64 results match your criteria re-suspended dust


Size-segregated chemical source profiles and potential health impacts of multiple sources of fugitive dust in and around Bhopal, central India.

Environ Pollut 2021 May 19;284:117385. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal, India; Center for Research on Environmental and Sustainable Technologies, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal, Bhauri, Bhopal, 462 066, India. Electronic address:

PM and PM fugitive dust samples from multiple sources (construction, demolition, industrial, agricultural fields, and bare ground) were collected in triplicate for each size bin, from 18 distinct locations in and around Bhopal, central India. The dust samples were dried, sieved, and re-suspended in a chamber fitted with a suitable sampling system, to collect PM and PM samples onto Teflon and Quartz filters. The filters were subjected to gravimetric and chemical analyses. Read More

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A two-year assessment of particulate air pollution and sources in Kuwait.

Environ Pollut 2021 Aug 31;282:117016. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Environmental Health Department, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: Kuwait and the Gulf region have a desert, hyper-arid and hot climate that makes outdoor air sampling challenging. The region is also affected by intense dust storms. Monitoring challenges from the harsh climate have limited data needed to inform appropriate regulatory actions to address air pollution in the region. Read More

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PM-bound trace elements in a critically polluted industrial coal belt of India: seasonal patterns, source identification, and human health risk assessment.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Feb 24. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad, Jharkhand, 826004, India.

The concentration of trace elements like Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Ni, Pb, Cd, Cr, Co, and As in atmospheric particulate matter (PM) was estimated to investigate their seasonal variation, potential sources, and health risk at Jharia coalfield, India, during May 2018 to April 2019. Measured PM (170 ± 45 μg/m) exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (2009) by a factor of 4.25, the Clean Air Act, National Ambient Air Quality Standards (40 CFR part 50) by a factor of 11, and Air Quality Guidelines of World Health Organization (2005) by a factor of 16. Read More

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February 2021

Development and evaluation of a mobile laboratory for collecting short-duration near-road fine and coarse ambient particle and road dust samples.

J Air Waste Manag Assoc 2021 Feb;71(2):118-128

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health , Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

This study used fine and coarse PM concentrator technology in a Mobile Particle Concentrator Platform (MPCP) designed and built to allow the collection of large amounts of ambient PM, enabling time-resolved speciation analysis, which would not be feasible using conventional methods. One hour of sampling yielded sufficient sample loading for trace elemental analysis using X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF). In addition, we developed a novel Road Dust Aerosolizer (RDA) sampler in order to collect PM and PM surface road dust . Read More

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February 2021

The impact of stay-home policies during Coronavirus-19 pandemic on the chemical and toxicological characteristics of ambient PM in the metropolitan area of Milan, Italy.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Mar 14;758:143582. Epub 2020 Nov 14.

University of Southern California, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address:

The goal of this study was to characterize changes in components and toxicological properties of PM during the nationwide 2019-Coronavirus (COVID-19) lockdown restrictions in Milan, Italy. Time-integrated PM filters were collected at a residential site in Milan metropolitan area from April 11th to June 3rd at 2020, encompassing full-lockdown (FL), the followed partial-lockdown (PL2), and full-relaxation (FR) periods of COVID-19 restrictions. The collected filters were analyzed for elemental and organic carbon (EC/OC), water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC), individual organic species (e. Read More

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Assessment of the ability of roadside vegetation to remove particulate matter from the urban air.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jan 27;268(Pt B):115465. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Department of Water Protection, Central Mining Institute, Pl. Gwarków 1, 40-166, Katowice, Poland.

The development of urbanised areas together with the growing transport infrastructure and traffic volume are the main cause of air quality deterioration due to the increasing concentrations of particulate matter. Dust pollution is a threat to human health. It can cause the development of lung, larynx or circulatory system cancer. Read More

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January 2021

[Characteristics and Source Apportionment of Carbon Components in Road Dust in Anshan].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2020 Sep;41(9):3918-3923

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China.

In order to study the characteristics and sources of carbon fractions in PM in road dust in Anshan, road dust samples were collected from nine roads in Anshan in October 2014 and re-suspended on filters using a NK-ZXF sampler to obtain PM samples. A thermal optical carbon analyzer (IMPROVE-TOR) was employed to measure the mass fraction of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) in PM. The results showed that (TC) in PM in road dust was 9. Read More

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September 2020

Trace element mass fractions in road dust as a function of distance from road.

J Air Waste Manag Assoc 2021 Feb;71(2):137-146

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health , Boston, MA, USA.

Road dust particles play an important role in atmospheric pollution and are associated with adverse human health effects. Traffic emissions are a major source of particles in road dust. However, there has been limited information about the relationship between distance from road and traffic-related elements levels in road dust. Read More

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February 2021

Isotopic constraints on the formation pathways and sources of atmospheric nitrate in the Mt. Everest region.

Environ Pollut 2020 Dec 15;267:115274. Epub 2020 Aug 15.

Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, School of Materials and Chemical Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 226-8502, Japan; Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8551, Japan.

Inorganic particulate nitrate (p-NO), gaseous nitric acid (HNO) and nitrogen oxides (NO = NO + NO), as main atmospheric pollutants, have detrimental effects on human health and aquatic/terrestrial ecosystems. Referred to as the 'Third Pole' and the 'Water Tower of Asia', the Tibetan Plateau (TP) has attracted wide attention on its environmental changes. Here, we evaluated the oxidation processes of atmospheric nitrate as well as traced its potential sources by analyzing the isotopic compositions of nitrate (δN, δO, and ΔO) in the aerosols collected from the Mt. Read More

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December 2020

Utilization of road dust chemical profiles for source identification and human health impact assessment.

Sci Rep 2020 08 31;10(1):14259. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

Bio Platform Technology Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, 141 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 34114, Republic of Korea.

This study investigated the chemical profiles of fine urban road dust as a set of indicators for major air pollutants at sampling sites or as proxies for potential human health impacts. We examined the chemical compositions of fine particles (< 100 μm) or re-suspended ultrafine particles (< 2.5 μm) in the urban road dust collected from the cities with major emission sources of CO, NH, NO, PM, SO, and volatile organic compounds. Read More

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New insights into particle-bound trace elements in surface snow, Eastern Tien Shan, China.

Environ Pollut 2020 Dec 18;267:115272. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China.

Trace elements (TEs) in the insoluble particles of surface snow are less affected by melting processes and can be used as environmental proxies to reveal natural and anthropogenic emissions. Here the first comprehensive study of the 16 TEs (Al, As, Ba, Bi, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sn, Sr, Ti, U, V, and Zn) in insoluble particles (>0.45 μm) from surface snow samples collected at Urumqi Glacier No. Read More

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December 2020

Variation of the chemical composition of street dust in a highly industrialized city in the interval of ten years.

J Environ Manage 2020 Aug 30;267:110506. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Centre ENET - Energy Units for Utilization of Non-Traditional Energy Sources, VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15/2172, 708 00, Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

Street dust can be re-suspended into the atmosphere by wind and vehicle passage in an urban area. Street dust is affecting the environmental quality of the atmosphere and human health. A detailed study was conducted to determine the changes in concentrations of heavy metals and magnetic susceptibility by comparison of samples of street dust obtained in the years 2008 and 2018 at the same localities. Read More

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Quantification of air pollution exposure to in-pram babies and mitigation strategies.

Environ Int 2020 06 8;139:105671. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE), Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Young children are particularly vulnerable to air pollution exposure during their early childhood development, yet research on exposure to in-pram babies in different types of single/double prams is limited. This work aims to mimick their exposure to multiple air pollutants - particulate matter ≤10 µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM), ≤2.5 µm (PM; fine particles), ≤1 µm (PM), ≤0. Read More

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Source apportionment of fine particulate matter over a National Park in Central India.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 22;720:137511. Epub 2020 Feb 22.

Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal Bhopal Bypass Road, Bhauri, Bhopal 462 066, Madhya Pradesh, India; Center for Research on Environment and Sustainable Technologies, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal Bhopal Bypass Road, Bhauri, Bhopal 462 066, Madhya Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

PM mass and chemical constituents were measured over Van Vihar National Park (VVNP), a forested location within Bhopal. Positive Matrix Factorization (USEPA PMF5) was applied to two-year long (2012 and 2013) measurements of PM chemical species including water-soluble inorganic ions, organic, pyrolitic, and elemental carbon, and trace elements for the quantitative apportionment of PM mass. The model resolved seven factors. Read More

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Hybrid multiple-site mass closure and source apportionment of PM and aerosol acidity at major cities in the Po Valley.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Feb 24;704:135287. Epub 2019 Nov 24.

Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Informatica e Statistica, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia, IT-30170 Mestre-Venezia, Italy.

This study investigates the major chemical components, particle-bound water content, acidity (pH), and major potential sources of PM in major cities (Belluno, Conegliano, Vicenza, Mestre, Padua, and Rovigo) in the eastern end of the Po Valley. The measured PM mass was reconstructed using a multiple-site hybrid chemical mass closure approach that also accounts for aerosol inorganic water content (AWC) estimated by the ISORROPIA-II model. Annually, organic matter accounted for 31-45% of the PM at all sites, followed by nitrate (10-19%), crustal material (10-14%), sulfate (8-10%), ammonium (5-9%), elemental carbon (4-7%), other inorganic ions (3-4%), and trace elements (0. Read More

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February 2020

[Characteristics and Source Apportionment of Carbon Components in Road Dust PM and PM During Spring in Tianjin Derived by Using the Quadrat Sampling Method].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2019 Jun;40(6):2540-2545

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China.

In order to study the characteristics and sources of carbon fractions in PM and PM of road dust in Tianjin, samples of road dust were collected by the quadrat sampling method in April 2015 in Tianjin, and samples were re-suspended on filters by using a NK-ZXF sampler. A Thermal Optical Carbon Analyzer (IMPROVE-TOR) was employed to measure the concentrations of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC), and the pollution characteristics and sources were investigated by non-parametric tests and OC/EC ratio, correlation, and cluster analyses. The results showed that (total carbon, TC) in PM of road dust amounted to 4. Read More

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Airborne fiber particles: Types, size and concentration observed in Beijing.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Feb 7;705:135967. Epub 2019 Dec 7.

Faculty of Environmental and Symbiotic Sciences, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, Kumamoto 862-8502, Japan.

Airborne fibers are of public concern because of their potential threat to the environment, however their physical and chemical properties are poorly understood. Fibers are defined as having an aspect ratio >3:1. Fiber particles were collected in the near surface air, surface deposited dust and building materials in Beijing. Read More

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February 2020

Source identification of heavy metals and stable carbon isotope in indoor dust from different functional areas in Hefei, China.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Mar 18;710:135599. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

CAS Key Laboratory of Crust-Mantle Materials and Environment, School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China.

Dust on air conditioning filters can represent the re-suspended particulate matter in indoor air, which may pose potential health risks to humans. However, source identification and influence factors of indoor dust are controversial. The present study investigated the distribution of Cd, Cr, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, V, and Zn, as well as stable carbon isotope, in indoor dust from three different functional zones in Hefei to discuss the sources and influence factors of indoor dust. Read More

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Deciphering source contributions of trace metal contamination in urban soil, road dust, and foliar dust of Guangzhou, southern China.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Dec 29;695:133596. Epub 2019 Jul 29.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Trace metal contamination prevails in various compartments of the urban environment. Understanding the roles of various anthropogenic sources in urban trace metal contamination is critical for pollution control and city development. In this study, the source contribution from various contamination sources to trace metal contamination (e. Read More

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December 2019

[Characteristics and Interannual Variation of Chemical Components in Typical Road Dust in Beijing].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2019 Apr;40(4):1645-1655

Beijing Key Laboratory of Airborne Particulate Matter Monitoring Technology, Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Monitoring Center, Beijing 100048, China.

Samples of road dust were collected from selected representative roads in Beijing in September 2004 and May 2013, and then re-suspended on filters using a NK-ZXF sampler to prepare road dust PM and PM samples. The concentrations of the chemical components in the road dust PM and PM were analyzed, and source profiles of the road dust in Beijing in 2004 and 2013 were established. The characteristics and interannual variation of the chemical components in the road dust in Beijing were analyzed and discussed. Read More

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Assessing risk to human health for heavy metal contamination through street dust in the Southeast Asian Megacity: Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 2;660:1610-1622. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Chemistry, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Contaminants in road dusts can directly pose significant human health risks through oral ingestion, particle inhalation, and dermal contact. Therefore, this study has been designed to analyze heavy metal contaminations in 88 street dusts collected from the 22 high traffic sites and industrial areas of the Southeast Asian Megacity: Dhaka (capital of Bangladesh) using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectroscopy. This study revealed that the maximum Pb, Cd, Zn, Cr, Ni, As, Mn and Cu contents in the street dust samples were 18. Read More

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On the Morphology and Composition of Particulate Matter in an Urban Environment.

Aerosol Air Qual Res 2018 Sep;18(6):1431-1447

Institute of Space Technology (IST), Islamabad, Pakistan.

Particulate matter (PM) plays a vital role in altering air quality, human health, and climate change. There are sparse data relevant to PM characteristics in urban environments of the Middle East, including Peshawar city in Pakistan. This work reports on the morphology and composition of PM in two size fractions (PM and PM) during November 2016 in Peshawar. Read More

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September 2018

[Characteristics and Source Apportionment of Water-soluble Ions in PM During Winter in Panjin].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2018 Jun;39(6):2521-2527

State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Urban Ambient Air Particulate Matter Pollution Prevention and Control, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China.

In order to study the characteristics and source of water-soluble ions in PM in Panjin, PM samples were collected at three sites in January of 2017, and the levels of eight ions (Na, Mg, Ca, K, NH, SO, Cl, and NO) were determined by ICS-900 ion chromatograph. The characteristics of PM, the water-soluble ion concentration, SOR and NOR calculation, and ion balance calculation were investigated, and a principal component analysis was conducted. The results showed that the concentration of PM and water-soluble ions followed a descending sequence of park > development zone > the second middle school. Read More

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[Characteristics and Source Apportionment of Water-soluble Inorganic Ions in Road Dust PM During Spring in Tianjin Using the Quadrat Sampling Method].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2018 May;39(5):1994-1999

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China.

In order to collect comprehensive information regarding the characteristics and sources of the water-soluble inorganic ions in road dust (RD) PM in Tianjin, samples of road dust were collected in April 2015 in Tianjin, and then re-suspended on filters using a NK-ZXF sampler. The concentrations of the major water-soluble inorganic ions were analyzed by ion chromatography. A correlation analysis, ratio method, and principal component analysis were used to analyze the sources of RD PM. Read More

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[Characteristics and Source Apportionment of Water-soluble Inorganic Ions in Road Dust PM in Selected Cities in Liaoning Province].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2017 Dec;38(12):4951-4957

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China.

In order to collect comprehensive information on the characteristics and sources of water-soluble inorganic ions in road dust (RD) PM in Liaoning Province, samples of road dust were collected in 2014 and 2016 in Anshan and Panjin and then re-suspended on filters using an NK-ZXF sampler. The concentrations of the major water-soluble inorganic ions were analyzed by ion chromatography. A correlation analysis, ratios, and a principal component analysis were used to analyze the sources of RD. Read More

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December 2017

Comparison of PM chemical composition and sources at a rural background site in Central Europe between 1993/1994/1995 and 2009/2010: Effect of legislative regulations and economic transformation on the air quality.

Environ Pollut 2018 Oct 14;241:841-851. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Department of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics, Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Rozvojová 1/135, 165 02 Prague 6, Czech Republic.

From December 1993 to January 1995 and from October 2009 to October 2010, a total of 320 and 365 daily samples of the PM were collected at a rural background site (National Atmospheric Observatory Košetice) in Central Europe. The PM samples were analyzed for 29 and 26 elements respectively by Particle-Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) and water-soluble inorganic ions by Ion Chromatography (IC) in 2009/2010. The Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) was applied to the chemical composition of PM to determine its sources. Read More

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October 2018

Health effects from exposure to atmospheric mineral dust near Las Vegas, NV, USA.

Toxicol Rep 2016 23;3:785-795. Epub 2016 Sep 23.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, East Carolina University, 600 Moye Blvd., Greenville, NC 27834, USA.

Desert areas are usually characterized by a continuous deposition of fine airborne particles. Over time, this process results in the accumulation of silt and clay on desert surfaces. We evaluated health effects associated with regional atmospheric dust, or geogenic dust, deposited on surfaces in the Nellis Dunes Recreation Area (NDRA) in Clark County, Nevada, a popular off-road vehicle (ORV) recreational site frequented daily by riders, families, and day campers. Read More

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September 2016

Aerosol characteristics and sources in Yangzhou, China resolved by offline aerosol mass spectrometry and other techniques.

Environ Pollut 2017 Jun 26;225:74-85. Epub 2017 Mar 26.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, Jiangsu Engineering Technology Research Center of Environmental Cleaning Materials, Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China.

Detailed chemical characterization of fine aerosols (PM) is important for reducing air pollution in densely populated areas, such as the Yangtze River Delta region in China. This study systematically analyzed PM samples collected during November 2015 to April 2016 in urban Yangzhou using a suite of techniques, in particular, an Aerodyne soot particle aerosol mass spectrometry (SP-AMS). The techniques used here reconstructed the majority of total PM measured where extracted species comprised on average 91. Read More

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Atmospheric wet deposition of dissolved trace elements to Jiaozhou Bay, North China: Fluxes, sources and potential effects on aquatic environments.

Chemosphere 2017 May 2;174:428-436. Epub 2017 Feb 2.

Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, 266071, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China; Function Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266237, China.

To analyze the fluxes, seasonal variations, sources and potential ecological effects of dissolved trace elements (TEs) in atmospheric wet deposition (AWD), one-year wet precipitation samples were collected and determined for nine TEs in Jiaozhou Bay (JZB) between June 2015 and May 2016. Both the volume-weighted mean (VWM) concentration and flux sequence for the measured TEs was Al > Mn > Zn > Fe > Pb > Se > Cr > Cd > Co. Al was the most abundant TE with a VWM concentration and wet flux of 33. Read More

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PM and PM chemical source profiles with optical attenuation and health risk indicators of paved and unpaved road dust in Bhopal, India.

Environ Pollut 2017 Mar 11;222:477-485. Epub 2017 Jan 11.

Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal, Bhopal By-pass Road, Bhauri, Bhopal 462 066, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Size classified (PM and PM) paved and unpaved road dust chemical source profiles, optical attenuation and potential health risk from exposure to these sources are reported in this study. A total of 45 samples from 9 paved road and 6 unpaved road sites located in and around Bhopal were re-suspended in the laboratory, collected onto filter substrates and subjected to a variety of chemical analyses. In general, road dust was enriched (compared to upper continental crustal abundance) in anthropogenic pollutants including Sb, Cu, Zn, Co, and Pb. Read More

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