiling was carried out in tea shoots with two leaves and a bud harvested during in early (reddish purple: S1_RP), main (dark gray purple: S2_GP) and backend flush (moderately olive green: S3_G) seasons. Read More

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January 2021

Color Compensation in Anomalous Trichromats Assessed with fMRI.

Curr Biol 2021 03 15;31(5):936-942.e4. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno, 1664 N. Virginia Street, Reno, NV 89557, USA.

Anomalous trichromacy is a common form of congenital color deficiency resulting from a genetic alteration in the photopigments of the eye's light receptors. The changes reduce sensitivity to reddish and greenish hues, yet previous work suggests that these observers may experience the world to be more colorful than their altered receptor sensitivities would predict, potentially indicating an amplification of post-receptoral signals. However, past evidence suggesting such a gain adjustment rests on subjective measures of color appearance or salience. Read More

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Large enhancement of simultaneous color contrast by white flanking contours.

Sci Rep 2020 Nov 18;10(1):20136. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi, Aichi, 441-8580, Japan.

Simultaneous color contrast and assimilation are mutually opposing effects on color appearance, and their magnitude depends on spatial context. The Monnier-Shevell illusion induces a large color shift by a synergy of simultaneous assimilation and contrast using the alternating color of proximal and distant surrounds. The illusion induces a prominent effect along the blue-yellow color axis, but a subtle effect along the orthogonal color axis. Read More

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November 2020

Color Space Geometry Uncovered with Magnetoencephalography.

Curr Biol 2021 02 16;31(3):515-526.e5. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye Institute, Building 49, NIH Main Campus, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA; National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address:

The geometry that describes the relationship among colors, and the neural mechanisms that support color vision, are unsettled. Here, we use multivariate analyses of measurements of brain activity obtained with magnetoencephalography to reverse-engineer a geometry of the neural representation of color space. The analyses depend upon determining similarity relationships among the spatial patterns of neural responses to different colors and assessing how these relationships change in time. Read More

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February 2021

A comparative assessment of external morphological traits between Macaca munzala, Tawang and Macaca assamensis, Goalpara population in Northeast India.

Primates 2021 Mar 11;62(2):343-360. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Department of Environmental Science, Tezpur University, Napaam, Tezpur, Assam, 784028, India.

The present study aimed to conduct a comparative assessment of the external morphology, relative tail length and colour variation (RGB additive colour model) of Macaca munzala, Tawang and Macaca assamensis, Goalpara (southern Brahmaputra population), using a non-invasive photogrammetry method. The study revealed that the relative tail length of M. munzala (0. Read More

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Probing the electronic structure of [Ru(L)] ( = 0, 1+ and 2+) (HL: a tridentate 2-aminophenol derivative) complexes in three ligand redox levels.

Dalton Trans 2020 Nov;49(43):15355-15375

Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208 016, India.

Aerobic reaction between [RuII(DMSO)4Cl2], a redox-active 2-aminophenol-based ligand (H2L1: 2-[2-(benzylthio)phenylamino]-4,6-di-tert-butylphenol) and Et3N in MeOH under refluxing conditions afforded a purple complex [Ru(L1)2] (S = 0). Structural analysis reveals that the tridentate ligand coordinates in a mer conformation providing a distorted octahedral RuN2O2S2 coordination. Cyclic voltammetry on 1 in CH2Cl2 reveals the accessability of the monocation, dication and monoanion forms. Read More

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November 2020

Effects of partial substitution of nitrites with purple-fleshed sweet potato powder on physicochemical characteristics of sausages.

J Anim Sci Technol 2020 Sep 30;62(5):702-712. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.

Synthetic nitrite imparts a reddish-pink color to meat and a distinct flavor to meat products, delays lipid oxidation, and inhibits microbial growth and pathogens. However, excessive intake of nitrite might result in the production of carcinogenic nitrosamine, which might increase the risk of cancer in humans. Therefore, we aimed to find an alternative natural colorant for pork sausages. Read More

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September 2020

Appendiceal Orifice Inflammation in Ulcerative Colitis Mimicking Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma in the Cecum.

Case Rep Gastrointest Med 2020 7;2020:8893604. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.

A 55-year-old Japanese woman, who had been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis at 18 years of age, underwent screening endoscopy examinations. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed an extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) of the stomach. Colonoscopy showed a slightly elevated reddish lesion with dilated microvessels but no erosions or ulcers. Read More

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October 2020

Outcome of an outpatient specialty clinic for chronic epipharyngitis.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2021 Jun 13;48(3):451-456. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Mogitate ENT Clinic, Sekiguchi-Daiichi Building, 401, 1-2-5, Hisamoto, Takatsu-ku, Kawasaki city, Kanagawa-ken 213-0011, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: In Japan, chronic epipharyngitis became a subject of interest in the 1960s and is currently garnering renewed attention. Previous studies have focused only on the similarities between the immunological characteristics of the tonsil and epipharynx and reported the efficacy of epipharyngeal abrasive therapy (EAT) in patients with IgA nephropathy. However, endoscopic findings of chronic epipharyngitis have not yet been fully evaluated, and. Read More

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Оccurrence of bacterial spot caused by Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni on peach and apricot in Serbia.

Plant Dis 2020 Oct 6. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Institute for Plant Protection and Environment, 229804, Beograd, Beograd, Serbia;

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Xap) causes bacterial spot of leaves and fruits, defoliation, fruit dropping and twigs, branches or trunk cankers in most cultivated and ornamental Prunus species. The bacterium is listed as an EPPO (European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation) A2 quarantine pathogen. Read More

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October 2020

First report of Sclerotinia blight caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on Pinellia ternata in China.

Plant Dis 2020 Sep 23. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Chinese Herbal Medicines , NO.253,College Road, Enshi, HuBei, China, 445000;

Pinellia ternata is a perennial herb that belongs to the Araceae Family. The tuber of the P. ternata plant contains active ingredients such as alkaloids and pinellia starch, and can be used as a Chinese medicine for antineoplastic and anti-inflammatory disorders in humans (Marki et al. Read More

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September 2020

Ayurvedic visha hara (antitoxic) chikitsa in recurrent dyshidrotic eczema skin disease: A case report.

J Ayurveda Integr Med 2021 Jan-Mar;12(1):156-160. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Department of Agada Tantra Evumvyavhara Ayurveda, Sushrutha Ayurvedic Medical College & Hospital, Bengaluru, karnataka, 560105, India.

Dyshidrotic eczema is a chronic, enigmatic condition that usually affects the hands and feet that probably accounts for about 5%-20% of hand eczemas. In Ayurveda various skin manifestation are mentioned under different chapter & context like kushtha, visarpa, kshudra kushtha, vidradi, krimi roga, keeta visha (insect bite), Garavisha &Dooshi visha (latent toxicity).Visphota variety of kushtha is characterized by pustules which are either white or reddish in appearance. Read More

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Myofibroblast phagocytic cutaneous mucinosis: phagocytosis of mucinous substances by myofibroblasts in a distinctive cutaneous mucinosis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jul;99(29):e20867

Department of Pathology.

Rationale: Phagocytosis is an important physiological process for eliminating unnecessary substances or dead cells after tissue damage, such as inflammation or infarction. Phagocytosis was previously considered to be mainly performed by professional phagocytotic cells, such as macrophages. In contrast, we previously demonstrated that the phagocytosis of dead cells and unnecessary substances by myofibroblasts is as important as that by professional phagocytotic cells in myocardial infarction. Read More

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[Eosinophilic solid and cystic renal cell carcinoma with TSC2 gene mutations in children].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jul;49(7):693-698

Department of Pathology and Laboratory, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore 229899, Singapore.

To study clinical pathological characteristics, immunohistochemical, molecular genetical changes and prognosis in pediatric eosinophilic solid and cystic renal cell carcinoma (ESC RCC) with TSC2 gene mutations. The tissue samples were collected from two pediatric ESC RCC patients between 2017 and 2018. The tissues were subjected to histological examination and immunohistochemistry using EnVision system. Read More

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Biogenic synthesis of AgNPs employing Terminalia arjuna leaf extract and its efficacy towards catalytic degradation of organic dyes.

Sci Rep 2020 06 15;10(1):9616. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Plant Bioenergetics and Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University College of Science, Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur, 313001, Rajasthan, India.

In the present work, we demonstrated the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by highly stable, economic and eco-friendly method using leaf extract of Terminalia arjuna (T. arjuna) and employing as a catalyst for the degradation of methyl orange (MO), methylene blue (MB), congo red (CR) and 4- nitrophenol (4-NP). The biosynthesis of AgNPs was visually validated through the appearance of reddish-brown color and further confirmed by the UV-spectra at 418 nm. Read More

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Efficient transition from partial nitritation to partial nitritation/Anammox in a membrane bioreactor with activated sludge as the sole seed source.

Chemosphere 2020 Aug 9;253:126719. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, 860-8555, Japan. Electronic address:

A lab-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) was employed to carry out the partial nitritation/Anammox (PN/A) process from conventional activated sludge. Seed sludge was cultivated under microaerobic conditions for 10 days before seeding into the MBR. The bacterial community was analyzed on the basis of cloning and sequencing of 16S rRNA gene. Read More

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Unraveling the Fungal Community Associated with Leaf Spot on sp.

Microorganisms 2020 Mar 24;8(3). Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Microbial and Molecular Ecology Laboratory, Research Center in Microbiological Sciences, Science Institute, Meritorious Autonomous University of Puebla, 72470 Puebla, Mexico.

sp. is a tree that grows in temperate zones with worldwide distribution and is commonly known in Mexico as tejocote. The use of products derived from in traditional medicine, food, and cosmetics has increased over the last few years and the relevance of this plant has also grown. Read More

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