2,305 results match your criteria recurrent tracheal

Tracheal Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma Mimicking Deteriorated Bronchial Asthma during Pregnancy.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2021 29;2021:7259496. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Miyazaki Prefectural Miyazaki Hospital, Japan.

Primary bronchial tumors are extremely rare. However, symptoms, such as coughing and wheezing, are not specific to this disease, and primary bronchial tumors are often misdiagnosed as bronchial asthma. This report describes the case of a pregnant patient with a bronchial tumor that mimicked deteriorating bronchial asthma. Read More

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Clinical application of PEAK PlasmaBlade to remove distal tracheal granulation in patients after tracheostomy.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center, 5, Fu-shin street, Kweishan 333, Taoyuan, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Objective: Tracheal granulation is one of the common long term complications in patients after tracheostomy. Hypertrophic tracheal granulation may cause airway obstruction and further operation may be required to recreate an airway. Distal tracheal granulation is clinically challenging because of its position and surgical field limitation. Read More

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A Comparative Study of Airway Nerve Blocks and Atomized Lidocaine by the Laryngo-Tracheal Mucosal Atomization Device (LMA MADgic) Airway for Oral Awake Fiberoptic Intubation.

Cureus 2021 Jun 20;13(6):e15772. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Anesthesiology, Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences, Etawah, IND.

Background Awake intubation is used most commonly in patients with a predicted difficult airway. There are situations where the safest method to secure an airway is to place an endotracheal tube in an awake and spontaneously breathing patient. Our aim was to compare the two modalities, airway nerve blocks and atomized lidocaine by the Laryngo-Tracheal Mucosal Atomization Device (LMA MADgic)airway for awake fiberoptic intubation (AFOI). Read More

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Post-tracheostomy tracheoinnominate fistula: endovascular treatment.

Rev Paul Pediatr 2021 7;40:e2020229. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

aHospital Federal dos Servidores do Estado, Ministry of Health, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Objective: Tracheoinnominate fistula (TIF) is a rare and frequently lethal complication of tracheostomies. Immediate bleeding control and surgical treatment are essential to avoid death. This report describes the successful endovascular treatment of TIF in a preschooler and reviews the literature concerning epidemiology, diagnosis, prophylaxis, and treatment of TIF in pediatric patients. Read More

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Congenital H-type tracheo-oesophageal fistula: An institutional review of a 10-year period.

J Mother Child 2021 Jul 13;24(4):2-8. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of General Surgery, Government Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Congenital H-type tracheo-oesophageal fistula (H-TOF ) accounts for 4%-5% of all congenital tracheo-oesophageal malformations. We present our experience in managing 18 cases with congenital H-TOF at a tertiary institute over a 10-year period.

Methods: Records of all patients with congenital H-TOF managed from January 2009 to December 2018 in the Department of Paediatric Surgery at a tertiary institute were retrospectively analysed based on the age at presentation, gender, antenatal ultrasonography findings; birth history; details of previous hospitalisations, previous treatment details, presenting symptoms and associated anomalies; time to diagnosis; radiological investigations performed, bronchoscopy findings, intraoperative details, complications and postoperative follow-up. Read More

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Recurrent Lower Respiratory Tract Infections Due to Mounier-Kuhn Syndrome.

Cureus 2021 Jun 4;13(6):e15437. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Internal Medicine-Pediatrics, University of Illinois College of Medicine Peoria, Peoria, USA.

Mounier-Kuhn syndrome (MKS) is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent lower respiratory tract infections and bronchiectasis due to dilation of the trachea and bronchi. Diagnosis is made based on clinical suspicion along with radiographic evidence of tracheobronchomegaly. Mucolytic agents and chest physiotherapy have been shown to offer symptomatic improvement, and definitive surgical treatment is reserved for those with persistent symptoms. Read More

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Systemic bevacizumab as adjuvant therapy for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in children: A series of three pediatric cases and literature review.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 Jun 24;42(5):103126. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Centro Hospitalario Serena del Mar. Cartagena, Colombia. Electronic address:

Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), a viral disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), is the most common benign neoplasm of the larynx among children and the second most frequent cause of infantile hoarseness. The course of the disease is variable; some patients experience spontaneous remission, while others may develop an aggressive respiratory compromise. Especially juvenile-onset RRP cases experience shorter intervals between surgical interventions and thus more surgeries overall, causing high rates of depression and voice-related quality of life. Read More

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Carbon nanoparticle-guided intraoperative lymph node biopsy predicts the status of lymph nodes posterior to right recurrent laryngeal nerve in cN0 papillary thyroid carcinoma.

Gland Surg 2021 May;10(5):1554-1563

Center for Thyroid and Breast Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: The lymph nodes in the right central compartment can be divided into 2 parts by the right recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), and there is a lack of an accurate and convenient method for assessing metastases in the lymph node posterior to the right recurrent laryngeal nerve (LN-prRLN) in cN0 thyroid papillary carcinoma patients.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with cN0 thyroid papillary carcinoma and underwent intraoperative carbon nanoparticle-guided lymph node biopsy from January 2017 to November 2020 at the Center for Thyroid and Breast Surgery of Xuanwu Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The intraoperative frozen section examination and postoperative LN-prRLN status should have been comprehensively recorded. Read More

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Aortic arch uncrossing using a tracheal resection procedure.

Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg 2021 06 22;2021. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Pediatric Surgery Division-Thoracic Surgery Unit, Gaslini Children's Hospitals, Genova, Italy

One category of vascular rings is the right aortic arch associated with the diverticulum of Kommerell from which the left subclavian artery usually originates. In some cases, the right aortic arch crosses behind the trachea and the esophagus from right to left. The trachea and esophagus are compressed by the right aortic arch, the left ligamentum, and the posterior crossing aorta, which causes the typical symptoms of noisy breathing, dyspnea on exertion, dysphagia, and frequent upper respiratory tract infections. Read More

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Transcutaneous systemic photobiomodulation reduced lung inflammation in experimental model of asthma by altering the mast cell degranulation and interleukin 10 level.

Lasers Med Sci 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Post Graduate Program in Biophotonics Applied To Health Sciences, University Nove de Julho (UNINOVE), São Paulo, Brazil.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent and reversible episodes of wheezing, dyspnea, chest stiffness, and cough. Its treatment includes several drugs, high cost, and considerable side effects. Photobiomodulation (PBM) emerges as an alternative treatment, showing good results, and it can be applied locally or systemically. Read More

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Primary intratracheal schwannoma misdiagnosed as severe asthma in an adolescent: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Jun;9(17):4388-4394

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Lanzhou 730030, Gansu Province, China.

Background: Primary intratracheal schwannoma is an extremely rare type of benign airway tumor, especially in adolescents. The presenting symptoms are typically prolonged cough and wheezing that can be misdiagnosed as asthma in adolescent patients.

Case: A 16-year-old adolescent girl admitted to a local hospital with symptoms of an irritating cough and wheezing was diagnosed with bronchial asthma and treated with budesonide and formoterol. Read More

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Biofilm Formation by Pathogens Causing Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia at Intensive Care Units in a Tertiary Care Hospital: An Armor for Refuge.

Biomed Res Int 2021 28;2021:8817700. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Emerging threat of drug resistance among pathogens causing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) has resulted in higher hospital costs, longer hospital stays, and increased hospital mortality. Biofilms in the endotracheal tube of ventilated patients act as protective shield from host immunity. They induce chronic and recurrent infections that defy common antibiotics. Read More

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Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica-stalactite of airways.

Respirol Case Rep 2021 Jul 27;9(7):e00790. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Respiratory Medicine Penang General Hospital Penang Malaysia.

A case of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TO) was diagnosed in a 53-year-old man, who presented with prolonged cough and recurrent respiratory tract infection. Bronchoscopy revealed exostosis over the anterolateral wall of trachea and main bronchi sparing the posterior membranous wall. The endobronchial biopsy subsequently revealed ossification of the cartilage. Read More

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Management of two cases of tracheobronchial management of two cases of tracheobronchial papillomatosis at tertiary hospital in Indonesia: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 29;83:106054. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Tracheobronchial papillomatosis is an aggressive form of RRP with the spread of papillomas to the subglottis, trachea, bronchus and pulmonary parehchyma. Surgical operation for removing the papilloma is extremely difficult and need a lot of periodical bronchoscopy.

Case Presentation: The first patient was a 25-year-old male who had an RRP history since the age of 6 months. Read More

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Rev Paul Pediatr 2021 26;40:e2020153. Epub 2021 May 26.

Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, MG, Brazil.

Objective: To describe an infant with craniofacial microsomia and recurrent respiratory distress associated with aberrant right subclavian artery in order to review its most frequent congenital anomalies and alert the pediatrician to its rarer and more severe complications.

Case Description: This case report involves an 18-month-old male infant, only son of non-consanguineous parents. At birth, the child presented craniofacial dysmorphisms (facial asymmetry, maxillary and mandibular hypoplasia, macrostomia, grade 3 microtia, and accessory preauricular tag) restricted to the right side of the face. Read More

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Case report: a step-wise management of concurrent presentation of congenital single lung and aberrant right subclavian artery in an infant girl.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 May 25;16(1):143. Epub 2021 May 25.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, American Family Children's Hospital, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 600 Highland Avenue, MC 7375, Madison, WI, 53792, USA.

Introduction: Congenital single lung (CSL) is a rare condition, and symptomatic patients often present with respiratory distress or recurrent respiratory infection due to mediastinal shift causing vascular or airway compression. Aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) is another rare congenital anomality that can lead to tracheal or esophageal compressions. There is only one other case of concurrent presentation of CSL and ARSA reported, which presented unique challenge in surgical management of our patient. Read More

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[Local recurrence of iodine refractory thyroid cancers. Surgical therapy options for larynx and trachea infiltration].

Nuklearmedizin 2021 Aug 25;60(4):272-277. Epub 2021 May 25.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Nuklearmedizin, Klinikum Großhadern, München, Germany.

Aim:  Local recurrence of thyroid carcinomas can result in tumor infiltration in the lower region of the larynx. Since these tumors typically no longer store iodine, treatment options are greatly limited. The present study describes our experience with laryngo-tracheal resection of such cases of local recurrence. Read More

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Tracheo-bronchial recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: role of powered instruments in overcoming surgical challenges.

Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2021 Apr;41(2):146-150

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

Objective: Respiratory papillomatosis involving the trachea is a challenging problem. In this paper, we present our experience in the management of 13 cases of tracheal papillomatosis and the difficulties encountered in the procedure. The surgical technique and results are discussed. Read More

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Endoscopic Management of Benign Laryngo-Tracheal Stenosis: Balloon vs. Rigid Dilatation.

Isr Med Assoc J 2021 May;23(5):297-301

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Background: Management of acquired laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) is challenging and often requires recurrent procedures.

Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of balloon dilatation (BD) versus rigid dilatation (RD) in the treatment of LTS.

Methods: A retrospective study of patients undergoing endoscopic intervention for LTS was performed. Read More

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Third branchial cleft cyst as a cause of hoarseness: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211012549

Department of Otolaryngology, The Third People's Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Third branchial cleft cyst is a rare congenital disease of the neck. It presents as a painless mass that develops rapidly in the neck following an infection. This is the first case report of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy caused by a third branchial cleft cyst. Read More

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Proprieties of adhesive surface arrays to thyroid cartilage for recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(8):690

Division of Thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Surgical Translational Medicine, Jilin Provincial Precision Medicine Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Translational Medicine on Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma, Changchun, China.

Background: To investigate the optimal placement and size of adhesive thyroid cartilage electrodes (ATCEs) placed on the thyroid cartilage in porcine models for evaluating recurrent laryngeal nerve function compared with the other 3 recording electrode types.

Methods: Four Meishan piglets were used for this study. The electromyogram (EMG) signal stability was detected by intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM). Read More

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Mapping of Cervical and Upper Mediastinal Lymph Node Recurrence for Guiding Clinical Target Delineation of Postoperative Radiotherapy in Thoracic Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2021 26;11:663679. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Background: The lower neck and upper mediastinum are the major regions for postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC). However, there is no uniform standard regarding the delineation of nodal clinical target volume (CTVnd). This study aimed to map the recurrent lymph nodes in the cervical and upper mediastinal regions and explore a reasonable CTVnd for PORT in TESCC. Read More

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Complex bronchial ruptures in blunt thoracic trauma: management and outcome.

Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 May 15;37(3):311-315. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

General Surgery Department, Amiri Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait.

Complex bronchial ruptures are rare. Primary surgical repair is the preferred procedure. The aim of this retrospective case series was to study the clinical presentation of these complex bronchial injuries and their management and outcomes. Read More

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A modified surgical technique for aortopexy in tracheobronchomalacia.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Amsterdam University Medical Center location AMC, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Objectives: Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is characterized by collapse of trachea, bronchi or both, leading to dyspnoea, expiratory stridor, coughing or recurrent airway infections. Surgical treatment with aortopexy is warranted for severe TBM. We describe a modified aortopexy technique with aortic wall strap sutures that evenly distributes the traction force over the full width of the aortic arch. Read More

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Unilateral repair of tracheoesophageal fistula with dilatation of incomplete subglottic stenosis.

Clin Case Rep 2021 Apr 16;9(4):2036-2039. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Surgery School of Medicine Shahed University Tehran Iran.

A case of TEF along with subglottic stenosis in a patient as a result of prolong intubation. We performed left unilateral tracheal repair to avoid injury to left recurrent laryngeal nerve followed by endoscopic balloon repair of stenosis. Due to critical condition of the patient and COVID-19 infection, she expired. Read More

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[Prediction and investigation of the potential risk factors for the upper mediastinal metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2021 Apr;43(4):477-483

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

To predict and investigate the potential risk factors for the upper mediastinal metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). This study was a prospective cohort study. The admission criteria were patients with untreated thyroid cancer diagnosed in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from December 2013 to December 2015, and positive lymph node (cN1, including cN1a and cN1b) was diagnosed by ultrasound. Read More

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Endoscopic Thyroidectomy With Level Vb Dissection Via a Chest-breast Approach: Technical Updates for Selective Lateral Neck Dissection.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2021 04 23;31(3):342-345. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Thyroid Surgery, First People's Hospital of Zunyi/Third Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China.

Objective: To determine the feasibility of endoscopic thyroidectomy with level Vb dissection using a chest-breast approach.

Methods: Lateral neck level Vb dissection by endoscopic surgery using a chest-breast approach was performed as an update to the previously reported endoscopic selective lateral neck dissection. The demographic data, surgical outcomes, and adverse events were analyzed. Read More

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External stenting for bronchomalacia involving the bronchus intermedius.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kanagawa Children's Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan.

In recent years, external stenting has been used as a reliable method to relieve airway compression of the trachea and main bronchi in young children with acceptable age-proportional airway growth. However, to our knowledge, no literature supporting this approach for the distal airway has been published. A 1-year-old girl with absent pulmonary valve syndrome who had recurrent respiratory infections was diagnosed with bronchomalacia. Read More

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NSD3-NUTM1-rearranged carcinoma of the median neck/thyroid bed developing after recent thyroidectomy for sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia: report of an extraordinary case.

Virchows Arch 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Erlangen, Germany.

Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia (SMECE) is an exceedingly rare low-grade thyroid malignancy of unknown histogenesis. NUT carcinoma is another rare, highly aggressive neoplasm with predilection for the midline, defined by recurrent NUTM1 fusions. The bromodomain family genes (BRD4 or BRD3) and rarely NSD3, ZNF532, or others are known fusion partners. Read More

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[Clinical outcomes of vocal fold immobility after tracheal intubation].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2020 Sep;53(2):337-340

Department of Anesthesiology, First Hospital, Peking University, Beijing 100034, China.

Objective: To assess the incidence of postoperative vocal cord immobility in patients following endotracheal intubation underwent general anesthesia.

Methods: We retrospectively enrolled patients who underwent surgical procedures with endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia from January 2014 to December 2018 in Peking University First Hospital. Demographic and treatment data were obtained for patients with hoarseness and vocal cord fixation. Read More

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September 2020