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A New Method for Anterior Boundary Demarcation of the Nasopharynx in Three-Dimensional Analysis.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Stomatology, Qilu Children's Hospital of Shandong University Department of Orthodontics, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Abstract: Three-dimensional (3D) measurements of the upper airway have been extensively applied and researched, but the division of the airway is carried out in various ways, especially when demarcating the anterior boundary of the nasopharynx. The present study was to propose a new method based on the anatomical definition for the anterior boundary demarcation of the nasopharynx used in three-dimensional analysis. Twenty computed tomography scans (age 9. Read More

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Analytical analysis of anisotropic thermophoresis of a charged spheroidal colloid in aqueous media for extremely thin EDL cases.

Electrophoresis 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore, 639798.

Thermophoresis of charged spheroids has been widely applied in biology and medical science. In this work, we report an analysis of the anisotropic thermophoresis of diluted spheroidal colloids in aqueous media for extremely thin EDL cases. Under the boundary layer approximation, we formulate the thermophoretic velocity, the thermophoretic force, and the thermodiffusion coefficient of a randomly dispersed spheroid. Read More

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Effects of pomegranate peel and olive pomace supplementation on reproduction and oxidative status of rabbit doe.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Applied and Health Sciences, A'Sharqiyah University, Ibra, Oman.

The current study aimed to investigate the effects of pomegranate peel and olive pomace supplementation on the reproductive hormones, antioxidative status, reproductive capacity and maternal behaviour of rabbit does. Forty does were used for the experiments. The animals were randomly assigned to four groups of ten does. Read More

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Molecular and morphometric changes in the small intestine during hot and cold exposure in thermally manipulated broiler chickens.

Vet World 2021 Jun 15;14(6):1511-1528. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Art, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan.

Background And Aim: Thermal stress (hot or cold) is one of many environmental stressors that severely affects the health of broiler chickens. One negative effect of thermal stress is the disruption of the intestinal barrier function in broiler chickens. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of thermal manipulation (TM) on the small intestine in terms of histomorphometry as well as junctional, heat-shock, and immune response gene expression during post-hatch exposure to thermal stress. Read More

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Socioeconomic inequality in exclusive breastfeeding behavior and ideation factors for social behavioral change in three north-western Nigerian states: a cross-sectional study.

Int J Equity Health 2021 Jul 27;20(1):172. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Socioeconomic inequalities could mitigate the impact of social and behavior change (SBC) interventions aimed at improving positive ideation towards the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. This study explores the empirical evidence of inequalities in the practice of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) and associated ideational dimensions and domains of the theory of Strategic Communication and Behavior Change in three north-western Nigeria states.

Methods: We used cross-sectional data from 3007 randomly selected women with under-two-year-old children; the convenient regression method was applied to estimate the concentration indexes (CIxs) of exclusive breastfeeding behavior, ranked by household wealth index. Read More

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Effect of Acupressure and Abdominal Massage on Constipation in Patients with Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Clin Nurs Res 2021 Jul 27:10547738211033917. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.

This study was a randomized controlled trial aimed to compare the effects of acupressure and abdominal massage on constipation development for patients with TKA. The patients were randomly assigned to each group: control group ( = 31), acupressure group ( = 30), and abdominal massage group ( = 30). The finding showed that the severity of constipation and straining stool consistency of the groups in which acupressure and abdominal massage was applied are significantly better than the control group ( < . Read More

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Periodontal disease as a predictor of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage in older adults.

J Int Med Res 2021 Jul;49(7):3000605211033266

Faculty of Dentistry, San Luis Gonzaga National University of Ica, Perú.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate periodontal disease as a predictor of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage in older adults.

Methods: A total of 1159 adults aged 65 to 80 years and diagnosed with periodontal disease and CKD (stages 1, 2, and 3) were randomly selected for a cross-sectional study. Periodontal status was assessed using the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN) and CKD was staged using the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI) guidelines. Read More

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Sedentary Behavior in United States Adults: Fall 2019.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Metabolic Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD Division of Population Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute; Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO Risk Factor Assessment Branch, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD Department of Geography, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China Department of Kinesiology, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA Health Behaviors Research Branch, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD.

Purpose: Higher levels of sedentary behavior are associated with early mortality, but the distribution of sedentary time by classes of behavior and demographic groups is poorly described in United States (US) adults. To quantify the amount and sources of sedentary time in US adults we conducted a nationwide survey using a novel validated self-administerd previous-day recall method and compare these values with a commonly used sitting time question.

Methods: Participants from the AmeriSpeak panel aged 20 to 75 years (N = 2,640) completed up to two Activities Completed over Time in 24 Hours (ACT24) previous day recalls. Read More

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Improvement in Language Function in Patients with Aphasia using Computer-Assisted Executive Function Training: A Controlled Clinical Trial.

PM R 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Rehabilitation, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, China.

Objective: Non-verbal cognitive training has gained popularity for the management of aphasia. The correlation between language function and cognitive control has been explored previously. Cognitive status affects language to a certain degree. Read More

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Effects of customized resin base on bonding strength of spherical self-ligating brackets.

J Orofac Orthop 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Orthodontics, Hubei-MOST KLOS & KLOBM, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Luoyu Road 237, 430079, Hongshan District, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Fabricating resin bases has become an easy and economical method to achieve the customization of brackets. This study aimed to assess the effect of the resin base on bonding strength of spherical self-ligating brackets.

Methods: A defined amount of adhesive was bonded to the bracket base and constituted the new resin base. Read More

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Neuroprotective Effects of Normobaric Hyperoxia and Transplantation of Encapsulated Choroid Plexus Epithelial Cells on The Focal Brain Ischemia.

Cell J 2021 Aug 17;23(3):303-312. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Animal Sciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. Email:

Objective: Choroid plexus epithelial cells (CPECs) have the epithelial characteristic, produce cerebrospinal fluid, contribute to the detoxification process in the central nervous system (CNS), and are responsible for the synthesis and release of many nerve growth factors. On the other hand, studies suggest that normobaric hyperoxia (HO) by induction of ischemic tolerance (IT) can protect against brain damage and neurological diseases. We examined the effect of combination therapy of encapsulated CPECs and HO to protect against ischemic brain injury. Read More

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Effect of positive end-expiratory pressure on additional passive ventilation generated by CPR compressions in a porcine model.

Intensive Care Med Exp 2021 Jul 26;9(1):37. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Sidney Kimmel Medical School of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Compressions given during cardiopulmonary resuscitation generate small, ineffective passive ventilations through oscillating waves. Positive end-expiratory pressure increases the volume of these passive ventilations; however, its effect on passive ventilation is unknown. Our objective was to determine if increasing positive end-expiratory pressure during cardiopulmonary resuscitation increases passive ventilation generated by compressions to a clinically significant point. Read More

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Analytical data on respiratory symptoms and pulmonary impairments due to exposure to non-combusted liquefied petroleum gas.

Data Brief 2021 Jun 29;36:107106. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Federal School of Medical Laboratory Technology (Science), Jos, Nigeria.

The article is aimed at assessing the effects of chronic exposure to non-combusted LPG on the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and appraising the potential pulmonary impairments among LPG vendors. A case control design in which vendors and non-vendors of LPG from Calabar, Nigeria were used for the data collection. Seventy five (75) apparently healthy LPG vendors and Seventy five (75) apparently healthy non LPG vendors, aged 18 to 50 years were considered. Read More

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Gremlin 2 suppresses differentiation of stem/progenitor cells in the human skin.

Regen Ther 2021 Dec 12;18:191-201. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Applied Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Japan.

Introduction: The skin is comprised of various kinds of cells and has three layers, the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous adipose tissue. Stem cells in each tissue duplicate themselves and differentiate to supply new cells that function in the tissue, and thereby maintain the tissue homeostasis. In contrast, senescent cells accumulate with age and secrete senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) factors that impair surrounding cells and tissues, which lowers the capacity to maintain homeostasis in each tissue. Read More

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December 2021

Progressive Resistance Exercises plus Manual Therapy Is Effective in Improving Isometric Strength in Overhead Athletes with Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Biomed Res Int 2021 30;2021:9945775. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India.

Reduction in isometric strength of the scapulohumeral muscles is a commonly seen impairment in overhead athletes afflicted with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two different treatment programs: progressive resistance exercises plus manual therapy (PRE plus MT) and motor control exercises (MCE), on isometric strength of upper trapezius (UT), middle trapezius (MTr), lower trapezius (LT), serratus anterior (SA), supraspinatus (Supr.), anterior deltoid (A. Read More

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Evaluation of Root Canal Obturation Quality in Deciduous Molars with Different Obturation Materials: An Micro-Computed Tomography Study.

Biomed Res Int 2021 2;2021:6567161. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: To evaluate the voids in root canal treatment of deciduous molar canals using three obturating materials and two obturation systems using micro-CT. . Thirty freshly extracted deciduous molars were used in this study. Read More

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Using psychological interventions in the nursing care of rectal cancer patients.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(6):7282-7287. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Pediatrics, Xingtai People's Hospital Xing Tai 054001, Heibei Province, China.

Purpose: To explore the significance of psychological interventions in the nursing care of rectal cancer patients undergoing ostomy surgery.

Methods: We recruited 120 rectal cancer patients undergoing ostomy surgery in our hospital from March 2017 to March 2018 as the study cohort, and they were equally and randomly divided into a control group and an observation group. The control group was administered routine nursing, and the observation group was administered routine nursing combined with psychological nursing. Read More

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Endophytic for Biocontrol and Resistance Induction in Guarana Seedlings.

Int J Microbiol 2021 1;2021:1925226. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

University of São Paulo (USP), Luiz de Queiroz School of Agriculture, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

var. , known in Brazil as guarana plant, is an important plant and a major traditional crop in the State of Amazonas. It is a native Brazilian species of great economic and social importance, particularly in the Amazon region. Read More

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Improved Speech in Noise Perception in the Elderly After 6 Months of Musical Instruction.

Front Neurosci 2021 9;15:696240. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Institute for Music Physiology and Musicians' Medicine, Hanover University of Music, Drama and Media, Hanover, Germany.

Understanding speech in background noise poses a challenge in daily communication, which is a particular problem among the elderly. Although musical expertise has often been suggested to be a contributor to speech intelligibility, the associations are mostly correlative. In the present multisite study conducted in Germany and Switzerland, 156 healthy, normal-hearing elderly were randomly assigned to either piano playing or music listening/musical culture groups. Read More

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Genome skimming-based simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker discovery and characterization in .

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2021 Jul 17:1-16. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Division of Genetics & Tree Improvement, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248 195 India.

Proteaceae, a largely southern hemisphere family consisting of 80 genera distributed in Australia and southern Africa as its centres of greatest diversity, also extends well in northern and southern America. Under this family, is a fast-growing species got popularity in farm and avenue plantations. Despite the ecological and economic importance, the species has not yet been investigated for its genetic improvement and genome-based studies. Read More

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Cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and cellular metal accumulation caused by professionally applied fluoride products in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances: A randomized clinical trial.

J World Fed Orthod 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address:

Backgroud: Corrosion of metal orthodontic appliances caused by professional fluoride products has been recently concerned. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic and genotoxic effect of these products on buccal mucosal cells from patients wearing fixed orthodontic appliances.

Methods: A total of 44 patients, aged 12 to 35 years, who began orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances were included in this single-center, prospective, randomized clinical trial. Read More

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Effects of feeding rumen-protected methionine pre- and postpartum on reproductive outcomes of multiparous Holstein cows.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853. Electronic address:

Our primary objective was to evaluate the effect of feeding rumen-protected Met (RPM) in the pre- and postpartum total mixed ration (TMR) on pregnancy per artificial insemination (AI) and pregnancy loss in multiparous Holstein cows. We also evaluated multiple secondary reproductive physiological outcomes before and after AI, including uterine health, ovarian cyclicity, response to synchronization of ovulation, and markers of embryo development and size. A total of 470 multiparous Holstein cows [235 at the University of Wisconsin (UW) and 235 at Cornell University (CU)] were used for this experiment. Read More

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Partial primary closure in sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus: Modified with suture technique.

Authors:
Abdullah Yildiz

Asian J Surg 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of General Surgery, University of Health Sciences Umraniye Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Aim And Background: The primary purpose of pilonidal sinus treatment is to minimize complications, accelerate wound healing, and minimize recurrence. However, invasive and minimally invasive methods are being developed to reduce these problems. Early and late postoperative complications remain significant problems in pilonidal surgery. Read More

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Personalized Postprandial Glucose Response-Targeting Diet Versus Mediterranean Diet for Glycemic Control in Prediabetes.

Diabetes Care 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel

Objective: To compare the clinical effects of a personalized postprandial-targeting (PPT) diet versus a Mediterranean (MED) diet on glycemic control and metabolic health in prediabetes.

Research Design And Methods: We randomly assigned adults with prediabetes ( = 225) to follow a MED diet or a PPT diet for a 6-month dietary intervention and additional 6-month follow-up. The PPT diet relies on a machine learning algorithm that integrates clinical and microbiome features to predict personal postprandial glucose responses. Read More

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Incidence of childhood injuries and modifiable household risk factors in rural Ghana: a multistage, cluster-randomised, population-based, household survey.

BMJ Open 2021 07 23;11(7):e039243. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Objective: We aimed to describe the incidence of childhood household injuries and prevalence of modifiable household risk factors in rural Ghana to inform prevention initiatives.

Setting: 357 randomly selected households in rural Ghana.

Participants: Caregivers of children aged <5 years. Read More

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Analytical Solution for Chloride Diffusivity of Concrete with Aggregate Shape Effect.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Jul 15;14(14). Epub 2021 Jul 15.

School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China.

In view of the key role of chloride diffusivity in evaluating concrete durability, it is very important to determine this parameter accurately by an effective approach. This paper establishes an analytical solution for chloride diffusivity of concrete that can consider the aggregate shape. In this approach, the aggregate shape is simulated as an ellipse and the equivalent model is applied to calculate the chloride diffusivity of equivalent aggregate composed of interface transition zone (ITZ) and aggregate. Read More

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Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Analysis of Tomato Gene Family during Development and Stress.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 19;22(14). Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Key Laboratory of Plant Hormones and Development Regulation of Chongqing, School of Life Sciences, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China.

Adenylate kinase (ADK) is widely distributed in organisms and plays an important role in cellular energy homeostasis. In plants, ADK has important functions in plant growth and development regulation as well as in adaptation to the environment. However, little information is available about the genes in tomato (), an important economic crop. Read More

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Effects of adding neural mobilization to traditional physical therapy on pain, functional disability, and H-reflex in patients after lumbar laminectomy: A randomized controlled trial.

Clin Rehabil 2021 Jul 23:2692155211034154. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Physical Therapy for Neuromuscular Disorders and its Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Objective: To investigate whether adding neural mobilization to a standard postoperative physical therapy program could improve the outcomes of patients after lumbar laminectomy.

Design: A single blinded randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Outpatient setting. Read More

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Seroprevalence of spp. in children (3-13 years old) in Zahedan, Southeast of Iran.

J Parasit Dis 2021 Jun 26;45(2):449-453. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Infectious Disease and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Resistance Tuberculosis Institute, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

Child Toxocariasis (CT) is one of the most important helminthic parasitic diseases in Iran. The current study was aimed to determine the seroprevalence of toxocariasis in children in Zahedan, southeast of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, serum samples of 373 children aged 3-13 years old referred to health centers in Zahedan were collected randomly with criteria based on the parameters that were used in earlier studies and examined for anti-Toxocara antibody using a commercial ELISA kit. Read More

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Lycopene suppresses palmitic acid-induced brain oxidative stress, hyperactivity of some neuro-signalling enzymes, and inflammation in female Wistar rat.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 22;11(1):15038. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Biochemistry, College of Biosciences, Federal University of Agriculture, P.M.B 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Neuroinflammation can be triggered by certain high caloric nutrients such as palmitic acid (PA). The effect of lycopene against PA-induced neuroinflammation in female rats has not been as explored. In the present study, thirty rats (weighing 150-200) g were randomly allotted into six groups (n = 5) comprising normal control, PA control, PA + lycopene (0. Read More

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