575,206 results match your criteria recorded assaultsconclusions


[Living wills of residents in nursing homes - which treatment situations and treatment measures are decreed?]

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Institut für Angewandte Sozialwissenschaften (IFAS), Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaften Würzburg-Schweinfurt.

Background:  The possibility of using a living will to influence later treatment in the event of incapacity to consent is nowadays an important element in safeguarding patients' autonomy at the end of life. Refusing or consenting treatment measures in advance of treatment is of particular importance for nursing home residents, not only against the background of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods:  We conducted a survey of all resident-documents in 13 nursing homes of different sizes and service providers in the city and district of Wuerzburg. Read More

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September 2021

Correlation between Perfusion Index and Left Ventricular Output in Healthy Late Preterm Infants.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Sıtkı Koçman University School of Medicine, Muğla, Turkey.

Aim:  The perfusion index (PI) is a noninvasive marker derived from photoelectric plethysmographic signals in pulse oximetry in the evaluation of peripheral perfusion. This study was aimed to determine the correlation between PI and left ventricular output (LVO) in healthy late preterm infants at 48 hour of life.

Methods:  With new generation pulse oximeter (MASIMO Rad 7 Oximeter) pre- and post-ductal PI values were recorded from healthy late preterm babies at the 48 hour of life. Read More

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September 2021

[How do Persons Perceive Rehabilitation Counseling? A Qualitative Study on Experienced Rehabilitation Counseling Implemented by the Federal German Pension Insurance among Persons with Approved Vocational Rehabilitation].

Rehabilitation (Stuttg) 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Universität zu Lübeck, Institut für Sozialmedizin und Epidemiologie, Sektion Rehabilitation und Arbeit.

Background And Objective: Persons with approved vocational rehabilitation participate in a conversation with a rehabilitation consultant shortly after approval. The aim of the consultation is to select individually suitable services from the available range of services, based on the illness and employment biography of persons with approved vocational rehabilitation. The initial consultation is thus of essential importance for the further rehabilitation process. Read More

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September 2021

Systematic Review of Outcome Measures Used in Observational Studies of Adults with Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2021 Sep 20:1-25. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Over the last 20 years, diverse outcome measures have been used to evaluate the effectiveness of therapies for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). This systematic review aims to identify the readouts used in observational studies of topical corticosteroids, diet, and dilation in adult EoE patients.

Methods: We searched MEDLINE and Embase for prospective and retrospective studies (cohorts/case series, randomized open-label, and case-control) evaluating the use of diets, dilation, and topical corticosteroids in adults with EoE. Read More

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September 2021

Active head lifting from supine in infancy in the general population: Red flag or not?

Early Hum Dev 2021 Sep 7;163:105466. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Department of Paediatrics, Developmental Neurology, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Background: Previously it had been had reported that active head lifting from supine (AHLS) in high-risk infants was associated with lower cognitive scores in the second year. AHLS was generally accompanied by stereotyped leg movements.

Aims: To examine in a standardized way whether AHLS with or without stereotyped leg movements in the general population is associated with prenatal, perinatal, neonatal and socio-economic risk factors or with lower scores on concurrent infant tests. Read More

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September 2021

Real-time medical phase recognition using long-term video understanding and progress gate method.

Med Image Anal 2021 Sep 3;74:102224. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Division of Trauma and Burn Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010, USA.

We introduce a real-time system for recognizing five phases of the trauma resuscitation process, the initial management of injured patients in the emergency department. We used depth videos as input to preserve the privacy of the patients and providers. The depth videos were recorded using a Kinect-v2 mounted on the sidewall of the room. Read More

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September 2021

Recall, response bias and recognition are differentially impacted by social anxiety irrespective of feedback modality.

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 2021 Sep 15;74:101694. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

University of Ottawa, School of Psychology, 136 Jean-Jacques Lussier Private, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, Canada. Electronic address:

Background And Objectives: This study replicates and extends Houle-Johnson et al.'s (2019) findings to better understand the role of feedback modality, ambiguity and social anxiety in the recognition and recall of self-relevant feedback.

Methods: Participants gave a speech and were provided with positive, negative, and ambiguous feedback via written text, (n = 33) or recorded sentences (n = 31) and later completed a recognition and recall task for the feedback. Read More

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September 2021

Transient and continuous effects of indoor human movement on nanoparticle concentrations in a sitting person's breathing zone.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 28;805:149970. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Human Safety, Hefei, Anhui Province 230601, PR China.

Particle concentration in a sitting person's breathing zone can be influenced by human movement around the person, and the transient and continuous effects may differ. In this study, a set of full-scale experiments was conducted to sample the nanoparticle concentration in the breathing zone of a sitting thermal breathing manikin (STBM). The transient fluctuation of the nanoparticle concentration was recorded continuously and analyzed. Read More

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Effects of acute stress on the oscillatory activity of the hippocampus-amygdala-prefrontal cortex network.

Neuroscience 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Neuronal Circuits Laboratory, Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology, University of Valencia, Valencia, 46010, Spain. Electronic address:

Displaying a stress response to threatening stimuli is essential for survival. These reactions must be adjusted to be adaptive. Otherwise, even mental illnesses may develop. Read More

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September 2021

Regulation of inflammation and COX-2 gene expression in benzo (a) pyrene induced lung carcinogenesis in mice by all trans retinoic acid (ATRA).

Life Sci 2021 Sep 17:119967. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Galaxy Health Care, Kolkata 700 156, West Bengal, India.

Aim: Inflammation provides favourable microenvironment for cancer development. An enhanced COX-2 gene expression is a key inflammatory mediator of cancers and the drug that inhibits it, helps to manage cancer effectively and increases survival rate. The objective is to analyse the inflammatory changes and COX-2 gene expression in benzo (a) pyrene induced mice and to evaluate the regulatory effect of all trans retinoic acid. Read More

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September 2021

Is a periacetabular osteotomy as efficacious in retroversion as it is in dysplasia? : The role of femoral anteversion on outcome.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):757-764

Orthopaedics, University College Hospital, London, UK.

Aims: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an established treatment for acetabular dysplasia. It has also been proposed as a treatment for patients with acetabular retroversion. By reviewing a large cohort, we aimed to test whether outcome is equivalent for both types of morphology and identify factors that influenced outcome. Read More

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September 2021

The improvement in body composition including subcutaneous and visceral fat reduces ammonia and hepatic encephalopathy after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt.

Liver Int 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Translational and Precision Medicine, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background: Sarcopenia and myosteatosis have been associated to a poor prognosis of cirrhosis and to a higher incidence of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). The prognostic implications of visceral and subcutaneous adiposity are less known.

Aim: to evaluate the modifications of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue after TIPS and to investigate their relationships with the modification of muscle mass and with the incidence of post-TIPS HE. Read More

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September 2021

A qualitative study of effective collaboration among nurse home visitors, healthcare providers and community support services in the United States.

Health Soc Care Community 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Health Systems, Management & Policy, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Collaboration across sectors is needed to improve community health, but little is known about collaborative activities among public health prevention programs. Using the Nurse-Family Partnership® (NFP) home visiting program as context, this qualitative study aimed to describe effective collaboration among nurse home visitors, healthcare providers and community support services to serve families experiencing social and economic adversities. We used grounded theory to characterise collaboration with six purposively sampled NFP sites in the United States through in-depth interviews. Read More

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September 2021

Monitoring post-match fatigue during a competitive season in elite youth soccer players.

J Athl Train 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

1Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, College of Life & Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Countermovement jump (CMJ) and perceived wellness measures are useful for monitoring fatigue. Fatigue indicators should simultaneously show sensitivity to previous load and demonstrate influence on subsequent physical output; however, this has not been examined. This study examined the efficacy of CMJ and wellness measures to both detect post-match fatigue and predict subsequent physical match output in elite youth soccer. Read More

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September 2021

The assessment of yield and quality traits of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) genotypes in middle Black Sea region, Turkey.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257703. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Faculty of Agriculture, Field Crops Department, Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University, Tokat, Turkey.

Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) cultivation in Turkey is concentrated in one province situated in Mediterranean region only, which would not fulfill the domestic needs of the country soon. Therefore, cultivation of the crop in other provinces/climatic regions should be initiated to fulfill the domestic needs. Read More

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September 2021

Humans as geomorphic agents: Lidar detection of the past, present and future of the Teotihuacan Valley, Mexico.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257550. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping (NCALM) and Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States of America.

As humans are the primary geomorphic agents on the landscape, it is essential to assess the magnitude, chronological span, and future effects of artificial ground that is expanding under modern urbanization at an alarming rate. We argue humans have been primary geomorphic agents of landscapes since the rise of early urbanism that continue to structure our everyday lives. Past and present anthropogenic actions mold a dynamic "taskscape" (not just a landscape) onto the physical environment. Read More

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September 2021

The impact of horse purslane (Trianthema portulacastrum L.) infestation on soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] productivity in northern irrigated plains of Pakistan.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257083. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Saud University, [Medical City], King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Horse purslane (Trianthema portulacstrum L.) is an important weed of soybean crop capable of causing significant yield reduction. Therefore, this study assessed the impact of horse purslane and other weeds' infestation on the productivity of soybean. Read More

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September 2021

Assessing factors influencing communities' acceptability of mass drug administration for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis in Guyana.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Sep 20;15(9):e0009596. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Guyana is one of four countries in the Latin American Region where lymphatic filariasis (LF) remains endemic. In preparation for the introduction of a new triple drug therapy regimen (ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine, and albendazole (IDA)) in 2019, an acceptability study was embedded within sentinel site mapping in four regions to assess mass drug administration (MDA) coverage and compliance, acceptability, and perceptions about treatment and disease. The results from this survey would inform the rollout of IDA in Guyana in 2019. Read More

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September 2021

Patients Who Undergo Early Aseptic Revision TKA Within 90 Days of Surgery Have a High Risk of Re-revision and Infection at 2 Years: A Large-database Study.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Adult Reconstruction and Joint Replacement Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Early aseptic revision within 90 days after primary TKA is a devastating complication. The causes, complications, and rerevision risks of aseptic revision TKA performed during this period are poorly described.

Questions/purposes: (1) What is the likelihood of re-revision within 2 years after early aseptic TKA revision within 90 days compared with that of a control group of patients undergoing primary TKA? (2) What are the indications for early aseptic TKA revision within 90 days? (3) What are the differences in revision risk between different indications for early aseptic revision TKA?

Methods: Patients who underwent unilateral aseptic revision TKA within 90 days of the index procedure were identified in a national insurance claims database (PearlDiver Technologies) using administrative codes. Read More

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September 2021

COHD-COVID: Columbia Open Health Data for COVID-19 Research.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Columbia University, Ph-20, 622 W 168 ST, New York, US.

Background: The novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has threatened the health of tens of millions of people all over the world. Massive research efforts have been made in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilization of clinical data can accelerate these research efforts to fight against the pandemic since important characteristics of the patients are often found by examining the clinical data. Read More

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Investigation of the Effects of Cardiovascular Therapeutic Ultrasound Applied in Female and Male Rats' Hearts of Different Ages.

IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 2021 Sep 20;PP. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

This study investigates the role of age and sex on the cardiovascular effects of 3.5-MHz pulsed ultrasound in a rat model. Ultrasonic bursts of 2. Read More

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September 2021

STEER: 3D Printed Guide for Nerve Regrowth Control and Neural Interface in Non-Human Primate Model.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2021 Sep 20;PP. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Objective: Peripheral neural interface (PNI) with a stable integration of synthetic elements with neural tissue is key for successful neuro-prosthetic applications. An inevitable phenomenon of reactive fibrosis is a primary hurdle for long term functionality of PNIs. This proof-of-concept study aimed to fabricate and test a novel, stable PNI that harnesses fibro-axonal outgrowth at the nerve end and includes fibrosis in the design. Read More

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September 2021

Vitamin D levels in post-acute hip fractured patients and their association with rehabilitation outcomes.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Sep 20:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Beit Rivka Geriatric Rehabilitation Center, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Purpose: To report on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in post-acute hip fractured patients, revealed the associations between serum 25(OH)D levels and hip fractured patients' baseline characteristics and rehabilitation outcomes.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study (9/2017-9/2020) of 493 hip fractured patients. 25(OH)D levels were recorded following the patient's baseline characteristics and outcome measures, including the functional independence measure and motor functional independence measure effectiveness. Read More

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September 2021

Profiling swarming phenotypes through mutation and environmental variation.

J Bacteriol 2021 Sep 20:JB0030621. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Biology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA.

is a bacterium that lives on surfaces as a predatory biofilm called a swarm. As a growing swarm feeds on prey and expands, it displays dynamic multicellular patterns such as traveling waves called ripples and branching protrusions called flares. The rate at which a swarm expands across a surface, and the emergence of the coexisting patterns, are all controlled through coordinated cell movement. Read More

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September 2021

Strain-Induced Ferroelectric Heterostructure Catalysts of Hydrogen Production through Piezophototronic and Piezoelectrocatalytic System.

ACS Nano 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, 101, Section 2 Kuang Fu Road, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan.

In this work, we discover a piezoelectrocatalytic system composed of a ferroelectric heterostructure of BaTiO (BTO)@MoSe nanosheets, which exhibit piezoelectric potential (piezopotential) coupling with electrocatalyzed effects by a strain-induced piezopotential to provide an internal bias to the catalysts' surface; subsequently, the catalytic properties are substantially altered to enable the formation of activity states. The H production rate of [email protected] for the piezoelectrocatalytic H generation is 4533 μmol h g, which is 206% that of [email protected] for piezophototronic (referred to as piezophotocatalytic process) H generation (∼2195.6 μmol h g). Read More

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September 2021

Comparison of Molecular Markers and Classical Histopathological Diagnostic Methods in Grade II and III Glial Tumors and Their Prognostic Outcomes.

Turk Neurosurg 2020 Jul 16. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Akdeniz University, School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Antalya, Turkey.

Aim: demonstrate the changes in Grade II and III glial tumors after a new classification.

Material And Methods: The previous diagnoses and postoperative treatment of the 83 patients were recorded. We used real-time PCR (mutation assay) for the analysis of IDH1 and IDH2, while we used FISH test to determine 1p/19q codeletion. Read More

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Triglyceride-glucose index associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease: the Kailuan study.

Endocrine 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Cardiology, Kailuan General Hospital, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, China.

Purpose: Previous studies suggest that triglyceride-glucose index (TyG) index, as a marker of insulin resistance, may have associations with the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in elderly population. Given the paucity of data, it remains controversial, especially in general Chinese population. We aimed to further assess whether TyG index is an independent risk factor for CVD. Read More

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September 2021

[Quality of care for patients with atopic dermatitis in Germany-no improvements in indicators after ten years].

Hautarzt 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Institut für Versorgungsforschung in der Dermatologie und bei Pflegeberufen (IVDP), Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Deutschland.

Background: With AtopicHealth1, the first national care study on atopic dermatitis (AD) was conducted in 2010. At that time, about one third of the patients undergoing treatment by dermatologists showed severe limitations in quality of life, which indicated an insufficient quality of care. The aim of the present study was to characterise the current care of patients with AD undergoing dermatological treatment in comparison between different severity grades, as well as in comparison to 2010 and to psoriasis. Read More

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September 2021

Experiences of Military Primary Care Providers during Chronic Pain Visits: A Qualitative Descriptive Study.

Pain Med 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

College of Nursing, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA.

Objective: Chronic pain complaints are the second most common reason for outpatient primary care visits, yet a comprehensive assessment of the processes and experiences of providers during a chronic pain visit is still lacking. This qualitative descriptive study aimed to conceptualize the processes and experiences that military primary care providers go through while they assess and manage chronic pain.

Setting: Single US Army medical center. Read More

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September 2021

The role of California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) hindflippers as aquatic control surfaces for maneuverability.

J Exp Biol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

George Washington University, USA.

California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) are a highly maneuverable species of marine mammal. During uninterrupted, rectilinear swimming, sea lions oscillate their foreflippers to propel themselves forward without aid from the collapsed hindflippers, which are passively trailed. During maneuvers such as turning and leaping (porpoising), the hindflippers are spread into a delta-wing configuration. Read More

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September 2021