83,329 results match your criteria qualitative quantitative


Feasibility of a voice-enabled medical diary app (SpeakHealth) with caregivers of children with special healthcare needs and healthcare providers: A mixed methods study.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

The Abigail Wexner Research Institute, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, US.

Background: Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) require more than the usual care management and coordination efforts from caregivers and health care providers (HCP). Health information and communication technologies can potentially facilitate these efforts in order to increase the quality of care received by CSHCN.

Objective: In this study, we assessed the feasibility of a voice-enabled medical diary app (SpeakHealth) by investigating its potential use among caregivers and HCPs. Read More

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Use of academic electronic medical records in nurse education: A scoping review.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Apr 9;101:104889. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3086, Australia.

Background: Use of academic electronic medical records is internationally recognised as a means for preparing health professional students for the digital healthcare environment. Reported practice benefits include skills for electronic documentation, health informatics, point-of-care clinical decision support systems, as well as preparation for information technology-enabled clinical settings, while challenges include lack of access to simulation software, faculty-related barriers, limited finances and educational software costs. However, little is known about best practices related to its use within pre-licensure or entry-to-practice nursing curricula and impact on clinical practice outcomes. Read More

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Implementation of a Magnetic Resonance Imaging scanner dedicated to emergencies in cases of binocular diplopia: impact on patient management.

J Neuroradiol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Service des Urgences, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 1, Place de l'Hôpital, 67000 Strasbourg, France. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: Evaluate the implementation of an MRI scanner dedicated to emergencies on the management of patients admitted in the emergency department (ED) for binocular diplopia (BD).

Material And Methods: This was a prospective non-interventional single-center study from February 2018 to February 2020. A total of 110 patients were included: 52 patients during the first stage (29 women; 23 men; mean age 65. Read More

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Assessing the Outbreak Risk of Epidemics Using Fuzzy Evidential Reasoning.

Risk Anal 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

School of Maritime and Mechancial Engineering, John Moores Liverpool University, Liverpool, UK.

Epidemic diseases (EDs) present a significant but challenging risk endangering public health, evidenced by the outbreak of COVID-19. Compared to other risks affecting public health such as flooding, EDs attract little attention in terms of risk assessment in the current literature. It does not well respond to the high practical demand for advanced techniques capable of tackling ED risks. Read More

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Students as Leaders in Supporting Campus Wellbeing: Peer-to-Peer Health Promotion in Higher Education.

Health Promot J Austr 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Student Experience Office, Western Sydney University, Australia.

Issue Addressed: This study aimed to analyse the relationship between peer-delivered health promotion programs and student wellbeing, and to expand the limited body of research examining peer-to-peer mental health promotion as experienced by student leaders.

Methods: The study was cross-sectional and focused on the experience of participants of a Sydney-based University Mental Health Day event, including student leaders, student participants, university staff and industry partners. It adopted a mixed-method approach to data collection, including a quantitative and a qualitative phase. Read More

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The Epidemic of Substandard and Falsified Medications in Iraq: Evaluating the Effectiveness of National Pharmacovigilance Alerts to Community Pharmacies.

Pharmaceut Med 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

University of Baghdad College of Pharmacy, Baghdad, Iraq.

Background: Assessing Iraqi experience with the impact of substandard and falsified (S/F) medicines can help other countries deal comprehensively with the underlying causes of this multifactorial problem. The tools used in this study to assess strategies to prevent the use of S/F medications can be used in other developing countries. This study investigated the problem of S/F medications at three levels: the Ministry of Health (MOH), pharmaceutical company representatives, and community pharmacists. Read More

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Virtual reality simulation in robot-assisted surgery: meta-analysis of skill transfer and predictability of skill.

BJS Open 2021 Mar;5(2)

Department of General, Visceral, and Transplantation Surgery, University Hospital of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: The value of virtual reality (VR) simulators for robot-assisted surgery (RAS) for skill assessment and training of surgeons has not been established. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to identify evidence on transferability of surgical skills acquired on robotic VR simulators to the operating room and the predictive value of robotic VR simulator performance for intraoperative performance.

Methods: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science were searched systematically. Read More

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Impact of endothelial shear stress on absorption process of resorbable magnesium scaffold: A BIOSOLVE-II substudy.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Section of Interventional Cardiology, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington DC, USA. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: Local hemodynamic forces such as endothelial shear stress (ESS) may have an influence on appropriate neointimal healing, vessel remodeling, and struts absorption process following second-generation drug-eluting resorbable magnesium scaffold (RMS, Magmaris, Biotronik AG, Buelach, Switzerland) placement. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of ESS assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations on absorption process and coronary lumen dimension after Magmaris implantation.

Methods And Results: A total of 22 patients who were enrolled in the BIOSOLVE-II trial and underwent serial OCT assessment immediately after Magmaris implantation and at 6- and 12-month follow-up were included. Read More

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Mapping evidence on the distribution of the costs associated with cancer of prostate, cervix, and female breast in the sub-Saharan Africa: protocol for a scoping review.

Syst Rev 2021 Apr 17;10(1):113. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Discipline of Public Health, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Mazisi Kunene Road, Durban, 4041, South Africa.

Background: Despite the well-documented information on cancer prevention and management, among noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), globally, cancer continues to be the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality with devastating economic consequences. The burden is disproportionately more among developing countries and the extent of evidence available on the economic consequences (direct and indirect costs) of cancer remains unknown in low-income countries particularly in the sub-Saharan region. Understanding the costs of illness is important to inform decision-making on setting up health care policies and informing economic evaluation of interventions. Read More

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Specialty career preferences among final year medical students at Makerere University College of health sciences, Uganda: a mixed methods study.

BMC Med Educ 2021 Apr 16;21(1):215. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Uganda has an imbalanced distribution of the health workforce, which may be influenced by the specialty career preferences of medical students. In spite of this, there is inadequate literature concerning the factors influencing specialty career preferences. We aimed to determine the specialty career preferences and the factors influencing the preferences among fifth year medical students in the School of Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS). Read More

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Acceptability of employment readiness measures in youth and young adults on the autism spectrum: a mixed-methods study.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Apr 16:1-13. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

School of Public Policy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Purpose: Reliable, valid, and pragmatic measures are essential for monitoring and evaluating employment readiness and comparing the effectiveness of alternative implementation strategies. The Work Readiness Inventory (WRI) and Ansell-Casey Life Skills Assessment (ACLSA) are valid measures of employment readiness in neurotypical populations; however, their acceptability (i.e. Read More

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The benefit of intravenous thrombolysis prior to mechanical thrombectomy within the therapeutic window for acute ischemic stroke.

Clin Imaging 2021 Apr 5;79:3-7. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, 676 N St Clair St, Chicago, IL 60611, United States of America.

The increase in risk for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with age is well established. If not treated properly and promptly, AIS can result in permanent neurological damage and even death. This literature review assesses the clinical outcomes of AIS patients treated with both intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) prior to mechanical thrombectomy (MT) compared to those treated solely with mechanical thrombectomy. Read More

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New femoral remains of Nacholapithecus kerioi: Implications for intraspecific variation and Miocene hominoid evolution.

J Hum Evol 2021 Apr 13;155:102982. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Kyoto University, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan.

The middle Miocene stem kenyapithecine Nacholapithecus kerioi (16-15 Ma; Nachola, Kenya) is represented by a large number of isolated fossil remains and one of the most complete skeletons in the hominoid fossil record (KNM-BG 35250). Multiple fieldwork seasons performed by Japanese-Kenyan teams during the last part of the 20th century resulted in the discovery of a large sample of Nacholapithecus fossils. Here, we describe the new femoral remains of Nacholapithecus. Read More

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Identification of main influencing factors on the protein corona composition of PLGA and PLA nanoparticles.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmacy University of Muenster Corrensstr.4848149 Muenster, Germany. Electronic address:

Poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) and poly(DL-lactic acid) are widely used for the preparation of nanoparticles due to favorable characteristics for medical use like biodegradability and controllable degradation behavior. The contact with different media like human plasma or serum leads to the formation of a protein corona that determines the NP's in vivo processing. In this study, the impact of surface end group identity, matrix polymer hydrophobicity, molecular weight, and incubation medium on the protein corona composition was evaluated. Read More

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Relationships of irrigation water and soil physical and chemical characteristics with yield, chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Damask rose essential oil.

Authors:
Mansureh Ghavam

PLoS One 2021 16;16(4):e0249363. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran.

Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) is an aromatic medicinal plant rich in bioactive compounds with high value in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Knowledge of the factors affecting the quantitative and qualitative properties of the compounds in its essential oil (EO) and the bioactivity of this EO is important in optimizing Damask rose cultivation and production. Read More

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One vaccine for life: Lessons from immune ontogeny.

J Paediatr Child Health 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Systems Vaccinology, Telethon Kids Institute, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

There remains a general misconception that the immune status of the fetus and neonate is immature or insufficient. However, emerging research in immune ontogeny prompts reconsideration of this orthodoxy, reframing this period instead as one of unique opportunity. Vaccine responses (qualitative and quantitative) vary between individuals, and across demographic cohorts. Read More

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Induction of diapause by clock proteins period and timeless via changes in PTTH and ecdysteroid titer in the sugar beet moth, Scrobipalpa ocellatella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae).

Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 2021 Apr 16:e21790. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

The sugar beet moth, Scrobipalpa ocellatella (Boyd), one of the most severe sugar beet pests, causes quantitative and qualitative yield losses late in the autumn. Previously, it was shown that low temperature and short-day photoperiod together cause diapause induction in pupae. Here, the interaction of the critical elements of the diapause induction, including the period (PER), timeless (TIM), prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH), and ecdysteroid titer, were investigated. Read More

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Smartphone-based imaging systems for medical applications: a critical review.

J Biomed Opt 2021 Apr;26(4)

Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth, Dartmouth College, United States.

Significance: Smartphones come with an enormous array of functionality and are being more widely utilized with specialized attachments in a range of healthcare applications. A review of key developments and uses, with an assessment of strengths/limitations in various clinical workflows, was completed.

Aim: Our review studies how smartphone-based imaging (SBI) systems are designed and tested for specialized applications in medicine and healthcare. Read More

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Olfactory capacity in anorexia nervosa: correlations with set-shifting ability.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Second Department of Psychiatry, Medical School, "Attikon" University General Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 1 Rimini St, 12462, Athens, Greece.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine olfactory capacity in adults with anorexia nervosa (AN), in terms of odor identification and odor threshold and search for possible correlations between odor identification and cognitive flexibility in this population.

Methods: Thirty-nine patients diagnosed with AN and 60 healthy participants, participated. Odor identification was assessed using the University Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test and a two alternative forced choice, ascending method with n-butanol was used to assess odor threshold. Read More

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Using WhatsApp messenger for health systems research: a scoping review of available literature.

Health Policy Plan 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

The African Centre for Migration & Society (ACMS), University of the Witwatersrand (Wits), Solomon Mahlangu House, Braamfontein Campus East, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa.

Globally, the use of mobile phones for improving access to healthcare and conducting health research has gained traction in recent years as rates of ownership increase, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Mobile instant messaging applications, including WhatsApp Messenger, provide new and affordable opportunities for health research across time and place, potentially addressing the challenges of maintaining contact and participation involved in research with migrant and mobile populations, for example. However, little is known about the opportunities and challenges associated with the use of WhatsApp as a tool for health research. Read More

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SSCA-Net: Simultaneous Self- and Channel-Attention Neural Network for Multiscale Structure-Preserving Vessel Segmentation.

Biomed Res Int 2021 30;2021:6622253. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

College of Internet of Things Engineering, Hohai University Changzhou, China.

Vessel segmentation is a fundamental, yet not well-solved problem in medical image analysis, due to the complicated geometrical and topological structures of human vessels. Unlike existing rule- and conventional learning-based techniques, which hardly capture the location of tiny vessel structures and perceive their global spatial structures, we propose (termed SSCA-Net) to solve the (MSVS) problem. SSCA-Net differs from the conventional neural networks in modeling image global contexts, showing more power to understand the global semantic information by both (SCA) mechanism and offering high performance on segmenting vessels with multiscale structures (e. Read More

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The Concepts of Work and Decent Work in Relationship With Self-Efficacy and Career Adaptability: Research With Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Adolescence.

Front Psychol 2021 30;12:660721. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Educational Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

The way people make career choices is often influenced by their idea of work. Alongside this concept, there is the idea of decent work, which takes the form of the opportunity, for men and women, to have productive, equal, safe, and rights-based work. We have conducted a study on these two concepts with a group of Italian adolescents, using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Read More

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The Physiology of Reproduction - ?

Front Physiol 2021 30;12:650550. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

The reproductive system in males and females reflects a highly dynamic underlying physiology. Yet our current understanding of this system is still largely based upon relatively simplistic snapshots of individual component cells and tissues. Gamete production as well as gonadal hormone synthesis and its influence are the manifestations of dynamic and redundant informational networks and processes, whose qualitative and quantitative dimensions, especially through development from embryo through puberty and adulthood into ageing, are still largely uncharted. Read More

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Counterpunching to improve the health of people with Parkinson's disease.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

School of Nursing, The University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler, Texas.

Background: Boxing programs designed specifically for people with Parkinson's disease (PD) can be beneficial in improving the physical, mental, and functional health of persons with PD.

Purpose: This study examined the effect of a boxing program, Rock Steady Boxing (RSB), on the health of people with PD from both the boxers' and their caregivers' perspectives as well as evaluated balance, quality of life (QoL), and depressive symptoms after 12 weeks of RSB.

Methods: A mixed methods, one-group experimental design with focus groups were embedded within an intervention study. Read More

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Delivering screening programmes in primary care: protocol for a scoping and systematic mixed studies review.

BMJ Open 2021 Apr 15;11(4):e046331. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

he Healthcare Improvement Studies Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Introduction: Screening programmes represent a considerable amount of healthcare activity. As complex interventions, they require careful delivery to generate net benefit. Much screening work occurs in primary care. Read More

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Health insurance awareness and its uptake in India: a systematic review protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 Apr 15;11(4):e043122. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Public Health Evidence South Asia, Department of Health Information, Prasanna School of Public Health, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India

Introduction: Health insurance is one of the important approaches that can help in boosting universal healthcare coverage through improved healthcare utilisation and financial protection. This objectives of this review are to identify various interventions implemented in India to promote awareness of health insurance, and to provide evidence for the effectiveness of such interventions on the awareness and uptake of health insurance by the resident Indian population.

Methods And Analysis: A systematic review will be carried out based on the Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions. Read More

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Acceleration of Brain TOF-MRA with Compressed Sensitivity Encoding: A Multicenter Clinical Study.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

From the Department of Radiology (J.D., Y.D., Z.Z., J.Y., C.F., Y.L.), Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China

Background And Purpose: The clinical practice of three-dimensional TOF-MRA, despite its capability in brain artery assessment, has been hampered by the relatively long scan time, while recent developments in fast imaging techniques with random undersampling has shed light on an improved balance between image quality and imaging speed. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of TOF-MRA accelerated by compressed sensitivity encoding and to identify the optimal acceleration factors for routine clinical use.

Materials And Methods: One hundred subjects, enrolled at 5 centers, underwent 8 brain TOF-MRA sequences: 5 sequences using compressed sensitivity encoding with acceleration factors of 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 (CS2, CS4, CS6, CS8, and CS10), 2 using sensitivity encoding with factors of 2 and 4 (SF2 and SF4), and 1 without acceleration as a reference sequence (RS). Read More

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Hypnosis for labour and childbirth: A meta-integration of qualitative and quantitative studies.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2021 Apr 2:101380. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Université Paris-Saclay, Univ. Paris-Sud, UVSQ, CESP, INSERM, France.

Background: Hypnosis in labour and childbirth is a complex intervention. Both qualitative and quantitative assessment methods have been used, but have targeted different outcomes. We followed a synergistic approach and a reconciliation strategy to further understand and evaluate this intervention. Read More

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Situational analysis of service provision for adolescents with mental and neurological disorders in in two districts of Ghana.

Int J Ment Health Syst 2021 Apr 15;15(1):35. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Kintampo Health Research Centre, Ghana Health Service, P.O. Box 200, Kintampo, Ghana.

Background: Prevalence among adolescents with mental disorders are about 20% worldwide. In 2012, Ghana enacted the Mental Health Act, Act 846 to regulate mental health care, but did not include specific programmatic details of service provision nor any measurable indicators for adolescent mental health. Currently no service programmes focused on adolescents and no aggregated data exists documenting prevalence of mental and neurological disorders among adolescents. Read More

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Association between cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer sidedness: A multi-center big-data platform-based analysis.

J Transl Med 2021 Apr 15;19(1):150. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, 651 Dong Feng Road East, Guangzhou, 510060, China.

Background: Sidedness (right/left) of colorectal cancer (CRC) is essential for treatment. Whether carcinogenesis of tobacco varies by sidedness remains unclear. The present study aims to evaluate the sidedness tendency of cigarette smoking and to explore its impact on prognosis. Read More

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