72,507 results match your criteria questionnaires administered

Effectiveness and acceptability of a multidisciplinary approach in improving the care of patients with advanced chronic kidney disease: a pilot study.

Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Duke-NUS Medical School, Health Services and Systems Research, Singapore, Singapore.

Objective: This study aimed at determining the feasibility of conducting a large-scale pragmatic effectiveness study on the implementation of multidisciplinary care (MDC) program for patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Methods: This is a single-arm pre-post intervention design pilot study over 12 months. Participants with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) between 11 and 20 ml/min/1. Read More

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Association between decision-making under risk conditions and on-road driving safety among older drivers.

Neuropsychology 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

UNSW Aging Futures Institute, University of New South Wales.

Despite theoretical models emphasizing the likely importance of adaptive decision-making to maintaining safety on the roads, there has been a lack of research investigating this topic. This exploratory study aimed to determine if decision-making under risk conditions, as measured by the Game of Dice Task (GDT), can explain additional variance in on-road driving safety beyond other well-validated predictors. Two hundred and thirty-nine cognitively normal Australian drivers aged 65-96 completed demographic and health questionnaires, vision testing, a neurocognitive test battery assessing cognitive flexibility, cognitive interference, episodic memory, verbal working memory, verbal fluency, and visuospatial function, the GDT-a lab-based assessment of decision-making under risk conditions, validated off-road driver screening measures and an on-road driving assessment along a standard route in urban traffic conditions administered by a trained Occupational Therapist (OT). Read More

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Completing Self-Administered Questionnaires: Hmong Older Adults and Their Family Helpers.

Field methods 2020 Aug 23;32(3):253-273. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Nursing.

This study describes a method for collecting data from non-literate, non-English speaking populations. Our Audio computer-assisted self-interview instrument with color-labeled response categories was designed for use with a helper assistance. The study included 30 dyads of non-literate older Hmong respondents and family helpers answering questions about health. Read More

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Collection and Reporting of Patient-reported Outcome Measures in Arthroplasty Registries: Multinational Survey and Recommendations.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kaiser Permanente South Bay Medical Center, Harbor City, CA, USA.

Background: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are validated questionnaires that are completed by patients. Arthroplasty registries vary in PROM collection and use. Current information about registry collection and use of PROM is important to help improve methods of PROMs data analysis, reporting, comparison, and use toward improving clinical practice. Read More

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Development and Validation of Urologic and Appearance Domains of the Post-affirming Surgery Form and Function Individual Reporting Measure (AFFIRM) for Transwomen following Genital Surgery.

J Urol 2021 Jul 21:101097JU0000000000002141. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Center for Female Pelvic Health, Department of Urology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York.

Purpose: As feminizing gender-affirming surgery becomes increasingly accessible, functional outcomes are increasingly relevant. We aim to develop and validate the first patient-reported outcome questionnaire focusing on postoperative symptomatology and quality of life.

Material And Methods: Questions were developed from interviews with postoperative transwomen followed by face validation from a multi-specialty clinician group. Read More

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The evaluation of global cognitive and emotional status of older patients with chronic tinnitus.

Brain Behav 2021 Jul 21:e02074. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Institute of Otolaryngology, Fondazione Policlinico Agostino Gemelli, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Objectives: Tinnitus is a common symptom largely impactful on quality of life, especially in the elderly. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of self-administered screening tests to correlate the severity of subjective perception of tinnitus with emotional disorders and the overall cognitive status.

Methods: Patients aged ≥ 55 years with chronic tinnitus were recruited and submitted to a complete audiological evaluation; Tinnitus Handicap inventory (THI); Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A and HADS-D) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Read More

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COVID-19-Related Anxiety and the Coping Strategies in the Southeast Ethiopia.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2021 12;14:1019-1031. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Nursing Department, Madda Walabu University Goba Referral Hospital, Bale-Goba, Ethiopia.

Background: The pandemic of coronavirus disease spreading is impacting mental health globally. Even though the pandemic is challenging for patients, the community, policymakers, as well as health organizations, and teams, the data on COVID-19 and its association with anxiety and coping mechanisms towards infection among community members are currently limited. Thus, the study is intended to assess COVID-19-related levels of anxiety and coping strategies among community members of Bale and East Bale Zones, Southeast Ethiopia. Read More

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Impact of COVID-19 on Public Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Participating in Clinical Trials in Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Gen Med 2021 13;14:3405-3413. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Research Center, Clinical Research Department, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the knowledge and attitudes of patients among the Saudi population toward participating in clinical trials.

Methods: We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional analysis using self-administered questionnaires for patients who attended the outpatient clinics at King Fahad Medical City and King Saud University Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The questionnaires included general questions about sociodemographic information, patient knowledge about clinical trials, and patient attitudes toward clinical trial participation. Read More

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Acta Clin Croat 2020 Dec;59(4):623-631

1Department of Ophthalmology, Mostar University Hospital, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 2Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The purpose of this research was to evaluate the relationship between general health-related quality of life (GHRQL) and sociodemographic factors in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients. A prospective cross-sectional study included 207 glaucoma patients. GHRQL was determined two self-administered questionnaires: the 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36) and the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) questionnaire. Read More

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December 2020

Women's awareness regarding the use of dental imaging during pregnancy.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Jul 20;21(1):357. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Division, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: There is often anxiety among pregnant women about dental imaging during pregnancy. This may hinder some women from seeking dental treatment during pregnancy and consequently, may negatively affect the oral health of the mother and fetus. This study was conducted to assess women's awareness regarding the use of dental imaging during pregnancy. Read More

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Impact of IgG response to malaria-specific antigens and immunity against malaria in pre-school children in Ghana. A cluster randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(7):e0253544. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Kintampo Health Research Centre, Kintampo-North, Ghana.

Background: Iron fortification and micronutrient initiatives, specifically, vitamin A, and zinc supplementation are the most cost-effective developmental strategies against malnutrition and health emergencies in pre-school children. Iron-deficiency among pre-school children have been documented, however, studies evaluating the impact of immunoglobulin G (IgG) isotype responses among iron-fortified pre-school children in malaria endemic communities has not been assessed. We evaluated the impact of iron fortification on the IgG responses to GLURP R0, GLURP R2 and MSP3 FVO malaria-specific antigens among pre-school children in malaria endemic areas. Read More

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Pharmacy Students' Perceptions and Performance on the Use of an Online Virtual Experience Tool for Practicing Objective Structured Clinical Examinations.

Am J Pharm Educ 2020 Nov 31;84(11):7920. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Monash University, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

To examine pharmacy students' performance on and perceptions regarding the use of an interactive online tool for practicing to take objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs). The Monash OSCE Virtual Experience (MOVE), an online module consisting of 20 pharmacy case scenarios with virtual patients, was piloted with final-year pharmacy students at Monash University campuses in Australia and Malaysia. A mixed methods approach that included reviewing user attempts and comparing grades, collecting student-administered questionnaires, and holding focus groups was used to examine students' perception and performance. Read More

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November 2020

Pharmacy Students' Perception of an Elective Course on Evidence-based Learning Strategies.

Am J Pharm Educ 2021 Feb 13;85(2):8232. Epub 2020 Nov 13.

Loma Linda University, School of Pharmacy, Loma Linda, California.

To examine pharmacy students' perceptions of an elective course on evidence-based learning strategies. Pre- and post-course survey questionnaires were administered to students who enrolled in an elective course, to determine the learning strategies they used prior to course attendance, track their use of evidence-based learning strategies and observance of healthy lifestyle habits, and assess their perception of the course. A written assignment was given that required students to reflect on the learning outcomes that resulted from their application of evidence-based learning strategies. Read More

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February 2021

Fractional CO2 laser and vulvar lichen sclerosus: an alternative resource during maintenance therapy? A prospective study.

Ital J Dermatol Venerol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Dermatology Unit, IRCSS di Policlinico S. Orsola, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Background: Lichen sclerosus is an autoimmune dermatosis that in women typically involves vulvar area. This condition can strongly impact on the quality of life.To date, topical steroids are the most effective treatment, although adverse effects are possible, especially in long-term application. Read More

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Peyronie's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ): Spanish translation and validation.

Int J Impot Res 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Urology Department, Hospital HM Montepríncipe, Madrid, Spain.

The Peyronie's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ) is a 15-question self-reported questionnaire that evaluates the severity and physical and psychosexual issues of Peyronie's disease (PD) symptoms in three scales: "psychological and physical symptoms," "penile pain," and "symptom bother." Previous studies validated the PDQ US version and confirmed its test-retest reliability and responsiveness. The aim is to translate and validate the Spanish version of the PDQ to be used in the clinical practice and in PD research studies in Spain. Read More

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Colorectal cancer after bariatric surgery (Cric-Abs 2020): Sicob (Italian society of obesity surgery) endorsed national survey.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Medical-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Division of General Surgery and Bariatric Centre of Excellence IFSO-EC, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy.

Background: The published colorectal cancer (CRC) outcomes after bariatric surgery (BS) are conflicting, with some anecdotal studies reporting increased risks. The present nationwide survey CRIC-ABS 2020 (Colo-Rectal Cancer Incidence-After Bariatric Surgery-2020), endorsed by the Italian Society of Obesity Surgery (SICOB), aims to report its incidence in Italy after BS, comparing the two commonest laparoscopic procedures-Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GBP).

Methods: Two online questionnaires-first having 11 questions on SG/GBP frequency with a follow-up of 5-10 years, and the second containing 15 questions on CRC incidence and management, were administered to 53 referral bariatric, high volume centers. Read More

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An exploratory study of freshman attrition from an Appalachian physiology program.

Adv Physiol Educ 2021 Sep;45(3):501-510

Division of Exercise Physiology, Department of Human Performance and Applied Exercise Science, School of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.

Appalachia has low rates of college attendance and graduation, but relevant data investigating student attrition from physiology majors in this region are lacking. This exploratory study examined freshman attrition from an undergraduate exercise physiology program in Appalachia with the goal of identifying potential strategies for improving retention across similar programs in this underserved region. Questionnaires were administered at the beginning and end of the fall semester to freshman ( = 247) and students transferring out of the major [Transferred group (T); = 50] by the end of their first semester were compared against those that remained [Retained group (R); = 190]. Read More

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September 2021

Compete or commit: Preferences for early commitment process or ASHP Match among pharmacy residency program directors and residents.

Am J Health Syst Pharm 2020 09;77(19):1612-1618

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Administrative Sciences, Idaho State University College of Pharmacy, Meridian, ID.

Purpose: To assess the recruitment preferences of directors of postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) pharmacy residency programs and postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residents seeking PGY2 residency positions, as well as key drivers of preference.

Methods: Two Web-based questionnaires were administered to residency program directors (RPDs) of PGY2 programs and PGY1 residents, respectively. Participants were recruited via email, and responses were collected from November 27 through December 14, 2018. Read More

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September 2020

Association of Cycling With All-Cause and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Among Persons With Diabetes: The European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study.

JAMA Intern Med 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Importance: Premature death from all causes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) causes is higher among persons with diabetes.

Objective: To investigate the association between time spent cycling and all-cause and CVD mortality among persons with diabetes, as well as to evaluate the association between change in time spent cycling and risk of all-cause and CVD mortality.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This prospective cohort study included 7459 adults with diabetes from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Read More

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Role of Risk Taking and Inhibitory Control in Alcohol Use Among Maltreated Adolescents and Nonmaltreated Adolescents.

Child Maltreat 2021 Jul 19:10775595211031349. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Oregon Social Learning Center, Eugene, OR, USA.

Exposure to childhood maltreatment is a significant risk factor for the development and persistence of problematic alcohol use. The present study examined the role of risk taking and inhibitory control, key cognitive processes believed to govern behavioral regulation, as mechanisms that underlie the association between childhood maltreatment and the early stages of alcohol use. A sample of 129 maltreated adolescents and 102 socioeconomic status-matched, nonmaltreated adolescents and their parents completed three annual assessments, including computer-administered tasks and adolescent- and parent-report questionnaires, across ages 12-13 through 14-15 years. Read More

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Socio-demographic Determinants of Vaccine Coverage for Pneumococcus and Rotavirus among under Five Children in Busolwe Town Council, Butaleja District, Eastern Uganda: A Cross Sectional Study.

Int J Trop Dis Health 2019 7;39(3):1-13. Epub 2019 Dec 7.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Busitema University, P.O.Box 1460, Mbale, Uganda.

Background And Aims: There is a high burden of vaccine-preventable diseases in the children under five years of age, particularly pneumonia diarrhea and which is greatly affected by low immunization coverage despite the existing efforts and policies. This study was carried out in Butaleja district and was aimed at establishing the socio-demographic determinants of vaccine coverage for pneumococcus and rotavirus among under five children (U5C) in the district.

Study Design: This was a mixed methods cross-sectional study. Read More

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December 2019

Predictors of two-year patient satisfaction following elective knee surgery.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2021 Sep 27;20:101486. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Patient satisfaction metrics are increasingly being utilized as tools to evaluate the quality of healthcare and affect reimbursements. The objectives of this study were to (1) identify factors associated with two-year patient satisfaction after elective knee surgery, (2) compare the Surgical Satisfaction Questionnaire-8 (SSQ-8) and a numeric satisfaction scale (NSS), and (3) determine if two-year patient satisfaction can be predicted based on preoperative factors.

Methods: A total of 365 patients undergoing elective knee surgery at a single center were administered questionnaires to assess demographics, medical history, and various patient-reported outcomes preoperatively and at two years postoperatively. Read More

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September 2021

Loss of nocturnal dipping pattern of skin sympathetic nerve activity during and following an extended-duration work shift in residents in training.

J Cardiol 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Cardiology, Xinhua Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai 200092, China. Electronic address:

Background: Extended-duration work shifts (EDWSs) might affect the health of physician residents, causing autonomic alteration. Skin sympathetic nerve activity (SKNA) recorded by noninvasive neuro-electrocardiography (neuECG) is used to estimate cardiac sympathetic tone. In this study, we aim to evaluate the impact of EDWSs on nocturnal SKNA assessed in resident doctors. Read More

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Social Media Usage, Psychosocial Wellbeing and Academic Performance.

Int Q Community Health Educ 2021 Jul 18:272684X211033482. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Psychology Department, College of Education and Behavioural Science, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia.

Psychosocial wellbeing questionnaires were administered to Dire Dawa Polytechnic college students (, 204) to examine the interrelationship of social media usage, psychosocial wellbeing, and academic performance. The result revealed that male students use social media for the reason of making new relationships and female participants used social media to maintain the relationship, those students who spend more time on Facebook followed by telegram and Whatsapp. Results of the Pearson correlation indicated that the academic performance of students negatively correlated and significantly with social media usage (telegram, Facebook, and Whatsapp), while they are positively correlated with self-esteem. Read More

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Design, implementation and initial findings of COVID-19 research in the Rotterdam Study: leveraging existing infrastructure for population-based investigations on an emerging disease.

Eur J Epidemiol 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC - University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

The Rotterdam Study is an ongoing prospective, population-based cohort study that started in 1989 in the city of Rotterdam, the Netherlands. The study aims to unravel etiology, preclinical course, natural history and potential targets for intervention for chronic diseases in mid-life and late-life. It focuses on cardiovascular, endocrine, hepatic, neurological, ophthalmic, psychiatric, dermatological, otolaryngological, locomotor, and respiratory diseases. Read More

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Factors associated with nurses' user resistance to change of electronic health record systems.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2021 Jul 17;21(1):218. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

College of Nursing, Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.

Background: Electronic health record (EHR) systems often face user resistance in hospitals, which results in a failure to acquire their full benefits. To implement the EHR successfully, it is crucial to reduce nurses' resistance to use the system. This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with nurses' resistance to use the EHR system. Read More

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COVID-19-related attitudes, risk perceptions, preventive behaviours and economic impact in sub-Saharan African countries: implementing a longitudinal phone-based survey protocol in rural Senegalese households.

BMJ Open 2021 07 16;11(7):e050090. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Aix Marseille Univ, IRD, AP-HM, SSA, VITROME, Marseille, France.

Introduction: Rural areas are considered safe havens against the increased spread of COVID-19 and associated restrictive measures, especially in contexts where public authorities are not in a position to systematically and substantially ease COVID-19-induced economic shocks. In the current sub-Saharan Africa context, still marked by uncertainty surrounding the spread of COVID-19, we present the protocol of an ongoing longitudinal study aimed at investigating COVID-19-related attitudes, risks perceptions, preventive behaviours and economic impact in rural areas in Senegal.

Methods And Analysis: A prospective randomised longitudinal study of 600 households located in three semiurban villages and nine randomly selected rural villages in the Niakhar area (located 135 km East of Dakar). Read More

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Mediating role of coping styles on anxiety in healthcare workers victim of violence: a cross-sectional survey in China hospitals.

BMJ Open 2021 Jul 16;11(7):e048493. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China

Objective: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the rate of workplace violence in county hospitals in China and its impact on healthcare workers and to explore the relationship between hospital violence, coping styles and anxiety to provide effective procedures for reducing anxiety among healthcare workers.

Methods: The study used stratified sampling to select 1200 healthcare workers from 30 county hospitals in China to conduct a questionnaire survey. Of these, 1030 were valid questionnaires, and the effective response rate was 85. Read More

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Is fast-food consumption a problem among adolescents in Malaysia? An analysis of the National School-Based Nutrition Survey, 2012.

J Health Popul Nutr 2021 Jul 16;40(1):31. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Centre for Nutrition Epidemiology Research, Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, No.1, Jalan Setia Murni U13/53, Section U13, Setia Alam, 40170, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: Fast-food consumption is an unhealthy dietary behaviour because it increases the risk of diet-related chronic diseases. We aimed to investigate factors associated with fast-food consumption, namely sociodemographic characteristics, body mass index-for-age, meal away from home habit, and intake of various food groups among adolescents in Malaysia.

Methods: We analysed data from the National School-Based Nutrition Survey (NSNS). Read More

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Knowledge and awareness of school teachers regarding emergency management of dental trauma in school children of Navi Mumbai.

Indian J Dent Res 2021 Jan-Feb;32(1):51-55

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Terna Dental College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Context: Dental trauma is a serious oral health problem that can impair function and aesthetics, which affects the overall quality of life in children.

Aims: The aim of the present study was to identify the level of knowledge and awareness of school teachers regarding emergency management of dental trauma in school children of Navi Mumbai. The second objective was to correlate it with demographic characteristics and evaluate the need for oral health education programs for teachers. Read More

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