70 results match your criteria realms benefits


An estimation of the financial consequences of reducing pig aggression.

PLoS One 2021 5;16(5):e0250556. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Rural Economy, Environment and Society, Scotland's Rural College, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Animal welfare scientists have accumulated knowledge and developed interventions to improve livestock welfare, but these are poorly adopted in commercial practice. Animal welfare interventions are rarely tested for economic viability and this limits their uptake. This study employs Stochastic Partial Budgeting (SPB) to determine the viability of animal welfare improvements. Read More

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Approaches for establishing and sustaining clinical academic partnerships: A discursive review.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Aims And Objectives: To discuss the need for a formalised structure that bridges the clinical and academic realms with concrete recommendations for programme development.

Background: In the rapidly changing landscape of health care, nurses are challenged with the responsibility to engage in evidence-based practice, quality improvement and research projects. Clinical and academic partnerships play a vital role in fostering collaboration, mentorship and resources. Read More

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Synergistic impacts of global warming and thermohaline circulation collapse on amphibians.

Commun Biol 2021 Jan 29;4(1):141. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

ESPACE-DEV, Univ Montpellier, IRD, Univ Guyane, Univ Reunion, Univ Antilles, Univ Avignon, Maison de la Télédétection, Montpellier, Cedex, France.

Impacts on ecosystems and biodiversity are a prominent area of research in climate change. However, little is known about the effects of abrupt climate change and climate catastrophes on them. The probability of occurrence of such events is largely unknown but the associated risks could be large enough to influence global climate policy. Read More

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January 2021

Perspective of an International Online Patient and Caregiver Community on the Burden of Spasticity and Impact of Botulinum Neurotoxin Therapy: Survey Study.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2020 12 7;6(4):e17928. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Neurorehabilitation Unit, Ciudad de Telde Hospital, Las Palmas, Spain.

Background: Patient- and caregiver-reported data are lacking on the burden of spasticity, and the impact of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) treatment for this condition, on patients' daily lives. As recommended in recent guidance from the US Food and Drug Administration, online patient communities can represent a platform from which to gather specific information outside of a clinical trial setting on the burden of conditions experienced by patients and caregivers and their views on treatment options in order to inform evidence-based medicine and drug development.

Objective: The objective of our study is to characterize spasticity symptoms and their associated burdens on Western European and US patients and caregivers in the realms of work, daily activities, quality of life (QoL), as well as the positive and negative impacts of treatment with BoNT-A (cost, time, QoL) using Carenity, an international online community for people with chronic health conditions. Read More

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December 2020

Integrated terrestrial-freshwater planning doubles conservation of tropical aquatic species.

Science 2020 10;370(6512):117-121

Departamento de Ecologia e Conservação, Universidade Federal de Lavras, CEP 37200-900, Lavras, MG, Brazil.

Conservation initiatives overwhelmingly focus on terrestrial biodiversity, and little is known about the freshwater cobenefits of terrestrial conservation actions. We sampled more than 1500 terrestrial and freshwater species in the Amazon and simulated conservation for species from both realms. Prioritizations based on terrestrial species yielded on average just 22% of the freshwater benefits achieved through freshwater-focused conservation. Read More

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October 2020

Ultrasound-Guided Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Insertion: The Nurse's Manual.

Crit Care Nurse 2020 Oct;40(5):38-46

Mark Bowers is a bedside nurse, 7 East Medical-Surgical, Lakeland Regional Health.

Peripheral intravenous catheter placement is a skill that is used daily in the hospital. However, many nurses face the challenge of cannulating increasingly complex and difficult-to-access vasculature. Although emergency department clinicians have been using ultrasound to facilitate this procedure for the last 18 years, ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous catheter placement has not been as rapidly adopted in the critical and acute care nursing realms. Read More

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October 2020

Setting the scene for achievable post-2020 convention on biological diversity targets: A review of the impacts of invasive alien species on ecosystem services in Africa.

J Environ Manage 2020 May 2;261:110171. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

South African National Biodiversity Institute, Biological Invasions Directorate, Pretoria National Botanical Gardens, Private Bag X101, Silverton, 0184, Pretoria, South Africa; Centre of Invasion Biology, Department of Botany & Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Matieland, 7602, South Africa.

Invasive alien species (IAS) are known to pose a serious threat to biodiversity, and reduce the ability of ecosystems to provide benefits to humans. In recognition of this threat and to address the impacts of IAS, Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted Aichi Biodiversity Target 9, which is dedicated to the control or eradication of priority IAS and the management of their introduction pathways by 2020. The achievement of Target 9 relies strongly on the commitment and ability of Parties to set ambitious national or regional targets and achive them, the availability of information and the requisite expertise on invasion biology. Read More

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Developing Nurses Through Mentoring: It Starts in Nursing Education.

Nurs Clin North Am 2020 03 24;55(1):61-69. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

College of Nursing, The Pennsylvania State University, Scranton Campus, Dawson Room 111, 120 Ridge View Drive, Dunmore, PA 18512, USA.

Faculty mentoring of undergraduate students is an essential and necessary component in helping students achieve exposure and success in cocurricular activities that they may not get in the classroom. It is through these cocurricular activities that faculty can expose students to the realms of various clinical activities, nursing research and education, and various service-related opportunities, such as tutoring and committee work. The intrinsic and extrinsic awards of watching your students succeed and grow into nursing leaders make mentoring worth it. Read More

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The Utility of Image Guidance in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: A Narrative Review.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 03;146(3):286-290

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Colorado, Aurora.

Importance: More than a quarter-million cases of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) are performed annually in the United States. Most surgeons use image-guided systems as an adjunct during surgery in certain situations. Understanding the association of image-guided surgery (IGS) with surgical outcomes, complications, and surgeon factors is paramount. Read More

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Regulation of nursing in Mexico: actors, processes and outcomes.

Cien Saude Colet 2020 Jan 30;25(1):233-242. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

El Colegio de la Frontera Norte. Tijuana  BC  México.

This paper aims to analyze the regulatory structure of nursing in Mexico through its legislation and perspectives of participant stakeholders. A case study was undertaken using qualitative and quantitative data sources, as well as from the review of official documents. The analysis included data from the sources according to the four realms proposed by the Moran & Wood (1993) model. Read More

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January 2020

Measuring the impact of participatory research in psychiatry: How the search for epistemic justifications obscures ethical considerations.

Health Expect 2019 Dec 18. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

NEUROSEC, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Context: Both within politics and practice, the field of psychiatry is undergoing a significant transformation, as increasing emphasis is placed on the importance of involving those with lived experience in research. In response to this participatory turn, a push towards measuring the impact of patient involvement is also growing, seeking to identify how participation can improve research.

Objective: This paper examines the recent push towards measuring impact in relation to justifications underlying the democratization of research in psychiatry, revealing a disconnect between the two, and harms that could result from a singular focus on measuring impact. Read More

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December 2019

Reaping the benefits of Open Data in public health.

Can Commun Dis Rep 2019 Oct 3;45(11):252-256. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Office of the Chief Science Officer, Public Health Agency of Canada, OttawaON.

Open Data is part of a broad global movement that is not only advancing science and scientific communication but also transforming modern society and how decisions are made. What began with a call for Open Science and the rise of online journals has extended to Open Data, based on the premise that if reports on data are open, then the generated or supporting data should be open as well. There have been a number of advances in Open Data over the last decade, spearheaded largely by governments. Read More

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October 2019

[Open doors, closed ports: can medicine suggest something to society?]

Recenti Prog Med 2019 09;110(9):395-396

Società Italiana di Anestesia Analgesia Rianimazione e Terapia Intensiva (SIAARTI), Comitato Etico, Roma.

Western countries are today experiencing a profound mutation of their immigration policies. Integration and hospitality have been taken over by closure and rejections. The policy of "closed ports" gained ground as never before. Read More

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September 2019

Facile Universal Mass Production Strategy to Sub-3 nm Monodisperse Nanocrystals of Transition-Metal Oxides and Their Excellent Cyclability for Li-Ion Storage.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Oct 2;11(41):37867-37874. Epub 2019 Oct 2.

State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, State Key Laboratory of Low-Carbon Chemistry & Energy Conservation of Guangdong Province, School of Materials Science and Engineering , Sun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) University , Guangzhou 510275 , People's Republic of China.

Nanoparticles, especially ultrasmall ones in sub-3 nm realms, are fundamental to high activity, high efficiency, and high utilization (3-H) important for many fields. Meanwhile, controlling the crystallinity, surfaces/interfaces, and pores, especially dimension-tunable aspect in them, is also of great significance in synthetic chemistry and nanoengineering. However, controlling crystallization down to a scale of sub-3 nm in mass production, even of subnucleus scale, is rare and still challenging. Read More

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October 2019

Chemoprevention: A new concept for cancer prevention in primary care

Aust J Gen Pract 2018 12;47(12):825-828

BAppSci, MPH, PhD, Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Cancer Research and Department of General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Vic

Background: Prevention of cancer in primary care has focused on modifying behaviours associated with increased risk of cancer (primary prevention) or increasing participation in national cancer screening programs (secondary prevention). On the basis of metaanalyses of large prevention trials, a new paradigm in primary prevention – chemoprevention – is beginning to enter the realms of primary care for specific populations.

Objectives: In this article, we discuss two examples of cancer chemoprevention relevant to general practice: low-dose aspirin for the prevention of colorectal cancer in people aged 50–70 years, and selective oestrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) for women at increased risk of breast cancer. Read More

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December 2018

The Expanding Role of Nurse Practitioners in Home-Based Primary Care: Opportunities and Challenges.

J Gerontol Nurs 2019 Jun;45(6):9-14

Approximately 93% of Medicare spending is for beneficiaries with multiple chronic conditions. Costs of poorly coordinated or delayed care for this vulnerable population are staggering-not just measured in dollars and cents, but in overall psychosocial burdens of poor health and diminished quality of life. Home-based primary care (HBPC) practices are an effective way to meet needs of frail older adults who find it difficult, if not impossible, to leave home for medical care with an overall cost savings to Medicare. Read More

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Image Postprocessing Adoption Trends in Clinical Medical Imaging.

J Am Coll Radiol 2019 Jul 11;16(7):945-951. Epub 2019 May 11.

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; Voxel Healthcare, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address:

There is an increased consensus in the medical and research community about the huge benefits quantitative imaging can bring to radiology. According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, approximately 80 million CT and 34 million MRI scans are performed yearly in the United States alone, and the vast majority are currently evaluated through visual inspection. However, quantitative imaging can greatly reduce the burden on radiologists, by diminishing read time and improving diagnostic accuracy. Read More

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Linking biodiversity to ecosystem services supply: Patterns across aquatic ecosystems.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Mar 3;657:517-534. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Biology & CESAM, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

Global initiatives have been increasingly focusing on mainstreaming the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services into decision-making at all levels. Due to the accelerated rate at which biodiversity is declining and its consequences for the functioning of ecosystems and subsequently, the services they provide, there is need to develop comprehensive assessments of the services and the benefits nature delivers to society. Based on expert evaluation, we identified relevant flow linkages in the supply-side of the socio-ecological system, i. Read More

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Clinical 7 T MRI: Are we there yet? A review about magnetic resonance imaging at ultra-high field.

Br J Radiol 2019 Feb 1;92(1094):20180492. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

1 Department of Radiology, Keck Medical Center of University of Southern California , Los Angeles, CA , USA.

In recent years, ultra-high field MRI (7 T and above) has received more interest for clinical imaging. Indeed, a number of studies have shown the benefits from the application of this powerful tool not only for research purposes, but also in realms of improved diagnostics and patient management. The increased signal-to-noise ratio and higher spatial resolution compared with conventional and high-field clinical scanners allow imaging of small anatomical detail and subtle pathological findings. Read More

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February 2019

The role of education interventions in improving economic rationality.

Science 2018 10;362(6410):83-86

School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Schooling rewards people with labor market returns and nonpecuniary benefits in other realms of life. However, there is no experimental evidence showing that education interventions improve individual economic rationality. We examine this hypothesis by studying a randomized 1-year financial support program for education in Malawi that reduced absence and dropout rates and increased scores on a qualification exam of female secondary school students. Read More

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October 2018

Trinity of Three-Dimensional (3D) Scaffold, Vibration, and 3D Printing on Cell Culture Application: A Systematic Review and Indicating Future Direction.

Bioengineering (Basel) 2018 Jul 23;5(3). Epub 2018 Jul 23.

School of Engineering, University of South Australia; Mawson Lakes Blvd, Mawson Lakes 5095, Australia.

Cell culture and cell scaffold engineering have previously developed in two directions. First can be 'static into dynamic', with proven effects that dynamic cultures have benefits over static ones. Researches in this direction have used several mechanical means, like external vibrators or shakers, to approximate the dynamic environments in real tissue, though such approaches could only partly address the issue. Read More

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Where can obesity management policy make the largest impact? Evaluating sub-populations through a microsimulation approach.

J Med Econ 2018 Sep 17;21(9):936-943. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

d University of Colorado , Denver , CO , USA.

Background: There is a critical need to focus limited resources on sub-groups of patients with obesity where we expect the largest return on investment. This paper identifies patient sub-groups where an investment may result in larger positive economic and health outcomes.

Methods: The baseline population with obesity was derived from a public survey database and divided into sub-populations defined by demographics and disease status. Read More

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September 2018

Public perception towards river and water conservation practices: Opportunities for implementing urban stormwater management practices.

J Environ Manage 2018 Oct 26;223:478-488. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.

The effectiveness of urban stormwater management practices (SMPs) on local water quality is dependent on adoption rates reaching a critical mass. While numerous studies have measured the effectiveness of practices on controlling water quantity and improving water quality, few have focused on the perspective of the public. The purpose of this study was to identify individuals' perceptions of urban SMPs implementation in the public and private realms, and how longitudinal perceptions about the local river could inform future water resource management. Read More

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October 2018

The Role of Placental Membrane Allografts in the Surgical Treatment of Tendinopathies.

Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2018 Jul 4;35(3):311-321. Epub 2018 May 4.

Podiatric Medicine and Surgery, Department of Surgery, Cambridge Health Alliance, Harvard Medical School, 1493 Cambridge Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

Placental membrane grafts have long been used in the realms of wound care and ophthalmology to assist in the healing cascade. Recently, surgeons have started to implant placental membrane grafts in a wide variety of foot and ankle surgeries to take advantage of their many touted benefits. The application of placental membrane grafts for cases of lower extremity tendinopathy is detailed in this article. Read More

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Digital health: a new dimension in rheumatology patient care.

Rheumatol Int 2018 11 30;38(11):1949-1957. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Centre for Rheumatology, Calicut, Kerala, 673009, India.

The new digital health innovations have opened up several opportunities to help the clinicians, patients and other caregivers of rheumatology healthcare system in maximizing efficiencies resulting in better patient outcomes. In the global context, digital health technology has the potential to bridge the distance gap between all the key stakeholders involved in rheumatology health care. In this review, we update on the recent advances in the field of digital health and highlight unique features of these technologies which would help in routine care. Read More

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November 2018

Contributions of Intraindividual and Interindividual Differences to Multisensory Processes.

J Cogn Neurosci 2019 03 28;31(3):360-376. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Vanderbilt University Medical Center.

Most evidence on the neural and perceptual correlates of sensory processing derives from studies that have focused on only a single sensory modality and averaged the data from groups of participants. Although valuable, such studies ignore the substantial interindividual and intraindividual differences that are undoubtedly at play. Such variability plays an integral role in both the behavioral/perceptual realms and in the neural correlates of these processes, but substantially less is known when compared with group-averaged data. Read More

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The extent and predictability of the biodiversity-carbon correlation.

Ecol Lett 2018 03 4;21(3):365-375. Epub 2018 Jan 4.

Natural Resource and Environmental Studies Institute, University of Northern British Columbia, 3333 University Way, Prince George, V2N 4Z9, Canada.

Protecting biomass carbon stocks to mitigate climate change has direct implications for biodiversity conservation. Yet, evidence that a positive association exists between carbon density and species richness is contrasting. Here, we test how this association varies (1) across spatial extents and (2) as a function of how strongly carbon and species richness depend on environmental variables. Read More

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Simple rules can guide whether land- or ocean-based conservation will best benefit marine ecosystems.

PLoS Biol 2017 Sep 6;15(9):e2001886. Epub 2017 Sep 6.

Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Science, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia.

Coastal marine ecosystems can be managed by actions undertaken both on the land and in the ocean. Quantifying and comparing the costs and benefits of actions in both realms is therefore necessary for efficient management. Here, we quantify the link between terrestrial sediment runoff and a downstream coastal marine ecosystem and contrast the cost-effectiveness of marine- and land-based conservation actions. Read More

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September 2017

Gaps and opportunities for the World Heritage Convention to contribute to global wilderness conservation.

Conserv Biol 2018 02 6;32(1):116-126. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 4072, Australia.

Wilderness areas are ecologically intact landscapes predominantly free of human uses, especially industrial-scale activities that result in substantial biophysical disturbance. This definition does not exclude land and resource use by local communities who depend on such areas for subsistence and bio-cultural connections. Wilderness areas are important for biodiversity conservation and sustain key ecological processes and ecosystem services that underpin planetary life-support systems. Read More

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February 2018

Continental impacts of water development on waterbirds, contrasting two Australian river basins: Global implications for sustainable water use.

Glob Chang Biol 2017 11 4;23(11):4958-4969. Epub 2017 Jun 4.

Centre for Ecosystem Science, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, UNSW Australia, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

The world's freshwater biotas are declining in diversity, range and abundance, more than in other realms, with human appropriation of water. Despite considerable data on the distribution of dams and their hydrological effects on river systems, there are few expansive and long analyses of impacts on freshwater biota. We investigated trends in waterbird communities over 32 years, (1983-2014), at three spatial scales in two similarly sized large river basins, with contrasting levels of water resource development, representing almost a third (29%) of Australia: the Murray-Darling Basin and the Lake Eyre Basin. Read More

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November 2017