N Engl J Med 2021 Jul;385(5):416-426
From the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora (P.B., P.Z.); George Washington University, Rockville, MD (K.L.D., B.T.); Yale University, New Haven, CT (S.C.); Case Western Reserve University, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland (R.G.-K.); the Massachusetts General Hospital Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston (D.M.N.); the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City (J.T.); and Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis (N.H.W.).
Background: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in youth is increasing, but little is known regarding the occurrence of related complications as these youths transition to adulthood.
Methods: We previously conducted a multicenter clinical trial (from 2004 to 2011) to evaluate the effects of one of three treatments (metformin, metformin plus rosiglitazone, or metformin plus an intensive lifestyle intervention) on the time to loss of glycemic control in participants who had onset of type 2 diabetes in youth. After completion of the trial, participants were transitioned to metformin with or without insulin and were enrolled in an observational follow-up study (performed from 2011 to 2020), which was conducted in two phases; the results of this follow-up study are reported here. Read More