128 results match your criteria randomized self-monitor

The feasibility and acceptability of a web-based physical activity for the heart (PATH) intervention designed to reduce the risk of heart disease among inactive African Americans: Protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 Mar 31;104:106380. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Background: Many studies have used the internet to promote physical activity (PA) in several settings, including the home environment, but few have been tailored for African Americans (AAs). To address this research gap, we conducted focus groups with AAs to inform the development of a web-based intervention, Physical Activity for The Heart (PATH), that leverages openly accessible platforms, such as YouTube, to promote PA in any setting.

Purpose: To describe the rationale and design of a pilot randomized clinical trial (RCT), that examines the feasibility and acceptability of the PATH intervention among 30 AA adults aged 40--70 years without history of cardiovascular disease. Read More

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Effects of the Active Choices Program on Self-Managed Physical Activity and Social Connectedness in Australian Defence Force Veterans: Protocol for a Cluster-Randomized Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Feb 24;10(2):e21911. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: A stepped-down program is one in which clients transition from the care of a health professional to self-managed care. Very little is known about the effectiveness of stepped-down physical activity (PA) programs for military service veterans.

Objective: This study will test Active Choices, a stepped-down behavioral support program designed to help Australian Defence Force veterans and their dependents who are clients of the Department of Veterans' Affairs, transition from treatment by an exercise physiologist or physiotherapist to self-managed PA. Read More

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February 2021

The effect of smartphone-based monitoring and treatment on the rate and duration of psychiatric readmission in patients with unipolar depressive disorder: The RADMIS randomized controlled trial.

J Affect Disord 2021 Mar 30;282:354-363. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Copenhagen Affective Disorder Research Center (CADIC), Psychiatric Center Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Patients with unipolar depressive disorder are frequently hospitalized, and the period following discharge is a high-risk-period. Smartphone-based treatments are receiving increasing attention among researchers, clinicians, and patients. We aimed to investigate whether a smartphone-based monitoring and treatment system reduces the rate and duration of readmissions, more than standard treatment, in patients with unipolar depressive disorder following hospitalization. Read More

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The role of self-efficacy and information processing in weight loss during an mHealth behavioral intervention.

Digit Health 2020 Jan-Dec;6:2055207620976755. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Holcombe Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, USA.

Self-efficacy (SE) and information processing (IP) may be important constructs to target when designing mHealth interventions for weight loss. The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between SE and IP with weight loss at six-months as part of the Dietary Interventions Examining Tracking with mobile study, a six-month randomized trial with content delivered remotely via twice-weekly podcasts. Participants were randomized to self-monitor their diet with either a mobile app (n = 42) or wearable Bite Counter device (n = 39). Read More

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November 2020

Feasibility of Self-Monitoring Rheumatoid Arthritis With a Smartphone App: Results of Two Mixed-Methods Pilot Studies.

JMIR Form Res 2020 Sep 21;4(9):e20165. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Amsterdam Rheumatology and Immunology Center, Reade, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Several mobile apps that monitor symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) exist, but a recent systematic review indicated that high-quality apps are lacking. When patients self-monitor their own disease with patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and self-initiate care at the right moment, it may be possible to reduce the frequency of their clinic visits, which would reduce health care burden and costs. We developed an app, that is, the MijnReuma Reade app, for this purpose and performed 2 pilot tests with weekly self-monitoring. Read More

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September 2020

Changes in Patient-Reported Outcome Measures With a Technology-Supported Behavioral Lifestyle Intervention Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Pilot Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.

JMIR Diabetes 2020 Jul 24;5(3):e19268. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, United States.

Background: In the United States, more than one-third of the adult population is obese, and approximately 25.2% of those aged ≥65 years have type 2 diabetes (T2D), which is the seventh leading cause of death. It is important to measure patient-reported outcomes and monitor progress or challenges over time when managing T2D to understand patients' perception of health and quantify the impact of disease processes or intervention effects. Read More

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Achieving Optimal Gestational Weight Gain, Birth Weight, and Perinatal Outcomes Among Pregnant Women at Risk of Hypertension: Protocol for a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2020 Jun 15;9(6):e16676. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Nutrition and Clinical Services Division, icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: Hypertensive disorders, including preeclampsia, complicate 10% of all pregnancies, causing maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. In Bangladesh, 24% of all maternal deaths are directly attributed to hypertensive disorders. Conventional antenatal care practices often delay or miss detecting hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, which may allow some women to become vulnerable to the adverse consequences of the hypertensive disorders. Read More

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Daily Self-Monitoring of Symptoms and Skills Learning in Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder Through a Mobile Phone App: Protocol for a Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2020 May 25;9(5):e17737. Epub 2020 May 25.

Institute of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Patient self-monitoring via mobile phones during psychotherapy can enhance and provide an overview of psychotherapeutic progress by graphically displaying current and previous symptom scores, providing feedback to the patient, delivering psychoeducative material, and providing timely data to the therapist or treatment team.

Objective: This study will aim to assess the effects of using a mobile phone to self-monitor symptoms and acquire coping skills instead of using pen and paper during psychotherapy in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Dialectical behavior therapy will be performed to treat BPD. Read More

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Investigating the Efficacy and Cost-Effectiveness of Technology-Delivered Personalized Feedback on Dietary Patterns in Young Australian Adults in the Advice, Ideas, and Motivation for My Eating (Aim4Me) Study: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2020 May 22;9(5):e15999. Epub 2020 May 22.

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia.

Background: Web-based health interventions may be easier to access and time efficient relative to face-to-face interventions and therefore may be the most appropriate mode to engage young adults.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the impact of 3 different levels of personalized web-based dietary feedback and support on changes in diet quality.

Methods: The Advice, Ideas, and Motivation for My Eating (Aim4Me) study is a 12-month assessor-blinded, parallel-group randomized controlled trial evaluating the impact of 3 levels of web-based feedback on diet quality, measured using the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS). Read More

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Feasibility of a pilot, randomized controlled trial using a personalized health monitoring device with pregnant women for behavioral sleep research.

Appl Nurs Res 2020 04 20;52:151246. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, United States of America; University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States of America.

Sleep disruptions are common in pregnancy and can have significant maternal and infant health consequences. Management of sleep using a personal health monitoring (PHM) device may be effective in promoting behavior change and contribute to improved pregnancy-related sleep. The purpose of this pilot, randomized controlled trial was to determine the feasibility of recruitment (i. Read More

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Smartphone application plus brief motivational intervention reduces substance use and sexual risk behaviors among homeless young adults: Results from a randomized controlled trial.

Psychol Addict Behav 2020 Sep 16;34(6):641-649. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Psychiatry.

Homeless young adults are more likely than their never-homeless counterparts to abuse substances and engage in sexual risk behaviors. This study evaluated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of OnTrack, a smartphone application to self-monitor substance use and sexual risk behaviors, plus a brief motivational intervention (BMI), in reducing substance use and sexual risk among homeless young adults. A randomized controlled pilot trial ( = 60) compared OnTrack + BMI to treatment as usual (TAU) at an inner-city crisis shelter for homeless young adults (aged 18-21 years). Read More

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September 2020

A Smartphone App for Self-Monitoring of Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity to Assist Patient-Initiated Care: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2020 Feb 19;9(2):e15105. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Amsterdam Rheumatology and Immunology Center, Reade, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Telemedicine based on self-measurement of disease activity could be one of the key components to create the health care system of the future. Previous publications in various medical fields have shown that it is possible to safely telemonitor patients while reducing the number of outpatient clinic visits. For this purpose, we developed a mobile phone app for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which allows them to self-monitor their disease. Read More

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February 2020

The SMARTER Trial: Design of a trial testing tailored mHealth feedback to impact self-monitoring of diet, physical activity, and weight.

Contemp Clin Trials 2020 04 19;91:105958. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

University of Utah, School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, United States of America.

Background: Self-monitoring food intake and physical activity (PA) is positively related to weight loss and the addition of feedback (FB) messages has been shown to reinforce behavior change. Moreover, the more immediate the delivery of reinforcing FB messages, the more likely they will promote the desired behaviors.

Purpose: Describe design and rationale of SMARTER, a National Institute of Heart, Lung, and Blood (NHLBI)-sponsored randomized, controlled trial, which compares the differential efficacy of two weight loss treatments among 530 adults, ages 18 and older. Read More

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Flash Glucose Monitoring System for People with Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes: A Health Technology Assessment.


Ont Health Technol Assess Ser 2019 12;19(8):1-108. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Background: People with diabetes manage their condition by monitoring the amount of glucose (a type of sugar) in their blood, typically using a method called self-monitoring of blood glucose. Flash glucose monitoring is another method of assessing glucose levels; it uses a sensor placed under the skin and a separate touchscreen reader device. We conducted a health technology assessment of flash glucose monitoring for people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, which included an evaluation of effectiveness and safety, the budget impact of publicly funding flash glucose monitoring, and patient preferences and values. Read More

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A web-based intervention to promote physical activity in adolescents and young adults with cystic fibrosis: protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Pulm Med 2019 Dec 19;19(1):253. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Monash University La Trobe University, Alfred Health and Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Level 6, The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Vic, 3004, Australia.

Background: Regular participation in physical activity by people with cystic fibrosis (CF) promotes positive clinical and health outcomes including reduced rate of decline in lung function, fewer hospitalizations and greater wellbeing. However adherence to exercise and activity programs is low, in part due to the substantial daily therapy burden for young people with CF. Strict infection control requirements limit the role of group exercise programs that are commonly used in other clinical groups. Read More

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December 2019

The effects of mindfulness-based yogic breathing on craving, affect, and smoking behavior.

Psychol Addict Behav 2020 Mar 21;34(2):351-359. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Department of Psychology, American University.

Breathing practices are often incorporated into treatments for tobacco dependence, but there is little direct research testing the efficacy of breathing practices. This study examined the effects of a mindfulness-based yogic breathing (MB) intervention versus active treatment (cognitive strategy [CS]) and no-treatment (NT) control groups on craving, affect, withdrawal, and smoking behavior. Smokers ( = 60; 50% female; 83% African American) were randomized to receive 20 min of MB, CS, or NT. Read More

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Hypertension Self-management in Socially Disadvantaged African Americans: the Achieving Blood Pressure Control Together (ACT) Randomized Comparative Effectiveness Trial.

J Gen Intern Med 2020 01 8;35(1):142-152. Epub 2019 Nov 8.

Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Effective hypertension self-management interventions are needed for socially disadvantaged African Americans, who have poorer blood pressure (BP) control compared to others.

Objective: We studied the incremental effectiveness of contextually adapted hypertension self-management interventions among socially disadvantaged African Americans.

Design: Randomized comparative effectiveness trial. Read More

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January 2020

Developing a Hypothetical Implementation Framework of Expectations for Monitoring Early Signs of Psychosis Relapse Using a Mobile App: Qualitative Study.

J Med Internet Res 2019 10 24;21(10):e14366. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Mental Health and Wellbeing, Institute of Health & Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Background: Relapse is a common experience for people diagnosed with psychosis, which is associated with increased service costs and profound personal and familial distress. EMPOWER (Early signs Monitoring to Prevent relapse in psychosis and prOmote Well-being, Engagement, and Recovery) is a peer worker-supported digital intervention that aims to enable service users to self-monitor their mental health with the aim of encouraging self-management and the shared use of personal data to promote relapse prevention. Digital interventions have not been widely used in relapse prevention and, therefore, little is currently known about their likely implementation-both within trials and beyond. Read More

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October 2019

Associations between self-monitoring and weight change in behavioral weight loss interventions.

Health Psychol 2019 Dec 26;38(12):1128-1136. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

Objective: The current study is a secondary analysis of the Live SMART trial, a randomized controlled trial comparing a behavioral weight loss (BWL) condition delivered via smartphone (SMART) to a group-based BWL condition (GROUP) and a control condition (CONTROL). Given the established importance of self-monitoring for weight loss, the aims were to evaluate bidirectional associations between adherence to self-monitoring and weight change and to examine the moderating effect of treatment condition on these associations.

Method: Adults with overweight/obesity (n = 276; 83% women; 92. Read More

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December 2019

Evaluating the Use of Mobile Health Technology in Older Adults With Heart Failure: Mixed-Methods Study.

JMIR Aging 2018 Dec 4;1(2):e12178. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

College of Nursing, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, United States.

Background: Heart failure (HF) is associated with high rates of hospitalizations, morbidity, mortality, and costs. Remote patient monitoring (mobile health, mHealth) shows promise in improving self-care and HF management, thus increasing quality of care while reducing hospitalizations and costs; however, limited information exists regarding perceptions of older adults with HF about mHealth use.

Objective: This study aimed to compare perspectives of older adults with HF who were randomized to either (1) mHealth equipment connected to a 24-hour call center, (2) digital home equipment, or (3) standard care, with regard to ease and satisfaction with equipment, provider communication and engagement, and ability to self-monitor and manage their disease. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of Mobile Health Prompts on Self-Monitoring and Exercise Behaviors Following a Diabetes Prevention Program: Secondary Analysis From a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2019 09 5;7(9):e12956. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC, Canada.

Background: A number of mobile health (mHealth) apps exist that focus specifically on promoting exercise behavior. To increase user engagement, prompts, such as text messages, emails, or push notifications, are often used. To date, little research has been done to understand whether, and for how long, these prompts influence exercise behavior. Read More

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September 2019

Using mHealth for the management of hypertension in UK primary care: an embedded qualitative study of the TASMINH4 randomised controlled trial.

Br J Gen Pract 2019 Sep 29;69(686):e612-e620. Epub 2019 Aug 29.

Institute of Applied Health Research, Murray Learning Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham.

Background: Self-monitoring of blood pressure is common but how telemonitoring with a mobile healthcare (mHealth) solution in the management of hypertension can be implemented by patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) is currently unclear.

Aim: Evaluation of facilitators and barriers to self- and telemonitoring interventions for hypertension within the Telemonitoring and Self-monitoring in Hypertension (TASMINH4) trial.

Design And Setting: An embedded process evaluation of the TASMINH4 randomised controlled trial (RCT), in the West Midlands, in UK primary care, conducted between March 2015 and September 2016. Read More

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September 2019

Embedding Self-Regulation Instruction Within Fractions Intervention for Third Graders With Mathematics Difficulties.

J Learn Disabil 2019 Jul/Aug;52(4):337-348. Epub 2019 May 29.

1 Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.

The purpose of this study was to explore the efficacy of fractions intervention with and without an embedded self-regulation (SR) component for third-grade students at risk for mathematics disabilities. Fractions intervention focused on magnitude understanding and word problems. Embedded SR was designed to support a growth mindset (fostering belief that intellectual and academic abilities can be developed) along with SR processes in which students set goals, self-monitor, and use strategies to engage motivationally, metacognitively, and behaviorally through challenging tasks. Read More

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Does care in a specialised stroke prevention clinic improve poststroke blood pressure control: a protocol for a randomised comparative effectiveness study.

BMJ Open 2019 02 19;9(2):e024695. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Neurology, McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.

Introduction: Hypertension is a major risk factor for recurrent stroke, and blood pressure (BP) reduction is associated with decreased risk of stroke recurrence. However, many stroke survivors have poorly controlled BP after their initial stroke. The Stroke Transitions Education and Prevention (STEP) Clinic was established to provide a comprehensive approach to stroke risk factor reduction. Read More

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February 2019

HF app to support self-care among community dwelling adults with HF: A feasibility study.

Marva Foster

Appl Nurs Res 2018 12 17;44:93-96. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Adult Nursing Department, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, United States of America.. Electronic address:

Background: The prevalence of Heart Failure (HF) is expected to increase by 46% from 2012 to 2030, which will result in over 8 million adults with HF. The development and testing of interventions that can support HF self-care behaviors is critical.

Aim: Determine the: 1) feasibility of using the HF App in middle to older adult community dwelling patients with HF; and 2) acceptability of using the HF App mobile health application. Read More

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December 2018

Examining the efficacy of a multicomponent m-Health physical activity, diet and sleep intervention for weight loss in overweight and obese adults: randomised controlled trial protocol.

BMJ Open 2018 10 30;8(10):e026179. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Physical Activity Research Group, School for Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia.

Introduction: Traditional behavioural weight loss trials targeting improvements in physical activity and diet are modestly effective. It has been suggested that sleep may have a role in weight loss and maintenance. Improving sleep health in combination with physical activity and dietary behaviours may be one strategy to enhance traditional behavioural weight loss trials. Read More

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October 2018

A randomised controlled trial to test the efficacy of an m-health delivered physical activity and sleep intervention to improve sleep quality in middle-aged adults: The Refresh Study Protocol.

Contemp Clin Trials 2018 10 24;73:36-50. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia; School of Medicine & Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Poor sleep health is common and has a substantial negative health impact. Physical activity has been shown to improve sleep health. Many sleep interventions do not explicitly target physical activity, potentially limiting changes in activity and also sleep. Read More

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October 2018

Improving physical activity, pain and function in patients waiting for hip and knee arthroplasty by combining targeted exercise training with behaviour change counselling: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Trials 2018 Aug 7;19(1):425. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Australia.

Background: Osteoarthritis often results in prolonged periods of reduced physical activity and is associated with adverse health outcomes, including increased risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Exercise interventions for patients on the waiting list for arthroplasty can reduce the risk of long-term adverse outcomes by increasing activity levels. However, uptake and ongoing positive rates of physical activity in this population are low and the impact of pre-operative behaviour counselling on exercise is not known. Read More

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Ecological momentary assessments for self-monitoring and counseling to optimize methamphetamine treatment and sexual risk reduction outcomes among gay and bisexual men.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2018 09 15;92:17-26. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Center for HIV Identification, Prevention and Treatment Services, University of California, Los Angeles, 10880 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 1800, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA; Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, USA.

This pilot study evaluated the use of smartphone ecological momentary assessments (EMA) for self-monitoring to optimize treatment outcomes among gay and bisexual men enrolled in an outpatient methamphetamine abuse treatment service program. Participants (N = 34) received EMA prompts five times daily to self-monitor their methamphetamine use, cravings, sexual risk behaviors, and associated triggers and affect throughout the 8-week treatment program. Participants were randomized into either a self-directed condition with access to a web-based EMA response visualization dashboard ("EMA + Dashboard"; n = 16); or, a counselor-supported condition incorporating weekly, 30-min, one-on-one counseling sessions to review and discuss the participant's self-monitoring data on the dashboard ("EMA + Dashboard + Counselor"; n = 18). Read More

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September 2018