Protein Sci 1998 Feb;7(2):325-35
Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.
The role of interhelical turns in determining protein structure has been investigated previously in relatively simple four-helix-bundle proteins using combinatorial mutagenesis coupled with screening for functional variants. To assess the tolerance to sequence substitution of a short, interhelical turn in a larger, more complicated protein, we have exploited a more sensitive in vivo selection for catalytic activity. Randomization of three solvent-exposed turn residues in Escherichia coli chorismate mutase (Ala65, His66, and His67), followed by selection, indicated that >63% of tripeptides, including some with significantly altered backbone conformations, can functionally replace the native sequence. Read More