3,783 results match your criteria rankl osteoprotegerin


Common Variants of the gene Are Associated with Osteoporosis Risk: A Meta-Analysis.

Genet Test Mol Biomarkers 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Yuncheng Central Hospital, Shanxi Medical University, Yuncheng, China.

The RANKL/RANK/OPG signaling pathway plays a critical role in osteoclastogenesis and bone remodeling. The associations between sequence variants of the osteoprotegerin () gene and osteoporosis risk have been widely investigated but remain inconclusive. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the associations between gene variants and osteoporosis risk. Read More

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September 2021

Autophagy Induces Expression of IL-6 in Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts Under Mechanical Load and Overload and Effects Osteoclastogenesis .

Front Physiol 2021 27;12:716441. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Orthodontics, Center of Dento-Maxillo-Facial Medicine, University of Bonn Medical Center, Bonn, Germany.

Autophagy is an important cellular adaptation mechanism to mechanical stress. In animal experiments, inhibition of autophagy during orthodontic tooth movement triggered increased expression of inflammation-related genes and decreased bone density. The aim of this study was to investigate how autophagy affects cytokine levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in human periodontal ligament (hPDL) fibroblasts under mechanical pressure and the resulting influence on osteoblast communication. Read More

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Nanomaterial-induced mesenchymal stem cell differentiation into osteoblast for counteracting bone resorption in the osteoporotic rats.

Tissue Cell 2021 Sep 8;73:101645. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Hormones Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, 12622, Egypt(1); Stem Cells Lab, Center of Excellence for Advanced Sciences, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, 12622, Egypt. Electronic address:

The current approach was designed to unearth the therapeutic potential of osteoblasts infusion, yielded from cultivating rat mesenchymal stem cells of bone marrow source in osteogenic differentiation media supplied with either hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HA-NPs), chitosan/hydroxyapatite nanomaterials (C/HA-NPs), or chitosan nanoparticles, in the osteoporotic rats. The successful migration of the osteoblasts to the diseased bones of rats in C/HA-NPs and HA-NPs groups was evidenced by PCR screening of the Y-linked sex-determining gene (SRY) in the femoral bone tissue. Serum bone biomarker levels and gene expression patterns of cathepsin K, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) were assessed. Read More

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September 2021

Sensory nerves: A driver of the vicious cycle in bone metastasis?

J Bone Oncol 2021 Oct 25;30:100387. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Biochemistry, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka, Japan.

Bone is one of the preferential target organs of cancer metastasis. Bone metastasis is associated with various complications, of which bone pain is most common and debilitating. The cancer-associated bone pain (CABP) is induced as a consequence of increased neurogenesis, reprogramming and axonogenesis of sensory nerves (SNs) in harmony with sensitization and excitation of SNs in response to the tumor microenvironment created in bone. Read More

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October 2021

Caspase-1 Inhibition Impacts the Formation of Chondrogenic Nodules, and the Expression of Markers Related to Osteogenic Differentiation and Lipid Metabolism.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Sep 3;22(17). Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Physiology, University of Veterinary Sciences Brno, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic.

Caspase-1, as the main pro-inflammatory cysteine protease, was investigated mostly with respect to inflammation-related processes. Interestingly, caspase-1 was identified as being involved in lipid metabolism, which is extremely important for the proper differentiation of chondrocytes. Based on a screening investigation, general caspase inhibition impacts the expression of in chondrocytes, the fatty acid translocase with a significant impact on lipid metabolism. Read More

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September 2021

Oral Surgery Procedures in a Patient with Hajdu-Cheney Syndrome Treated with Denosumab-A Rare Case Report.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 28;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Oral Surgery, Medical University of Gdańsk, 7 Dębinki Street, 80-211 Gdańsk, Poland.

Background: Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS) is a very rare autosomal-dominant congenital disease associated with mutations in the gene. This disorder affects the connective tissue and is characterized by severe bone resorption. Hajdu-Cheney syndrome most frequently affects the head and feet bones (acroosteolysis). Read More

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[Effects of idiopathic hypoparathyroidism on tooth eruption of rats].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Sep;56(9):880-891

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University & State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chengdu 610041, China.

To explore the effects of reduced parathyroid function in early growth and development on tooth eruption and enamel development by establishing an animal model of idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (IHP) and to explore the mechanism of IHP affecting tooth eruption with a view to provide experimental basis for early diagnosis and clinical treatment of IHP. Forty-eight SD rats at postnatal day 7 were randomly and equally divided into sham operation group and IHP group. The bilateral parathyroidectomy (PTX) was performed by using carbon nanoparticles technique to establish an IHP rat model, while no parathyroids were removed in the sham operation group using the same technique. Read More

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September 2021

[Effects of chitosan oligosaccharide on alveolar bone resorption, Th17/Treg balance and OPG/RANKL/RANK pathway in periodontitis rats].

Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 2021 Jun;30(3):237-242

School of Stomatology, Hainan Medical College. Haikou 571101, China. E-mail:

Purpose: To investigate the effect of chitosan oligosaccharide on alveolar bone resorption, Th17/Treg balance and OPG/RANKL/RANK pathway in rats with periodontitis.

Methods: Rat model of periodontitis was established, and the periodontitis rats were randomly divided into model group, low-dose chitosan oligosaccharide group, middle-dose chitosan oligosaccharide group, high-dose chitosan oligosaccharide group and metronidazole group, with 12 rats in each group, another 12 rats were set as control group. After treatment, gingival index and alveolar bone absorption were evaluated. Read More

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[Effect of internal heat-type acupuncture needle on the expression of osteoprotegerin, receptor activator of NF-κB ligand and receptor activator of NF-κB of subchondral bone in knee osteoarthritis rabbits].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Aug;46(8):656-62

School of Clinical Medicine, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750000, China; Department of Rehabilitation, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004.

Objective: To investigate the effect of internal heat-type acupuncture needle on the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL), and receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) rabbits, so as to explore its mechanisms in relieving KOA.

Methods: Thirty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control, model and treatment groups, with 10 rabbits in each group. The KOA model was established by using Hulth method. Read More

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BMP-induced Atoh8 attenuates osteoclastogenesis by suppressing Runx2 transcriptional activity and reducing the Rankl/Opg expression ratio in osteoblasts.

Bone Res 2020 Sep 2;8(1):32. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Kagoshima, 890-8520, Japan.

Adult bone structural integrity is maintained by remodeling via the coupling of osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. Osteocytes or osteoblasts express receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-B ligand (Rankl) or osteoprotegerin (Opg) to promote or inhibit osteoclastogenesis, respectively. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) is a potent bone inducer, but its major role in adult bone is to induce osteocytes to upregulate sclerostin (Sost) and increase the Rankl/Opg expression ratio, resulting in promotion of osteoclastogenesis. Read More

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September 2020

Beclin 1 positively regulates osteoprotegerin-induced inhibition of osteoclastogenesis by increasing autophagy in vitro.

Differentiation 2021 Aug 23;121:35-43. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Institutes of Agricultural Science and Technology Development, Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety of the Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, 225009, Jiangsu, PR China; College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, 225009, Jiangsu, PR China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, 225009, Jiangsu, PR China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Yangzhou, 225009, Jiangsu, PR China. Electronic address:

Osteoclastogenesis is induced by receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), and can be suppressed by osteoprotegerin (OPG). Beclin1 has a dual role in osteoclastogenesis. However, the role of Beclin1-mediated autophagy during OPG-induced inhibition of osteoclastogenesis remains unclear. Read More

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Therapeutic Effect of Matrine on Collagen-Induced Arthritis Rats and Its Regulatory Effect on RANKL and OPG Expression.

J Immunol Res 2021 9;2021:4186102. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Center for Endocrine Metabolism and Immune Diseases, Beijing Luhe Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 101149, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect of matrine on rats with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and its regulatory effect on receptor activator of nuclear factor-B ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression.

Methods: Wistar rats ( = 6) and CIA rats ( = 30) were randomly divided into six groups: healthy, CIA control, low/medium/high matrine (25, 50, or 100 mg/kg, once per day for six weeks), and methotrexate (MTX) (2 mg/kg, once per week for six weeks). The degree of joint damage was evaluated by X-ray and HE staining. Read More

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The Relationship between Serum and Gene Expression Levels of RANK, RANKL and Osteoprotegerin Inflammatory Pathway with Unstable Angina: A Case-control Study.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2021 Aug 7;20(4):473-483. Epub 2021 Aug 7.

Chemical Injuries Research Center, System Biology and Poisoning Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences.

 Osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B (RANK) and receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL), the members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family, have multiple effects on bone metabolism, endocrine functions and, as an inflammatory pathway, in the immune system. This study tried to determine the association of the OPG/RANKL/RANK axis with the severity of unstable angina (UA) as an inflammatory condition. Our study involved 50 patients with UA and 50 healthy people. Read More

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Osteoprotegerin (OPG) mediates the anti-carcinogenic effects of normal breast fibroblasts and targets cancer stem cells through inhibition of the β-catenin pathway.

Cancer Lett 2021 Nov 17;520:374-384. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Department of Molecular Oncology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, 11211, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Normal breast fibroblasts (NBFs) support and maintain the architecture of the organ, and can also suppress tumorigenesis. However, the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. We have shown here that NBFs suppress breast carcinogenesis through secretion of osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble decoy receptor for the Receptor Activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL). Read More

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November 2021

Serum PTH, PTH1R/ATF4 pathway, and the sRANKL/OPG system in bone as a new link between bone growth, cross-sectional geometry, and strength in young rats with experimental chronic kidney disease.

Cytokine 2021 Aug 16;148:155685. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Department of Monitored Pharmacotherapy, Medical University of Bialystok, Mickiewicza 2C, 15-222 Bialystok, Poland. Electronic address:

The progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children is associated with deregulated parathyroid hormone (PTH), growth retardation, and low bone accrual. PTH can cause both catabolic and anabolic impact on bone, and the activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4), a downstream target gene of PTH, is related to its anabolic effect. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) are PTH-dependent cytokines, which may play an important role in the regulation of bone remodeling. Read More

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The use of probiotics can reduce the severity of experimental periodontitis in rats with metabolic syndrome: an immunoenzymatic and microtomographic study.

J Periodontol 2021 Aug 9. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Periodontology, School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo - USP, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: This study evaluated the effects of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019 (B. lactis HN019) in the development of periodontitis (PE), associated or not with metabolic syndrome, (MS) in rats. Read More

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The role of 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 and vitamin D receptor gene in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts as response to orthodontic compressive strain: an in vitro study.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Aug 6;21(1):386. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Department of Orthodontics, University of Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauss-Allee 11, 93053, Regensburg, Germany.

Background: This study aimed to investigate, if different physiological concentrations of vitamin D (25(OH)D) and single nucleotide polymorphisms in vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene have an impact on gene expression in human periodontal ligament (hPDL) fibroblasts induced by simulated orthodontic compressive strain.

Methods: A pool of hPDL fibroblasts was treated in absence or presence of 25(OH)D in 3 different concentrations (10, 40 and 60 ng/ml). In order to evaluate the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the VDR gene, hPDL fibroblasts from 9 patients were used and treated in absence or presence of 40 ng/ml 25(OH)D. Read More

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The Risk of Developing Osteoporosis in Hemolytic Anemia-What Aggravates the Bone Loss?

J Clin Med 2021 Jul 29;10(15). Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.

Hemolytic anemia (HA) renders erythropoietic stress on the bone marrow and has been linked to osteoporosis. In this nationwide retrospective cohort study, we examined this correlation by utilizing the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). We identified two cohorts, matching population with and without HA in a 1:4 ratio. Read More

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Extract Exerts Anti-Inflammatory Effect in Human Gingival Fibroblasts and Chronic Periodontitis Animal Model by Suppression of Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines and Chemokines.

Foods 2021 Jul 17;10(7). Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Foods and Nutrition, Kookmin University, Seoul 02707, Korea.

Periodontitis is one of the most common chronic inflammatory diseases. The anti-inflammatory effect of the extract from brown algae was analyzed in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated human gingival fibroblasts (HGF-1), the most abundant cells in gingival tissue. The gene expressions of cyclooxygenase-2 and interleukin-6 were decreased by 78 and 50%, respectively, at 100 μg/mL extract (ECE) treatment. Read More

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Combined effects of cyclic stretch and TNF-α on the osteogenic differentiation in MC3T3-E1 cells.

Arch Oral Biol 2021 Oct 31;130:105222. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Shanxi Medical University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Shanxi Province Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases Prevention and New Materials, Taiyuan 030001, China.

Objective: The study aimed to investigate the combined effects of cyclic stretch and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) on the osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells and the role of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) signaling pathway in this process.

Design: MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with TNF-α (0.5 and 10 ng/mL) and cyclically stretched using the Flexcell tension system 4000 with 12 % elongation for 12 h. Read More

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October 2021

Positive effect of compound amino acid chelated calcium from the shell and skirt of scallop in an ovariectomized rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Aug 6. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

College of Life Sciences, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Background: Osteoporosis has become an important public health issue with the increase of aging population, and afflicts millions of people worldwide, particularly elderly or postmenopausal women. In the present study, we prepared compound amino acid chelated calcium (CAA-Ca) from processing by-products of Chlamys farreri, and evaluated its effect on postmenopausal osteoporosis with an ovariectomized (OVX) rat model.

Results: A 60-day treatment of OVX rats with CAA-Ca significantly enhanced the bone mineral density (BMD) and the bone calcium content. Read More

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Acupotomy Contributes to Suppressing Subchondral Bone Resorption in KOA Rabbits by Regulating the OPG/RANKL Signaling Pathway.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 26;2021:8168657. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

School of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China.

Subchondral bone lesions, as the crucial inducement for accelerating cartilage degeneration, have been considered as the initiating factor and the potential therapeutic target of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Acupotomy, the biomechanical therapy guided by traditional Chinese meridians theory, alleviates cartilage deterioration by correcting abnormal mechanics. Whether this mechanical effect of acupotomy inhibits KOA subchondral bone lesions is indistinct. Read More

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The Effect of Different Dental Implant Surface Characteristics on Bone Immunologic Biomarkers and Microbiologic Parameters: A Randomized Clinical Study.

Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2021 Jul-Aug;41(4):589-597

This study assessed the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK), RANK ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and levels of Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, Tannerella forsythia, Prevotella intermedia, and Streptococcus oralis in areas where airborne particle-abraded, large-grit, acid-etched (SLA), fluorine-modified, and anodized implant surfaces are used. A total of 71 implants from 37 patients were assessed, grouped according to the surface characteristics of the implants: SLA surface (Group 1), fluorine-modified surface (Group 2), and anodized surface (Group 3). The following clinical indices were measured: Gingival Index (GI), probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment level (CAL), and keratinized tissue width (KTW). Read More

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Osteoprotegerin and RANKL-RANK-OPG-TRAIL signalling axis in heart failure and other cardiovascular diseases.

Heart Fail Rev 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, Willowa St. 2, 43-309, Bielsko-Biała, Poland.

Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a glycoprotein involved in the regulation of bone remodelling. OPG regulates osteoclast activity by blocking the interaction between the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK) and its ligand (RANKL). More and more studies confirm the relationship between OPG and cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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Low dietary phosphorus impairs keel bone health and quality in laying hens.

Br Poult Sci 2021 Aug 17:1-9. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China.

1. Phosphorus (P) is a necessary nutrient for egg production and bone quality in poultry diets. To investigate the effects of low dietary available P (avP) on keel bone, 180 laying hens were fed either a control (C, 0. Read More

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Dual actions of osteoclastic-inhibition and osteogenic-stimulation through strontium-releasing bioactive nanoscale cement imply biomaterial-enabled osteoporosis therapy.

Biomaterials 2021 09 15;276:121025. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Institute of Tissue Regeneration Engineering (ITREN), Dankook University, Cheonan, 31116, Republic of Korea; Department of Nanobiomedical Science and BK21 NBM Global Research Center for Regenerative Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, 31116, Republic of Korea; Department of Biomaterials Science, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, 31116, Republic of Korea; Department of Regenerative Dental Medicine, School of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, 31116, Republic of Korea; Cell & Matter Institute, Dankook University, Cheonan, 31116, Republic of Korea; Mechanobiology Dental Medicine Research Center, Cheonan, 31116, Republic of Korea; UCL Eastman-Korea Dental Medicine Innovation Centre, Dankook University, Cheonan, 31116, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Repair of defective hard-tissues in osteoporotic patients faces significantly challenges with limited therapeutic options. Although biomedical cements are considered promising materials for healthy bone repair, their uses for healing osteoporotic fracture are clinically limited. Herein, strontium-releasing-nanoscale cement was introduced to provide dual therapeutic-actions (pro-osteogenesis and anti-osteoclastogenesis), eventually for the regeneration of osteoporotic bone defect. Read More

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September 2021

The Effects of Receptor Activator of NF-κB Ligand-Binding Peptides on Bone Resorption and Bone Formation.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 6;9:648084. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Institute X, Department of Basic Oral Health Engineering, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

Receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-binding peptides inhibit bone resorption and were recently shown to activate bone formation. The stimulatory mechanism underlying bone formation associated with these peptides was explained as RANKL-reverse signaling, wherein RANKL molecules on osteoblasts work as receptors to stimulate osteoblast differentiation. However, why RANKL-binding peptides stimulate osteoblast differentiation while osteoprotegerin (OPG), which is well known to bind to RANKL, cannot activate osteoblast differentiation has remained unclear. Read More

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Comparison of the Effect of Oral Versus Intravenous Bisphosphonate Administration on Osteoclastogenesis in Advanced-Stage Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw Patients.

J Clin Med 2021 Jul 4;10(13). Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, 119 Dandae-ro, Cheonan 31116, Korea.

It is yet unknown whether the intravenous administration route alone can fully account for the exacerbation of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). The purpose of this retrospective study was to identify the potential role of the bisphosphonate (BP) administration route as an independent prognostic factor for non-cancerous, stage III MRONJ patients. Bone samples were retrospectively obtained from two groups of osteoporosis patients who underwent surgery for the treatment of stage III MRONJ. Read More

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Diabetes mellitus accelerates the progression of osteoarthritis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice by deteriorating bone microarchitecture, bone mineral composition, and bone strength of subchondral bone.

Ann Transl Med 2021 May;9(9):768

The First Clinical College, Jinan University & Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: The purpose of this study was to develop an optimal diabetes-osteoarthritis (DM-OA) mouse model to validate that diabetes aggravates osteoarthritis (OA) and to evaluate the microarchitecture, chemical composition, and biomechanical properties of subchondral bone (SB) as a consequence of the DM-OA-induced damage induced.

Methods: Mice were randomly divided into three groups: DM-OA group, OA group, and sham group. Blood glucose levels, body weight, and food intake of all animals were recorded. Read More

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C-C chemokine receptor type 6 modulates the biological function of osteoblastogenesis by altering the expression levels of Osterix and OPG/RANKL.

Biosci Trends 2021 Jul 11. Epub 2021 Jul 11.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Circulating inflammatory factors affect osteoblast and osteoclast formation and activity in osteoporosis. Estrogen affects the migration of Th17 cells via the C-C chemokine receptor type 6 (CCR6) and C-C chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) signaling pathways to modulate bone metabolism; however, it is unclear whether and how CCR6 modulates bone homeostasis. In the present study, CCR6 knockout (CCR6) mice were selected to investigate the effects of CCR6 in the regulation of homeostasis of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Read More

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