201 results match your criteria rawalpindi july


Can disseminated intravascular coagulation scores predict mortality in COVID-19 patients?

J Taibah Univ Med Sci 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

College of Science & Health Professions, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences & King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, KSA.

Objectives: Complications related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may lead to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), which has been reported to be among the known causes of mortality in such patients. This study aims to analyse the incidence of DIC in COVID-19 non-survivors and to assess the association between DIC and its comorbidities.

Methods: The medical records of 154 non-survivors of COVID-19, hospitalised between April 2020 and July 2020, were retrospectively analysed. Read More

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Field surveys along habitat gradients revealed differences in herpetofauna assemblage in Margalla Hills National Park, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Biodivers Data J 2021 31;9:e61541. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Environmental Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan Department of Environmental Sciences, International Islamic University Islamabad Pakistan.

This study was conducted to see whether herpetofaunal assemblage differed amongst hiking trails, undisturbed forest and urban areas within the Margalla Hills National Park, Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan. Circular plot area-constrained searches (45 plots in each habitat, each plot with an area of 25 m) were used from March 2018 to July 2019. We recorded seven amphibian species, nine lizard species and six snake species. Read More

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Environmental variables influence the developmental stages of the citrus leafminer, infestation level and mined leaves physiological response of Kinnow mandarin.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 8;11(1):7720. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Environmental Sciences, Pir Mehr Ali Shah- Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Climate change has not only exacerbated abiotic stress, but has also rendered external conditions more feasible for pests to spread and infest citrus fruit. Citrus leafminer (Phyllocnistis citrella) is a potential pest that directly feeds the newly sprouted leaves and twigs of all three spring, summer and autumn flushes. Increasing temperatures in spring and autumn, leafminer accrued more heat units or developmental degree days to accelerate the biological stages of its life-cycle, thereby increasing the pressure of infestation. Read More

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Effects of structured exercise regime on lipid profile and renal function tests in gestational diabetes mellitus patients:A pilot study.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 02;71(2(A)):505-507

Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences, Foundation University Islamabad, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the effects of structured exercise regime on biochemical markers of patients of gestational diabetes mellitus during the third trimester.

Methods: The two-arm pilot study was conducted at the Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from March to July 2019, and comprised women aged 20-40 years with gestational age >20 weeks who were diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus and who were able to do 6min walk test under severity level on the 0-10 Borg scale. The subjects were randomized into two groups using the sealed envelope method. Read More

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February 2021

Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, derived Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Lymphocyte-to-Monocyte Ratio as risk factors in critically ill COVID-19 patients, a single centered study.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2020 Oct-Dec;32(Suppl 1)(4):S595-S601

Army Medical College, National University Of Medical Sciences, Rawalpindi.

Background: A lot remains anonymous about the characteristics and laboratory findings that may evaluate poor outcomes in patients with Coronavirus disease 2019.The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of change in the peripheral blood factors of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, derived-Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, Lymphocyte-to-Monocyte Ratio, and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and its severity.

Methods: Cross-sectional analytical study was performed at Department of Haematology in Pak Emirates Military Hospital affiliated with Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from March-July 2020. Read More

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Comparison of mean operative time in patients undergoing Ho: YAG laser lithotripsy and pneumatic lithotripsy in ureterorenoscopy for ureteric calculus.

Pak J Med Sci 2021 Mar-Apr;37(2):415-420

Faran Kiani, Armed Forces Institute of Urology (AFIU), Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Objective: To compare the mean operative time (MOT) in patients undergoing Ho: YAG laser lithotripsy (LL) and pneumatic lithotripsy (PL) for ureteric stones.

Methods: This randomized study was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Urology (AFIU) Rawalpindi, Pakistan from July 2016 to November 2018. Non probability consecutive sampling technique utilized to enroll 60 patients of both gender aged 18-60 years, having ureteric calculus ≤1. Read More

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Outcomes of Conservative Management of Acute Appendicitis during COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2021 Jan;30(1):S50-S54

Department of Surgery, Foundation University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Objective: To measure the outcomes of conservative treatment of acute appendicitis.

Study Design: Observational study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi from April to July 2020. Read More

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January 2021

A quadruple blinded placebo controlled randomised trial to evaluate the effectiveness of an Iodine complex for patients with mild to moderate COVID-19 in Pakistan (I-COVID-PK): A structured summary of a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Feb 10;22(1):127. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Microbiology, Shaikh Zayed Post-Graduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objectives: The objective of the study is to measure the efficacy of ionic-iodine polymer complex [1] for clinical and radiological improvement in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.

Trial Design: The trial will be closed label, randomized and placebo-controlled with a 1:1:1:1 allocation ratio and superiority framework.

Participants: All PCR confirmed COVID-19 adult patients including non-pregnant females, with mild to moderate disease, will be enrolled from Shaikh Zayed Post-Graduate Medical Complex, Ali Clinic and Doctors Lounge in Lahore (Pakistan). Read More

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February 2021

Alternaria alternata causing Alternaria Leaf Spot of Cucumis melo (Muskmelon) in Pakistan.

Plant Dis 2021 Jan 26. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

University of Agriculture Faisalabad, 66724, Plant Pathology, virology lab, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan, 38000;

In July 2019, leaf spot symptoms were observed on muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) cv. Jackball-1 plants in an experimental field of 2. Read More

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January 2021

Knowledge and practices regarding hand-washing among mothers of children less than five years of age in rural areas of District Sialkot.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Jan;71(1(A)):105-109

Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Objective: To assess knowledge and practices regarding hand-washing among mothers of children aged ≤5 years.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from March to July 2015 in rural areas of Union Council Charwa, Tehsil Pasrur in District Sialkot, Pakistan, and comprised mothers of children aged ≤5 years. Data was collected using a pre-tested and validated structured questionnaire developed in line with World health Organisation guidelines on hand-washing technique. Read More

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January 2021

Association of musculoskeletal discomfort with the use of high heeled shoes in females.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Dec;70(12(A)):2199-2204

Department of Physical Therapy, Shifa Tameer e Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the association of musculoskeletal discomfort with the high heeled shoes related variables in females who use such footwear frequently.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 174 female residents of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, for a time period stretching from July 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. The participants aged between 18 and 55 years appeared as the frequent users of high heeled shoes. Read More

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December 2020

Association of hepatitis E seropositivity and altered progesterone levels in pregnant women of low socioeconomic status from capital region of Pakistan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Dec;70(12(A)):2119-2123

Department of Industrial Biotechnology, Atta ur Rehman School of Applied Biosciences (ASAB), NUST, Islamabad.

Objective: To investigate the seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus infection, risk factors and its association with progesterone levels in pregnant women from low socioeconomic background.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted in Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan, from January to July 2012, and comprised pregnant asymptomatic healthy females from different clinics and hospitals of the twin cities. Data was collected using a predesigned demographic questionnaire to determine socioeconomic status. Read More

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December 2020

Post-traumatic stress disorder, cognitive function and adjustment problems in women burn survivors: A multi-center study.

Authors:
Zakia Bano Iram Naz

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Dec;70(12(A)):2102-2107

Department of Psychology, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Pakistan.

Objectives: To investigate the relationship of post-traumatic stress disorder, cognitive function and adjustment problems in women burn survivors.

Methods: The analytical cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Psychology, University of Gujrat, Pakistan, from November 15, 2017, to July 25, 2018, and comprised women burn survivors at different burn centres of hospitals, household bases and non-governmental organisations of Lahore, Gujrat, Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan. Data was collected using the civilian version of the standardised Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and the Adjustment Problem Scale for Adults. Read More

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December 2020

Frequency of Cryptosporidiosis in Children having Persistent Diarrhea.

Pak J Med Sci 2021 Jan-Feb;37(1):121-124

Fatima Hameed, FCPS Microbiology. Pathology Department, CMH Lahore Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objective: Globally childhood diarrheal diseases continue to be the second leading cause of death. are important intestinal parasites that cause diarrhea in humans and animals particularly in developing countries. This investigation was carried out to find out the frequency of cryptosporidiosis in children presenting with persistent diarrhea. Read More

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January 2021

Efficacy of YAG Laser Embolysis in Retinal Artery Occlusion.

Pak J Med Sci 2021 Jan-Feb;37(1):71-75

Dr. Ahsan Mukhtar, FCPS (Ophth), FCPS (Vitreo-retinal Ophth) FRCS (Glasgow) Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Objective: To compare the anatomical and functional success between conventional medical method and Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Nd:YAG) laser embolysis in retinal artery occlusion.

Methods: This randomized control trial was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology (AFIO) Rawalpindi from July 2018 to May 2020. A total of 14 eyes of 14 patients were received with fovea involving branch or hemiretinal artery occlusion within 24 hours of onset of symptoms. Read More

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January 2021

Therapeutic plasma exchange for coronavirus disease-2019 triggered cytokine release syndrome; a retrospective propensity matched control study.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(1):e0244853. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Department of Clinical Hematology, Armed Forces Bone Marrow Transplant (AFBMTC), Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Background: Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology and progression of Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) by removing the pathogenic cytokines is hypothesized to dampen CRS.

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of the patients with COVID-19 having CRS being treated with TPE compared to controls on the standard of care. Read More

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January 2021

Association of Personal Protective Equipment with De Novo Headaches in Frontline Healthcare Workers during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Eur J Dent 2020 Dec 26;14(S 01):S79-S85. Epub 2020 Dec 26.

Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Implantology, College of Dentistry, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives:  This study aimed to determine the association of personal protective equipment (PPE) usage with new-onset headaches and exacerbation of pre-existing headache disorders among healthcare workers at the frontlines during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Materials And Methods:  A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted across Pakistan in June-July 2020. The study was approved by Ethical Committee, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi (IRB form no. Read More

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December 2020

Do Patients With Osteoarthritis get Weight Loss Counseling?

Cureus 2020 Nov 16;12(11):e11502. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Internal Medicine, Army Medical College, National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Rawalpindi, PAK.

Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease of joints which if untreated can lead to a permanent disability of joints. Obesity plays an important role in the morbidity of OA. Since there is no curative treatment for OA, several researches focusing on nonpharmacological intervention for OA have come forth. Read More

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November 2020

Epidemiological and pathological characteristics of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis from Baluchistan Province of Pakistan.

Parasitology 2021 Apr 23;148(5):591-597. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Department of Biosciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Park Road, Chak Shahzad, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is considered a neglected tropical disease which in Pakistan can now be considered as a growing public health problem. The exact figures on the magnitude of the disease are lacking both at the national and regional level and only a few health centres are available for diagnosis of CL. The present study was designed to identify the epidemiology of CL infection from August 2018 to December 2019 and to assess clinical aspects of CL in Baluchistan Province of Pakistan. Read More

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Correlation of fall efficacy scale and Hendrich fall risk model in elder population of Rawalpindi-Islamabad.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Nov;70(11):1938-1940

Department of Rehabilitation and Allied Health Sciences,Riphah International University,Islamabad,Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the correlation of fall efficacy scale and Hendrich fall risk model in elderly population.

Methods: The correlational study was conducted from February to July 2018 in the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan, and comprised subjects of either gender aged >65 years from Railway General Hospital, Rawalpindi Eye Donors Organisation Eye Hospital, Water and Power Development Authority General Hospital, as well as Baghban and Mukhtar Ghulam Qadir(MGQ)old people's homes. A pre-designed semi structured questionnaire consisting of Fall Efficacy Scale-International, Hendrich fall risk model along with the necessary demographic information was used for data collection. Read More

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November 2020

A Comparison Of Mycophenolate Mofetil And Cyclophosphamide As Lupus Nephritis Induction Therapy.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2020 Oct-Dec;32(4):454-458

Department of Rheumatology, Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Background: Lupus nephritis and its induction therapies are understudied subjects in rheumatology especially in our population. The objective of this study is to compare the renal response to Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and Cyclophosphamide (CYC) as induction therapy in the Pakistani population with lupus nephritis.

Methods: This is a comparative retrospective study conducted at the department of rheumatology, Fauji Foundation Hospital (FFH), Rawalpindi, and the duration of the study was 1. Read More

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January 2021

Kawasaki Disease-Like Features in 10 Pediatric COVID-19 Cases: A Retrospective Study.

Cureus 2020 Oct 19;12(10):e11035. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Internal Medicine, Mayo Hospital, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, PAK.

Children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), usually present with symptoms of mild upper respiratory tract infection without developing any significant complications. However, this observation has been rendered incautious by hundreds of clinical cases from around the world that have depicted a less benign multisystem inflammatory illness mimicking Kawasaki disease in COVID-positive pediatric patients. Our study aimed at retrospectively reviewing the different features of Kawasaki disease-like illness in children suffering from COVID-19, including the complications, laboratory investigations, treatment strategies used during their hospital stay, and outcomes. Read More

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October 2020

Understanding the neuroprotective effect of tranexamic acid: an exploratory analysis of the CRASH-3 randomised trial.

Crit Care 2020 11 11;24(1):560. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.

Background: The CRASH-3 trial hypothesised that timely tranexamic acid (TXA) treatment might reduce deaths from intracranial bleeding after traumatic brain injury (TBI). To explore the mechanism of action of TXA in TBI, we examined the timing of its effect on death.

Methods: The CRASH-3 trial randomised 9202 patients within 3 h of injury with a GCS score ≤ 12 or intracranial bleeding on CT scan and no significant extracranial bleeding to receive TXA or placebo. Read More

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November 2020

Knowledge, attitude and practices of medical undergraduates of Rawalpindi Medical University regarding potential organ donation.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Oct;70(10):1784-1788

District Headquarter Hospital, Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the knowledge, attitude and practices of medical undergraduates regarding potential organ donation.

Methods: The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from April to July 2017 at Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan and comprised medical students of either gender selected from each of the five academic years. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire on knowledge, attitude and practices. Read More

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October 2020

The Prevalence of Incidentally Detected Urolithiasis in Subjects Undergoing Computerized Tomography.

Cureus 2020 Sep 11;12(9):e10374. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

Physiology, Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi, PAK.

Background and objective Urolithiasis is defined as the presence of calculi in the urinary tract. Multiple studies have shown that urinary tract stones are one of the most common incidental findings in medical imaging. These stones are potentially dangerous and can cause severe impairment to renal function if they remain undiagnosed for a long time. Read More

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September 2020

Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus isolates in Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Sep;70(9):1633-1635

Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

The current study was conducted in the Department of Microbiology, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, from July 2018 to January 2019. The main purpose of the study was to evaluate Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. Clinical samples were collected and cultured according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines. Read More

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September 2020

Clinical profile and outcome of neonatal pneumothorax in resource-limited neonatal intensive care unit.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Sep 27:1-6. Epub 2020 Sep 27.

Paediatric Department, Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Objective Of Study: To determine the frequency, clinical profile, and outcome of pneumothoraxes in neonates in resource-limited neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting.

Study Design: Prospective cohort.

Place And Duration Of Study: The study was carried over a period of 4 years and 6 months at two NICUs of Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Multan (January 2011-August 2013) and CMH Abbottabad (September 2013-July 2015). Read More

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September 2020

Association of Insomnia in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease on Maintenance Hemodialysis.

Cureus 2020 Aug 2;12(8):e9520. Epub 2020 Aug 2.

Nephrology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, PAK.

Objective To determine the frequency of insomnia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) Study design Cross-sectional (descriptive) Study duration From July 20, 2019, to January 20, 2020 Study settings Department of Nephrology, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Materials and methods A total of 148 patients diagnosed with CKD and on maintenance HD were selected for the study in a consecutive sampling manner and checked for insomnia. Results Out of 148 patients included in the study, there were 64.9% male and 35. Read More

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Effect of oxytocin infusion on reducing blood loss during abdominal myomectomy: A randomized controlled trial.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Jun;70(6):969-972

Department of Anesthesiology, Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Objective: To assess oxytocin infusion efficacy in terms of mean blood loss in patients undergoing abdominal myomectomy.

Methods: The single-blind randomised control trial was conducted at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, July 15, 2017, to January 15, 2018, and comprised women with intramural fibroids of American Society of Anaesthesia class I and II who were candidates for elective abdominal myomectomy. The women were randomised into study and control groups. Read More

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Knowledge and attitudes of Pakistani intensive care unit nurses regarding oral care delivery to mechanically ventilated patients.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Jul;70(7):1203-1208

Department of Emergency Medicine, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad.

Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitudes of intensive care unit nurses regarding oral care delivery to mechanically ventilated patients.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from January to July 2018 across four hospitals in the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan. Data was obtained from randomly selected nurses with the help of a 14-item self-reporting questionnaire. Read More

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