J Physiol Biochem 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.
Departamento de Biología Molecular, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físico-Químicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto, 5800, Córdoba, CP, Argentina.
In recent studies, we found that compounds derived from phenolic acids (CAFs) prevent the formation of the tubulin/aldose reductase complex and, consequently, may decrease the occurrence or delay the development of secondary pathologies associated with aldose reductase activation in diabetes mellitus. To verify this hypothesis, we determined the effect of CAFs on Na,K-ATPase tubulin-dependent activity in COS cells, ex vivo cataract formation in rat lenses and finally, to evaluate the antidiabetic effect of CAFs, diabetes mellitus was induced in Wistar rats, they were treated with different CAFs and four parameters were determinates: cataract formation, erythrocyte deformability, nephropathy and blood pressure. After confirming that CAFs are able to prevent the association between aldose reductase and tubulin, we found that treatment of diabetic rats with these compounds decreased membrane-associated acetylated tubulin, increased NKA activity, and thus reversed the development of four AR-activated complications of diabetes mellitus determined in this work. Read More