336 results match your criteria rated well-known


Patients want their doctors' help to increase physical activity: a cross sectional study in general practice.

Scand J Prim Health Care 2021 Apr 19:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Inactivity is prevalent in patients presenting in general practice, and the health benefits of increased physical activity (PA) are well known. Few studies have explored whether patients want their general practitioner's (GPs) contribution in facilitating a lifestyle change.

Objective: To identify the characteristics of patients who expect help from their doctor in increasing levels of PA. Read More

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Theories of Creativity in Music: Students' Theory Appraisal and Argumentation.

Authors:
Erkki Huovinen

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:612739. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Music Education, Royal College of Music in Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.

Most research on people's conceptions regarding creativity has concerned informal beliefs instead of more complex belief systems represented in scholarly theories of creativity. The relevance of general theories of creativity to the creative domain of music may also be unclear because of the mixed responses these theories have received from music researchers. The aim of the present study was to gain a better comparative understanding of theories of creativity as accounts of musical creativity by allowing students to assess them from a musical perspective. Read More

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Sick of news? Television news exposure, collective stressful events and headache related emergency department visits.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(4):e0249749. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Neurology Department, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Stress is a well-known trigger for primary headache yet its impact is difficult to demonstrate in large epidemiological studies. Israeli national TV news is often referred to as the "tribal fire", as many Israelis watch national news coverage following terror attacks or military operations. We examined the association between exposure to television news and their content with headache related Emergency Department visits. Read More

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How does area-level deprivation depress an individual's self-rated health and life satisfaction? Evidence from a nationwide population-based survey in Japan.

BMC Public Health 2021 Mar 17;21(1):523. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Osaka University, 1-7 Machikaneyama Toyonaka, Osaka, 560-0043, Japan.

Background: Area-level deprivation is well known to have an adverse impact on mortality, morbidity, or other specific health outcomes. This study examined how area-level deprivation may affect self-rated health (SRH) and life satisfaction (LS), an issue that is largely understudied.

Methods: We used individual-level data obtained from a nationwide population-based internet survey conducted between 2019 and 2020, as well as municipality-level data obtained from a Japanese government database (N = 12,461 living in 366 municipalities). Read More

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Meaning in Life: A Major Predictive Factor for Loneliness Comparable to Health Status and Social Connectedness.

Front Psychol 2021 24;12:627547. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Departament de Medicina, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut i Institut de Neurociències, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Loneliness is the subjective distress of feeling alone and has a strong impact on wellbeing and health. In addition to well-known predictors like isolation and poor health, a better understanding of the psychological determinants of loneliness would offer effective targets for future complementary interventions. In this cross-sectional observational study ( = 2,240), we compared the explanatory power of several important risk factors of loneliness with the affective, motivational, and cognitive aspects of the Meaning in Life (MiL) construct. Read More

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February 2021

Depression Severity Is Related to Less Gross Body Movement: A Motion Energy Analysis.

Psychopathology 2021 1;54(2):106-112. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of General Internal Medicine and Psychosomatics, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.

Psychomotor retardation is a well-known clinical phenomenon in depressed patients that can be measured in various ways. This study aimed to investigate objectively measured gross body movement (GBM) during a semi-structured clinical interview in patients with a depressive disorder and its relation with depression severity. A total of 41 patients with a diagnosis of depressive disorder were assessed both with a clinician-rated interview (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale) and a self-rating questionnaire (Beck Depression Inventory-II) for depression severity. Read More

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How are expert therapists similar, different, and integrative in the treatment of borderline personality disorder?

Psychotherapy (Chic) 2021 Feb 4. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Mount Sinai Health System.

This study examined the use of therapeutic skills by different, well-known experts in psychology who have published extensively on the treatment of borderline personality disorder to ascertain areas of technique similarity, difference, and integration. Initial videotaped sessions from these expert therapists working with the same patient were independently rated, using an established measure, on cognitive-behavioral and psychodynamic-interpersonal techniques by 6 trained clinicians. These raters also independently identified what they believed were the segments of each session. Read More

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February 2021

Postponed Dental Appointments Due to Costs Are Associated with Increased Loneliness-Evidence from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 5;18(1). Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Hamburg Center for Health Economics, Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.

As is already well known, demographic changes will presumably lead to a rising number of old aged individuals and loneliness is a tremendous concern in aging populations. Poor health can be a potential consequence of loneliness, as well as a determining factor. Thus, the objective of the current study was to determine whether postponed dental appointments due to costs affect loneliness longitudinally. Read More

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January 2021

Pain prevalence among residents living in nursing homes and its association with quality of life and well-being.

Scand J Caring Sci 2021 Jan 6. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Sciences, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.

Background: Pain is common and often more complex to assess among nursing homes residents with cognitive impairments. Thus, more research is needed of different pain assessment methods in elderly care and how these assessments outcomes are related to quality of life, as there mostly should be a negative relationship. There is a risk that pain are under diagnosed among persons with cognitive impairment. Read More

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January 2021

Adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction for computed tomography of the spine.

Radiography (Lond) 2020 Dec 28. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Department of Radiology Tottori University Hospital, 36-1, Nishi-cho, Yonago-shi, Tottori-ken, 683-8504, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: The utility of evaluating a sagittal view of CT of the spine is well-known. In many clinical cases, the sagittal view includes noise generated from surrounding objects and may degrade the image quality. Iterative reconstruction (IR) techniques are useful for noise reduction; however, they can reduce spatial resolution. Read More

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December 2020

Configural memory of a blending aromatic mixture reflected in activation of the left orbital part of the inferior frontal gyrus.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Mar 6;402:113088. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, INRAE, CNRS, AgroSup Dijon, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, F-21000, Dijon, France.

Blending aromatic mixtures components naturally fuse to form a unique odor - a configuration- qualitatively different from each component's odor. Repeated exposure to the components either in the mixture or separately, favors respectively, configural and elemental processings. The neural bases of such processes are still unknown. Read More

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The Influence of Early Childhood Temperament on Later Social-Emotional Functioning in Youth with Cancer.

J Pediatr Psychol 2021 Apr;46(4):433-442

Department of Psychology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.

Objective: One of the peak incidences of childhood cancer is during the early childhood years. This is also an important time for psychosocial and personality development, and it is well known that early childhood temperament influences later psychosocial functioning. However, this association has not been examined in young children with cancer. Read More

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A Dash of Virtual Milk: Altering Product Color in Virtual Reality Influences Flavor Perception of Cold-Brew Coffee.

Front Psychol 2020 3;11:595788. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Department of Computer Science, University of York, York, United Kingdom.

It is well known that the appearance of food, particularly its color, can influence flavor perception and identification. However, food studies involving the manipulation of product color face inevitable limitations, from extrinsic flavors introduced by food coloring to the cost in development time and resources in order to produce different product variants. One solution lies in modern virtual reality (VR) technology, which has become increasingly accessible, sophisticated, and widespread over the past years. Read More

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December 2020

Exercise Recovery Practices of Wheelchair Court Sports Athletes.

J Strength Cond Res 2021 Feb;35(2):366-372

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.

Abstract: Murphy, CJ, Mason, BS, and Goosey-Tolfrey, VL. Exercise recovery practices of wheelchair court sports athletes. J Strength Cond Res 35(2): 366-372, 2021-Research that describes the recovery practices of Para-athletes around training and competition is limited. Read More

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February 2021

Introduction and Early Outcomes of Intraosseous Distal Radioulnar Joint Prosthesis: A Pilot Study and a Technique on a New Design of the Sauvé-Kapandji Procedure.

Arch Bone Jt Surg 2020 Nov;8(6):703-709

Orthopedic Research Center, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Different surgical procedures have been proposed for the treatment of Distal Radioulnar Joint (DRUJ) arthrosis and other conditions. This study aimed to introduce a new design of DRUJ prosthesis based on the Sauvé-Kapandji procedure followed by the evaluation of its short-term results. Darrach and Sauvé-Kapandji techniques are two well-known salvage procedures. Read More

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November 2020

Tumor regression grading after neoadjuvant treatment of esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma: results of an international Delphi consensus survey.

Hum Pathol 2021 Feb 19;108:60-67. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Department of Upper Abdominal Surgery, Division of Surgery, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, 141 57, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden.

Complete histopathologic tumor regression after neoadjuvant treatment is a well-known prognostic factor for survival among patients with adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction. The aim of this international Delphi survey was to reach a consensus regarding the most useful tumor regression grading (TRG) system that could represent an international standard for histopathologic TRG grading of gastroesophageal carcinomas. Fifteen pathologists with special interest in esophageal and gastric pathology participated in the online survey. Read More

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February 2021

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) World Impact Survey (iWISh): Patient and physician perceptions of diagnosis, signs and symptoms, and treatment.

Am J Hematol 2021 02 19;96(2):188-198. Epub 2020 Dec 19.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is now well-known to reduce patients' health-related quality of life. However, data describing which signs and symptoms patients and physicians perceive as having the greatest impact are limited, as is understanding the full effects of ITP treatments. I-WISh (ITP World Impact Survey) was an exploratory, cross-sectional survey designed to establish the multifaceted impact of ITP, and its treatments, on patients' lives. Read More

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February 2021

Confidence can be automatically integrated across two visual decisions.

J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 2021 Feb 9;47(2):161-171. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Paris School of Economics.

Humans can estimate their confidence in making correct decisions, but these confidence judgments are biased by their other estimations, an effect known as confidence leak. However, it remains unclear whether this effect arises automatically. Here, we address this issue by having participants make two visual decisions and give confidence ratings for one or for both decisions within each trial. Read More

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February 2021

Predictors for functional decline after an injurious fall: a population-based cohort study.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2020 Nov 7. Epub 2020 Nov 7.

Aging Research Center (ARC), Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The functional consequences of injurious falls are well known. However, studies of the factors that can modify trajectories of disability after an injury from a fall are scarce.

Aims: We aimed to investigate whether sociodemographic and health-related factors may impact this association. Read More

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November 2020

Timing of Entry into Paid Employment, Adverse Physical Work Exposures and Health: The Young Helsinki Health Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 10 27;17(21). Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.

It is not well known how the timing of entry into paid employment and physical work exposures contribute to different health outcomes in young employees. Thus, we determined the associations of age at entry into paid employment and physical work exposures with general and mental health in young employees and determined whether associations differ by behavior-related risk factors. Data were collected via online and mailed surveys in autumn 2017 from employees of the City of Helsinki aged 18-39 years (n = 5897; 4630 women and 1267 men, response rate 51. Read More

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October 2020

The impact of handling technique and handling frequency on laboratory mouse welfare is sex-specific.

Sci Rep 2020 10 14;10(1):17281. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

RG Animal Models in Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

Handling is a well-known source of stress to laboratory animals and can affect variability of results and even compromise animal welfare. The conventional tail handling in mice has been shown to induce aversion and anxiety-like behaviour. Recent findings demonstrate that the use of alternative handling techniques, e. Read More

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October 2020

Preliminary Reliability and Validity of the DMRS-SR-30, a Novel Self-Report Measure Based on the Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales.

Front Psychiatry 2020 26;11:870. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology, Critical and Care Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Defense mechanisms are psychological factors that influence emotional distress and quality of life. There are a number of measures assessing the construct of defense mechanisms, but only few available instruments reflect the gold-standard theoretical hierarchical organization of defenses. We report on the development of a novel 30 item self-report questionnaire, the DMRS-SR-30, based on the parent instrument, the Defense Mechanism Rating Scales (DMRS). Read More

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A Mixed-Method Study on Strategies in Everyday Personal Goals among Community-Dwelling Older Adults.

Gerontology 2020 13;66(5):484-493. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Introduction: Although it is well known that preference for selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC) strategies is associated with indicators of successful aging and well-being, very little is known about what predicts the use of SOC as goal management strategies in the daily lives of older adults. The present study investigates predictors of self-reported use of SOC strategies in community-dwelling adults. We expected selection and especially compensation to be higher in individuals with worse subjective health and cognitive performance. Read More

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Self-rated health inequalities in the intersection of gender, social class and regional development in Spain: exploring contributions of material and psychosocial factors.

Int J Equity Health 2020 06 5;19(1):85. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Inequalities in health across social class, gender and regional context in Spain are well-known; however, there is a lack of research examining how these dimensions of inequality interact. This study explores self-rated health (SRH) inequalities across intersectional positions of gender, social class and region, and the contribution of material and psychosocial factors to these inequalities.

Methods: Participants were drawn from the cross-sectional 2015 National Living Conditions Survey of Spanish residents aged 19-88 years (N = 27,215; 77% response rate). Read More

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Computational Evaluation and In Vitro Validation of New Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitors.

Curr Top Med Chem 2020 ;20(18):1628-1639

ProtoQSAR SL, European Center for Innovative Companies (CEEI), Valencia Technology Park, Avenida Benjamin Franklin 12, 46980 Paterna, Valencia, Spain.

Background: The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane protein that acts as a receptor of extracellular protein ligands of the epidermal growth factor (EGF/ErbB) family. It has been shown that EGFR is overexpressed by many tumours and correlates with poor prognosis. Therefore, EGFR can be considered as a very interesting therapeutic target for the treatment of a large variety of cancers such as lung, ovarian, endometrial, gastric, bladder and breast cancers, cervical adenocarcinoma, malignant melanoma and glioblastoma. Read More

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January 2020

Exploration of anomalous perceptual experiences in migraine between attacks using the Cardiff Anomalous Perceptions Scale.

Conscious Cogn 2020 07 15;82:102945. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK.

Distortions in sensory experiences that precede a migraine attack have been extensively documented, the most well-known being the visual aura. Distortions in the experience of other senses are also reported as part of an aura, albeit less frequently, together with changes in the perception or ownership of the body or body parts. There are many examples of differences in aspects of visual perception between migraine and control groups, between attacks, but not as much on unusual experiences involving other senses, the sense of the body or the experience of the environment. Read More

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Developing delirium best practice: a systematic review of education interventions for healthcare professionals working in inpatient settings.

Eur Geriatr Med 2020 02 14;11(1):1-32. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.

Purpose: Understanding the quality of evidence of delirium education studies will assist in designing future education interventions that seek to improve the well-known deficits in delirium prevention, detection and care. The aim of this study is to systematically review the methodological strengths and limitations, as well as the impact of delirium educational interventions for healthcare professionals working in inpatient settings.

Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, PsychINFO and CINAHL databases were searched according to PRISMA guidelines for delirium educational interventions in hospital inpatient settings from 2007 to 2017. Read More

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February 2020

[Better screening for work-related cancers: The experience of Brest University Hospital Occupational Disease Center inpatient service].

Bull Cancer 2020 Apr 20;107(4):428-437. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Université de Bretagne Occidentale, LABERS, EA 3149, 22, avenue Camille-Desmoulins, CS 93837, 29238 Brest cedex 3, France; University of Alberta, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive Medicine, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Introduction: An in-patient clinical service has been set up in March 2016 in the Occupational Diseases Center of Brest University Hospital, France, to seek for work-relatedness of diseases in patients hospitalized into the oncology and hematology departments. We present here data after two years of existence.

Methods: All cases of cancers or malignant hematological diseases (ICD-10 codes C00 to C97 and D37 to D48) seen between March 1, 2016, and March 1, 2018, have been identified. Read More

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Perception of male and female infant cry aversiveness by adult men.

J Reprod Infant Psychol 2020 Mar 2:1-15. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

: The study aimed to determine why male infants are abused more frequently than female infants.: Infant crying is a well-known trigger for Shaken Baby Syndrome or Abusive Head Trauma (SBS/AHT). For unknown reasons, male infants are more often victims of SBS/AHT than female infants. Read More

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Are Inductive Current Transformers Performance Really Affected by Actual Distorted Network Conditions? An Experimental Case Study.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Feb 10;20(3). Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Department of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering - Guglielmo Marconi, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy.

The aim of this work is to assess whether actual distorted conditions of the network are really affecting the accuracy of inductive current transformers. The study started from the need to evaluate the accuracy performance of inductive current transformers in off-nominal conditions, and to improve the related standards. In fact, standards do not provide a uniform set of distorted waveforms to be applied on inductive or low-power instrument transformers. Read More

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February 2020