58,595 results match your criteria pyruvate dehydrogenase

Aronia berry polyphenols have matrix-dependent effects on the gut microbiota.

Food Chem 2021 Apr 20;359:129831. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Food Science, 1605 Linden Dr., Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to determine the extent that the aronia berry matrix affects gut microbiota composition, fecal short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and colonic anthocyanins in healthy mice. C57BL/6J mice were fed AIN-93 M control diet (C) or C with whole aronia berry (AB), aronia extract (AE), or polyphenol-depleted AB (D) at the expense of cornstarch. After one week of feeding, AB and D increased fecal anthocyanins more than AE. Read More

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The PEP-pyruvate-oxaloacetate node: variation at the heart of metabolism.

FEMS Microbiol Rev 2021 May;45(3)

Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University, Stippeneng4, 6708 WE Wageningen, The Netherlands.

At the junction between the glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid cycle-as well as various other metabolic pathways-lies the phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)-pyruvate-oxaloacetate node (PPO-node). These three metabolites form the core of a network involving at least eleven different types of enzymes, each with numerous subtypes. Obviously, no single organism maintains each of these eleven enzymes; instead, different organisms possess different subsets in their PPO-node, which results in a remarkable degree of variation, despite connecting such deeply conserved metabolic pathways as the glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Read More

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Down regulation of lactate dehydrogenase initiates apoptosis in HeLa and MCF-7 cancer cells through increased voltage-dependent anion channel protein and inhibition of BCL2.

Oncotarget 2021 Apr 27;12(9):923-935. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Pathology, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, AlAin, UAE.

Malignant cells commonly use aerobic glycolysis for ATP production; this is known as the Warburg effect, where pyruvate is converted to lactate, by enzyme lactate dehydrogenase A (LDH-A). In this study, we have investigated the effect of inhibition of LDH-A on cells viability and identifying the mechanism of cell death in HeLa and MCF-7 cancer cells. Human cervical cancer HeLa cell line and breast cancer MCF-7 cell line were used to investigate the effect of inhibition of LDH-A by sodium oxamate on cell survival and proliferation using western blot, spectrophotometry, and immunofluorescent study. Read More

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Total flavonoids of Ameliorated Bile Acid Metabolism Dysfunction in Diabetes Mellitus.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 12;2021:6675567. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Faculty of Chinese Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Taipa, Macao, China.

is one of the common traditional Chinese medicines used to treat diabetes. However, the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Flavones are a class of active components that have been reported to exert various activities. Read More

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Nutritional Effects of the Enteral Nutritional Formula on Regulation of Gut Microbiota and Metabolic Level in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Mice.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 28;14:1855-1869. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, 201306, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Due to the adverse effects of antidiabetic drugs, nowadays, nutraceuticals have been of much interest to investigators. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore the potential effects of enteral nutritional (EN) formulas on the gut microbiota and metabolic regulation of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) mice and compare the differences between whey protein and soy protein.

Methods: EN formulas made of whey protein or soy protein were administered for five weeks and then mice tissue samples were obtained to examine the metabolic parameters and histopathology of the pancreas, liver, jejunum and colon. Read More

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Expression and clinical significance of pyruvate kinase M2 in breast cancer: A protocol for meta-analysis and bioinformatics validation analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25545

Department of General Surgery, Hainan Western Central Hospital, Danzhou 571799, Hainan Province, China.

Background: Breast cancer is a common malignant tumor in women. In recent years, its incidence is increasing year by year, and its morbidity and mortality rank the first place among female malignant tumors. Some key enzymes and intermediates in glycolysis are closely related to tumor development. Read More

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Novel Umami Peptide IPIPATKT with Dual Dipeptidyl Peptidase-IV and Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activities.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

State Key Laboratory for Managing Biotic and Chemical Threats to the Quality and Safety of Agro-Products, College of Food and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China.

A novel umami peptide, IPIPATKT, showed excellent dual dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) and angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities, the IC values were 64 and 265 μM, respectively. Molecular docking displayed that IPIPATKT was docked into the S1 and S2 pockets of ACE, and it was close to the active site pocket of DPP-IV. The insulin-resistant-HepG2 (IR-HepG2) cell model and human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) model showed that the peptide significantly increased the content of glucose, the activities of hexokinase, pyruvate kinase, and the concentration of nitric oxide ( < 0. Read More

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Metabolic changes during carbon monoxide poisoning: An experimental study.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Pulmonary Research Center, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Carbon monoxide (CO) is the leading cause of death by poisoning worldwide. The aim was to explore the effects of mild and severe poisoning on blood gas parameters and metabolites. Eleven pigs were exposed to CO intoxication and had blood collected before and during poisoning. Read More

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Streptococcus pneumoniae Binds to Host Lactate Dehydrogenase via PspA and PspC To Enhance Virulence.

mBio 2021 05 4;12(3). Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Microbiology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA

Pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) and pneumococcal surface protein C (PspC, also called CbpA) are major virulence factors of (). These surface-exposed choline-binding proteins (CBPs) function independently to inhibit opsonization, neutralize antimicrobial factors, or serve as adhesins. PspA and PspC both carry a proline-rich domain (PRD) whose role, other than serving as a flexible connector between the N-terminal and C-terminal domains, was up to this point unknown. Read More

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Extracts Stimulate IAA Biosynthesis in ZZ21 via the Indole-3-pyruvic Acid Pathway.

Microorganisms 2021 Apr 30;9(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.

Inter-organismal metabolites play important roles in regulating organism behavior and the communication between organisms. Nematodes, the most abundant animals on earth, are crucial participants in soil ecosystems through their interactions with microbes. For example, bacterial-feeding nematodes increase the activity of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-producing bacteria and the IAA content in soil. Read More

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Validation of a Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Method for the Measurement of the Redox State Metabolic Ratios Lactate/Pyruvate and β-Hydroxybutyrate/Acetoacetate in Biological Samples.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 30;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Service of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Hospital Clinic Universitari, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd), Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Carrer de Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain.

The metabolic ratios lactate/pyruvate and β-hydroxybutyrate/acetoacetate are considered valuable tools to evaluate the in vivo redox cellular state by estimating the free NAD+/NADH in cytoplasm and mitochondria, respectively. The aim of the current study was to validate a gas-chromatography mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of the four metabolites in plasma and liver tissue. The procedure included an o-phenylenediamine microwave-assisted derivatization, followed by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate and silylation with bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide:trimethylchlorosilane 99:1. Read More

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Detection of anti-mitochondrial 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase complex subunit's antibodies for the diagnosis of primary biliary cholangitis.

Clin Immunol 2021 May 1:108749. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Immunology, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Catalonia, Spain.

Anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA), directed against the E2 subunits of the 2-oxo acid dehydrogenase complexes, are markers of Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC), a chronic autoimmune liver disease. However, the clinical significance of subunits-specific AMA type PDC-E2 -E2 subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex-, BCOADC-E2 -E2 subunit of the branched-chain 2-oxo acid dehydrogenase complex-, OGDC-E2 -E2 subunit of the 2-oxo-glutarate dehydrogenase complex- and nPDC -native pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (M2-AMA) . Is not well known, and not all AMA specificities are associated with PBC. Read More

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FT-4202, an oral PKR activator, has potent antisickling effects and improves RBC survival and Hb levels in SCA mice.

Blood Adv 2021 May;5(9):2385-2390

Division of Experimental Hematology and Cancer Biology.

Sickle cell anemia (SCA) results from an abnormal sickle hemoglobin (HbS). HbS polymerizes upon deoxygenation, resulting in red blood cell (RBC) sickling and membrane damage that cause vaso-occlusions and hemolysis. Sickle RBCs contain less adenosine triphosphate and more 2,3-diphosphoglycerate than normal RBCs, which allosterically reduces hemoglobin (Hb) oxygen (O2) affinity (ie, increases the partial pressure of oxygen at which hemoglobin is 50% saturated with oxygen [P50]), potentiating HbS polymerization. Read More

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Cannabinoid Receptor 1 associates to different molecular complexes during GABAergic neuron maturation.

J Neurochem 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Laboratory of Neuroinflammation, Hospital Nacional de Paraplejicos (SESCAM), Toledo, Spain.

CB cannabinoid receptor is widely expressed in the central nervous system of animals from late prenatal development to adulthood. Appropriate activation and signaling of CB cannabinoid receptors in cortical interneurons are crucial during perinatal/postnatal ages and adolescence, when long-lasting changes in brain activity may elicit subsequent appearance of disorders in the adult brain. Here we used an optimized immunoprecipitation protocol based on specific antibodies followed by shot-gun proteomics to find CB interacting partners in postnatal rat GABAergic cortical neurons in vitro at two different stages of maturation. Read More

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Long noncoding RNA CTD-2245E15.3 promotes anabolic enzymes ACC1 and PC to support non-small cell lung cancer growth.

Cancer Res 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Biochemistry, Nanjing University

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) have been shown to play critical regulatory roles in the onset and progression of human cancers. However, the functions of a large proportion of lncRNAs are still unexplored. Here we describe a novel lncRNA, CTD-2245E15. Read More

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D-Rhamnan and Pyruvate-Containing Teichuronic Acid from the Cell Wall of Rathayibacter sp. VKM Ac-2759.

Biochemistry (Mosc) 2021 Apr;86(4):506-516

All-Russian Collection of Microorganisms (VKM), Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Pushchino Scientific Center for Biological Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290, Russia.

Rathayibacter sp. VKM Ac-2759 (family Microbacteriaceae, class Actinobacteria) contains two glycopolymers in the cell wall. The main chain of rhamnan, glycopolymer 1, is built from the repeating tetrasaccharide units carrying terminal arabinofuranose residues at the non-reducing end, →3)-α-[α-D-Araf-(1→2)]-D-Rhap-(1→2)-α-D-Rhap-(1→3)-α-D-Rhap-(1→2)-α-D-Rhap-(1→. Read More

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Implications of nighttime temperature on metamitron impacts on the photosynthetic machinery functioning of Malus x domestica Borkh.

J Plant Physiol 2021 Apr 16;261:153427. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Unidade de Geobiociências, Geoengenharias e Geotecnologias (GeoBioTec), Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516, Caparica, Portugal; Unidade de Investigação em Biotecnologia e Recursos Genéticos (UIBRG), Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária, I.P. (INIAV), 2784-505, Oeiras, Portugal. Electronic address:

Metamitron (MET) is a fruitlet thinning compound for apple trees, needing better understanding of its action on leaf energy metabolism, depending on nighttime temperature. A trial under environmental controlled conditions was set with 'Golden Reinders' potted trees, under 25/7.5 and 25/15 °C (diurnal/nighttime temperature), with (MET, 247. Read More

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Discovery and development of tumor glycolysis rate-limiting enzyme inhibitors.

Bioorg Chem 2021 Apr 8;112:104891. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Institute of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Hunan Province Cooperative Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study, University of South China, Hengyang City, PR China; Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of tumor microenvironment responsive drug research, Hengyang City, Hunan Province, PR China. Electronic address:

Tumor cells mainly provide necessary energy and substances for rapid cell growth through aerobic perglycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation. This phenomenon is called the "Warburg effect". The mechanism of glycolysis in tumor cells is more complicated, which is caused by the comprehensive regulation of multiple factors. Read More

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Untargeted lipidomics analysis of Mori Fructus polysaccharide on acute alcoholic liver injury in mice using ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-orbitrap-high resolution mass spectrometry.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 May 1;97:107521. Epub 2021 May 1.

Key Laboratory for Information System of Mountainous Areas and Protection of Ecological Environment, Guizhou Engineering Laboratory for Quality Control and Evaluation Technology of Medicine, Research Center for Quality Control of Natural Medicine, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Mori Fructus (MF) is a traditional Chinese medicine with long application history, which has protective effects on liver diseases. Mori Fructus polysaccharide (MFP) is one of the active ingredients of MF and possesses therapeutic effects against acute alcoholic liver injury. Recent researches have reported that the therapeutic effects of MFP might be related to the regulation of several lipid metabolic pathways. Read More

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A bacterial effector protein uncovers a plant metabolic pathway involved in tolerance to bacterial wilt disease.

Mol Plant 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences; Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201602, China. Electronic address:

Bacterial wilt caused by the soil-borne plant pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum is a devastating disease worldwide. Upon plant colonization, R. solanacearum replicates massively, causing plant wilting and death; collapsed infected tissues then serve as a source of inoculum. Read More

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Detection of metabolic change in glioblastoma cells after radiotherapy using hyperpolarized C-MRI.

NMR Biomed 2021 May 3:e4514. Epub 2021 May 3.

Radiation Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) of C-labeled substrates enables the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor specific enzymatic reactions in tumors and offers an opportunity to investigate these differences. In this study, DNP-MRI chemical shift imaging with hyperpolarized [1- C] pyruvate was conducted to evaluate the metabolic change in glycolytic profiles after radiation of two glioma stem-like cell-derived gliomas (GBMJ1 and NSC11) and an adherent human glioblastoma cell line (U251) in an orthotopic xenograft mouse model. The DNP-MRI showed an increase in Lac/Pyr at 6 and 16 h after irradiation (18% ± 4% and 14% ± 3%, respectively; mean ± SEM) compared with unirradiated controls in GBMJ1 tumors, whereas no significant change was observed in U251 and NSC11 tumors. Read More

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Improving the laboratory diagnosis of pyruvate kinase deficiency.

Br J Haematol 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Precision Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, UK.

Pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the PKLR gene, which reduce erythrocyte PK enzyme activity and result in decreased energy synthesis in red cells, causing haemolytic anaemia. Historically, the investigation into pyruvate kinase deficiency (PKD) has been led by a red cell enzyme assay determining PK enzyme activity per unit of haemoglobin. For our laboratory, the reference range was set by Beutler et al. Read More

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Dose-Related Urinary Metabolic Alterations of a Combination of Quercetin and Resveratrol-Treated High-Fat Diet Fed Rats.

Front Pharmacol 2021 16;12:655563. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Institute for Interdisciplinary Medicine Sciences, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Most herbal polyphenols and flavonoids reveals multiple ameliorative benefits for obesity caused by chronic metabolic disorders. Accumulated studies have revealed that preferable therapeutic effects can be obtained through clinical combination of these two kinds of natural compounds for obesity improvement. The typical representative research was the combination of quercetin and resveratrol (CQR), in which the ratio of quercetin and resveratrol is 2:1, demonstrating a synergistic effect in anti-obesity process. Read More

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Mechanism of validamycin A inhibiting DON biosynthesis and synergizing with DMI fungicides against Fusarium graminearum.

Mol Plant Pathol 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China.

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a vital virulence factor of Fusarium graminearum, which causes Fusarium head blight (FHB). We recently found that validamycin A (VMA), an aminoglycoside antibiotic, can be used to control FHB and inhibit DON contamination, but its molecular mechanism is still unclear. In this study, we found that both neutral and acid trehalase (FgNTH and FgATH) are the targets of VMA in F. Read More

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CPPU may induce gibberellin-independent parthenocarpy associated with PbRR9 in 'Dangshansu' pear.

Hortic Res 2020 May 1;7(1):68. Epub 2020 May 1.

College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Taicheng, Road No.3, Yangling, Shaanxi, Province, China.

Parthenocarpy is a valuable trait in self-incompatible plants, such as pear. N-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N'-phenylurea (CPPU), a synthetic cytokinin analog, can induce parthenocarpy in pear (Pyrus spp.), but the mechanism of induction is unclear. Read More

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Pyruvate carboxylase and cancer progression.

Cancer Metab 2021 Apr 30;9(1):20. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Nutrition Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.

Pyruvate carboxylase (PC) is a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the ATP-dependent carboxylation of pyruvate to oxaloacetate (OAA), serving to replenish the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. In nonmalignant tissue, PC plays an essential role in controlling whole-body energetics through regulation of gluconeogenesis in the liver, synthesis of fatty acids in adipocytes, and insulin secretion in pancreatic β cells. In breast cancer, PC activity is linked to pulmonary metastasis, potentially by providing the ability to utilize glucose, fatty acids, and glutamine metabolism as needed under varying conditions as cells metastasize. Read More

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Dichloroacetate and PX-478 exhibit strong synergistic effects in a various number of cancer cell lines.

BMC Cancer 2021 Apr 30;21(1):481. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Background: One key approach for anticancer therapy is drug combination. Drug combinations can help reduce doses and thereby decrease side effects. Furthermore, the likelihood of drug resistance is reduced. Read More

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Barth Syndrome-Related Cardiomyopathy is Associated with a Reduction in Myocardial Glucose Oxidation.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada; Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada; Women and Children's Health Research Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Heart failure presents as the leading cause of infant mortality in individuals with Barth syndrome (BTHS), a rare genetic disorder due to mutations in the tafazzin (TAZ) gene affecting mitochondrial structure and function. Investigations into the perturbed bioenergetics in the BTHS heart remain limited. Hence, our objective was to identify the potential alterations in myocardial energy metabolism and molecular underpinnings that may contribute to the early cardiomyopathy and heart failure development in BTHS. Read More

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Heterogeneous 1H and 13C Parahydrogen-Induced Polarization of Acetate and Pyruvate Esters.

Chemphyschem 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Wayne State University, Department of chemistry, 48202, Detroit, UNITED STATES.

Magnetic resonance imaging of [1- 13 C]hyperpolarized carboxylates (most notably, [1- 13 C]pyruvate) allows one to visualize abnormal metabolism in tumors and other pathologies. Here we investigate the efficiency of 1 H and 13 C hyperpolarization of acetate and pyruvate esters with ethyl, propyl and allyl alcoholic moieties using heterogeneous hydrogenation of corresponding vinyl, allyl and propargyl precursors in isotopically unlabeled and 1- 13 C-enriched forms with parahydrogen over Rh/TiO 2 catalysts in methanol-d 4 and in D 2 O. The maximum obtained 1 H polarization was 0. Read More

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One Year of Dapaglifozin Add-On Therapy Ameliorates Surrogate Indexes of Insulin Resistance and Adiposity in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Diabetes Ther 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Section of Endocrinology, Department of Health Promotion Sciences, Maternal-Infant Care, Internal Medicine and Specialties of Excellence "G. D'Alessandro" (PROMISE), University Hospital P. Giaccone, University of Palermo, Piazza Delle Cliniche 2, 90127, Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: This study investigates the effects of dapagliflozin on the visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), product of triglycerides and glucose (TyG) and triglycerides to HDL-cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-C) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D).

Methods: In this real-life study, dapaglifozin was added to metformin alone (group 1, no. 42) or insulin plus metformin (group 2, no. Read More

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